Arco is the name of an old and noble noble family , originally from the prince-bishopric of Trento in today's Trentino-Alto Adige . The ancestral seat of the Lords of Arco was the castle Arco north of Lake Garda
. The northern Italian line went out in the 20th century, branches of around 1700 arrived in Bavaria line exist today. Castle Arco is a ruin now.
According to an older legend, the lords of Arco are descended from the counts of Bogen from Old Bavaria who died in 1242 ("arco" is the Italian word for bow/weapon). The Bogener Counts, a younger branch of the Babenberger , but led no coat of arms with bow, but the (later transferred to Bavaria) white and blue diamond coat of arms. This combined, however, according to legend, the Upper Italian Arco (and some heraldic painters) in the 16th century with their ancient family crest, which shows one (or three) arch.
The sex Arco, however, presumably Romanesque origin and is first mentioned in 1124 with Fridericus de Archo documentary. Even with whose father Riprandus de Arcu begins the uninterrupted regular series. In 1207, the brothers Ulrich and Frederick were already called de Arco, milites nobiles and were lords of the Bishop of Trent .
Frederick (Federico d'Arco, † 1236) accompanied in 1220 Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen to his coronation by Pope Honorius III.to Rome. The emperor raised him and his nephews Adelbert and Riprand (nepotes Adelpret et Riprandinus) in 1221 to Count of Arco and Torbole .
In 1413, King Sigismund Vinciguerra of Arco granted the imperial title of Prince and raised the rule of Arco with Penede , Drena and Castellino to the county direct county . A confirmation of all possessions and imperial privileges took place in 1433 by Sigismund, who had become in the same year emperor of the Holy Roman Empire , for Anton von Arco , brother of the deceased Vinciguerra. The castle Arco was besieged during several medieval feuds, always in vain, and was therefore considered impregnable.
Nicolò d'Arco (circa 1492-1546) made a name for himself as poet and humanist ("Nicolaus Archius") at the court of the Gonzaga in Mantua and was advised by Emperor Maximilian I. He married Giulia Gonzaga, Countess of Novellara, daughter of Giovanni Gonzaga and Laura Bentivoglio. One of her eight sons, the Deutschordenskomtur Prospero d'Arco (1520-1572), served the Emperors Ferdinand I , Maximilian II and Rudolf II as a diplomat.
In 1614, after fierce battles, the counts paid homage to the Habsburgs as their new sovereign princes . In 1680 Emperor Leopold I took control of the strategically important castle. Prosper von Arco (1615-1679) served as Generalfeldzeugmeister and his son Johann Baptist von Arco (1650-1715) as artillery general , the latter then entered the service of Max Emanuel of Bavaria and his ally Louis XIV of France.
The Arco had now built several palazzi in the historic center of Arco, including the 16th century Palazzo Marchetti (named after a family who bought it in the mid-19th century) and the Palazzo dei Panni (late 17th century) , Members of the family became the Tyrolean Landsassen ; however, despite the loss of imperial immediacy, her county continued to be imperial .
In 1695 they were awarded the "Nobleman's freedom". In the Spanish War of Succession , the castle Arco was destroyed in 1703 as a result of bombardment by General Vendôme and decayed afterwards. The burgraves of Arco left the place and divided into one since 1740 in Mantua resident as well as a branch emigrated to Bavaria.
In Mantua, the Arco acquired from the Counts Chieppo a palazzo, which they remodeled in 1784 in Palladian Classicism. The last of this in 1917 extinct line, Giovanna Marchesa Guidi di Bagno, born. Countess d'Arco Chieppio Ardizzoni († 1973) bequeathed her possessions, including the castle ruins Arco and the Palazzo d'Arco in Mantua (with significant collection of paintings) of her Fondazione d'Arco , the castle and other real estate in 1982 the city of Arco sold and made the Mantuan palace a museum.
The history of the Arcobräu brand is linked to the history of the counts of Arco-Zinneberg. The trademark is marked by the Arco coat of arms, which leads the double eagle of the Holy Roman Empire, which was awarded by the Emperor Sigismund with the imperial immediacy and the hereditary count of counts 1415 to the family of the Counts Arco.
The present-day company Arcobräu Gräfliches Brauhaus originated from the castle brewery Moos, which was founded in 1567 by Warmund Count von Preysing .
Through the inheritance of his mother Countess Maria-Theresia of and to Arco-Zinneberg, born Countess of Preysing-Lichtenegg and Moos, a granddaughter of the last Bavarian King Ludwig III. is, the brewery 2003 came to her son Count Riprand of and to Arco-Zinneberg (* 1955).
Count Riprand of and to Arco-Zinneberg is today the sole owner of Arcobräu. He founded the American Asset Corporation in 1989 in Charlotte, North Carolina. Is a member of the American Council on Germany, Governor of the English Ditchley Park Foundation.
Since 1980 he is married to Maria-Beatrice Archduchess of Austria-Este. They have six daughters.