Equal pay for women: this is an issue for private employment only ,I guess,no?.
Public workers can't have different pay due to their gender.at least certainly not here in Italy.
So as we are talking basically private workers: how can equal pay be reached?
Private employers do what they want with their employees pays: how this can be changed?who can change it?the government?not the government?we?
I am very interested in this issue and I'd like to know how different countries tackle this issue.
In Britain we have legislated for all eventualities. The Equality act 2010 was designed to cover any and all situations where employment inequalities might arise from equal pay disparity to marital status. It commenced October 2010. Read about it here: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equality_Act_2010
Prior to this act, between 1970 and 2009, there had been different legislative laws that covered specific situations eg Equal pay act 1970 designed to provide equal pay for men and women, the Sex discrimination act 1975 designed to remove discrimination based on gender, race relations act 1976 designed to remove doscrimination based upon race, disability act 1995 designed to remove discrimination based upon disability etc. There were laws to remove discrimination based upon sexuality, religion, marital status and many more situations.
I think the all-encompasing Equality act 2010 was created because one can't be sure of discriminatory situations that may exist for which no specific laws have been written. It incorporates all the other laws already in place as listed above, and extends them into any and all discriminatory situations where ever they arise.
It is applicable for public and private companies.
It doesn't mean that we've achieved perfect parity in terms of equal pay, but as the law exists, it's possible to sue your employers. And some women have done so.
Overall, my idealist self that hopes for Utopia doesn't think that fair play should be legislated, but the world isn't fair and people will get away with stuff if they think they can, so i welcome legislation as a way to right this particular inequality.