I came across a photo of Princess Mafalda von Hessen
and of course I had no clue who she was and where to put her....yeah, yeah.....Hessen is one of the 16 states of Germany, just above left of Bavaria....so, I guess some place over there.
Wheellll, my nosiness was not quenched and I looked further and the kuddelmuddel of families in this house sounds interesting, to say the least
so here it goes again.
here is the paternal side of family tree (and I'm not going a gazillion generations back either...just a few to see the connections)Landgraf Friedrich II von Hessen-Kassel
, 14 August 1720 – 31 October 1785, was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1760 to 1785. He ruled as an enlightened despot, and raised money by renting soldiers (called "Hessians") to Great Britain to help fight the American Revolutionary War. He combined Enlightenment ideas with Christian values, cameralist plans for central control of the economy, and a militaristic approach toward international diplomacy.
Frederick was born at Kassel in Hesse, the son of William VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and his wife Dorothea Wilhelmine of Saxe-Zeitz. His paternal grandfather was Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, and his paternal uncle was Frederick I of Sweden. His education was initially entrusted to Colonel August Moritz von Donop and then from 1726 to 1733 to the Swiss theologian and philosopher, Jean-Pierre de Crousaz.wives:
1. The Princess Mary
, 5 March 1723 – 14 January 1772, was a member of the British Royal Family, a daughter of George II and Caroline of Ansbach. Princess Mary was born at Leicester House, Westminster, London. Her father was the Prince of Wales, later King George II. Her mother was Caroline of Ansbach, daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach. Her father succeeded, as George II, on 11 June 1727, and she became HRH The Princess Mary.
2. Margravine Philippine Auguste Amalie of Brandenburg-Schwedt
, 10 October 1745 – 1 May 1800, was a daughter of Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt and Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia. By her marriage to Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel, she became Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel.
Philippine was very early on chosen by her aunt, Queen Louisa Ulrika of Sweden, as the future queen of Sweden; her mother was the queen's favourite, and Louisa Ulrika wished Philippine to marry her son, Gustav (later Gustav III of Sweden). These plans were broken however when Gustav was married to Sophia Magdalena of Denmark in 1766. Louisa Ulrika then wanted Philippine to marry her younger son, Charles, but instead, Gustav decided that his brother should marry Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp.
On 10 January 1773, Philippine married Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, who was 25 years older, in Berlin. She was his second wife; his first wife, Mary, died the previous year. Philippine thus became stepmother to Frederick's three surviving sons: William, Charles, and Frederick. Philippine would not produce any legitimate children herself however.Landgrave Frederick III of Hesse-Kassel
, 11 September 1747 – 20 May 1837, born Prince Frederick of Hesse
, was a younger member of the dynasty that ruled the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and a Danish general.
He was born as the youngest son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel (the future Landgrave Frederick II) and Princess Mary of Great Britain. He was the last surviving grandchild of George II of Great Britain, dying one month before his first cousin twice removed, Victoria ascended to the throne.wife: Prinzessin Karoline Polyxena von Nassau-Usingen
, 4 April 1762 – 17 August 1823, was the elder daughter of Karl Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Usingen, and wife of Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Kassel. Caroline was born at Biebrich, Nassau-Usingen the second child and first daughter of Karl Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (1735–1803), and his wife, Countess Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg (1734–1810), daughter of Christian Karl Reinhard, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Heidesheim.Landgrave William of Hesse-Kassel
, 24 December 1787, Biebrich – 5 September 1867, Copenhagen, son of Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Cassel and Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen. His paternal grandparents were Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Princess Mary of Great Britain. His maternal grandparents were Karl Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Usingen and Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburgwife: Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark
, 30 October 1789 – 28 March 1864, was a princess of Denmark. She was born in Christiansborg Palace to Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1758–1794), Princess and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Adolf, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel
, 26 November 1820 – 14 October 1884, was the only son of Wilhelm I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim and Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark. He is important dynastically as a candidate for both the headship of the Hesse-Kassel dynasty (through his father) and for the Danish throne (through his mother).wife: Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia
, 24 June 1825 – 10 August 1844, was the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia. Alexandra was famous in Saint Petersburg society for both her beauty and her lively personality. She was also the musician in the family. A serious student of vocal music, she was talented enough to qualify for lessons from the famous soprano Henriette Sontag. Frederick Charles Louis Constantine, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse
, 1 May 1868, Gut Panker – 28 May 1940, was the brother-in-law of the German Emperor William II and the elected King of Finland from 9 October to 14 December 1918.wife:Princess Margaret Beatrice Feodora of Prussia
, 22 April 1872 – 22 January 1954, was a daughter of Frederick III, German Emperor and Victoria, Princess Royal. She married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse. In 1926 they became Landgrave and Landgravine of Hesse. She lost three sons in both World Wars I and II.
Princess Margaret and Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse in 1893.
Princess Margaret in uniformPrince and Landgrave Philipp of Hesse (1896-1980) was married to Princess Mafalda of Italy. They had four children. After having been a high-ranking Nazi officer, he finished his life in Rome as an interior designer. Philipp was known to be bisexual and had a number of relationships with men, amongst whom the English poet, Siegfried Sassoon. This unfortunate photograph of him is currently the only one available. Philipp, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse
, 6 November 1896 – 25 October 1980, was head of the Electoral House of Hesse from 1940 to 1980. He joined the Nazi party in 1930, and, when they gained power with the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor in 1933, he became Governor of Hesse-Nassau. He served as governor from 1933. However, he fell out with the Nazis, was arrested in 1943, dismissed as governor the following year and then was sent to a concentration camp, where he remained until being liberated by US forces. He was a grandson of Frederick III, German Emperor, and a great-grandson of Queen Victoria, as well as the son-in-law to Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. His relative Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark was named after him on 10 June 1921 = DoEwife: Princess Mafalda Maria Elisabetta Anna Romana of Savoy
, 2 November 1902 – 27 August 1944, was the second daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and his wife, the former Princess Elena Nikolaievna of Montenegro. The future King Umberto II of Italy was her younger brother (there is a separate thread about the Savoy's)Moritz Friedrich Karl Emanuel Humbert, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse
, born 6 August 1926, head of the House of Brabant and the German House of Hesse.
Landgrave Moritz was born at Racconigi Castle, in Italy. During the Second World War, Moritz's mother, Princess Mafalda of Savoy, was injured during an Allied bombardment in 1944, and she later died from her injuries. Prince Louis of Hesse and by Rhine, the last head of the Hesse-Darmstadt line, died in 1968, at which time Moritz's father succeeded him as head of the house. He has been the head of the House of Hesse since the death of his father Philip on 25 October 1980. He is also the semi-salic heir of Charlemagne. Louis of Lower Lorraine, the last legitimate agnatic descendant of Charlemagne, had a younger sister Gerberga of Lower Lorraine, and Moritz is the most senior non-morganatic agnatic descendant of her son Lambert II, Count of Leuven. Moritz is a world-famous art collector.Tatjana Louise Ursula Therese Elsa of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
, born 31 July 1940, is the fourth child and second daughter of Gustav Albrecht, 5th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, and his wife, Margareta Fouché d'Otrante, and younger sister of Prince Richard of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, the husband of Princess Benedikte of Denmark.
Tatjana is the former wife of Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse, from 1968 heir to the Grand Duchy of Hesse. Their marriage took place in the summer of 1964 in Giessen and ended in divorce in 1974. They had four children:H.H. Princess Mafalda Margarethe of Hesse
(born 6 July 1965).
1st Married: Enrico dei Conti Marone Cinzano (born 5 April 1963 Turin) on 8 July 1989 (div. 1990)
- - no children
2nd Married: Carlo Galdo (born 26 March 1954, Naples) on 19 December 1991 (div. 1999)
- - Tatiana Marie Galdo (born 20 January 1992)
- - Polissena Galdo (born 30 September 1993).
3rd Married: Ferdinando dei Conti Brachetti-Peretti (born 13 January 1960, Rome) on 14 July 2000 in Rome
- - Cosmo Maria Tebaldo Maurizio Enrico Brachetti-Peretti (born 11 January 2000)
- - Briano Maria Tebaldo Brachetti-Peretti (born 16 April 2002). H.R.H. Hereditary Prince Heinrich Donatus Philipp Umberto of Hesse
(born 17 October 1966)
1st Married Countess Floria of Faber-Castell (born 14 October 1974, Düsseldorf, Germany)
- - Princess Paulina and Prince Moritz (twins, born 26 March 2007, Frankfurt am Main, Germany)
- - Prince August (born August 2012).H.H. Princess Elena Elisabeth Madeleine of Hesse
(born 8 November 1967).
>> Massimo Caiazzo (born 1976)
- - Madeleine Immacolata Tatiana Theresa Caiazzo (born 29 November 1999) ~ illegimtmate daughter of Elena & Massimo H.H. Prince Philip Robin of Hesse
(born 17 September 1970)
1st Married: Laetitia Bechtolf (born 5 May 1978, Wedel, Pinneberg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany)
- - Princess Elena Margherita Lotti Christiane Elisabeth (born 5 December 2006)
- - Prince Tito (born 24 August 2008)SuccessionHRH The Landgrave
HRH The Hereditary Prince
HRH The Hereditary Princess HH Prince Moritz
HH Princess Paulina
HH Prince August
HH Princess Mafalda
HH Princess Elena HH Prince Philipp
HH Princess Laetitia
HH Princess Elena HH Prince Tito
HH Princess Elisabeth