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Author Topic: European Royal Houses  (Read 6343 times)
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Principessa

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« Reply #15 on: March 30, 2016, 06:33:14 PM »

The House of Liechtenstein:
the Liechtenstein dynasty, from which the principality takes its name, is the family which reigns by constitutional, hereditary right over the nation of Liechtenstein.

The family comes from Castle Liechtenstein in Lower Austria, which the family possessed from at least 1140 to the 13th century, and from 1807 onwards. Through the centuries, the dynasty acquired vast swathes of land, predominantly in Moravia, Lower Austria, Silesia and Styria, though in all cases, these territories were held in fief under other more senior feudal lords, particularly under various lines of the Habsburg family, to whom several Liechtenstein princes served as close advisors.

The head of the family was able to arrange the purchase from the Hohenems family of the minuscule Lordship of Schellenberg in 1699, and the County of Vaduz in 1712.

On 23 January 1719, after the purchase had been made, Karl VI as Holy Roman Emperor decreed Vaduz and Schellenberg to be united and raised to the dignity of a Principality by the name of "Liechtenstein", in honour of "[his] true servant, Anton Florian of Liechtenstein". The Princes of Liechtenstein did not set foot in their new principality for several decades

According to the Constitution of the Princely House of Liechtenstein of 26 October 1993, all members other than the reigning prince shall bear the titles Prince or Princess of Liechtenstein and Count or Countess of Rietberg.

When looking at the genealogy of the Liechtenstein's multiple marriages within the family are found. Also marriages with members of the extended Habsburg family. Also marriages with several European noble families originating from the grounds of the old Habsburg Empire (Austria, Hungary, Bohemen, etc.)

Prince Franz Jozef II (1906-1989) was the first ruling prince to live full-time in the principality. He is the father of the current rulling prince, Prince Hans-Adam II. His 3rd son, Prince Nikolaus, married Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg and thus created a link to Nassau, Bourbon Parma and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

While Hereditary Prince Aloys, oldest son of Hans Adam II, is married to Duchess Sophie of/in Bavaria, creating a link to the Wittelbachs and related.
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Principessa

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« Reply #16 on: March 30, 2016, 06:34:16 PM »

So that means the Grimaldis are the only royals that are not related to the other European royals then? Thinking

And what about the Liechtenstein royals?

Hahahahaha, I just finished (and posted) a post about the Liechtenstein royals when I saw your remarks 
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« Reply #17 on: March 30, 2016, 06:40:43 PM »

Sorry for the  Off topic but could you please quote your sources? I always find it annoying when people copy whole articles without giving a source  Blush.
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Principessa

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« Reply #18 on: March 30, 2016, 07:04:20 PM »

Mmmmmm, let see about the Grimaldi's:

The first Monegasque princes seemed to marriage predominately Italian and French (incl. all former separate kingdoms, duchies etc) nobility.

Ercole Grimaldi, Marquis of Baux (16 December 1623 ? 2 August 1651) was the first Monegasque prince and heir apparent to the first Monegasque sovereign prince, Honor? II. As he died before his father,  Ercole was replaced as heir apparent by his son Louis. Through his son Louis he is a direct ancestor of the reigning Albert II of Monaco and through his youngest daughter, Teresa Maria,  he is an ancestor of the pretending Carlos, Duke of Parma.

Louis married Marie de Lorraine, whose father was a member of the House of Guise, cadet branch of the House of Lorraine, where he held the rank of a prince ?tranger at the French court. The main and now only remaining line of the House of Lorraine is known as Habsburg-Lorraine. The House of Guise was founded as a cadet branch of the House of Lorraine by Claude of Lorraine, first Duke of Guise. Claude's daughter, Mary of Guise (1515?1560), married King James V of Scotland and was mother of Mary, Queen of Scots.

Louis and Marie were the parents of Monaco's only sovereign princess Louise Hippolyte. Her descendant princess Florestine (only daughter of Florestan I, Prince of Monaco & Maria Caroline Gibert de Lametz) married married Count Wilhelm of W?rttemberg (later Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach). Wilhelm was the son of Duke Wilhelm of W?rttemberg and his morganatic wife Baroness Wilhelmine von Tunderfeldt-Rhodis. And therefore a junior member of the royal house of W?rttemberg. The House of Urach is a morganatic cadet branch of the formerly royal House of W?rttemberg. Although the new ducal house of Urach remained ineligible to succeed to the crown of the Kingdom of W?rttemberg, it could succeed to that of the Principality of Monaco. Florestine's son  Wilhelm was a heir presumptive to the Throne of Monaco and reigned for a few months as King Mindaugas II of Lithuania. To ensure Wilhelm would not inherited Monaco, a law was passed recognizing Louis II illegitimate daughter, Charlotte, as his acknowledged heir, and making her part of the sovereign family.

Prince Albert I has been married twice, his first wife was Lady Mary Victoria Hamilton. Mary was not royalty, but the Hamiltons, the premier ducal house of Scotland, were seen as noble, ancient and rich enough for a marriage with any royal house in Europe. She was a granddaughter of the rich Charles, Grand Duke of Baden and related by blood to the French Imperial family through her maternal grandmother St?phanie de Beauharnais, Emperor Napol?on I's adopted daughter and second cousin of Napol?on III's mother, Hortense de Beauharnais. The marriage was dissolved and Mary remarried to a Hungarian nobleman, Prince Tassilo Festetics von Tolna. Ironically a descendent of Mary's 2nd marriage is princess Ira von Furstenberg, who was seen as a love interest of prince Rainier III of Monaco, a descendent of Mary's 1st marriage.

All three children of prince Rainier III married non-royals, with the exception of Caroline's 3rd husband: Ernst-August of Hanover. This marriage resulted in princess Alexandra of Hanover. Alexandra is the only one of Princess Caroline's four children who bears any style or title. Through her father, she is in the line of succession to the British throne. As of 2016, she is 405 in line to the British throne. She is a descendant of Queen Victoria and German Emperor Wilhelm II
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Principessa

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« Reply #19 on: March 30, 2016, 07:07:56 PM »

Sorry for the  Off topic but could you please quote your sources? I always find it annoying when people copy whole articles without giving a source  Blush.

Thanks for the reminder  Blush:

Sources:
- Own knowledge (gained over time)  Wink  Smiley
- Wikipedia
- http://www.heinbruins.nl/
- http://www.thepeerage.com/
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« Reply #20 on: March 30, 2016, 07:11:48 PM »

All this royal genealogy is very interesting. WAY too many marriages among close relatives, however. So certainly the present generation's penchant for marrying commoners will bring some much needed genetic diversity to the various families.
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Miss Marple

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« Reply #21 on: March 30, 2016, 07:48:55 PM »

All this royal genealogy is very interesting. WAY too many marriages among close relatives, however. So certainly the present generation's penchant for marrying commoners will bring some much needed genetic diversity to the various families.

I live near Hohenzollern castle ... they took that to an extreme ... resulting that some of the present princess and princesses are "not the full shilling". Carl Alexander Prinz von Hohenzollern e.g. created a lot of unfortunate headlines for his family.
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« Reply #22 on: March 31, 2016, 09:20:10 AM »

All this royal genealogy is very interesting. WAY too many marriages among close relatives, however. So certainly the present generation's penchant for marrying commoners will bring some much needed genetic diversity to the various families.

I live near Hohenzollern castle ... they took that to an extreme ... resulting that some of the present princess and princesses are "not the full shilling". Carl Alexander Prinz von Hohenzollern e.g. created a lot of unfortunate headlines for his family.

And what to think of Ferfried, with among others the the reality programme Tatjana & Foffi ? Cinderella Becomes A Princess which was broadcasted on television in 2006 Focusing on the couple's preparations for their wedding. Since then the couple separated.



Ferfried is also of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen line. He is the younger brother (about 11 years age difference) of recently deceased Johann Georg, Prince von Hohenzollern (estranged hubby of  Princess Birgitta of Sweden)
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« Reply #23 on: March 31, 2016, 10:03:36 AM »

When reading about Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Sisi) I noticed multiple weddings in between the Bavarian (Wittelsbach), Austrian (Habsburg) and Saxony royal Houses. They seemed to consider each other ebensw?rtig

And at one point in time the Portuguese royals also intertwine in these royal lines, married into the families.
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« Reply #24 on: March 31, 2016, 10:57:31 AM »

Princely House of Thurn und Taxis
a German noble family, which became woven with the European royals.
They played a key role in the postal services in Europe, in particular Germany and Austria.

Originally from Italy, named Tasso, the family moved to the German language area. The name Thurn und Taxis arose from the translation into German of the family's French title.

Hereditary Prince Maximilian is known as the husband of Duchess Helene in Bavaria, the oldest sister of Empress Elisabeth (Sisi).  As the story goes, Helene was at first considered to be an ideal partner for her 1st cousin Emperor Franz Jozef of Austria. But he preferred her younger sister Elisabeth. After the failed engagement, Helene became depressed and Ludovika became concerned that Helene would take the veil and join a convent. Helene had almost come to terms with remaining single. At 22 years old she was considered to be an "old maid," but her mother arranged for her to meet the wealthy Maximilian of Thurn und Taxis. Marriage between the two came up. But although the Thurn and Taxis family were counted among the richest in the land, they were not considered social equals for a princess of royal blood and a member of the House of Wittelsbach. Because of this, King Maximilian II of Bavaria did not at first agree to a marriage between the two. But later the marriage took place nevertheless. After less than 10 years of (happy) marriage Helene became a widow. She received the guardianship of her children from the Austrian emperor. Her father-in-law began to include her in the business affairs of the House of Thurn and Taxis, seeing in her a support and successor. In this way she became the head of the family until her oldest son reached his majority.

The daughters of Helene and Maximilian married into the Portuguese and the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen families. Their oldest son, Maximilian, died young at the age of 23 years (already the 7th prince). Their youngest son, Albert, became the 8th prince of Thurn und Taxis and married a member of the Hungarian line of the Habsburg-Lorraine Family: Archduchess Margarethe.

The children of Albert and Margarethe married also into royalty, Portuguese and Saxon. The youngest two sons married (distant) Thurn und Taxis family members
Their oldest son, Franz Joseph (9th prince), died without a surviving son and was therefore succeeded by his younger brother Karl August (10th prince). Just like his brother, Karl August married a member of the Portuguese royal family infant Maria Ana. They were the parents of the 11th prince Johannes, who is know for his (much) younger wife: Countess Mariae Gloria of Sch?nburg-Glauchau.  He was 53, while she was 20. The couple led a wild and over the top life style.

The current head of the Thurn und Taxis family is Albert II, the son and youngest child of Johannes and Gloria.

The Dukes of Castel Duino are a noble family in Italy descending from the Bohemian line of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis. The title was created along with the additional title of Principe della Torre e Tasso in 1923 for Prince Alexander of Thurn and Taxis following his naturalisation in Kingdom of Italy. The second duke, Raimundo, married Princess Eug?nie of Greece and Denmark a member of the Greek Royal Family.

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« Reply #25 on: March 31, 2016, 12:22:18 PM »

Addition to the House of Habsburg:

As said the House of Habsburg-Lorraine started with the marriage and dual reign of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Franz (n?e Duke of Lorraine). Their oldest son died without surviving (male) offspring and was therefore succeeded by his younger brother Leopold. Who became Leopold II.  Leopold was the 3rd son and shifted when 2nd son Karl died at a young age (about 10 years old).

With the offspring of Leopold II three distinct lines within the Habsburg-Lorraine family develop.

1. Main Line: Leopold II oldest son, Franz, became Holy Roman Emperor. The imperial family of Austria descends from Franz. Current head of the House of Habsburg is Archduke Karl of Austria
2. Tuscany Line:  On the death of his brother Karl, it was decided that Leopold should succeed to his father?s Grand Duchy of Tuscany, which was erected into an apanage for a second son. Leopold was succeed as Grand Duke of Tuscany by his 2nd son Ferdinand. The Tuscany line still exist in current times. The current head of the House of Habsburg-Tuscany is Archduke Sigismund of Austria
3. Teschen Line: The Habsburgs ruled the Duchy of Teschen, in Silesia, from 1653 on. In 1722 Emperor Karl VI granted it to Duke Leopold of Lorraine in compensation. Leopold?s son Emperor Franz I later gave it to his eldest surviving daughter Maria Christina, who married prince Albrecht of Saxony and became known as Duke Saxe-Teschen. The marriage of Albrecht and Maria Christina remained childless and Teschen passed to their adopted son Archduke Karl of Austria, who became Herzog von Teschen (= Duke of Teschen) and started the Teschen branch of the Habsburg-Lorraine family.  Karl was the 3rd  son of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. The title passed down his line, first to his eldest son Albrecht and then to Albrechts nephew Friedrich. The last titular predent to the Duchy of Teschen, Archduke Albrecht Franz, married morganatic (3x), therefore his offspring could not inherited their fathers title. Crownprince Otto von Habsburg granted them the title countess/count von Habsburg.

Furthermore there is the line of Habsburg-d?Este (or Austria ? d?Este) which has been discussed in a previous post. And apparently there is also a so called Hungarian line, but it is not completely clear to me (yet) how this fit in the family.

For a very short period of time the Habsburgs were also Emperor of Mexico.  Archduke Maximilian, the younger brother of Emperor Franz Jozef, was invited as part of Napoleon III?s manipulations to take the throne of Mexico becoming Maximilian I of Mexico (with his wife Charlotte, former princess of Belgium, as Empress Carlota). Maximilians decision involved the loss of all his nobility rights in Austria, though he was not informed of this until just before he left. The adventure did not end well, Maximilian was executed in Mexico, while Charlotte busy trying to gain support for her husband in Europe went mentally ill.
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