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« Reply #435 on: March 06, 2020, 11:20:40 AM »

I always thought that Emma is short for Emmanuelle, from hebrew. Fascinating to find out it has also a germanic root.


https://www.behindthename.com/name/emmanuel
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« Reply #436 on: March 06, 2020, 12:54:30 PM »

Queen Emma of Hawaii
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« Reply #437 on: March 06, 2020, 01:39:48 PM »

Willem is a Dutch and West Frisian masculine given name. The name is Germanic, and can be seen as the Dutch equivalent of the name William in English, Guillaume in French, Guilherme in Portuguese, Guillermo in Spanish and Wilhelm in German. Nicknames that are derived from Willem are Jelle, Pim, Willie, Willy and Wim.

William is a popular given name of an old Germanic origin. It became very popular in the English language after the Norman conquest of England in 1066,[3] and remained so throughout the Middle Ages and into the modern era. It is sometimes abbreviated "Wm." Shortened familiar versions in English include Will, Willy, Willie, Bill, and Billy. A common Irish form is Liam. Scottish diminutives include Wull, Willie or Wullie (see Oor Wullie or Douglas for example). Female forms are Willa, Willemina, Willamette, Wilma and Wilhelmina.

Wilhelm is a German given name, and a cognate of the English name William. The feminine form is Wilhelmine.

Guillaume is the French equivalent of William, which is of old Germanic origin.

Guillermo is the Spanish form of the male given name William. The name is also commonly shortened to 'Guille' or, in Latin America, to 'Memo'.


Netherlands:

Willem I, Prince of Orange (1533 – 1584), also known as William the Silent or William the Taciturn (translated from Dutch: Willem de Zwijger), or more commonly known as William of Orange (Dutch: Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch Revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1581. He was born into the House of Nassau as Count of Nassau-Dillenburg. He became Prince of Orange in 1544 and is thereby the founder of the Orange-Nassau branch and the ancestor of the monarchy of the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, he is also known as Father of the Fatherland (Dutch: Vader des Vaderlands). In 1551 he firstly married rich heiress Anna van Egmond en Buren. The couple had a happy marriage and became the parents of three children together. In 1561, Willem of Orange married for the second time. His new wife, Anna of Saxony, was tumultuous, and it is generally assumed that William married her to gain more influence in Saxony, Hesse and the Palatinate. The couple had two sons and three daughters.  Anna died after Willem renounced her and her own family imprisoned her in one of their castles. The cause was due to the accusation that she committed adultery with the lawyer Jan Rubens, and became pregnant by him, giving birth to a daughter. Willem married for the third time in 1575 to Charlotte de Bourbon-Monpensier, a former French nun, who was also popular with the public. They had six daughters. Willem married for the fourth and final time in 1583 to Louise de Coligny, a French Huguenot and daughter of Gaspard de Coligny. They had 1 son.

Philip Willem, Prince of Orange (1554 -1618) was the eldest son of Willem the Silent by his first wife Anna van Egmont. He became Prince of Orange in 1584. When his father Willem the Silent ignored Alva's summons to return to Brussels, remaining in Germany, Philip Willem, only a boy of 13, was studying at the University at Leuven in Brabant. He was seized in February 1568, and taken to Spain partly as a hostage, but especially to be raised as a good Catholic and loyal subject. He would never see his father again, and his mother had died in 1558. In 1606 , Philip Willem was married to Eleonora of Bourbon-Condé, daughter of Henry I, Prince de Condé, and cousin of King Henry IV of France, but he died in 1618 without any children. Therefore, his younger half brother Maurits of Nassau could at last inherit the title Prince of Orange.

Willem II (1626 – 1650) was sovereign Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, Overijssel and Groningen in the United Provinces of the Netherlands from 14 March 1647 until his death three years later. Willem II, Prince of Orange, was the son of Frederik Hendrik, Prince of Orange, and Amalia of Solms-Braunfels. Frederik Hendrik was the youngest son of Willem the Silent (stadtholder 1559–1584). In 1641, Willem married Mary, Princess Royal, who was the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England.His only child, William III, reigned as King of England, Ireland, and Scotland.


William III (Dutch: Willem)(1650 – 1702),also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from the 1670s and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death. William was the only child of Willem II, Prince of Orange, who died a week before his birth, and Mary, Princess of Orange, the daughter of King Charles I of England. Eight days before William was born, his father died of smallpox; thus William was the sovereign Prince of Orange from the moment of his birth.In 1677, he married his first cousin Mary, the elder surviving daughter of the Duke of York, later King James II of England (James VII of Scotland). Mary was eleven years his junior. Mary became pregnant soon after the marriage, but miscarried. After a further illness later in 1678, she never conceived again. After his marriage in November 1677, William became a strong candidate for the English throne should his father-in-law (and uncle) James be excluded because of his Catholicism.


Johan Willem Friso (Dutch: Johan Willem Friso van Oranje-Nassau)(1687 – 1711) became the (titular) Prince of Orange in 1702. He was the Stadtholder of Friesland and Groningen in the Dutch Republic until his death by accidentally drowning. He was the son of Hendrik Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, and Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau who were both first cousins of Willem III. With the death of William III, Prince of Orange, the legitimate male line of Willem the Silent (the second House of Orange) became extinct. Johan Willem Friso, the senior agnatic descendant of Willem the Silent's brother and a cognatic descendant of Frederik Hendrik, grandfather of William III, claimed the succession as stadtholder in all provinces held by William III. In 1709, he married Princess Maria Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1688–1765), daughter of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, and granddaughter of Jacob Kettler, Duke of Courland. They had two children

Willem IV (Willem Karel Hendrik Friso)(1711 –  1751) was Prince of Orange from birth and the first hereditary Stadtholder of all the United Provinces of the Netherlands from 1747 till his death in 1751. During his whole life he was furthermore ruler of the Principality of Orange-Nassau within the Holy Roman Empire. Willem was born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands, the son of John Willem Friso, Prince of Orange, head of the Frisian branch of the House of Orange-Nassau, and of his wife Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel). He was born six weeks after the death of his father. In 1734 he married Anne, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach. Willem and Anne had five children.


Willem V (Willem Batavus)(1748 – 1806) was a Prince of Orange and the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. The only son of Willem IV, who had the year before been restored as stadtholder of the United Provinces. He was only three years old when his father died in 1751. His mother was Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (1709 – 1759). In 1767 Prince Willem married Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia, the daughter of Augustus Wilhelm of Prussia, niece of Frederick the Great and a cousin of George III. (He himself was George III's first cousin). Willem and Wilhelmina were parents to five children.

Willem I (1772–1843), King of the Netherlands. A Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg. King Willem I's parents were the last stadtholder Willem V, Prince of Orange of the Dutch Republic, and his wife Wilhelmina of Prussia. In 1791, he married his cousin Wilhelmine of Prussia (1774 – 1837). They had 6 children.

Willem II (1792–1849), King of the Netherlands, he was the son of Willem I and Wilhelmine of Prussia. In 1814, Willem was briefly engaged to Princess Charlotte of Wales, only child of the Prince Regent (later George IV of the United Kingdom) and his estranged wife, Caroline of Brunswick. The engagement was arranged by the Prince Regent, but it was broken off because Charlotte's mother was against the marriage and because Charlotte did not want to move to the Netherlands. In 1816 Willem married Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia, youngest sister to Czar Alexander I of Russia, who arranged the marriage to seal the good relations between Imperial Russia and the Netherlands. Willem II enjoyed considerable popularity in what is now Belgium (then the Southern Netherlands), as well as in parts of the rest of the Netherlands for his affability and moderation, and in 1830, on the outbreak of the Belgian revolution, he did his utmost in Brussels as a peace broker, to bring about a settlement based on administrative autonomy for the southern provinces, under the House of Orange-Nassau. His father then rejected the terms of accommodation that the son had proposed without further consultation; afterwards, relations with his father were once again tense. In April 1831, Willem II was sent by his father to be the military leader of the failed Ten Days' Campaign in order to recover what would become Belgium. They were driven back due to French intervention on the side of the rebels. European mediation established Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha on the throne of a new monarchy. Peace was finally established in 1839 when Belgium was recognized by the Netherlands. Willem II and queen Anna Pavlovna had five children.

Willem III (1817–1890), King of the Netherlands. He was the eldest son of the future king Willem II of the Netherlands and Anna Pavlovna of Russia. He had three brothers, one of whom died in infancy, and one sister. He married his first cousin, Sophie (1818-1877), daughter of King Wilhelm I of Württemberg and Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, in 1839. This marriage was unhappy and was characterized by struggles about their children. The couple had 3 sons. In 1877, Queen Sophie died and years of war in the palace came to an end. In the same year, King William announced his intention to marry Émilie Ambre, a French opera singer, whom he ennobled as countess d'Ambroise – without government consent. Under pressure from society and the government, he abandoned these marriage plans. William remained eager to remarry. In 1878, he first proposed to his niece, Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Weimar. He then considered marriage with Princess Pauline of Waldeck and Pyrmont, a small German principality, and Princess Thyra of Denmark, who had her own private scandalous history. He finally decided to marry Pauline's younger sister Emma. Some politicians were quite angry, as she was 41 years the king's junior. Emma showed herself, however, as a cordial woman. William asked permission from parliament, this was easily granted. The couple were quickly married in 1879. The couple had 1 daughter, Wilhelmina (the later Queen of the Netherlands)

Willem, Prince of Orange (Willem Nicolaas Alexander Frederik Karel Hendrik)(1840 – 1879), was heir apparent to the Dutch throne as the eldest son of King Willem III from 17 March 1849 until his death. Prince William was the eldest son of King Willem III of the Netherlands and his first wife, Princess Sophie of Württemberg. His nickname was Wiwill. After the failed plans for a marriage between Prince William and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, the second daughter of Queen Victoria, the prince fell in love with the 19-year-old Countess Mathilde von Limburg-Stirum in 1873. The relationship between the prince and his parents became very problematic, as his parents refused Willem's wish to accept Mathilde as his bride in 1874. By the standards of the Dutch royal family, a marriage between a member of the royal family and a member of the nobility was considered unequal and therefore unacceptable. Also a rumour circulated that Mathilda was an illegitimate daughter of king Willem III and so Willem could be marrying his half-sister. The 33-year-old Willem wanted to marry, if necessary, without the consent of his parents. However, Mathilda was not yet twenty and so permission was needed from her parents too. Since they denied permission, the prince's attempt to marry Mathilda failed. She finally married in 1881 Baron Reginald van Tuyll (1845–1903). Heavily disillusioned with his situation in the Netherlands, Prince Willem then went into exile in Paris, where he threw himself into a life of sex, drinking and gambling. He shared this life with Henriette Hauser (also Hausser), his Parisian mistress, a "boulevard theatre" actress. The Duke de Gramont-Caderousse, a French fellow hedonist, gave him the nickname "Prince Lemon" [le prince Citron in French]. Prince Willem died at the age of 38 in his apartment in the Rue Auber, near the Paris Opera from a combination of typhus, liver complaints and total exhaustion.

Wilhelmina (Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria)(1880 – 1962) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until her abdication in 1948. She was the only child of King Willem III and his second wife, Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont. King Willem III had had three sons with his first wife, Sophie of Württemberg, but two of them had died before Wilhelmina's birth, and the third brother also died before she turned four. None of them had ever married. The only other surviving male member of the House of Orange was the King's uncle, Prince Frederik of the Netherlands, but he had no son either, only daughters, and he died in 1881 when Wilhelmina was one year old. By 1887, the King, now seventy years of age, finally abandoned hope of a son with his young wife, and made the pragmatic decision to settle the throne upon his only daughter. Under the Semi-Salic system of inheritance that was in place in the Netherlands until 1887, she was third in line to the throne from birth. When Prince Frederik died a year later in 1881, she became second in line. When Wilhelmina was four, Alexander died and the young girl became heir presumptive. King Willem III died on 23 November 1890. Although ten-year-old Wilhelmina became Queen of the Netherlands instantly, her mother, Emma, was named regent.Wilhelmina was sworn-in and inaugurated at the Nieuwe Kerk in Amsterdam on 6 September 1898. In 1901 in The Hague, she married Duke Heinrich (Dutch: Hendrik) of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Nine months later, on 9 November, Wilhelmina suffered a miscarriage, and in 1902 she gave birth to a premature stillborn son. Her next pregnancy ended in miscarriage in 1906. During this time period, Wilhelmina's heir presumptive was her first cousin once removed Wilhelm Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and next in line was his aunt (and Wilhelmina's cousin) Princess Marie Alexandrine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. As it was assumed that the former would renounce his claim to the Dutch throne, and that the latter was too elderly and sickly to become Queen, Marie Alexandrine's eldest son Prince Heinrich XXXII Reuss of Köstritz stood in line to succeed Wilhelmina, assuming she had no surviving children. The birth of Juliana, in 1909, was met with great relief after eight years of childless marriage. Wilhelmina suffered two further miscarriages in 1912.

Willem-Alexander (Willem-Alexander Claus George Ferdinand)(1967) is King of the Netherlands, having ascended the throne following his mother's abdication in 2013. He is the oldest child and son of (then) Princess Beatrix and German diplomat Claus van Amsberg. He became Prince of Orange as heir apparent upon his mother's accession as Queen on 30 April 1980, and succeeded her following her abdication on 30 April 2013. In  2002, he married Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti at the Nieuwe Kerk in Amsterdam. Máxima is an Argentine woman of Basque, Portuguese and Italian ancestry, who prior to their marriage worked as an investment banker in New York City. The marriage triggered significant controversy due to the role the bride's father, Jorge Zorreguieta, had in the Argentinian military dictatorship. The couple have three daughters.
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« Reply #438 on: March 06, 2020, 01:40:31 PM »

Queen Emma of Hawaii


You are correct, I forgot about her. If I my memory hadn't deserted me, there was another Hawaiin family member named Emma.
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« Reply #439 on: March 06, 2020, 04:08:44 PM »

I always thought that Emma is short for Emmanuelle, from hebrew. Fascinating to find out it has also a germanic root.


https://www.behindthename.com/name/emmanuel

That’s so funny. Our daughter is named Emmanuela, after her great grandmother, we call her Emma.
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« Reply #440 on: March 09, 2020, 01:59:14 PM »

Luxembourg

From 1815 to 1839, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was ruled by the kings of the Netherlands as a province of the Netherlands. Following the Treaty of London (1839), Grand Duchy of Luxembourg became independent but remained in personal union with the Netherlands. Following the death of his sons, King Willem III of the Netherlands had no male heirs to succeed him. In the Netherlands, females were allowed to succeed to the throne. Luxembourg, however, followed Salic law which barred females from succession. Thus, upon King Willem III's death, the crown of the Netherlands passed to his only daughter, Wilhelmina, while that of Luxembourg passed to Adolphe, the last sovereign Duke of Nassau in accordance with the Nassau Family Pact.


Willem IV (Willem Alexander; French: Guillaume Alexandre) (1852 -1912): eldest son of Adolphe of Nassau (1817-1905) and his 2nd wife  Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau (1833-1916). In 1893, he married Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal, daughter of the deposed king Miguel I of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. Willem was a Protestant, the religion of the House of Nassau. He married Princess Marie Anne of Portugal, believing that a Roman Catholic country ought to have a Roman Catholic monarch. Thus his heirs have been Catholic. The couple had six daughters. At the death of Guillaumes uncle, Prince Nikolaus-Wilhelm in 1905, the only other legitimate male in the House of Nassau-Weilburg was Guillaume's cousin, Georg Nikolaus, Count of Merenberg, the product of a morganatic marriage. So in 1907, Guillaume declared the Counts of Merenberg non-dynastic, naming his own eldest daughter Marie-Adélaïde (1894–1924) as heir presumptive to the grand ducal throne. She became Luxembourg's first reigning grand duchess upon her father's death in 1912, and upon her own abdication in 1919, was succeeded by her younger sister Charlotte (1896–1985). Charlotte's descendants reign until the present day.


Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (Guillaume Marie Louis Christian)(1963) is the third son and youngest child of Grand Duke Jean and Princess Josephine-Charlotte of Belgium. Prince Guillaume married his fifth cousin once removed Sibilla Weiller, a daughter of Paul-Annik Weiller and of the Italian princess Donna Olimpia Torlonia di Civitella-Cesi (daughter of the Spanish Infanta Beatriz of Spain) in 1994, who received the title "Princess of Luxembourg". Guillaume and Sibilla have four children.


Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (given names: Guillaume Jean Joseph Marie (1981), has been heir apparent to the crown of Luxembourg since his father's accession in 2000. He is the eldest child of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg and his wife, Cuban-born Grand Duchess Maria Teresa (née María Teresa Mestre y Batista). In 2012 he married Belgian Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy (1984). In 2019 it was announced by the Marshall of the Court that the Hereditary Grand Duke and Hereditary Grand Duchess are expecting their first child due in May 2020.


Prince Liam of Nassau (Liam Henri Hartmut)(2016) is a Luxembourgish prince and the youngest child of Prince Félix and Princess Claire of Luxembourg (née Lademacher). His father is the 2nd son of the current Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Henri.
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« Reply #441 on: March 09, 2020, 02:11:20 PM »

Great Britain (England)

William I of England (c. 1066–1087), better known as William the Conqueror

William II of England (c. 1087–1100)

William I, King of the Scots (c. 1143–1214), known as William the Lion

William III of England and Ireland, and William II of Scotland (1650–1702)

William IV of the United Kingdom (1765–1837)

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (William Arthur Philip Louis)(1982) is a member of the British royal family. He is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales. Since birth, he has been second in the line of succession to the British throne. In 2011 he  married Catherine Middleton. The couple have three children: Prince George, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Louis. Since 2011 the couple is known as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.


Prince William of Gloucester (William Henry Andrew Frederick)(1941 – 1972) was a grandson of King George V and paternal cousin of Elizabeth II. At the time of his birth he was the fourth in line to the throne. His father was Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third son of George V and Queen Mary. His mother was Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, the third daughter of the 7th Duke of Buccleuch and Lady Margaret Bridgeman. Former model and stewardess Zsuzsi Starkloff said in a Daily Mail interview in 2012 that William had a long-standing relationship with her and wanted to marry her. According to Starkloff, the two met in Japan in 1968. She speculates that because she was twice divorced and a mother of two small children, William's family refused to acknowledge or accept their relationship, and that Starkloff met with displeasure from courtiers because she was Jewish and Hungarian. According to Starkloff, William continued a relationship with her until his accidental death in 1972, but the last time they met in person was in August 1970. The relationship with Zsuzsi Starkloff was further explored in the 2015 Channel 4 TV documentary, The Other Prince William. While William's intentions regarding his relationship with Starkloff are unclear, marriage was probably not one of them. In the year of his death, he gave an interview to Audrey Whiting for the Sunday Mirror, in which he declared that if he ever married, he would do so to a woman not only right for him, but right in "the eyes of other members of the Family". In the early 1970s, Prince William began a relationship with Nicole Sieff (née Moschietto). She had two sons with her ex-husband, Jonathan Sieff. She laid a wreath at Prince William's funeral. In 1972, he was competing in the Goodyear International Air Trophy at Halfpenny Green, near Wolverhampton. The plane crashed and Willian and his passenger (Vyrell Mitchell) were killed.


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« Reply #442 on: March 09, 2020, 04:18:44 PM »

Germany (Empire)

Wilhelm I, German Emperor (1797–1888), King of Prussia and German Emperor. The second son of Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Prince Frederick Wilhelm, himself son of King Frederik Wilhelm II. Wilhelm was not expected to ascend to the throne. In 1826 Willhelm was forced to abandon a relationship with Polish noblewoman Elisa Radziwill, his cousin whom he had been attracted to, when it was deemed an inappropriate match by his father. It is alleged that Elisa had an illegitimate daughter by William who was brought up by Joseph and Caroline Kroll, owners of the Kroll Opera House in Berlin, and was given the name Agnes Kroll. She married a Carl Friedrich Ludwig Dettman (known as "Louis") and emigrated to Sydney, Australia, in 1849. They had a family of three sons and two daughters. Agnes died in 1904. In 1829, William married Princess Augusta, the daughter of Grand Duke Karl Friedrich of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Maria Pavlovna, the sister of Nicholas I. Their marriage was outwardly stable, but not a very happy one. In 1840 his older brother became King of Prussia. Since he had no children, Wilhelm was first in line to succeed him to the throne and thus was given the title Prinz von Preußen.On 2 January 1861, Frederick Wilhelm IV died and Wilhelm ascended the throne as Wilhelm I of Prussia. In 1871 he became German emperor.


Wilhelm II, German Emperor (1859–1941), grandson of the former, King of Prussia and German Emperor. was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia. He reigned from 15 June 1888 until his abdication on 9 November 1918 shortly before Germany's defeat in World War I. He was born to Victoria, Princess Royal and Prince Frederik Wilhelm of Prussia (the future Frederik III). He was the eldest grandchild of Queen Victoria. Wilhelm and his first wife, Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, were married in 1881. They had 7 children. Empress Augusta, known affectionately as "Dona", was a constant companion to Wilhelm, and her death on 11 April 1921 was a devastating blow. It also came less than a year after their son Joachim committed suicide. In 1922, despite the objections of Wilhelm's monarchist supporters and his children, Wilhelm married  Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz (1887-1947). Hermine's daughter, Princess Henriette, married the late Prince Joachim's son, Karl Franz Josef, in 1940, but divorced in 1946. Hermine remained a constant companion to the ageing former emperor until his death.

Wilhelm, German Crown Prince (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Victor August Ernst)(1882 –1951) was the heir of the last German Emperor, Wilhelm II, and the last Crown Prince of the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. He was the eldest son of Wilhelm II, the last German Kaiser (Emperor) (1859–1941), and his first wife, Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (1858–1921). Wilhelm married Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1886 – 1954) in 1905. Cecilie was the daughter of Grand Duke Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1851–1897) and his wife, Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia (1860–1922). The couple had 6 children.


Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (Wilhelm Friedrich Franz Joseph Christian Olaf)(1906 – 1940) was the eldest child of Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany and Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. At his birth, he was second in line to the German throne and was expected to succeed to the throne after the deaths of his paternal grandfather and father, both of whom, however, outlived him.While a student at Bonn, Wilhelm fell in love with a fellow student, Dorothea von Salviati (1907 – 1972). His grandfather did not approve of the marriage of a member of the minor nobility with the second in line to the German throne. At the time, the former Kaiser still believed in the possibility of a Hohenzollern restoration, and he would not permit his grandson to make an unequal marriage. However, Wilhelm was determined to marry Dorothea. He renounced any rights to the succession for himself and his future children in 1933. Wilhelm and Dorothea married in 1933 in Bonn. They had two daughters. In 1940, the ex-Emperor recognised the marriage as dynastic and the girls were each accorded the title of Princess of Prussia, along with the style Royal Highness. Their father, however, was not restored to his former place in the putative line of succession. In May 1940, Wilhelm took part in the invasion of France. He was wounded during the fighting in Valenciennes and died in a field hospital in Nivelles on 26 May 1940.


Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (1939 - 2015),eldest son of Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia &  Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia. He married firstly Waltraud Freydag (1940 - 2010) in 1967 in Plön, divorced 1975; secondly Ehrengard von Reden (1943) in 1976; thirdly Sibylle Kretschmer (1952) in 2004. He renounced his succession rights in 1967. His son Philip is from his first marriage, and his other children from his second.


Friedrich Wilhelm Prinz von Preußen (1979); son of Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia & his 2nd wife Ehrengard von Reden. He married Baroness Anna von Salza ( 1981) in 2009, with issue.


Friedrich Wilhelm, Prinz von Preußen (2012); son of Friedrich Wilhelm Prinz von Preußen & Baroness Anna von Salza.


William John Engel (1983); son of Marina Adelaide Emily Patterson (1948-2011) and Jon Engel. In maternal line a great-grandson of Prince Adalbert of Prussia (3rd son of Wilhelm II).


Prince Wilhelm Victor of Prussia (Wilhelm Viktor Ernst Freund Friedrich Georg Adalbert) (1919 – 1989) was a German nobleman, soldier and diplomat. The youngest child of Prince Adalbert of Prussia (1884 – 1948) and Princess Adelheid "Adi" of Saxe-Meiningen (1891 – 1971). His father, Prince Adalbert carried also the title "Graf Lingen". He forfeited his rights of succession as a result of his unequal marriage. Prince Wilhelm Victor married at Donaueschingen 20 July 1944 Marie Antoinette, Countess of Hoyos (1920 – 2004), and had  issue.


Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia (1887 – 1949), called "Auwi", was the fourth son of Wilhelm II, German Emperor by his first wife, Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein. Prince August Wilhelm married his cousin Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1887-1957) in 1908. They had 1 son: Stephan.


Prince Wilhelm Karl of Prussia (Wilhelm Karl Adalbert Erich Detloff)(1922-2007) was the third son of Prince Oskar of Prussia & Countess Ina Marie von Bassewitz, and the last surviving grandson of Wilhelm II, the last German Emperor. In 1952, Wilhelm-Karl married Armgard Else Helene von Veltheim (1926 -  2019). The couple had two sons and a daughter.


Wilhelm-Karl Prinz von Preussen (1955) son of Prince Wilhelm Karl of Prussia & Armgard Else Helene von Veltheim


Wilhelmine Prinzessin von Preussen (1995) daughter of Oskar Prinz von Preussen (1959) & Auguste Zimmermann von Siefart (1962). Granddaughter of Prince Wilhelm Karl of Prussia & Armgard Else Helene von Veltheim.


Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia (Franz Wilhelm Victor Christoph Stephan)(1943) is a German businessman and member of the House of Hohenzollern, the former ruling German imperial house and royal house of Prussia. From 1976 to 1986 he was known as Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia. The  son of Prince Karl Franz of Prussia (1916–1975) and his first wife Princess Henriette von Schönaich-Carolath (1918–1972) He had a twin brother, Prince Friedrich Christian, who died three weeks after his birth. Prince Franz Wilhelm is a grandson of Prince Joachim of Prussia, the youngest son of Emperor Wilhelm II. Prince Franz Wilhelm married his third cousin once-removed, Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia (a great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria), in 1976. Before his marriage he converted to the Russian Orthodox faith and was created a Grand Duke of Russia with the name Mikhail Pavlovich by his father-in-law Grand Duke Vladimir of Russia. Prince Franz Wilhelm and Grand Duchess Maria had one son before divorcing in 1985, at which point he reverted to his previous title. He married Nadia Nour in 2019.
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« Reply #443 on: March 09, 2020, 05:23:27 PM »

Sweden

Prince Wilhelm, Duke of Södermanland (Carl Wilhelm Ludvig)(1884 – 1965) was a Swedish and Norwegian prince. He authored many books (primarily in Swedish) as Prins Wilhelm. The second son of King Gustaf V of Sweden and his wife Victoria of Baden. In 1908, Wilhelm married Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia, a daughter of Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia by his first wife Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark. The bride was a cousin of the reigning Russian tsar, Nicholas II and first cousin of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. The couple had only one son: Prince Lennart, Duke of Småland and later Count of Wisborg (1909–2004). The marriage was unhappy. Maria sought a divorce because of what she described as the horror she then felt toward the Swedish royal family, due to their unlimited support of Doctor Axel Munthe who had accosted her sexually. The divorce was granted in 1914, and Maria returned to Russia. Wilhelm had a relationship, which was not publicly known, with Jeanne de Tramcourt which lasted from around 1914 (starting date unknown) until Jeanne's death in 1952. They lived together for more than 30 years on the estate Stenhammar near Flen. This was at a time when cohabitation was very unusual and not officially allowed to occur among royalty. Jeanne de Tramcourt was therefore called his "hostess" at Stenhammar.


Denmark

Prince William of Denmark and Norway or Prince Vilhelm (1687 – 1705) was the youngest son of Christian V of Denmark and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, and thus a younger brother of Frederick IV.

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« Reply #444 on: March 09, 2020, 05:42:34 PM »

Prussia (Hohenzollern) - with exception of German Empire members

Friedrich Wilhelm I (1688 – 1740), known as the "Soldier King" (German: Soldatenkönig), was the King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg from 1713 until his death in 1740. He was born to Friedrich I of Prussia and Sophia Charlotte of Hanover. He married his first cousin Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, George II's younger sister (daughter of his uncle, King George I of Great Britain and Sophia Dorothea of Celle) in 1706. They had fourteen children.

Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (Friederike Sophie Wilhelmine)(1709 – 1758), daughter of Friedrich Wilhelm I and Sophia Charlotte of Hanover. After much talk of other matches came to nothing, Wilhelmine was eventually married in 1731 to her Hohenzollern kinsman, Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. Frederick had been engaged to Wilhelmine's younger sister, Sophie, but at the last moment King Friedrich Wilhelm I decided to replace her with Wilhelmine. The groom was not consulted in this decision.This marriage was only accepted by Wilhelmine under threats from her father and with a view to lightening her brother's disgrace. It was initially a happy marriage, but was eventually clouded first by limited financial resources and then by a love affair of the future Margrave with Dorothea von Marwitz, whose rise as an official mistress at the court of Bayreuth was bitterly resented by her brother Frederick the Great and caused an estrangement of some three years between him and Wilhelmine. Wilhelmine's only child was Elisabeth Fredericka Sophie of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1732).


Friederich Wilhelm of Prussia (1710-1711), son of Friedrich Wilhelm I and Sophia Charlotte of Hanover.


Augustus William of Prussia (German: August Wilhelm)(1722 – 1758) was Prince of Prussia and a younger brother and general of Frederick II. Augustus was the second surviving son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. Augustus married Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Because his older brother had no children, Augustus's oldest son inherited the throne as Frederick William II of Prussia on Frederick's death.


Frederick William II (German: Friedrich Wilhelm II.)(1744 – 1797) was King of Prussia from 1786 until his death. The son of Prince Augustus William of Prussia (the second son of King Frederick William I of Prussia) and Duchess Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. His marriage with Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Crown Princess of Prussia, daughter of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, contracted in 1765, was dissolved in 1769. He then married Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1769. Although he had seven children by his second wife, he had an ongoing relationship with his mistress, Wilhelmine Enke (created Countess Wilhelmine von Lichtenau in 1796), a woman of strong intellect and much ambition, and had five children by her—the first when she was still in her teens.


Frederick William III (German: Friedrich Wilhelm III.)(1770 – 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. He ruled Prussia during the difficult times of the Napoleonic Wars and the end of the Holy Roman Empire. The son of Frederick William II of Prussia and Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt. In  1793, Frederick William married Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who bore him ten children. In 1824 Frederick William III remarried (morganatically) Countess Auguste von Harrach, Princess of Liegnitz. They had no children.


Frederick William IV (German: Friedrich Wilhelm IV.)(1795-1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 7 June 1840 to his death. Born to Frederick William III by his wife Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. In 1823 he married Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria. Since she was a Roman Catholic, the preparations for this marriage included difficult negotiations which ended with her conversion to Lutheranism. The couple had a very harmonious marriage, but it remained childless. He was succeeded by his younger brother Wilhelm (I), who would become the first German emperor.


Georg Albrecht Wilhelm, Count of Hohenau (1854 -  1930), son of Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872) and his second (morganatic) wife  Rosalie Wilhelmine Johanna von Rauch, daughter of Gustav von Rauch, chief of the Prussian General Staff 1812-1813 and Prussian Minister of War 1837-1841. She was created Countess of Hohenau on 28 May 1853. He married to Princess Margarethe of Hohenlohe-Öhringen (1865-1940), daughter of Hugo zu Hohenlohe-Öhringen.



Wilhelm Graf von Hohenau (1884-1957) was a German Graf and horse rider who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics. He was the second son of Frederick of Hohenau and Charlotte von der Decken, and thus a grandson of Prince Albrecht of Prussia and second cousin of Emperor Wilhelm I.


Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (German: Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Karl Ernst Alexander Heinrich von Preußen)(1880 – 1925) was a member of the House of Hohenzollern, great-grandson of Frederick William III of Prussia. The youngest child of Prince Albert of Prussia (1837–1906), (son of Prince Albert of Prussia and Princess Marianne of the Netherlands) and his wife, Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (1854–1898), (daughter of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Princess Agnes of Anhalt-Dessau). In 1910he married Princess Agatha of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (1888–1960), daughter of Victor II, Duke of Ratibor, and his wife, Countess Maria Breunner-Enkevoirth. They had 4 daughters.





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« Reply #445 on: March 09, 2020, 05:49:24 PM »

Hohenzollern Sigmaringen

William, Prince of Hohenzollern (German: Wilhelm August Karl Joseph Peter Ferdinand Benedikt Fürst von Hohenzollern)(1864 -1927) was the eldest son of Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern and Infanta Antónia of Portugal. William was an older brother of Ferdinand of Romania. In 1889, William married Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.[1][2] Her parents were Prince Louis, Count of Trani and Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria. William and Maria Teresa had three children.


Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Ferdinand Joseph Maria Manuel Georg Meinrad Fidelis Benedikt Michael Hubert Fürst von Hohenzollern)(1924-2010) was the head of the Princely House of Hohenzollern for over 45 years. He was the eldest son of Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern (1891–1965) and his wife, Princess Margarete Karola of Saxony (1900–1962), the daughter of the last King of Saxony Frederick Augustus III. Friedrich Wilhelm married Princess Margarita of Leiningen (1932–1996) in 1951. She was a child of Karl, 6th Prince of Leiningen, and his wife, Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia. They had three children.


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« Reply #446 on: March 09, 2020, 05:57:24 PM »

Hesse


Prince William of Hesse-Kassel (1787 – 1867), was the first son of Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen. In 1810, William was married in Amalienborg Palace to Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark (1789–1864) daughter of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway (1753–1805) and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1758–1794). They had 6 children.

Frederick William George Adolphus, Landgrave of Hesse (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Adolf von Hessen-Kassel)(1820 – 1884) was the only son of Wilhelm I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim and Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark. In 1844, Frederick married Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia at St Petersburg. Frederick had come to St Petersburg as a prospective bridegroom for her sister Olga, but fell in love with Alexandra instead on the first evening he spent with the family. Although Olga was the elder daughter and also found Frederick to be an engaging young man, she stepped aside in favour of her sister. Alexandra died in childbirth, delivering a son who was born three months prematurely, and who died on the day of his birth: Prince Wilhelm. In 1853, Frederick married Alexandra's first cousin, Princess Anna of Prussia (1836–1918) They had 6 children.


Prince Wilhelm of Hesse-Kassel (1844-1844) son of Frederick William George Adolphus, Landgrave of Hesse and Alexandra of Russia (1825-1844).


Frederick William (III) Nicholas Charles of Hesse-Kassel (1854 – 1888) was (titular) Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. He was the eldest son of Frederick William George Adolph of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim and his second wife Princess Anna of Prussia. He was not married and had no children. He was succeeded by his brother.





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« Reply #447 on: March 10, 2020, 12:15:52 PM »

other German royalty

William V, Prince of Wied (German: Wilhelm Adolph Maximilian Karl Fürst von Wied)(1845 – 1907) was a German officer and politician, elder son of Hermann, Prince of Wied and  Princess Marie of Nassau (1825–1902). He was the father of William, Prince of Albania and brother of Queen Elisabeth of Romania. In 1871 he married Princess Marie of the Netherlands (1841–1910), younger daughter of Prince Frederik of the Netherlands (1792–1839) second son of Willem I of the Netherlands, and his wife, Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870), daughter of Frederick Wilhelm III of Prussia.

William Frederick, Prince of Wied (German: Wilhelm Friedrich Hermann Otto Karl Fürst von Wied)(1872 – 1945) was a German nobleman, eldest child of Wilhelm V, Prince of Wied. He was an elder brother of Wilhelm, Prince of Albania. In 1898 he married Princess Pauline of Württemberg (1877–1965), only daughter of King Wilhelm II of Württemberg and his first wife, Princess Marie of Waldeck and Pyrmont, daughter of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont.The couple had two children.


Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Wied (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Konstantin Fürst von Wied)(1931 –  2000) was the son of Hereditary Prince Hermann of Wied and Countess Marie Antonia of Stolberg-Wernigerode; and grandson of Wilhelm Friedrich, 6th Prince of Wied. He was the titular Prince of Wied from 1945 until his death. In 1958 he married Princess Guda of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1939), youngest daughter of Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and his wife, Duchess Altburg of Oldenburg, daughter of Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg. They divorced in 1962, having had children. Friedrich Wilhelm married secondly in 1967  to Princess Sophie of Stolberg-Stolberg (1943), youngest child of Wolff-Heinrich, Prince of Stolberg-Stolberg and Irma Erfert. They had two children.


Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Wied (2001) son of Carl, 8th Prince of Wied (1961 – 2015), son of Friedrich Wilhelm, 7th prince of Wied &  Princess Isabelle of Isenburg (1973), third child and second daughter of Franz Alexander, Prince of Isenburg. His father Carl died suddenly and unexpectedly following a heart attack in 2015. He was succeeded by his 15-year-old son, Maximilian. The older brother of Friedrich Wilhelm.


Prince Wilhelm of Wied (German: Wilhelm Friedrich Heinrich, Albanian: Princ Vidi or Princ Vilhelm Vidi)(1876 – 1945), reigned briefly as sovereign of the Principality of Albania as Vidi I (Albanian: Vidi i parë) from 7 March to 3 September 1914, when he left for exile. His reign officially came to an end on 31 January 1925, when the country was declared an Albanian Republic. He was the third son of Wilhelm, 5th Prince of Wied (brother of Queen Elisabeth of Romania), and his wife Princess Marie of the Netherlands (sister of Queen Louise of Sweden). In 1906 prince Wilhelm married Princess Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg (1885–1936); she was distantly related to the Orthodox Ghica family of Albanian origin. They had two children.


Count Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander Ferdinand of Württemberg, 1st Duke of Urach (1810-1869), was the son of Duke Wilhelm of Württemberg (1761–1830), younger brother of King Frederick I of Württemberg, by his morganatic wife, Baroness Wilhelmine von Tunderfeldt-Rhodis (1777–1822), who had married in 1800.He was the first Head of the House of Urach. In 1841, Duke Wilhelm married Princess Theodelinda de Beauharnais (1814–1857), the daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg. To contract the marriage he converted to Roman Catholicism. Four daughters were born from this marriage. In 1863 he married Florestine Gabrielle Antoinette Grimaldi, Princess of Monaco (1833 – 1897), daughter of Florestan I, Prince of Monaco, and they had two sons.


Prince Wilhelm of Urach, Count of Württemberg, 2nd Duke of Urach (Wilhelm Karl Florestan Gero Crescentius; German Fürst Wilhelm von Urach, Graf von Württemberg, 2. Herzog von Urach)(1864 – 1928), was a German prince who was elected in June 1918 as King of Lithuania, with the regnal name of Mindaugas II. He never assumed the crown, however, as German authorities declared the election invalid; the invitation was withdrawn in November 1918. From 17 July 1869 until his death, he was the head of the morganatic Urach branch of the House of Württemberg. He was the elder son of Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach (the head of a morganatic branch of the Royal House of the Kingdom of Württemberg), and his second wife, Princess Florestine of Monaco, occasional Regent of Monaco and daughter of Florestan I, Prince of Monaco. Wilhelm was married twice. In 1892, he married Duchess Amalie in Bavaria (1865–1912), daughter of Karl-Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, a niece of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, and a direct descendant of the Lithuanian princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł of Biržai. Nine children were born of this marriage. In 1924, Wilhelm married Princess Wiltrud of Bavaria (1884–1975), daughter of King Ludwig III of Bavaria. This marriage was childless.


Prince Wilhelm of Urach, Count of Württemberg (1897 – 1957) He was the eldest son of Wilhelm Karl, 2nd Duke of Urach and his first wife, known as Amalie, Duchess in Bavaria. Wilhelm married Elisabeth Theurer in 1928, in the teeth of opposition from his father. Elisabeth was the daughter of Richard Theurer, General Director of G. Siegle & Co., a long-established Stuttgart manufacturer of dyes and colourings, and his wife Elizabeth, born Elisabeth Groß. By the date of his marriage, Wilhelm's father had been dead for nearly three months, but the marriage was nonetheless deemed morganatic, and he was required to renounce his right to the title Duke of Urach, Count of Württemberg. Headship of the noble family instead passed to his younger brother, Karl Gero, Duke of Urach. The marriage produced two recorded daughters.


Prince Wilhelm Albert Raphael Maria of Urach, Count of Württemberg, 5th Duke of Urach (German: Wilhelm Albert Fürst von Urach, Graf von Württemberg, 5. Herzog von Urach)(1957), is the head of the morganatic Urach branch of the dynasty which reigned as kings of Württemberg in Germany until 1918. He is the son of Prince Eberhard of Urach and Princess Iniga of Thurn and Taxis. He is the grandson and heir of Wilhelm, 2nd Duke of Urach, who was offered the throne of Lithuania. Prince Wilhelm Albert succeeded his brother Karl Anselm as titular Duke of Urach when the latter renounced the headship of the family at Niederaichbach on 9 February 1991, upon the occasion of his marriage to a commoner. Prince Wilhelm Albert's marriage with Karen von Brauchitsch-Berghe von Trips (who was born in 1959 to Konrad von Brauchitsch, member of a noble family of Limburg known since the 12th century, and wife Mariette Hermans, and who had been adopted in 1988 by her great uncle Count Clemens Berghe von Trips, inheriting Ossenberg Castle) was in 1992. They have 1 son and 2 daughters.


Wilhelm Fürst von Urach (1991) son of Karl Anselm, Duke of Urach, Count von Württemberg (1955) the former head of the morganatic Urach branch of the House of Württemberg &  Saskia Wüsthof (1968).


William I (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Karl)(1781 – 1864) was King of Württemberg from 30 October 1816 until his death. He was the son of Duke Frederick William Charles of Württemberg (1754–1816) and his wife, Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1764–1788). In 1808, in Munich, he married Caroline Augusta (1792–1873), daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria (1756–1825) and Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (1765–1796). They divorced in 1814. In 1816, in Saint Petersburg, he married his first cousin, Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia (1788–1819), daughter of Emperor Paul I of Russia (1754–1801) and Princess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg (1759–1828).The couple had two children. In 1820 in Stuttgart, he married another first cousin, Duchess Pauline Therese of Württemberg (1800–1873), daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg (1756–1817) and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg (1780–1857). The couple had 3 children.


William II (German: Wilhelm II)(1848 – 1921) was the last King of Württemberg. He ruled from 6 October 1891 until the abolition of the kingdom on 30 November 1918.  Wilhelm was born the son of Prince Frederick of Württemberg (1808–1870) by his wife Princess Catherine Frederica of Württemberg (1821–1898), herself the daughter of King William I of Württemberg (1781–1864). His parents were first cousins, being the children of two brothers, and William was their only child. In 1877 at Arolsen he married Princess Marie of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1857–1882). They had three children, of which 2 died young. In 1886, at Bückeburg, he married Princess Charlotte of Schaumburg-Lippe (1864–1946). They had no children.


Prince Wilhelm Karl Bernhard Hermann of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1853 – 1924) was a member of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. He was the eldest son of the Prince Hermann of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Princess Augusta of Württemberg (1826-1898). Prince Wilhelm married Gerta Princess of Ysenburg and Büdingen (1863-1945), daughter of Ferdinand Maximilian I, Prince of Ysenburg and Büdingen (1824-1903) and Auguste Marie Gertrude Princess of Hanau and Horowitz (1829-1887), in 1885. Wilhelm and Gerta had three children.


Johann Wilhelm of Saxe-Weimar (1686 - 1686), son of Princess Sophie Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst &  Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar.


Wilhelm Ernest (1717 –  1719), Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Weimar. Son of Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar & his 1st wife  Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen.

Wilhelmine Auguste (1717 – 1752), twin of Wilhelm Ernst. Daughter of Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar & his 1st wife  Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen.

Johann Wilhelm (1719 – 1732), Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Weimar. Son of Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar & his 1st wife  Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen.

William Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Wilhelm Ernst Karl Alexander Friedrich Heinrich Bernhard Albert Georg Hermann)(1876 – 1923) was the last Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. He was the eldest son of Karl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, heir to the Grand Duke, and his wife Princess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.According to the Dutch constitution, Wilhelm Ernst was in the line for the throne of the Netherlands (as the grandson of Princess Sophie of the Netherlands) after Queen Wilhelmina. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Dutch feared the possibility of German influence or even annexation of the Netherlands. In order to prevent this, some lawyers tried to change the constitution to exclude Wilhelm Ernst from the succession. Another proposal, however, was this: if Wilhelmina would die childless, then he or his offspring would have to choose between the Dutch and the Weimar throne. The birth of Wilhelmina's daughter Juliana in 1909 lessened the chance for any member of the house of Wettin (Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach branch) to inherit the Dutch throne. With the amendment to the constitution of 1922, which restricted the right of succession to the offspring of Wilhelmina, the possibility disappeared entirely. In 1903 Wilhelm Ernst married firstly with Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz, a daughter of Prince Heinrich XXII Reuss of Greiz. This marriage was childless and ended in 1905 with the death of Caroline under mysterious circumstances. The official cause of death was pneumonia following influenza; other sources have suggested suicide. In 1910, Wilhelm Ernst married secondly with Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen, daughter of Prince Friedrich Johann of Saxe-Meinigen. They had 4 children.




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« Reply #448 on: March 11, 2020, 11:11:55 AM »

Austria (Habsburg and related)

Archduke Wilhelm Franz of Austria, later Wilhelm Franz von Habsburg-Lothringen (1895 – 1948), also known as Vasyl Vyshyvani (Ukrainian: Василь Вишиваний, romanized: Vasyl Vyshyvani), was an Austrian archduke, a colonel of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen, and a poet. He was the youngest son of Archduke Karl Stephan and Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany.  After an adventurous life he was captured by the Soviets, was trialed and supposedly died there.


Archduke Wilhelm Franz Karl of Austria-Teschen (German: Erzherzog Wilhelm Franz Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen)(1827 – 1894) was an Archduke of Austria from the House of Habsburg.He was born in Vienna as the son of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen (1771–1847) and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg (1797–1829). He was a grandson of Leopold II (1747–1792) and nephew of Franz II (1768–1835), the last two Holy Roman Emperors. Archduke Wilhelm of Austria died unmarried and without issue on in 1894 after falling from a horse.


Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria (1614 – 1662), younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand III, was an Austrian soldier, administrator and patron of the arts. He was the sixth of seven children born to Emperor Ferdinand II (1578-1637) and his first wife, Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574–1616). As a younger son, Leopold was educated for the church, although he was never formally a member of the clergy. To provide him an income, he held various Prince-Bishoprics within the Holy Roman Empire, despite not being a member of the clergy. They included Halberstadt (1628–1648), Passau (1625–1662), Breslau (1656–1662), Olmütz (1637–1662) and Strasbourg (1626–1662). He was also appointed to the Bishopric of Halberstadt in 1627, Magdeburg in 1629 and Bremen in 1635. All three were in the Protestant north, where the infrastructure of the Catholic church had long since disappeared; he never exercised power and all three were secularised in 1648.




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« Reply #449 on: March 11, 2020, 11:24:08 AM »

Franz Ferdinand

Archduke Franz Ferdinand Carl Ludwig Joseph Maria of Austria (1863 – 1914) was the heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary. His assassination in Sarajevo is considered the most immediate cause of World War I. Franz Ferdinand was the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria, the younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I. Following the suicide of Crown Prince Rudolf in 1889 and the death of Karl Ludwig in 1896, Franz Ferdinand became the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His courtship of Sophie Chotek, a lady-in-waiting, caused conflict within the imperial household, and their morganatic marriage in 1900 was only allowed after he renounced his descendants' rights to the throne. Franz Joseph did not attend the affair, nor did any archduke including Franz Ferdinand's brothers. The only members of the imperial family who were present were Franz Ferdinand's stepmother, Princess Maria Theresa of Braganza; and her two daughters. Upon the marriage, Sophie was given the title "Princess of Hohenberg" (Fürstin von Hohenberg) with the style "Her Serene Highness" (Ihre Durchlaucht). In 1909, she was given the more senior title "Duchess of Hohenberg" (Herzogin von Hohenberg) with the style "Her Highness" (Ihre Hoheit). This raised her status considerably, but she still yielded precedence at court to all the archduchesses. Whenever a function required the couple to assemble with the other members of the imperial family, Sophie was forced to stand far down the line, separated from her husband. Franz Ferdinand and Sophie had 4 children, of which one was stillborn.


Franz Ferdinand, Duke of Hohenberg (1927 – 1977), was the eldest son of Maximilian, Duke of Hohenberg and Countess Maria of Waldburg zu Wolfegg und Waldsee. He was also a grandson of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his morganatic wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg. He was born His Serene Highness Prince Franz Ferdinand of Hohenberg, but upon the death of his father in 1962, he became the 2nd Duke of Hohenberg and Head of the House of Hohenberg. In 1956, Prince Franz married Princess Elisabeth of Luxembourg, a daughter of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg. They had two daughters.


Prince Franz Ferdinand Maximilian Georg Ernst Maria Josef Zacharius Ignaz of Hohenberg (1937 -1978), son of Prince Ernst of Hohenberg (1904-1954) & Marie-Thérèse Wood (1910-1985). He married in 1964, Heide Zechling (1941), daughter of Johann Zechling and Margarethe Vielhaber. They have one son.


Prince Franz Ferdinand Karl Georg Ernst of Hohenberg (1969), son of Prince Franz Ferdinand &  Marie-Thérèse Wood. He married in 1994, Christiane Pirker (1970). They have one son.


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