here we go again - one TV show and another thread - these time it's the Bavarians.THE HOUSE OF WITTELSBACH
The Wittelsbach family is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.Members of the family served as
Dukes, Electors and Kings of Bavaria (1180–1918),
Counts Palatine of the Rhine (1214–1803 and 1816–1918),
Margraves of Brandenburg (1323–1373),
Counts of Holland, Hainaut and Zeeland (1345–1432),
Elector-Archbishops of Cologne (1583–1761),
Dukes of Jülich and Berg (1614–1794/1806),
Kings of Sweden (1441–1448 and 1654–1720),
Dukes of Bremen-Verden (1654–1719).The family also provided
2 Holy Roman Emperors (1328/1742),
1 King of the Romans (1400),
2 Anti-Kings of Bohemia (1619/1742),
1 King of Hungary (1305),
1 King of Denmark and Norway (1440)
1 King of Greece (1832–1862)Founder
Otto I, Count of ScheyernFinal sovereign
Ludwig III of BavariaCurrent head
Franz, Duke of BavariaFounding
House of Palatinate-Simmern (extinct)
House of Palatinate-Sulzbach (extinct)
House of Palatinate-Neumarkt (extinct)
House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (extinct)
House of Palatinate-BirkenfeldOrigin
Berthold, Margrave in Bavaria (died 980), was the ancestor of Otto I, Count of Scheyern (died 1072), whose 3rd son Otto II, Count of Scheyern acquired the castle of Wittelsbach (near Aichach). The Counts of Scheyern left Burg Scheyern ("Scheyern Castle", constructed in about 940) in 1119 for Burg Wittelsbach ("Wittelsbach Castle").
Otto I's son Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern was father to the Count palatine of Bavaria Otto IV (died 1156), whose son Otto was invested with the Duchy of Bavaria in 1180 after the fall of Henry the Lion. Duke Otto's son Louis I, Duke of Bavaria acquired also the Electorate of the Palatinate in 1214.List of Wittelsbacher Lines
Ältere Linie Simmern
Jüngere Linie Simmern
Pfalz-Zweibrücken, jüngere Linie
Pfalz-Sulzbach I (Hilpoltstein)
Holnstein aus Bayern
WallerseeDukes of Bayern/Ungarn (1305–1308), Brandenburg (1323–1373), Tirol (1342–1363), Holland und Hennegau (1346–1425)
- 1180–1183: Duke Otto I. of Wittelsbach (um 1117–1183), son of Otto V. von Scheyern
- 1183–1231: Ludwig I. the Kelheimer (1174–1231), son of Otto I.
- 1231–1253: Otto II. (1206–1253) the Illustrious, son of Ludwig I.Lower Bavaria (1255–1340)/Hungary (1305–1308)
- 1253–1290: Heinrich XIII. = Heinrich I. lower Bavaria (1235–1290)
- 1290–1312: Otto III. (1261–1312), 1305–1308 also King of Hungary
ab ca.1305–1310: with Stephan I.
- 1310–1312: with Otto IV. and Heinrich XIV. (the sons Stephan I.)
- 1312–1339: with/partially: Heinrich XIV., Otto IV. and Heinrich XV. (son of Otto III., der Natternberger).
- 1339–1340: Johann I. (son of Heinrich XIV.)Oberbayern und Pfalz (1255–1329/1340)
- 1253–1294: Ludwig II. the Strict (1229–1294)
- 1294–1317: Rudolf I. the Stutterer (1274–1319)
- 1294–1347: Ludwig IV. the Bavarian (1282–1347)
since 1314 roman-german King, since 1328 Kaiser of the Holy Roman EmpireBayern-Ingolstadt (1392–1447)
- 1375–1413 Stephan III.
- 1413–1447 Ludwig VII., the Bearded
- 1438–1445 Ludwig VIII., the Younger, 1447 starts the Dukedom Bayern-LandshutBayern-Landshut (1392–1503)
- 1375–1393 Friedrich, the Wise
- 1393–1450 Heinrich XVI., the Rich
- 1450–1479 Ludwig IX., the Rich
- 1479–1503 Georg, the Rich, 1505 starts the Dukedom Bayern-München.Bayern-München (1392–1505)
- 1375–1397 Johann II.
- 1397–1438 Ernst
- 1397–1435 Wilhelm III.
- 1435–1441 Adolf
- 1438–1460 Albrecht III., the Pious
- 1460–1463 Johann IV.
- 1460–1467 Siegmund, then Duke of Bayern-Dachau
- 1465–1508 Albrecht IV., the Wise, unites all Bavarian lines in 1503Bayern (1505–1623)
- 1505–1508 Albrecht IV., der Weise, vereinigt alle bayerischen Linien 1503
- 1508–1550 Wilhelm IV.
- 1508–1545 Ludwig X. in Landshut
- 1550–1579 Albrecht V., the Generous
- 1579–1598 Wilhelm V., the Pious
- 1598–1651 Maximilian, since 1597 regent with his father Wilhelm; Roman-German Kings and Kaiser
- 1314–1347: Ludwig IV. the Bavarian
- 1400–1410: Ruprecht from the Pfalz
- 1742–1745: Karl VII. AlbrechtKings of Schweden (1654–1720) and Dukes of Bremen-Verden (1654–1719)
- Karl X.Gustav 1654–1660
- Karl XI. 1660–1697
- Karl XII. 1697–1718
- Ulrike Eleonore 1718–1720Kings of Bavaria
- Maximilian I. Joseph (1806–1825)
- Ludwig I. (1825–1848)
- Maximilian II. (1848–1864)
- Ludwig II. (1864–1886)
- Prince Regent Luitpold (1886–1912), Regent for Ludwig II. and afterwards also for Otto I.
- Otto Wilhelm Luitpold (1886–1916)
- Prince Regent Ludwig (1912–1913) after change in the Constitution of 1913 he became König Ludwig III.
- Ludwig III. (1913–1918)Kings of Greece (1832–1862)
- Otto I. (1832–1862) (abdication after the riot)Heads of the House Wittelsbach (after 1918)
- Ludwig III. (1918–1921)
- Rupprecht von Bayern (1921–1955)
- Albrecht von Bayern (1955–1996)- Franz von Bayern (since 1996)Franz, Duke of Bavaria
Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria Herzog von Bayern, sometimes called in English Duke of Bavaria, (born 14 July 1933, as Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria von Bayern), styled as His Royal Highness the Duke of Bavaria, is head of the Wittelsbach family, the former ruling family of the Kingdom of Bavaria. His great-grandfather Ludwig III was the last King of Bavaria before being deposed in 1918.
Franz is also the current senior co-heir-general of King Charles I of England and Scotland, and thus as King Francis II is considered by Jacobites to be the legitimate "King over the Water", the heir of the Stuart kings of England, France, Scotland, and Ireland. "HRM the Duke generally does not comment on issues concerning his familiar relationship to the Royal House of Stuart," a spokesman told the media.
Franz was born in Munich, the son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria and his morganatic wife, Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan of the House of Drašković, an ancient Croatian noble family. On 18 May 1949, when Franz was sixteen, his grandfather Crown Prince Rupprecht recognised the marriage of Franz's parents as dynastic and Franz became a prince of Bavaria.
The Wittelsbachs were opposed to the Nazi regime in Germany, and in 1939 Franz's father Albrecht took his family to Hungary. They lived in Budapest for four years before moving to their Castle at Sárvár in late 1943. In March 1944, Nazi Germany occupied Hungary, and on 6 October 1944, the entire family including Franz, then aged eleven, was arrested. They were sent to a series of Nazi concentration camps including Oranienburg and Dachau. At the end of April 1945 they were liberated by the United States Third Army.
After the war Franz received his high-school education at the Benedictine Abbey of Ettal. He then studied business management at the University of Munich and in Zurich. Franz developed a passion for collecting modern art; today many items from his private collection are on permanent loan to the Pinakothek der Moderne in Munich.
Franz lives in an apartment in Nymphenburg Palace, the former summer residence of the kings of Bavaria, in Munich.
Franz is the current Grand Master of the Royal Order of Saint George for the Defense of the Immaculate Conception. He is also Grand Master of the Order of Saint Hubert and the Order of Queen Theresa (for Ladies). He is a Senator of the University of Munich and an Honorary Member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. He holds many honorary positions in civic and religious organisations in Bavaria. He supports charitable enterprises helping orphans in Romania.
House House of Wittelsbach
Father Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
Mother Countess Maria Draskovich of TrakostjanSuccession
Franz has remained unmarried. Unless he marries, and fathers a legitimate heir in his remaining years, on his death his position as head of the House of Wittelsbach will pass to his brother Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria. Because Max has no sons, the Bavarian titles will pass after his death to his second cousin Prince Luitpold of Bavaria and his descendants.The order of succession after Duke Franz
The Monarchy of Bavaria was abolished in 1918. The current Head of the formerly ruling House of Wittelsbach is Franz, Duke of Bavaria.
The succession is determined by Article 2 of Title 2 of the 1818 Constitution of the Kingdom of Bavaria, which states "The crown is hereditary among the male descendants of the royal house according to the law of primogeniture and the agnatic lineal succession." The succession is further clarified by Title 5 of the Bavarian Royal Family Statute of 1819.
In 1948 and 1949 Crown Prince Rupprecht, with the agreement of the other members of the house, amended the house laws to allow the succession of the sons of princes who had married into comital houses. In 1999 Duke Franz, with the agreement of the other members of the house, amended the house laws further to allow the succession of the sons of any princes who married with the permission of the head of the house.
1 Prince Max of Bavaria, Duke in Bavaria (born 1937)
2 Prince Luitpold of Bavaria (born 1951)
3 Prince Ludwig of Bavaria (born 1982)
4 Prince Heinrich of Bavaria (born 1986)
5 Prince Karl of Bavaria (born 1987)
6 Pater Florian von Bayern, O.S.B. (born 1957)
7 Prince Wolfgang of Bavaria (born 1960)
8 Prince Tassilo of Bavaria (born 1992)
9 Prince Richard of Bavaria (born 1993)
10 Prince Philipp of Bavaria (born 1996)
11 Prince Christoph of Bavaria (born 1962)
12 Prince Corbinian of Bavaria (born 1996)
13 Prince Stanislaus of Bavaria (born 1997)
14 Prince Marcello of Bavaria (born 1998)
15 Prince Leopold of Bavaria (born 1943)
16 Prince Manuel of Bavaria (born 1972)
17 Prince Leopold of Bavaria (born 2007)
18 Prince Konstantin of Bavaria (born 1986)
19 Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (born 1944)
20 Prince Hubertus of Bavaria (born 1989)