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« Reply #450 on: March 11, 2020, 05:10:11 PM »

Wolfgang Wilhelm (1578 -1653) was a German Prince. He was Count palatine of Neuburg and Duke of Jülich and Berg. Wolfgang Wilhelm's parents were Philip Louis, Count Palatine of Neuburg, and Anna of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, a daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. He was the winner of the War of the Jülich Succession (1609–1614), and became thus the first ruler of Palatinate-Neuburg, who was also Duke of Jülich and Duke of Berg. In 1615, he was made a Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece. Because he converted to Catholicism and practised a strict policy of neutrality in the Thirty Years' War, his territories escaped widespread destruction. Wolfgang Wilhelm married three times: In 1613 to Magdalene of Bavaria, who gave birth to Philip William, his successor. In 1631 to Catharina Charlotte of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, daughter of John II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, who gave birth to Ferdinand Philip and Eleonore Franziska. Both children died young. In 1651 to Countess Maria Franziska of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg, daughter of Egon VIII of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg, they had no children.

Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (1615 – 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. He was the son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria. Philip William married twice. He first married Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth. Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651. In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm married Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. This second marriage lasted 37 years and was regarded as extremely happy. They had 17 children, including the next two Palatine Electors, John William and Charles III Philip, as well as Elector-Archbishop Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg.

Johann Wilhelm II, Elector Palatine ("Jan Wellem" in Low German, English: "John William")(1658 – 1716) of the Wittelsbach dynasty was Elector Palatine (1690–1716), Duke of Neuburg (1690–1716), Duke of Jülich and Berg (1679–1716), and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham (1707–1714). From 1697 onwards Johann Wilhelm was also Count of Megen. He was the son of Count Palatine Philip William of Neuburg and Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. He married Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria in 1678. She was a daughter of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor and his third wife Eleanor of Mantua. After her death in 1689, he married Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, the daughter of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. No known issue of both marriages.

Frederick Wilhelm von Pfalz-Neuburg (1665 – 1689), was by birth Count Palatine of Neuburg and Imperial General. He was the tenth child but seventh son of Philip William, Elector Palatine and Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. Initially destined to the Church, but later, Frederick Wilhelm abandoned the church career and entered the Imperial army. He fell in battle.

Philip William August, Count Palatine of Neuburg (1668-1693) was a Prince and Count Palatine of Neuburg. Philip William August was the 13th from a total of 17 children of Elector Palatine Philip William (1615-1690) from his second marriage to Elisabeth Amalie (1635-1709), a daughter of Landgrave George II of Hesse-Darmstadt. He married in 1690 Anna Maria Franziska (1672–1741), a daughter of Duke Julius Francis of Saxe-Lauenburg. They had 2 children.

Wilhelm, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg (1724 – 1777), born Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Graf zu Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg, was a German ruler of the County of Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg, an important military commander in the Seven Years' War, Generalfeldzeugmeister of the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a British field marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) and the grandson of George I of Great Britain. The son of Albrecht Wolfgang, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe and of his first wife Countess Margarete Gertrud of Oeynhausen (1701–1726, a daughter of George I of Great Britain and of his mistress Ehrengard Melusine von der Schulenburg). In 1765 he married Countess Marie Barbara Eleonore of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1744–1776), daughter of Charles Frederick Augustus, Count of Lippe. They had two children, Countess Emilie (1771–1774) and an unnamed son (1772-1772).

Count Wilhelm von Bismarck-Schönhausen (né Wilhelm Otto Albrecht von Bismarck) (1852 – 1901) was a German counselor, civil servant and politician, who served as a member of the Reichstag from 1880 to 1881 and president of the Regency of Hanover from 1889 to 1890. The youngest son of Otto von Bismarck and his wife  Johanna, née von Puttkamer. He married    Sybil von Arnim and had 4 children (3 daughters and 1 son)

Wilhelm Kinsky (Czech: Vilém Kinský z Vchynic; German: Wilhelm Graf Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau)(1574 –1634) was a Czech Count and statesman. The Kinsky family were members of the Bohemian aristocracy. Vilém Kinský married Alžběta Trčka z Lípy, whose brother Adam Erdmann Trčka was married with Maximiliane Harrach, a sister of Albrecht von Wallensteins wife. They had issue.

Wilhelm I, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg (nicknamed Wilhelm the Rich, Dutch: Willem de Rijke)(1487 – 1559) was a count of Nassau-Dillenburg from the House of Nassau. His nickname the Rich refers to him having many children. However, he owned a number of counties: Nassau-Dillenburg, Nassau-Siegen, Nassau-Dietz and Vianden. Wilhelm was born in Dillenburg as the younger son of Count John V of Nassau-Dillenburg and Landgravine Elisabeth, daughter of Landgrave Henry III of Hesse-Marburg and Anna of Katzenelnbogen. He was the brother of count Henry III of Nassau-Breda and the father of William I of Orange. Wilhelm of Nassau was married twice. Firstly, he married in 1519 Countess Walburga of Egmont (1490 – 1529), daughter of Johan III of Egmont. She gave him two daughters. After her death, he married on 20 September 1531 Countess Juliane of Stolberg-Wernigerode (1506 – 1580). They had twelve children.


William Louis of Nassau-Dillenburg (Dutch: Willem Lodewijk; West Frisian: Willem Loadewyk)(1560, -1620) was Count of Nassau-Dillenburg from 1606 to 1620, and stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe. William Louis was the eldest son of John VI, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg and his first wife, Elisabeth of Leuchtenberg. In 1587, he married his cousin, Anna of Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and Anna of Saxony, and older sister of Maurice of Nassau. Anna died less than six months later on 13 June 1588, and William Louis never remarried. He was nicknamed "Us Heit" (West Frisian for "our father").

William of Nassau-Siegen (1592-1642 ) was Count of Nassau in Hilchenbach. William was the fourth son of John VII, Count of Nassau (1561–1623) and his wife Magdalena von Waldeck-Wildungen (1558–1599). In 1619 he married Christina von Erbach (1596-1946), daughter of count Georg III von Erbach. The couple had 7 children.

William Otto of Nassau (1607 – 1641) The son of John VII, Count of Nassau (1561–1623) and his second wife Duchess Margaret of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, a daughter of John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg and thus also a granddaughter of Christian III of Denmark.

Wilhelmine Christine of Nassau-Siegen (1629-1700) Daughter of Wilhelm of Nassau-Siegen and Christina von Erbach. She married, in 1660, Count Josias von Waldeck (1636-1669)

Prince William Hyacinth of Nassau-Siegen (1667– 1743) was a Prince of Nassau-Siegen. He also claimed the Principality of Orange.b William Hyacinth was the son of Prince John Francis Desideratus of Nassau-Siegen and Eleonore Sophie of Baden, his second wife. From 17 December 1699 to 2 March 1707, William Hyacinth was the ruler of Nassau-Siegen. He was hoping to inherit much more than his father's principality of Nassau-Siegen, since he was one of the nearest male relatives of the childless King William III of England, and thus a potential heir to William's extensive lands in Germany and the Dutch Republic. However, William III left his possessions by will to John William Friso of Nassau-Dietz. William Hyacinth later used the title of Prince of Orange in Brabant. His quick temper and ambition were feared in their own family. William Hyacinth was married three times. His first wife was Maria Francisca of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg, whom he married in 1687 . She died in 1691. With her he had three children. His second wife was Maria Anna of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, whom he married in 1698 in Frankfurt. With her he had one daughter. His third wife was Countess Sophia of Starhemberg, whom he married on 28 July 1740 in Vienna. She died on 12 December 1773. This marriage was childless.


Frederick William II, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (1706-1734) was the last Prince of Nassau-Siegen from the Calvinist line. He was the eldest son of Frederick William Adolph (1680–1722) and his wife, Elisabeth of Hesse-Homburg (1681–1707). 1728, Frederick William II married Sophie Polyxena Concórdia of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein (1709 – 1781), the daughter of Count August David zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein. They had five daughters.

William II, Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg (1670 – 1724) was the ruler (i.e. Fürst) of Nassau-Dillenburg from 1701 until his death. His parents were Henry, Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg (1641–1701) and his wife Princess Dorothea Elisabeth of Legnica-Brzeg (1646–1691). In 1699 he married Johanna Dorothea (1676 – 1727), the daughter of Duke Augustus of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg. They had two children.

William Louis of Anhalt-Harzgerode (1643 – 1709), was a German prince of the House of Ascania and the last ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Harzgerode.He was the eldest child and only son of Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Harzgerode, by his first wife Johanna Elisabeth, daughter of John Louis, Prince of Nassau-Hadamar. In 1671, William Louis married Elisabeth Albertine (1631 –1693), daughter of Albert Otto II, Count of Solms-Laubach. She was fourteen years his senior, and perhaps for this reason the union was childless. In 1695 William Louis married for a second time to Sophie Auguste (1666 - 1733), daughter of Henry, Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg. This union was also childless, in spite the fact that Sophie Auguste was twenty-three years younger than William Louis.Without any issue from his marriage, Anhalt-Harzgerode was merged back to the main line of Anhalt-Bernburg on his death, ruled at that time by his cousin Victor Amadeus.


Frederick William Adolf (1680 –  1722) was the titular Prince of Nassau-Siegen from 1691 until his death; he actually ruled the principality from 1707. He was the eldest son of Prince William Maurice of Nassau-Siegen and his wife Ernestina Charlotte of Nassau-Dillenburg. He married twice. On 7 January 1702, he married Elisabeth (1681 – 1707), the daughter of Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg. With her, he had 5 children. After Elisabeth's death he married in 1708 Amalie Louise, the daughter of Duke Frederick Casimir Kettler of Courland and Zemgale and his wife Sophie Amalie of Nassau-Siegen. They had 8 children.

William Maurice of Nassau Siegen (1717 – 1719) Son of Frederick William Adolf (1680 –  1722) & Amalie Louise of Courland and Zemgale.


William Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (1649 -1691) was a Count of Nassau-Siegen. In 1664, he was elevated to Prince of Nassau-Siegen. He was the son of Count Henry II of Nassau-Siegen (1611–1652) and his first wife Maria Magdalene of Limburg-Styrum (1632–1707). In 1664, William Maurice was elevated to the rank of Imperial Prince. In 1678, his childless uncle John Maurice adopted William Maurice as his son, and also made him co-ruler of Nassau-Siegen. When John Maurice died in 1679, William Maurice inherited Nassau-Siegen. In 1678, he married Ernestine Charlotte (1662–1732), the daughter of Adolph, Prince of Nassau-Schaumburg. They had 2 sons.


Prince William Henry of Nassau-Usingen (1684 - 1718) was from 1702 to 1718 Prince of Nassau-Usingen. William Henry was the son of Prince Walrad of Nassau-Usingen and his wife, Catherine Françoise, comtesse de Croÿ-Roeulx. In 1706, he married Charlotte Amalia (1680–1738), a daughter of Henry, Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg. They had nine children; five children died within the first year.

Charles William (1735 – 1803) was Prince of Nassau-Usingen from 1775 until his death. From 1797 until his death, he was also titular Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken, however, Nassau-Saarbrücken was occupied by France during that period. The eldest son of Prince Charles of Nassau-Usingen and his wife, Christina Wilhelmina, the daughter of Duke John William III of Saxe-Eisenach. Charles William married Countess Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg, the daughter of Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim. Charles William and Carolina Felicitas had four children.


Prince Karl Wilhelm (1761-1763), son of Charles William (1735 – 1803) & Countess Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg.

Wilhelm Heinrich (1755-1755), son of Charles, Prince of Nassau-Usingen and his 2nd wife Magdalene Gross. Because she had no title, and the marriage would be considered morganatic, Charles asked Emperor Joseph II to create the Barony of Biebrich. Maria Magdalena and her children  were designated Barons of Biebrich.

Friedrich Wilhelm (1780 -  1780), son of Friedrich August, Duke of Nassau, Prince of Nassau-Usingen &
 Princess Luise of Waldeck and Pyrmont


William Henry, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1718 – 1768), was Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken from 1741 until his death. William Henry was born in Usingen, the fifth son of William Henry of Nassau-Usingen Born and Princess Charlotte Amalia of Nassau-Dillenburg. In 1742 he married Sophie (1725–1795), the daughter of Count George William of Erbach and granddaughter of George Albert II, Count of Erbach-Fürstenau. With her, he had 5 children.

Wilhelmine Henriette (1752–1829), daughter of William Henry, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken & Sophie of Erbach. She married in 1783 Louis Armand de Seiglières, Marquis de Soyecourt-Feuquières.


William Louis (b. 1661), son of Adolph, Prince of Nassau-Schaumburg (also known as Adolph of Nassau-Dillenburg)(1629 – 1676)  and Elisabeth Charlotte (1640–1707), the daughter of Peter Melander, Count of Holzappel.


Willem of Nassau (1416-?) son of Engelbert I of Nassau (c. 1370 – 1442) and Dutch noblewoman Johanna van Polanen (also spelled as Jehenne)(1392 – 1445)

William Louis of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1590-1640), was a Count of Saarbrücken. His parents were Louis II of Nassau-Weilburg (d 1627) and Landgravine Anna Maria of Hesse-Kassel (1567–1626). His father had in 1605 re-united all the possessions of the Walram line of the House of Nassau. In 1615 he married Countess Anna Amalia of Baden-Durlach (1595–1651), daughter of the Margrave George Frederick of Baden-Durlach. They had 12 children.

Philip William of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1671-1671) son of Landgravine Eleonore Klara of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1632–1709), daughter of the Count Crato of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein and Gustav Adolf of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1632-1677)

Wilhelmine Henriette of Nassau Usingen (1679-1718), daughter of Walrad, Prince of Nassau-Usingen and his 1st wife Catherine Françoise, Comtesse de Croÿ-Roeulx. She married Count Carl Ludwig Friedrich von Salm

William Frederick (Dutch: Willem Frederik)(1613 – 1664), Count (from 1654 Imperial Prince) of Nassau-Dietz, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. William Frederick was the second son of Ernest Casimir I, Count of Nassau-Dietz and Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He married Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau, the fifth daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange in 1652. They had three children.


Wilhelmina Sophia Hedwig of Nassau Dietz (1664–1667), daughter of William Frederick &  Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau
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« Reply #451 on: March 12, 2020, 10:10:18 PM »

How often is a Royal named Samuel? Samuel (died 1014) was the Tsar (Emperor) of the First Bulgarian Empire from 997 to 1014.
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« Reply #452 on: March 13, 2020, 09:32:27 AM »

How often is a Royal named Samuel? Samuel (died 1014) was the Tsar (Emperor) of the First Bulgarian Empire from 997 to 1014.

In strict definition not a royal (anymore), but

the eldest son of Prince Bernhard of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (= 2nd son of Princess Margriet & Pieter van Vollenhoven) and his wife Annette Sekrève is named:

Samuel Bernhard Louis (Sam) (born 2004)


the eldest son of Lady Sarah Chatto (née Armstrong-Jones) (= daughter of Princess Margaret & Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon) and her husband Daniel Chatto is named:

Samuel David Benedict Chatto (born 1996) who is 25th in the line of succession to the British throne as of May 2019.
« Last Edit: March 13, 2020, 11:04:49 AM by Principessa » Logged
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« Reply #453 on: March 20, 2020, 01:47:53 PM »

Immanuel (Hebrew: עִמָּנוּאֵל meaning, "God is with us"; also romanized Emmanuel, Imanu'el; also አማኑኤል ('Amanuel') in Geez and Amharic, and Emmanouhl or Εμμανουήλ as per original Koine Greek [Κοινή Ελληνική] language of the New Testament) is a Hebrew name which appears in the Book of Isaiah (7:14) as a sign that God will protect the House of David.

Emmanuel is a romanization of the Hebrew name Immanuel, meaning "God with us".

Manuel is a male given name originating in the Hebrew name Immanu'el (עִמָּנוּאֵל, which means "God with us."It was possibly brought from the Byzantine Empire (as Μανουήλ) to Spain and Portugal, where it has been used since at least the 13th century. Manuel is popular in Spanish, Portuguese and German. It is also used in Italian, French, Romanian, Greek (Latinized), Polish and Dutch where Manny or Manu is used as a nickname.

Emmanuelle is a French feminine given name
Manuela is a feminine Spanish and Portuguese given name. The name is a variant of the masculine "Manuel".


Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy (Italian: Carlo Emanuele di Savoia) (1562-1630) the only child of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy and Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry. In 1584 he married his first cousin-once-removed, Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain, daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elizabeth of Valois, who bore him ten children. In 1629, he secretly married his long-time and official mistress, Marguerite de Rossillon, Marchesa di Riva di Chieri (bap. 1599 – 1640), with whom he had four children, legitimized after the wedding but without succession rights.

Filippo Emanuele, Prince of Piedmont (1586-1605) was the son of Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy and Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain and was the heir apparent to the duchy of savoy until his death in 1605.

Emanuel Filibert of Savoy (1588 – 1624) was the third son of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, and was Viceroy of Sicily between 1622 and 1624. He was destined for a career in the Church and entered at the age of 12 in the Order of the Knights Hospitaller, but later he pursued a military career.


Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (Italian: Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia) (1634-1675) He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy, and Christine of France In 1638 at the death of his older brother Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy, Charles Emmanuel succeeded to the duchy of Savoy at the age of 4. His mother governed in his place, and even after reaching adulthood in 1648, he invited her to continue to rule. Charles Emmanuel continued a life of pleasure, far away from the affairs of state. In 1663 he married Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans, daughter of his maternal uncle Gaston, Duke of Orléans, the younger brother of his mother Christine Marie. The couple had no issue. His mother died at the end of 1663, and his first wife died at the start of 1664. This left him free to get married on 20 May 1665 to Marie Jeanne of Savoy. They had one son.

Charles Emmanuel IV of Savoy (Carlo Emanuele Ferdinando Maria) (1751-1819)  the eldest son of Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia and of his wife Infanta Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain. In 1775, Charles Emmanuel married Marie Clotilde of France, the daughter of Louis, Dauphin of France and Princess Marie-Josèphe of Saxony, and sister of King Louis XVI of France. Although the union was arranged for political reasons, Charles Emmanuel and his wife became devoted to each other. Their attempts to have children, however, were unsuccessful.

Victor Emmanuel I of Savoy (Vittorio Emanuele) (1759-1824) the second son of King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain, daughter of King Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese. In 1789, he married Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este, daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Modena (who was the son of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor). They had six daughters and one son who died very young.

Charles Emanuel  (1796–1799) son of Victor Emmanuel I of Savoy & Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este He died of smallpox

Victor Emmanuel II of Italy  (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele II; full name: Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia) (1820-1878) the eldest son of Charles Albert, Prince of Carignano, and Maria Theresa of Austria. In 1842 he married his first cousin once removed Adelaide of Austria (1822–1855). By her he had eight children. In 1869 he married morganatically his principal mistress Rosa Vercellana (1833 – 1885). Popularly known in Piedmontese as "Bela Rosin", she was born a commoner but made Countess of Mirafiori and Fontanafredda in 1858. They had 2 children.

Vittorio Emanuele (1852 – 1852). Son of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy & Adelaide of Austria

Vittorio Emanuele (1855 – 1855), Count of Geneva. Son of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy & Adelaide of Austria

Emanuele Alberto Guerrieri (1851 – 1894), Count of Mirafiori and Fontanafredda, married and had issue. Son of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy & Rosa Vercellana.

Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III, Albanian: Viktor Emanueli III, Amharic: Vīkitori Imawēli) (1869-1947) Victor Emmanuel was also called by some Italians Sciaboletta ("little saber"), due to his height of 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in). Son of Umberto I of Italy & Margherita of Savoy. In 1896 he married princess Elena of Montenegro (1873–1952), daughter of Nicholas I, King of Montenegro. They had 5 children.

Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto)(1869 – 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy, as the son of Amadeo I & Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, and was also a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. He was married to Princess Hélène of Orléans (1871–1951). She was a daughter of Prince Philippe of Orléans and the Infanta Maria Isabel of Spain.They had two sons.

Archduke Emmanuel Achatius Franz Alexander of Austria (2008) Son of Archduke Martin Carl Amadeo Maria (1959) & Princess Katharina of Isenburg-Birstein. At paternal side a great great grandson of Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta.

Emanuela Guarienti di Brenzone (1948) daughter of Vittoria (1927-1986) and Guglielmo, Conte Guarienti di Brenzone. In maternal line she is a great granddaughter of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy

Victor Emmanuel, Prince of Naples  (Vittorio Emanuele Alberto Carlo Teodoro Umberto Bonifacio Amedeo Damiano Bernardino Gennaro Maria di Savoia) (1937) Second child and only son of Umberto II of Italy, and Princess Marie-José of Belgium. He has lived for most of his life in exile, following the constitutional referendum of 1946 which affirmed the abolition of the monarchy and the creation of the Italian Republic. After an 11-year relationship, Vittorio Emanuele married Swiss biscuit heiress and world-ranked water skier Marina Ricolfi-Doria (1935) in Tehran in 1971. The couple has 1 child, a son, Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy, Prince of Venice (1972)

Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy, Prince of Venice (Emanuele Filiberto Umberto Reza Ciro René Maria di Savoia)(1972) usually called Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia.  the only child of Vittorio Emanuele, a disputed head of the House of Savoy, and his wife, Marina Ricolfi Doria. In 2003 he married Clotilde Marie Pascale Courau (1969), they have 2 daughters.

Charles Emmanuel III of Savoy (1701-1773) He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and his first wife the French Anne Marie d'Orléans. He married three times, but his three wives all died before their 30th birthday. Firstly Countess Palatine Anne Christine of Sulzbach (1704–1723), daughter of Theodore Eustace of Sulzbach and Princess Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg. She died a few days later after giving birth to a son. Secondly to Princess Polyxena of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg (1706–1735) She was the daughter of Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg (maternal uncle of his first spouse) and his wife Maria Anna of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. Polyxena bore him six children. Thirdly to Princess Elisabeth Thérèse of Lorraine (1711–1741) daughter of Leopold, Duke of Lorraine and his wife Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, a niece of Louis XIV of France). Elisabeth Thérèse was a younger sister of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, the husband of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. The couple married in 1737, and Elisabeth Thérèse bore him three children.

Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy, Duke of Aosta (1731–1735) died in infancy Son of Charles Emmanuel III of Savoy and his 2nd wife Princess Polyxena of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg.

Emmanuel de Grouchy, 2nd Marquis of Grouchy(1766 – 1847) was a French general and Marshal of the Empire. Grouchy was born in Condécourt (Val d'Oise), Château de Villette, the son of François-Jacques de Grouchy, 1st Marquis de Grouchy (born 1715) and intellectual wife Gilberte Fréteau de Pény (died 1793). He was married firstly to Cécile le Doulcet de Pontécoulant (1767–1827), sister of Louis Gustave le Doulcet, comte de Pontécoulant, by whom he had 4 children. He married secondly Fanny Hua (1802–1889) and had 1 daughter.


Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (1662-1726) He was born in Munich to Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria and Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy (d.1676). First marriage with Maria Antonia of Austria, daughter of Emperor Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. They had 3 sons. Second marriage with Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska of Poland, daughter of King John III Sobieski. They had 9 children.

Maximilian Emanuel Thomas (1704–1709) son of Maximilian II Emanuel and Theresa Sobieska of Poland.

Therese Emmanuel (1723–1743) daughter of Ferdinand Maria Innocent of Bavaria and  Maria Anna Carolina, a daughter of Philip William August, Count Palatine of Neuburg.

Emmanuel François Joseph, Count of Bavaria (1695–1747)  illegitimate son of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria and his French mistress Agnes Françoise Louchier. He had two children with Maria Josepha Karolina von Hohenfels; also had an affair with Louise Anne de Bourbon, grand daughter of Madame de Montespan.

Prince Emmanuel of Belgium (Emmanuel Léopold Guillaume François Marie) (2005) is the younger son and third child of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of Belgium. He is currently third in line to the throne of Belgium after his older sister, Princess Elisabeth, and brother, Prince Gabriel.

Manuel I Komnenos (1118–1180)

Manuel II Palaiologos (1350–1425)

Manuel I of Trebizond (1218–1263)

Manuel II of Trebizond (1324–1333)

Manuel III of Trebizond (1364–1417)

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« Reply #454 on: March 20, 2020, 01:48:01 PM »

Manuel I of Portugal (1469–1521)

Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém, (1697-1766) Portuguese prince, son of Peter II of Portugal

Manuel, Prince of Portugal (1531–1537), son of John III of Portugal

João Manuel, Prince of Portugal (1537 – 1554) was a Portuguese infante (prince), the eighth son of King John III of Portugal by his wife Catherine of Austria, daughter of Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile. As the heir to the throne he was styled Prince of Portugal. He survived his four older brothers who died in childhood but was a sickly teenager. The successive inter-marriages between the houses of Spain and Portugal are believed to have some responsibility for his ill health. In 1552 he married Princess Joanna of Spain, his first double-cousin, through both paternal and maternal line, daughter of his paternal aunt Isabella of Portugal and of his maternal uncle, Emperor Charles V. Eighteen days after his death, a posthumous son was born from his marriage: the future King Sebastian I of Portugal.

Manuel of Portugal (c. 1568–1638) was the illegitimate son of António, Prior of Crato, pretender to the Portuguese throne during the 1580 Portuguese succession crisis and one Anna Barbosa. Manuel wed Countess Emilia of Nassau (1569–1629), a daughter of William I, Prince of Orange and Princess Anna of Saxony. They had 8 children together. After the death of his first wife, Manuel married for a second time, in 1630 in Brussels. His bride Luísa Osório was a lady-in-waiting of Isabella.

Manuel António of Portugal (1600 – 1666) was a Portuguese nobleman. Son of  Manuel of Portugal and Countess Emilia of Nassau who was a daughter of William the Silent. Manuel António's father, Manuel of Portugal, was an illegitimate son of the Portuguese pretender António, Prior of Crato. In 1646 he married Countess Johanna of Hanau-Münzenberg-Schwarzenfels (1610 – 1673), widow of Wild- and Rhinegrave Wolfgang Friedrich of Salm. They had 2 children.

Manuel II of Portugal (Manuel Maria Filipe Carlos Amélio Luís Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Francisco de Assis Eugénio de Saxe-Coburgo-Gota e Bragança) (1889–1932), the last King of Portugal (1908–1910). The  third child and second son of Carlos I of Portugal and Amélie of Orleans. He became king after his father and elder brother were killed in and as result of an assault. In 1913 he married  Princess Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern (1890–1966). They were second cousins, both being great grandchildren of Ferdinand II of Portugal.The marriage, a calm and serene union, lasted until the death of the former King; the couple had no children.

Manuel of Castile (1234–1283), son of Ferdinand III of Castile



Manuel I, patriarch of Constantinople in 1216–22

Manuel II, patriarch of Constantinople in 1244–55

Manuel Christonymos, birth name of Patriarch Maximus III of Constantinople, reigned 1476–1482

Prince Manuel of Bavaria (German: Manuel Maria Alexander Leopold Jörg Prinz von Bayern) (1972) is a member of the deposed Bavarian Royal House of Wittelsbach, and a cardiology researcher at Columbia University. Prince Manuel was born in Starnberg, Bavaria and is the oldest child of Prince Leopold of Bavaria and his wife Ursula Möhlenkamp. Manuel was born out of wedlock, nearly five years before his parents were married. In 2005 Prince Manuel married Princess Anna of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (1978), the daughter of Prince Ludwig-Ferdinand of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Countess Yvonne Wachtmeister af Johannishus. The couple has two sons and a daughter together.

Dona Maria Manuela (1527 – 1545) was the eldest daughter and second child of King John III of Portugal and his wife Catherine of Austria. She was Princess of Asturias and Duchess of Milan as the first wife of the future Philip II of Spain, and Princess of Portugal as heir presumptive to the Portuguese throne between 1527 and 1535. She married her cousin Philip II of Spain in 1543. Together they had 1 son, Carlos.

Emmanuelle (Emanuela) Joséphine Pierre Marie de Dampierre (1913 -2012), daughter of Roger de Dampierre, 2nd Duque de San Lorenzo Nuovo, Vicomte de Dampierre (1892–1975) and of Donna Vittoria Ruspoli (1892–1982), daughter of Emanuele Ruspoli, 1st Principe di Poggio Suasa and his third wife English American Josephine Mary Curtis. In 1935 she married Infante Jaime of Spain, Duke of Segovia, Duke of Anjou. Don Jaime and Donna Emanuela had two sons, named after Jaime's hemophiliac brothers, Alfonso and Gonzalo.

Louise-Emmanuelle de Châtillon, known as Princesse de Tarente (1763-1814) was a French noble, memoirist and court official. She served as lady-in-waiting (Dame du Palais) to queen Marie Antoinette of France from 1782 to 1792. Her memoirs about her life during the French revolution has been published. She was born to Louis Gaucher, duke de Châtillon, and Adrienne-Emilie-Félicité de la Baume le Blanc de La Vallière. She was a grand daughter of Louis César de La Baume Le Blanc, the famous writer. In 1781, she married Charles Bretagne Marie de La Trémoille, prince de Tarente and duke de la Trémouille. The couple had one daughter, Charlotte (1788 – 1791).


Prince Emmanuel of Orléans, Duke of Vendôme (Philippe Emmanuel Maximilien Marie Eudes)(1872 –1931)was a French royal from the House of Orléans. He was the second child and only son of Ferdinand Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Alençon and his wife Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria (younger sister of Empress Elisabeth of Austria and former fiance of Ludwig II of Bavaria). In 1896, he married Princess Henriette of Belgium (1870–1948). Henriette was a daughter of Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders and Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, and the sister of King Albert I of Belgium. Together, they were known as the Sporting Duke and Duchess, and had four children.

Manuel Godoy y Álvarez de Faria, Prince of the Peace, 1st Duke of Alcudia, 1st Duke of Sueca, 1st Baron of Mascalbó (1767 – 1851) was First Secretary of State of Spain from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1808. He received many titles, including Príncipe de la Paz ("Prince of the Peace"), by which he is widely known. Manuel was the youngest child of noble but poor parents. His father was José de Godoy y Sánchez de los Ríos, de Cáceres y Méndez or José de Godoy y Sánchez de los Ríos Cáceres Morillo y Rodríguez. In 1797 he married Doña María Teresa Carolina de Borbón y Vallabriga, Farnesio y Rozas. They had 1 child, a daughter. With his long time mistress Josefa Petra Francisca de Paula (Pepita) de Tudó y Cathalán, Alemany y Luecia, he had 2 sons (who would become his wife, after divorce from his 1st wife)

Don Manuel Luis de Godoy y Tudó, Álvarez de Faria y Catalán (1805 – 1871) was a Spanish aristocrat, son of Manuel de Godoy, Prince of the Peace and his second wife Josefa de Tudó, 1st Countess of Castillo Fiel, Dama de Honor de Su Majestad la Reina y Dama Noble de la Orden de Maria Luisa. Son of
Manuel Godoy y Álvarez de Faria and his mistress/2nd wife Josefa Petra Francisca de Paula (Pepita) de Tudó y Cathalán, Alemany y Luecia. He inherited his mother's titles and / or representations and solely his father's Italian titles and dignities, the one which could only be used through male line, and was 2nd Principe de Bassano y Principe Romano de Godoy.(1851),  2nd Conde de Castillo Fiel with a Coat of Arms of de Tudó (of which was passed a successory Royal Order on October 28, 1870, not getting to receive Royal Dispatch for having died almost subsequently), Knight of the Habit of the Spanish Military Order of Santiago (1867), Bailly Great Cross of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Commander of the Order of Christ in Rome, and the Order of Avis in Portugal, etc. In 1827, he married María Carolina Crowe y O’Donovan O’Neill (1807 – 1878), an Irish-Spanish (who was maid of honour to the Empress Eugénie de Montijo), the daughter of Sir Lawrence Crowe, Lord of St Stephen's Green House, and Lucinda O’Donovan O’Neill, both from Dublin, Ireland, and had five children.

Manuel de Godoy di Bassano, 3rd Prince de Godoy di Bassano, ( Don Manuel Carlos Luis de Godoy di Bassano y Crowe, de Tudó y O'Donovan, tercer principe de Godoy di Bassano, tercer conde de Castillo Fiel, caballero de la orden de San Juan de Jerusalen y de la orden de Felipe el Magnanimo), (1835 - 1896) was a Spanish and Italian aristocrat. the son of Manuel de Godoy di Bassano, 2nd Prince de Godoy di Bassano and of Lady María Carolina Crowe y O'Donovan O'Neill, Dama de Honor de la Emperatriz Eugenia de Montijo. He was 3rd and last Principe de Godoy di Bassano, 3rd Conde de Castillo Fiel with a Coat of Arms of de Tudó (Royal Order of 21 December 1871, Knight of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem and Knight First Class of the Order of Philip the Magnanimous of the Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine (formerly Darmstadt), etc. He married first in 1856 with Doña María del Pilar de Sola y Fuentes, with issue died in his lifetime, and married second, in 1878, with Doña Rosina Carolina Victoria Nöel y Stoltz, Freifrau [Baroness] von Ketschendorf und Stoltzenau, without issue.

Manuel García de Samaniego y del Castillo

Charles Emmanuel Ernest Alexander Arnold 8th Herzog von Looz und Corswarem (in succession of his uncle the 7th Herzog Charles Leopold August Ludwig Philipp, who deceased leaving only female issue now extinct) (1860 – 1946), etc. Son of Donna María Luisa Cristina (Marie Louise Christine) de Godoy de Bassano y Crowe, de Tudó y O'Donovan, dei principi Godoy di Bassano, (1839 – 1880) and her 1st husband Ernest Alexandre Louis Charles Napoléon Auguste, Prinz von Looz und Corswarem (1834 – 1868). married in 1890, annulled by trial in 1891, Maria Helena de Portugal de Faria, 1st Pontificious Countess de Portugal de Faria (1866 – 1957), daughter of Augusto de Faria, 1st Visconde de Faria, and wife Maria do Ó Barreiros Arrobas de Portugal da Silveira de Barros e Vasconcelos, without issue

Manuela Prinzessin von Looz und Corswarem (1861 – 1919), daughter of Donna María Luisa Cristina (Marie Louise Christine) de Godoy de Bassano y Crowe, de Tudó y O'Donovan, dei principi Godoy di Bassano, (1839 – 1880) and her 1st husband Ernest Alexandre Louis Charles Napoléon Auguste, Prinz von Looz und Corswarem (1834 – 1868)She married in 1881 Henri André Othon, Baron de Bogaerde de Terbruggen (? – 1896)

Manuel José Cándido de Moreno Cidoncha, 1st Conde de Fuente Blanca (1753-?) Married Ramona de las Mercedes de Godoy y Álvarez de Faria, 87th Noble Dame of the Royal Order of Queen María Luisa

Manuel of Castile (1234 – 1283), The first Lord of Villena and Peñafiel, Cuéllar, and Escalona, was an Infante, son of Ferdinand III of Castile and his wife Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen. He married twice. His first wife, whom he married in 1260 was Constance of Aragon, daughter of James I of Aragon. Two children were born of this marriage. His second marriage after Constança's death was in 1274/1275 to Beatrice of Savoy, daughter of Amadeus IV of Savoy. One child was born of this marriage

Alfonso Manuel (1260/1261–1276), son of Manuel of Castile & Constance of Aragon  without issue.

Violante Manuel of Castile (c. 1265 – 1314) was a Castilian noble, daughter of Manuel of Castile and his first wife Constance of Aragon. She was Lady of Elche, Elda, Novelda, Medellín and half of Peñafiel in her own right. With her husband Afonso of Portugal, Lord of Portalegre, she had five children

Don Juan Manuel (1282 – 1348) was a Spanish medieval writer, nephew of Alfonso X of Castile, son of Manuel of Castile and Beatrice of Savoy. He inherited from his father the great Seigneury of Villena, receiving the titles of Lord, Duke and lastly Prince of Villena. He married three times, choosing his wives for political and economic convenience, and worked to match his children with partners associated with royalty. Juan Manuel became one of the richest and most powerful men of his time, coining his own currency as the kings did. During his life, he was criticised for choosing literature as his vocation, an activity thought inferior for a nobleman of such prestige.

Constanza Manuel of Villena (1315/1323 – 1345) was the daughter of Castilian nobleman and writer Don Juan Manuel (1282–1348), Duke of Peñafiel, and his second wife Constance of Aragon, daughter of James II of Aragon. In 1325, the young Constance married Alfonso XI of Castile, they were married for only two years when Alfonso had the marriage dissolved and was remarried to Maria of Portugal, who gave him a son, Peter of Castile. In 1340 she married the later Peter I of Portugal, they had 3 children.

Beatrice Manuel of Villena, died young.  Daughter of Castilian nobleman and writer Don Juan Manuel (1282–1348), Duke of Peñafiel, and his second wife Constance of Aragon, daughter of James II of Aragon.

Manuel of Villena, died young. Son  of Castilian nobleman and writer Don Juan Manuel (1282–1348), Duke of Peñafiel, and his second wife Constance of Aragon, daughter of James II of Aragon.

Fernando Manuel of Villena (died c. 1350), Lord of Escalona, Peñafiel and Villena Son of Don Juan Manuel & his 2nd wife Blanca de la Cerda y Lara (c. 1317 – 1347).  He married 1346 Joan, a daughter of Ramón Berenguer, Count of Ampurias, himself a younger son of James II of Aragon. The couple had a daughter, Blanca Manuel (c. 1348 – 1361), heiress of Villena, Escalona and Peñafiel until 1361.

Juana Manuel of Castile (1339 – 1381) was Queen consort of Castile from 1369 until 1379. She also was the heiress of Escalona, Villena, Peñafiel and Lara, as well as Lady of Biscay. She was the daughter of the Infante Juan Manuel of Castile (1282–1348) and his second wife Blanca Núñez de Lara de La Cerda. Her mother Blanca (d. 1347) was a descendant of the Lords of Biscay and of Lara and of Alfonso X's eldest son (Fernando de la Cerda). She was the last legitimate member of the House of Ivrea. She married the later Henry II of Castile (1334 – 1379), called Henry of Trastámara or the Fratricide (el Fratricida), was the first King of Castile and León from the House of Trastámara. The couple had 3 children.

Prince Emanuel of Liechtenstein (Emanuel Joseph Johann)(1700- 1771) was the father and brother to two of Liechtenstein's monarchs. Emanuel was the second son of Prince Philipp Erasmus of Liechtenstein (1664 – 1704) and Countess Christina Theresa von Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (1665 – 1730). He was brother to Josef Wenzel, Prince of Liechtenstein.  He married Maria Anna Antonia Gräfin von Dietrichstein-Weichselstädt Freiin zu Hollenburg und Finkenstein (1706 - 1777) in 1726. They had thirteen children. Their eldest son became monarch of Liechtenstein when Emanuel's brother died without any surviving heirs.

Prince Emanuel Joseph Bartholomäus Antonius of Liechtenstein (1732 - 1738) Son of Prince Emanuel of Liechtenstein and Maria Anna Antonia Gräfin von Dietrichstein-Weichselstädt Freiin zu Hollenburg und Finkenstein.

Prince Emanuel Joseph Kaspar Melchior Balthasar of Liechtenstein (1770 - 1773). Son of Prince Karl (Karl Borromäus) Michael Joseph of Liechtenstein (1730 – 1789) &  Maria Eleonore Prinzessin zu Oettingen-Oettingen und Oettingen-Spielberg (1745 - 1812). In paternal line a grandson of Prince Emanuel of Liechtenstein (Emanuel Joseph Johann).

Prince Emanuel Alexander Pius Friedrich Joseph Franz Maria of Liechtenstein (1964), Son of Prince Alfred Joseph Karl Maria of Liechtenstein (1900 - 1972) & Polixena Gräfin von Collalto und San Salvatore (1905 - 1984) He married in 1995 Alexandra Gräfin Kálnoky de Köröspatak (1966)( her sister's husband is Prince Ferdinand of Hohenzollern), and had issue

Prince Friedrich Emanuel Konrad Thaddäus Maria(1937), Son of Prince Johannes Franz Alfred Maria Caspar Melchior Balthasar of Liechtenstein (1873 – 1959) & Marie Gräfin Andrássy von Czik-Szent-Király und Krasna-Horka (1886 – 1961) He married in 1972 Annemarie Ortner (1948), and had issue

Karl Emanuel Johannes Gabriel Maria Josef, Prinz von und zu Liechtenstein (1908-1987) He was a child of Prince Johann of Liechtenstein (1873–1959) and Marie Gabrielle Andrássy von Szik-Szent-Kiraly (1886–1961). His grandparents were Prince Alfred of Liechtenstein (1842–1907) and Princess Henriette of Liechtenstein (1843–1931)., Géza Count Andrássy of Csik-Szent-Király and Kraszna-Horka (1856–1938) and Eleonore Gräfin von Kaunitz. He died unmarried and without issue.

Prince Emanuel Friedrich Eugen Nikolaus of Liechtenstein (1978), Son of Prince Friedrich Emanuel Konrad Thaddäus Maria of Liechtenstein (1937),& Annemarie Ortner (1948) He married in Regensburg in 2007 Sonja Maria Monschein (1982)

Countess Emanuela Potocka, born Princess Emanuela Pignatelli di Cerchiara (1852-1930), was an Italian-Polish noblewoman and fashionable salonière in Paris during the 19th century.She was a descendant of a high noble family from Italy. She married the Polish Count Potocki and established herself at the Hôtel Potocki in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.


Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy, 2nd Prince of Carignano (1628 – 1709), Prince of Carignano, was the son and heir of Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano and Marie de Bourbon. He was a first cousin of Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy. In 1684 in the Castle of Racconigi, Emmanuel Philibert, by now in his fifties, married Maria Angela Caterina d'Este, the beautiful daughter of the late General Borso d'Este, a member of the ducal family of Modena, and Ippolita d'Este, Borso's niece. This match was opposed by Louis XIV of France, who had wanted Emmanuel Philibert to marry a French princess, given his position as heir to the duchy of Savoy (Marie Thérèse de Bourbon or one of her sisters were the proposed bride's, as Louis XIV had no legitimate daughters). He and Caterina had two girls and two boys.

Charles Emmanuel of Savoy, 6th Prince of Carignano (1770 – 1800) was a Prince of Savoy and later the Prince of Carignano between 1780 and 1800, and the paternal grandfather of Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of a united Italy. He was a son of Victor Amadeus II, Prince of Carignano and Joséphine of Lorraine, and a fifth-generation descendant of Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano, founder of the Carignano line of the House of Savoy. 1797 he married in Turin Maria Christina of Saxony, daughter of Carl Christian Joseph of Saxony, Duke of Courland, himself son of Augustus III of Poland. They had two children.

Eugenio Emmanuele di Savoia, Count di Villafranca (1816 – 1888), recognized as Prince Eugenio Emmanuele of Savoy and created Prince of Carignano on 28 April 1834, and HRH on 29 March 1849,  Son of Giuseppe (Joseph), Chevalier de Savoie, (1783 – 1825) and Pauline de Quélen de Stuer de Causade (1784 – 1829) He married morganatically on 25 November 1863 Felizita Crosio (1844 – 1911), created hereditary Countess di Villafranca-Soissons 14 September 1888, and they have living issue.

Emanuel, Hereditary Prince of Salm-Salm ? Father of Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm (1904-2001), who would marry  Archduke Hubert Salvator of Austria, the second son of Archduke Franz Salvator of Austria and his wife Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria.

Prince Emmanuel of Croÿ-Solre (1811-1885)
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« Reply #455 on: March 22, 2020, 10:19:54 PM »

Sigismund of Brandenburg (1538-1566) was Prince-Archbishop of Magdeburg and Administrator of the Prince Bishopric of Halberstadt. He was naned after his grandfather King Sigismund I of Poland.
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« Reply #456 on: March 22, 2020, 10:30:20 PM »

Sigismund of Brandenburg (1538-1566) was Prince-Archbishop of Magdeburg and Administrator of the Prince Bishopric of Halberstadt. He was naned after his grandfather King Sigismund I of Poland.

Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1866-1868), son of Emperor Friedrich III. and Princess Royal Victoria.

Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1896-1978), son of Prince Heinrich and Irene of Prussia.

King Sigismund (of Luxembourg) 1368-1437, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia, Emperor of the HRR. Son of Karl IV. and Anna of Schweidnitz. He was married to Maria of Hungary and second to Barbara of Celje. His only daughter, Elisabeth, married Albrecht II/V. of Austria and became the mother of Ladislaus Posthumus.
 
Sigismund of Austria (1427-1496), Archduke of Tirol and Further Austria. Son of Friedrich IV. and Anna of Brunswick. He married Eleonore of Scotland.
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« Reply #457 on: March 24, 2020, 09:44:40 AM »

Sigismund of Brandenburg (1538-1566) was Prince-Archbishop of Magdeburg and Administrator of the Prince Bishopric of Halberstadt. He was naned after his grandfather King Sigismund I of Poland.

Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1866-1868), son of Emperor Friedrich III. and Princess Royal Victoria.

Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1896-1978), son of Prince Heinrich and Irene of Prussia.

King Sigismund (of Luxembourg) 1368-1437, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia, Emperor of the HRR. Son of Karl IV. and Anna of Schweidnitz. He was married to Maria of Hungary and second to Barbara of Celje. His only daughter, Elisabeth, married Albrecht II/V. of Austria and became the mother of Ladislaus Posthumus.
 
Sigismund of Austria (1427-1496), Archduke of Tirol and Further Austria. Son of Friedrich IV. and Anna of Brunswick. He married Eleonore of Scotland.

Prince Christian-Sigismund of Prussia (1946) He is the youngest of four sons born to Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia (1907-1994) and Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia (1909-1967).

Sigismund I the Old (Polish: Zygmunt I Stary, Lithuanian: Žygimantas I Senasis)(1467 – 1548) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1506 until his death in 1548. Sigismund I was a member of the Jagiellonian dynasty, the son of Casimir IV and younger brother of kings John I Albert and Alexander I Jagiellon. He was nicknamed "the Old" in later historiography to distinguish him from his son and successor, Sigismund II Augustus.

Sigismund II Augustus (Polish: Zygmunt II August, Lithuanian: Žygimantas Augustas)(1520 –  1572) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548. He was the first ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the last male monarch from the Jagiellonian dynasty. Sigismund was the only legitimate son of Italian-born Bona Sforza and Sigismund the Old.

Sigismund of Brandenburg (1538–1566) was Prince-Archbishop of Magdeburg and Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Halberstadt. Son of the Elector of Brandenburg, Joachim II (1505–1571), from his second marriage to Hedwig (1513–1572), daughter of King Sigismund I of Poland and the Hungarian Countess Barbara Zápolya. As already mentioned by CyrilSebastian, this Sigismund is named after his maternal grandfather King Sigismund I of Poland (see above)

Sigismund III Vasa (Polish: Zygmunt III Waza, Swedish: Sigismund, Lithuanian: Žygimantas Vaza)(1566 – 1632), also known as Sigismund III of Poland, was King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania and monarch of the united Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632 as well as King of Sweden and Grand Duke of Finland from 1592 until his deposition in 1599. Sigismund was the son of John III of Sweden and his first wife, Catherine Jagiellon of Poland. I assume he is was also named after his maternal grandfather King Sigismund I of Poland (see above).


Sigismund Casimir, Crown Prince of Poland (Polish: Zygmunt Kazimierz Waza)(1640 – 1647), was a Polish prince and the only legitimate son of King Ladislaus IV and his first wife Queen Cecilia Renata (née Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria ). He was named after his paternal grandfather Sigismund III, and uncle Jan Casimir.

Jan Sigismund Vasa (1652-1652); Polish prince, the son of Jan II Casimir and Marie Louise Gonzaga.

Saint Sigismund of Burgundy (died 523), King of the Burgundians

Sigismund I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (died 1405), was a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst until 1396, when he became the first ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau. He was the eldest son of Jan II, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, by his wife Elisabeth, daughter of Jan I, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen. In 1386, Sigismund married Judith (d. aft. 1411), daughter of Gebhard XI, Count of Querfurt. They had eleven children

Sigismund II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (died after 1452) He was the fourth son of Sigismund I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, by his wife Judith, daughter of Gebhard XI, Count of Querfurt. Sigismund married Matilda (died 1443), daughter of Bernhard VI, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg. Both spouses were direct descendants of Henry I, Count of Anhalt, through his sons Bernhard I (ancestor of Matilda), and Siegfried I (ancestor of Sigismund). The marriage was childless.

Sigismund III, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1456 - 1487), was a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau.He was the fourth son of George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, as third-born child of his fourth wife Anna, daughter of Albert VIII, Count of Lindau-Ruppin. Sigismund never married or had children; on his death, he was succeeded by his brothers and co-rulers

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (1368–1437), also King of Hungary and King of Bohemia

Sigismund Kęstutaitis (c. 1365–1440), Grand Duke of Lithuania

Sigismund Korybut (c. 1395-c. 1435), Lithuanian duke who participated in Hussite Wars

Sigismund, Archduke of Austria (1427–1496), ruler of Further Austria

Sigismund Francis of Austria (1630–1665), ruler of Further Austria

Sigismund of Bavaria (1439–1501), Duke of Bavaria

Sigismund von Herberstein (1486–1566), Carniolan diplomat, writer, historian and member of the Holy Roman Empire Imperial Council

Sigismund Rákóczi (died 1608), briefly Prince of Transylvania

Sigismund Báthory (1572–1613), Prince of Transylvania

Ishak Bey Kraloğlu or Sigismund of Bosnia (born in the 1450s?), son of King Stephen Thomas of Bosnia

Archduke Sigismund, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1966), the son of Archduke Leopold Franz and his first wife Princess Laetitia d'Arenberg, born Laetitia de Belzunce (and adopted by her stepfather Erik, 11th Duke of Arenberg). In 1999, Sigismund married Elyssa Edmonstone (1973), the only daughter of Sir Archibald Bruce Edmonstone, of Duntreath, 7th Baronet by his second wife Juliet Elizabeth Deakin. The couple are divorced since 25 June 2013, with annulment in 2016. The couple have three children together.





According to Wikipedia:

Sigismund (variants: Sigmund, Siegmund) is a German proper name, meaning "protection through victory", from Old High German sigu "victory" + munt "hand, protection". Tacitus Latinises it Segimundus. There appears to be an older form of the High German word "Sieg" (victory): sigis, obviously Gothic and an inferred Germanic form, and there is a younger form: sigi, which is Old Saxon or Old High German sigu (both from about 9th century). A 5th century Prince of Burgundy was known both as Sigismund and Sigimund (see Ernst Förstemann, Altdeutsche Personennamen, 1906; Henning Kaufmann, Altdeutsche Personennamen, Ergänzungsband,1968). Its Hungarian equivalent is Zsigmond.

A Lithuanian name Žygimantas, meaning "wealth of (military) campaign", from Lithuanian žygis "campaign, march" + manta "goods, wealth" has been a substitution of the name Sigismund in the Lithuanian language, from which it was adopted by the Ruthenian language as Жыгімонт (such are the cases of Sigismund Kestutaitis, Sigismund Korybut, Sigismund I the Old, Sigismund II Augustus). The Polish spelling is Zygmunt, and the Croatian variant is Žigmund.

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« Reply #458 on: March 24, 2020, 03:59:41 PM »

Sidonia or Sidonie is a feminine given name.

Sidonie of Bavaria (1488–1505), eldest daughter of Duke Albert IV of Bavaria-Munich, wife of the Elector Palatine Louis V. Her father, Albert had been Duke of Bavaria-Munich since 1465. Her mother, Kunigunde was a daughter of Emperor Frederick III. When she was 14 months old, she was promised to Louis of the Palatinate, the oldest son of Count Palatine Philip. Because of the close relationship of the couple — both descended from the Upper Bavarian Duke Louis II and Louis's mother, Margaret, was a sister of Duke George of Bavaria-Landshut — a papal dispensation was required for this marriage. It was approved in 1491. In view of the age of the bride, a marriage would not be possible before the year 1500. During this long engagement, the Palatine branch of the Wittelsbachs investigated other options for Louis. The engagement between Sidonie and Louis lasted until her death in late March 1505. It was not broken off when, after the death of Duke George of Bavaria-Landshut in 1503, Bavaria-Munich and the Palatinate found themselves on opposite sides in the Landshut War of Succession. After a rapprochement between the two branches of the House of Wittelsbach, Louis married in 1511 Sidonie's younger sister Sibylle.



Sidonie of Poděbrady (1449–1510), daughter of the King of Bohemia. She was a daughter of George of Poděbrady, King of Bohemia, and his first wife Kunigunde of Sternberg. She was the twin sister of Catherine of Poděbrady, wife of Matthias Corvinus of Hungary. A marriage contract was signed on 11 November 1459 for Sidonie's marriage to Albert, son of Frederick II, Elector of Saxony. The couple married on 11 May 1464. Sidonie followed her husband to Meissen, and the consummation of their marriage took place in May 1464 at Castle Tharandt. Four months after their marriage, Albert's father died, and he became Duke of Saxony with Sidonie as Duchess consort. Sidonie and Albert were married for thirty-six years, during which time they had nine children. In 1495 she founded the religious festival of the Holy Lance, after being freed from a stone disease.



Sidonie of Saxony (1518–1575), was a princess of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Princess of Calenberg-Göttingen. The daughter of the Duke Heinrich IV of Saxony (1473–1541) from his marriage to Catherine (1487–1561), daughter of the Duke Magnus II of Mecklenburg.  She is a granddaughter of Sidonie of Poděbrady. In 1545 she married Duke Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1528–1584), who was ten years her junior. Initially, they liked each other. Eric had been engaged to Agnes of Hesse. When the marriage was negotiated at the court in Kassel, however, he had met Sidonie. He liked her, and broke off the engagement with Agnes, in order to marry Sidonie. Landgrave Philip I of Hesse predicted: "All sorts of things will happen inside this marriage after the kissing month ends." Two years into the marriage, in 1547, Duke Eric began his rule and reconverted to the Catholic faith, after the Reformation had been introduced to his Duchy in 1542. Despite her husband's pleas, Sidonie held on to her Lutheran faith. They had financial problems and the marriage remained childless, and soon their relationship took a very unfortunate course. The clashes culminated in her suspicion that her husband wanted to poison her. Eric turned to a mistress with whom he lived at Calenberg Castle from 1563. Sidonie was refused access to the castle, which was also based on the grounds that she had threatened "if she comes into my house, I'll cut the whore's nose off and poke out an eye." Sidonie was from 1564 onwards virtually under house arrest and she protested vigorously to her brother and to the Emperor, who sent councils who tried unsuccessfully to compromise with Duke Eric. In 1564 Eric fell very ill and suspected he was poisoned. Four women suspected of witchcraft were burned as witches in Neustadt am Rübenberge. In 1570 mediation by the Emperor, the Elector of Saxony and Duke Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel resulted in a settlement of the disputes between Sidonie and her husband, in which Sodonie would receive Calenberg Castle. Eric, however, did not abide by the settlement. On 30 March 1572, Duke Eric assembled some of his advisers, nobles and deputies of the cities of Hannover and Hameln on Landestrost Castle in Neustadt. He accused Sidonie of witchcraft and of an attempt on his life. He presented evidence obtained by torture from the four women he had executed for witchcraft. Sidonie turned to Emperor Maximilian II and asked for a revision. She secretly left Kalenberg and traveled to Vienna. Emperor Maximilian then decreed that the investigation should be carried out at the imperial court. However, he then turned the case over to the Dukes Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and William the Younger of Brunswick-Lüneburg. On 17 December 1573 the case was presented in Halberstadt to the court and a large audience. All witnesses recanted their testimony against Sidonie and on 1 January 1574, the Duchess was acquitted of all charges. From Vienna, Sidonie traveled in October 1572 to Dresden to her brother and his wife. Instead of Calenberg castle and the silver Duke Eric had withheld from her, she received, after several settlements, compensation and a pension for life. Elector Augustus gave her the Poor Clares monastery at Weißenfels with all income and interest. Sidonie lived there until she died in 1575.


Sidonia von Borcke (1548–1620), Pomeranian noblewoman tried and executed for witchcraft. Sidonia von Borcke was born in 1548 into a wealthy noble Pomeranian family. Her father, Otto von Borcke zu Stramehl-Regenwalde, died in 1551, and her mother, Anna von Schwiechelt, died in 1568. After the death of her sister in 1600 she took residence in 1604 in the Lutheran Noble Damsels' Foundation in Marienfließ Abbey which, since 1569 and following the Protestant Reformation, was a convent for unmarried noblewomen. Before that she had been involved in several lawsuits concerning support payments which, she claimed, were owed to her. While living in Marienfließ, Sidonia engaged in several private and judicial conflicts with her (mostly younger) co-residents and with the administrative staff of the abbey. When in 1606 she was dismissed from her post as an Unterpriorin (sub-prioress) by the convent's prioress, Magdalena von Petersdorff, she appealed her dismissal to Bogislaw XIII, Duke of Pomerania. The feud ended with the death of Bogislaw XIII in 1606 and the deaths of von Petersdorff, von Wedel, and von Hechthausen (all in 1609) Two years later, Sidonia filed complaints against the new prioress, Agnes von Kleist. These complaints were addressed to Philip II, Bogislaw's successor. Like his predecessor, Philip sent a Commission to investigate the complaints. The new Commission did not succeed in calming the dispute, and Jost von Borcke described the situation at Marienfließ as one of chaos, mistrust, name-calling, and occasional violence.[6] Philip II died in 1618 and was succeeded by Duke Francis I. Jost von Borcke was in good standing at Francis's court and remained head of the investigating Commission. In July 1619, a dispute between Sidonia and Unterpriorin (sub-prioress) Dorothea von Stettin escalated out of control during a mass, and both women were arrested. Dorothea von Stettin then accused Sidonia of witchcraft, specifically of forcing a former Marienfließ factotum, Wolde Albrechts, to ask the devil about her (Sidonia's) future. The trials of Sidonia von Borcke and Wolde Albrechts were held at the court in Stettin. These trials are well documented, with more than a thousand pages of the original trial record available in an archive in Greifswald (Rep 40 II Nr.37 Bd.I-III). The recent unexpected deaths of several Pomeranian dukes, along with widespread superstition, had created an atmosphere in which the public was prepared to blame the dukes' deaths on Sidonia's alleged witchcraft. This bias was strengthened when the Pomeranian dynasty became extinct in 1637. The trial of Wolde Albrechts was a preface to the trial of Sidonia. In prison Sidonia both attempted to flee and to commit suicide, in both she failed. On 1 September 1620, the final verdict was rendered. Sidonia was sentenced to death by beheading and subsequent burning of her body. The sentence was carried out in Stettin, outside the mill gate. The exact date of her death is not known.After Sidonia's death, her fate became legendary and was even more strongly associated with the extinction of the House of Pomerania. Portrayed as a femme fatale, she became the subject of several fictional works in German and English, especially during the 19th century.

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« Reply #459 on: March 24, 2020, 04:06:31 PM »

Regina is a Late Latin feminine name meaning "queen" from the Latin, Italian and Romanian word meaning the same. Regina was the name of an early Christian saint.

Reginald is a masculine given name in the English language. The meaning of Reginald is “King"

Reginald I, Count of Burgundy (986–1057), second Count of the Free County of Burgundy

Reginald I, Count of Bar, Count of Bar (1105–1149)

Reginald de Dunstanville, 1st Earl of Cornwall (c. 1110–1175), also High Sheriff of Devon

Raynald of Châtillon (c. 1125–1187), also known as Reginald of Châtillon, a knight in the Second Crusade and Prince of Antioch

Reginald of Sidon (1130s–1202), Count of Sidon and an important noble in the Kingdom of Jerusalem

Reginald de Braose (1182–1228), Norman nobleman

Reginald of Burgundy (died 1321), Count of Montbéliard from 1282 to 1321

Reginald II, Duke of Guelders (c. 1295–1343)

Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen (Regina Helene Elizabeth Margarete Prinzessin von Sachsen-Meiningen) (1925-2010) The youngest of four children born to the marriage of Georg, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen and Countess Klara Marie von Korff genannt Schmissing-Kerssenbrock. Regina was a second cousin of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and a great-great-granddaughter of Princess Feodora of Leiningen, half-sister of Queen Victoria. In 1951 she married Otto von Habsburg, eldest son of Emperor Charles I of Austria and former crown prince. Regina and Otto had seven children; two sons and five daughters.



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« Reply #460 on: March 24, 2020, 04:19:50 PM »

Clara or Klara is a female given name. It is the feminine form of the Late Latin name Clarus which meant "clear, bright, famous". Claire or Clair is a given name of Latin/Viking origin via French; the name could mean "clear" or "famous". The word still means clear in French in its feminine form

Claire Coombs (1974) She is the daughter of Nicholas John Coombs (1938), a British-born businessman, and his Belgian wife, Nicole Eva Gabrielle Thérèse, née Mertens (1951). In 2003, she married Prince Laurent of Belgium, the second son and youngest child of the King Albert II of Belgium and Queen Paola of Belgium. The couple have three children.

Claire Margareta Lademacher (1985) She is the second child of Gabriele and Hartmut Lademacher. In 2013 she married Prince Félix of Luxembourg, 2nd son of of Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa. The couple have two children, Princess Amalia and Prince Liam of Nassau, born in 2014 and 2016 respectively.


Princess Clara of Bavaria (1874–1941); daughter of Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (1828–1875) and Infanta Amalia of Spain (1834–1905), unmarried, 1109th Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa.


Countess Klára Andrássy de Csíkszentkirály et Krasznahorka (1898 – 1941) was a Hungarian noblewoman, who later became a Czechoslovak Communist and revolutionist. Her father was Count Tivadar Andrássy, a politician and painter, eldest son of Prime Minister of Hungary Gyula Andrássy. Klára Andrássy married Prince Károly Odescalchi (1896–1987) in 1921 but they divorced in 1929. She joined Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. She organized sabotages against Nazi road and rail consignments. She was critically wounded, losing both legs, in an Italian air raid over Dubrovnik in 1941, evenatually succumbing to her injuries.


Countess Klara Maria Hosfal (Vaj) (1926-2004)

Countess Klara of Landau (1345-?), daughter of Count Eberhard III von Landau and Guta von Gundelfingen


Clara Elisabeth, Countess von Platen - Hallermund (1648 - 1700) was a German noblewoman, most notable as the mistress of Ernest Augustus (Elector of Hanover, father of George I of Great Britain) and for her involvement in the Königsmarck Affair. She was the eldest daughter of Georg Philipp von Meysenbug-Zuschen and his wife Anna Elisabeth von Meysenbug. Clara Elisabeth's father tried to get her and her sister Catharina positions at the French court at Versailles. When this attempt failed, he placed them at the court of Ernest Augustus, where Clara Elisabeth served as lady-in-waiting to the Duchess Sophia and attracted the Duke's attention. Exerting great influence on him, she bore him two children: Ernst August (1674–1726) and Sophia von Kielmansegg (1675–1717). In spite of being the Duke's / Elector's life-long mistress, Clara Elisabeth was married to Franz Ernst, Baron / Count (Reichsgraf since 1689) von Platen (-Hallermund) (1631–1709)

Clara Gonzaga, Countess of Montpensier, Dauphine of Auvergne, Duchess of Sessa (Italian: Chiara Gonzaga; French: Claire (de) Gonzague)(1464 – 1503) was an Italian noblewoman of the House of Gonzaga. She was the eldest daughter of Federico I Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua and Margaret of Bavaria. In 1482, at the age of seventeen, Clara married Gilbert of Bourbon-Montpensier, who in 1486 succeeded his father as Count of Montpensier and Dauphin of Auvergne. He was also Viceroy of Naples (1495), and the Duke of Sessa. He was the son of Louis I, Count of Montpensier and Joan, Dauphine of Auvergne. Gilbert and Clara had six children.


Also active on social media and internet is someone who promotes herself as:
- Countess Clara von Oldenburg;
- Countess Clara Ludueña-von Oldenburg;
- Countess Clara Ludueña

It is not completely clear to me what her link to the Oldenburgs or related is. An married in perhaps??
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« Reply #461 on: March 30, 2020, 04:04:10 PM »

Christian is a given name. Both men and women can be named "Christian". The name comes from the Latin word Christianus, meaning "follower of Christ". It has been commonly used as a name since the Middle Ages.

The name is popular in Europe, United States and other English-speaking countries. In Europe — though not the United States — it is almost exclusively used as a male name. However, in the 17th and 18th centuries it was a popular female first name in Scotland.

Female variants of the name include Christine, Christina, Christiane, Kristen, Kristin, and Kirsten. Holders of the name Christian may go by the nicknames or shortened forms Chris, Chrissy, Crix or Xian.

As I previously focussed on the female versions, this is exclusively about the male variants:


Christian I. (1426 -1481) King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Started the Danish royal dynasty from the House Oldenburg. He was also Duke of Schleswig and Holstein. He was the eldest son of Count Dietrich von Oldenburg und Delmenhorst and his wife Heilwig von Holstein. In 1449 he married  Dorothea von Brandenburg (1430-1495). The couple had 5 children.

Christian II. (1481-1559) was from 1513 till 1523 King of Denmark and Norway and also from 1520 till  1523 King of Sweden. Christian II was the 3rd son of Johann I of Denmark (1455-1513) and his wife Christina of Saxen (1461–1521). In paternal line he was a grandson of Christian I. His slaughter of leading Swedish nobility afterwards he conquered Sweden (known as the Stockholm Bloodbath) made him despised and after a short reign in Sweden, where to this day he is known as Christian the Tyrant (Kristian Tyrann), he was deposed in a rebellion led by the nobleman and later king of Sweden Gustav Vasa. His problems grew as he tried to limit the influence of foreign trading nations in Denmark. His reign in Denmark and Norway was cut short in 1523 when his uncle deposed him and took the thrones as Frederick I. Christian was exiled to the Netherlands, ruled by his brother-in-law, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. After attempting to reclaim the thrones in 1531, he was arrested and held in captivity for the rest of his life, first in Sønderborg Castle and later at Kalundborg Castle. In 1515, he married Isabella of Austria, granddaughter of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. However, he is most known for his relation with Dyveke Sigbritsdatter, a commoner of Dutch ancestry who became his mistress before his marriage and whose mother became his closest advisor. When Dyveke suddenly died in 1517, Christian had the nobleman Torben Oxe executed, on dubious grounds, for having poisoned her. Christian II had six children by his wife, Isabella of Austria (1501–1526), only three of whom survived infancy and two reached adulthood.


Christian III (1503 – 1559) reigned as King of Denmark from 1534 and King of Norway from 1537 until his death in 1559. During his reign, Christian formed close ties between the church and the crown. He established Lutheranism as the state religion within his realms as part of the Protestant Reformation. Christian was the eldest son of future king, Frederick I of Denmark, and Anna of Brandenburg. Christian married Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1525. She was daughter of Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg and Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Christian and Dorothea were the parents of five children.

Christian I of Saxony (1560 -1591) was Elector of Saxony from 1586 to 1591. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin. He was the sixth but second surviving son of Elector Augustus of Saxony and Anna of Denmark. In maternal line a grandson of Christian III (1503 – 1559) of Denmark. In 1582, Christian married Sophie, daughter of John George, Elector of Brandenburg. They had seven children.

Christian II of Saxony (1583 – 1611) was Elector of Saxony from 1591 to 1611. He was the eldest son of Christian I of Saxony and Sophie of Brandenburg. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin. In 1602, Christian married Hedwig, daughter of the King Frederick II of Denmark. This marriage was childless.

Christian I of Saxe-Merseburg (1615 – 1691), was the first duke of Saxe-Merseburg and a member of the House of Wettin. He was the sixth (third surviving) son of Johann Georg I, Elector of Saxony, and his second wife Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia. In paternal line related to Christian III (1503 – 1559).In 1650, Christian married Christiana, a daughter of Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg in a double marriage in which his brother Maurice married Christiana's sister Sophie Hedwig. Christian and Christiana had eleven children.


Christian II of Saxe-Merseburg (1653 – 1694), was a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin.He was the second (but eldest surviving) son of Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg, and Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. In 1679, Christian married Erdmuthe Dorothea of Saxe-Zeitz. They had seven children.


Christian III Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg (1680 – 1694), was a duke of Saxe-Merseburg and member of the House of Wettin. He was the eldest son of Christian II, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg, and Erdmuthe Dorothea of Saxe-Zeitz. The new duke died of smallpox after reigned for only twenty-five days and was succeeded by his younger brother Maurice Wilhelm.

Christian Louis, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt (1689 - 1690). Son of Philipp, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Lauchstädt (1657 – 1690) and his 2nd wife Louise Elisabeth of Württemberg-Oels.
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« Reply #462 on: March 30, 2020, 04:04:37 PM »

Christian (1576 – 1577) Son of Adolf of Denmark or Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp (1526 – 1586) was the first Duke of Holstein-Gottorp from the line of Holstein-Gottorp of the House of Oldenburg. And his wife  Christine of Hesse (1543 – 1604).

Christian of Saxe-Eisenberg (1653 – 1707) was a duke of Saxe-Eisenberg. He was born in Gotha, the eighth, but fifth surviving, son of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg and Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg. In 1677, Christian married firstly with Christiane of Saxe-Merseburg. They had only one daughter. In 1681, Christian married secondly with Sophie Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt. They had no children.

Christian Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1683 – 1745), was a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. He was the oldest surviving son of Johann Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and his first wife, Sophie Hedwig of Saxe-Merseburg. In 1724, Christian Ernst married unequally with Christiane Fredericka of Koss; for this, his younger half-brother Franz Josias reclaimed the full succession of the duchy. His father, the duke Johann Ernst, determined the common government of the brothers with indivisibility of the duchy upon his death, in 1729. Christian Ernst make his residence in Saalfeld and Franz Josias moved into the Veste Coburg. The double government make soon impossible and this force the settlement of the "Coburg Eisenberg Roemhilder of Hereditary Controversy", whereby Christian Ernst received Coburg, Rodach, Mönchröden and half Neuhaus. Christian Ernst died childless and all his inheritance has taken by his half-brother, Franz Josias.

Duke Christian Ulrich I of Württemberg-Oels (1652-1704) was a German nobleman. He was the ruling Duke of Württemberg-Bernstadt from 1669 to 1697 and then the ruling Duke of Oels-Württemberg from 1697 until his death. Christian Ulrich I was the third son of Duke Silvius I Nimrod of Württemberg-Oels from his marriage with Duchess Elisabeth Marie, a daughter of Duke Charles Frederick I Poděbrady, Duke of Oels and Anne Sophie of Saxe-Weimar. He firstly married in 1672 with Anna Elisabeth of Anhalt-Bernburg, daughter of Prince Christian II of Anhalt-Bernburg and Eleonora Sophia of Schleswig-Holstein Sonderburg. With her he had seven children. He completed his second marriage, in 1683 with Sibylle Maria (1667-1693), daughter of Duke Christian I of Saxe-Merseburg and Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. With her he had seven more children. He concluded his third marriage, in 1695 with Sophie Wilhelmine of East Frisia (1659-1698), daughter of Prince Enno Louis Cirksena of East Frisia and Juliana Sophia Justina of Barby-Mühlingen. With her he had one daughter. He concluded his fourth marriage, in 1700 with Sophia (1662-1738), a daughter of Duke Gustav Adolph of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and Magdalene Sibylle of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. This marriage remained childless.


Christian Ulrich (1674-1674), Hereditary Prince of Württemberg-Oels. Son of Duke Christian Ulrich I of Württemberg-Oels and his 1st wife Anna Elisabeth of Anhalt-Bernburg.

Christian Erdmann (1686 -1689), Hereditary Prince of Württemberg-Oels. Son of Duke Christian Ulrich I of Württemberg-Oels and his 2nd wife Sibylle Maria of Saxe-Merseburg

Duke Christian Ulrich II of Württemberg-Wilhelminenort (1691-1734) was Duke of Württemberg-Wilhelminenort. Son of Duke Christian Ulrich I of Württemberg-Oels and his 2nd wife Sibylle Maria of Saxe-Merseburg. In 1711 he married Philippine Charlotte (1691 - 1758), a daughter of Count Erdmann of Redern-Krappitz, with whom he had six children.

Karl Christian Erdmann of Württemberg-Oels (1716-1792) was ruling duke of Württemberg-Oels and Bernstadt. He was the only son of Christian Ulrich II, Duke of Württemberg-Wilhelminenort and Philippine Charlotte (1691 - 1758), a daughter of Count Erdmann of Redern-Krappitz. He had a daughter, Princess Friederike Sophie Charlotte Auguste of Württemberg-Oels (1751 –1789), who married Frederick Augustus, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Oels. Their marriage was childless.

Christian August of Saxe-Zeitz (1666 -1725), was a German prince of the House of Wettin.He was the third (but second surviving) son of Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz, and his second wife, Dorothea Maria of Saxe-Weimar. He made career in the Catholic clergy.

Christian Albert (1612 – 1612), son of John George I, Elector of Saxony and his 2nd wife Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia.

Christian (1652 - 1689), General Field Marshal of the Saxon Electoral Army. Son of Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Augustus of Saxe-Weissenfels (1614 – 1680), was a Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt of the House of Wettin.


Christian IV (1577 – 1648) was king of Denmark and Norway and duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is the longest of Danish monarchs, and of Scandinavian monarchies.  He was the third child and eldest son of King Frederick II of Denmark–Norway and Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1597, he firstly married Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, a daughter of Joachim Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. They had 7 children.  In 1616 four years after her death the king privately married Kirsten Munk, by whom he had twelve children.


Christian (1603 – 1647) was Prince-Elect of Denmark since 1610 and Heir Apparent to the Throne of the Kingdom of Norway since 1603. Dying in 1647, he was succeeded by his younger brother, Prince Frederik. Prince Christian was born at Copenhagen Castle to King Christian IV (1577–1648) and Queen Anne Catherine (1575–1612) of Denmark, Norway, etc. Christian was their second son and the oldest one living, as his elder brother Frederik had died in 1599, less than a year old. As such, his father saw him as the preferable heir to the Danish throne.Christian gained a reputation as lazy and as a drinker.
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« Reply #463 on: March 30, 2020, 04:05:09 PM »

Christian V (1646 –1699) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1670 until his death in 1699.  Son of Frederik III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In 1667 he married Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (1650 –1714). They had 8 children.

Prince Christian of Denmark and Norway (1675 – 1695) was the third son of Christian V of Denmark and his consort, Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, and thus a younger brother of King Frederick IV. He died aged 20, and never married.

Prince Christian (1697 - 1698) son of Frederik IV (1671 – 1730) and his 1st wife Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow.

Christian VI (1699 – 1746) was King of Denmark and Norway from 1730 to 1746. The eldest surviving son of Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. In 1721 he married Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1700 – 1770). They had 3 children.

Crown Prince Christian (1745-1747) Son of Frederik V of Denmark (1723 –1766) and his 1st wife Louise of Great Britain (originally Louisa)(1724 – 1751)

Prince Christian of Hesse (1776 – 1814) was a German prince and member of the House of Hesse-Kassel. As a son of the Danish Field Marshal Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Louise of Denmark, he was a member of the extended Danish Royal Family and spent his entire life in Denmark. In 1812, Christian was engaged to his niece, Princess Caroline of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick VI of Denmark and Christian's sister, Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel.Already at the time of his engagement, Prince Christian was weakened. A year after the engagement, he suffered a breakdown in Odense Palace. Shortly after it became clear that he was mentally ill, suffering from frequent fits.

Christian VII (1749 – 1808) was a monarch of the House of Oldenburg who was King of Denmark–Norway and Duke of Schleswig and Holstein from 1766 until his death. For his motto he chose: "Gloria ex amore patriae" ("glory through love of the fatherland"). Christian was the son of King Frederick V and his first wife Louise of Great Britain. In 1766 he married his cousin Princess Caroline Matilda, sister of George III of the United Kingdom. In 1772, the king's marriage with Caroline Matilda was dissolved by divorce. Christian's marriage with Caroline Matilda produced two children: the future King Frederick VI and Princess Louise Auguste. However, it is widely believed that Louise was the daughter of Struensee (Christian's personal physician). Christian was only nominally king from 1772 onward. Between 1772 and 1784, Denmark was ruled by his stepmother, the Queen Dowager Juliane Marie, his half-brother Frederick, and the Danish politician Ove Høegh-Guldberg. From 1784, his son Frederick VI ruled permanently as prince regent.


Christian (1791 –1791) Son of Frederik VI and Marie Sophie Frederikke of Hesse-Kassel (1767 – 1852)

Christian (1797 – 1797) Son of Frederik VI and Marie Sophie Frederikke of Hesse-Kassel (1767 – 1852)

Christian VIII (1786 – 1848) was the king of Denmark from 1839 to 1848 and, as Christian Frederick, King of Norway in 1814. He was the eldest son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway and Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. His paternal grandparents were King Frederick V of Denmark-Norway and his second wife, Duchess Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Christian first married his cousin Duchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at Ludwigslust in 1806. Charlotte Frederica was a daughter of Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1756-1808). The couple had 2 sons. The marriage was dissolved by divorce in 1810 after Charlotte Frederica was accused of adultery. Christian married his second wife, Princess Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (daughter of Louise Augusta of Denmark, the only sister of Frederick VI) in 1815. The couple was childless

Christian IX (1818 – 1906) was King of Denmark from 1863 until his death in 1906. From 1863 to 1864, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg. Growing up as a prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a junior branch of the House of Oldenburg which had ruled Denmark since 1448, Christian was originally not in the immediate line of succession to the Danish throne. However, in 1852, Christian was chosen as heir to the Danish monarchy in light of the expected extinction of the senior line of the House of Oldenburg. Upon the death of King Frederick VII of Denmark in 1863, Christian (who was both Frederick's uncle and cousin) acceded to the throne as the first Danish monarch of the House of Glücksburg. He was  the fourth son of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, and Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel. He was named after Prince Christian of Denmark, the later King Christian VIII, who was also his godfather. In 1842, he married his half-second cousin, Louise of Hesse-Kassel, a niece of Christian VIII. The couple had 6 children.

Count Christian Edward Valdemar Jean Frederik Peter of Rosenborg (1932 – 1997); Son of Prince Erik, Count of Rosenborg (Erik Frederik Christian Alexander)(1890 – 1950) and Lois Frances Booth (1897 – 1941) He was in male line a grandson of Prince Valdemar of Denmark and Princess Marie of Orléans.  He married in 1962 Karin Lüttichau (1938), daughter of Folmer Lüttichau by his wife, Ingeborg Carl

Prince Christian of Hanover (Christian Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Peter Waldemar Prinz von Hannover)(1885 – 1901) was the second eldest son of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (1845–1923) and Princess Thyra of Denmark (1853–1933), the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (1818–1906) and Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1817–1898). Christian developed appendicitis which was not diagnosed and left untreated and the condition eventually developed into peritonitis.[2] The prince died from the peritonitis at the age of 16


Duke Christian Louis of Mecklenburg (German: Christian-Ludwig Herzog zu Mecklenburg)(1912 – 1996) was the second son of the last reigning Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frederick Francis IV. He was the second child of the reigning Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frederick Francis IV, and his wife Princess Alexandra of Hanover, a daughter of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover and Princess Thyra of Denmark. In 1954 Christian Louis married Princess Barbara of Prussia, daughter of Prince Sigismund of Prussia. They had 2 daughters

Prince Christian Oscar of Hanover (German: Christian Oskar Ernst August Wilhelm Viktor Georg Heinrich Prinz von Hannover)(1919 – 1981) was the fourth child of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick and his wife Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia, the only daughter of Wilhelm II, German Emperor and Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein. Christian eloped with Mireille Dutry (1946), daughter of Belgian industrialist Armand Dutry and Tinou Soinne and childhood friend of Diane von Fürstenberg,in 1963 they married. Christian and Mireille Dutry divorced in 1976. The couple had two daughters.

Prince Christian of Hanover (Christian Heinrich Clemens Paul Frank Peter Welf Wilhelm-Ernst Friedrich Franz)(1985) is a German noble, the younger son of Ernst August, Prince of Hanover, and his first wife, Chantal Hochuli. In 2017, Christian married Peruvian lawyer Alessandra de Osma (1988), daughter of Felipe de Osma Berckemeyer and Elizabeth Foy Vásquez.

Christian X (Christian Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm)(1870 – 1947) was King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947, and the only King of Iceland (where the name was officially Kristján X) between 1918 and 1944. He was a member of the House of Glücksburg and the first monarch since King Frederick VII to have actually been born into the Danish royal family; both his father and his grandfather were born as princes of a ducal family from Schleswig. Among his siblings was King Haakon VII of Norway. He was the oldest son and child of Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark and his wife Louise of Sweden, only surviving child of King Charles XV of Sweden.  Christian married Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1898. They had 2 sons.

Count Christian of Rosenborg (Christian Frederik Franz Knud Harald Carl Oluf Gustav Georg Erik)(1942 – 2013) was a member of the Danish royal family. Born Prince Christian of Denmark, he was high in the line of succession until the constitution was changed in 1953 to allow females to inherit the crown, placing his branch of the dynasty behind that of his cousin Margrethe and her two younger sisters. He later gave up his princely rank and his rights to the throne in order to marry a commoner. He was the younger son of Hereditary Prince Knud by his wife and first cousin, Princess Caroline-Mathilde of Denmark. In 1971 Christian married Anne Dorte Maltoft-Nielsen (1947 -2014). Count Christian and Countess Anne Dorte had three daughters: Countess Josephine (1972), Countess Camilla (1972), and Countess Feodora (1975).
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Prince Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat (Christian Valdemar Henri John)(2005) is the eldest child of Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary (née Mary Donaldson). A grandson of Queen Margrethe II, he is second in the line of succession to the Danish throne, after his father.

Prince Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe (German: Christian zu Schaumburg-Lippe)(1898 – 1974) was a German prince and head of the Náchod branch of the princely house of Schaumburg-Lippe.  He was the only son and second child of Frederick of Schaumburg-Lippe (1868–1945) and his first wife Princess Louise of Denmark, younger sister of King Christian X of Denmark.In 1927, his engagement to Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark, a daughter of Constantine I of Greece was announced. Nothing ever came of these plans, however. She later married Prince Aimone of Savoy-Aosta. In 1937, he married his cousin, Princess Feodora, daughter of Prince Harald of Denmark, a younger brother of King Christian X and Princess Louise. They had four children.

Prince Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe (1971) is the son of Prince Wilhelm of Schaumburg-Lippe and his wife, Ilona Hentschel Baronin von Gilgenheimb. He is also the great-great-grandson of Frederick VIII of Denmark. He was married to Lena Giese in 2009.

Christian August II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1798 – 1869, Christian Carl Frederik August), commonly known as Christian, Duke of Augustenborg, was a German prince. During the 1850s and 1860s, he was a claimant to the provinces of Schleswig and Holstein, and a candidate to become king of Denmark following the death of King Frederick VII. He was the father-in-law of Princess Helena (daughter of Queen Victoria) and the paternal grandfather of Augusta Victoria, Empress of Germany and wife of Kaiser Wilhelm II. Christian August was the eldest son and heir of Frederik Christian II, Duke of Augustenborg and his wife Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark.Christian August's family lost out in the competition for the throne of Denmark mainly because he married a woman deemed unsuitable. As early as 1820, when there was no inkling of any succession crisis, Christian August had married for love a woman of unequal rank and thereby undermined any chance of his being invited to the throne of Denmark.Christian married in 1820 his second cousin, Countess Lovisa-Sophie af Danneskjold-Samsøe (1797–1867), a Danish noblewoman who belonged to an illegitimate branch of the Danish royal House of Oldenburg. They had seven children.

Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (Frederick Christian Charles Augustus)(1831 – 1917) was a minor Danish-born German prince who became a member of the British Royal Family through his marriage to Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, the fifth child and third daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. He was the second son of Christian August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg and his wife, Countess Louise Sophie of Danneskiold-Samsøe. In 1866 he married Princess Helena of the United Kingdom. They had six children.

Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein  (Christian Victor Albert Louis Ernst Anton)(1867 – 1900) was the eldest son of Princess Helena of the United Kingdom and Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein. In 1900, while in Pretoria, he came down with malaria, and died of enteric fever aged 33.


Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (1690-1747) was a German prince of the House of Ascania. He was a ruler of the Principality of Anhalt-Dornburg, then, from 1742, a ruler of the entire Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst. He was also a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, but is best known for being the father of Catherine the Great of Russia.Christian August was the third son of John Louis I, Prince of Anhalt-Dornburg and Christine Eleonore of Zeutsch.1727 in Vechelde, Christian August married Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp (1712 – 1760), daughter of Prince Christian August of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin and sister of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden. They had five children.


Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp-Eutin (1673 – 1726) was a cadet of the reigning ducal House of Holstein-Gottorp who became prince of Eutin, prince-bishop of Lübeck and regent of the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. He was the father of Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden, and the maternal grandfather of Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia. He was a younger son of Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark. Christian August married Margravine Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach (1682 – 1755), in 1704, with whom he had ten children


Prince Pieter-Christiaan Michiel of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (1972), is the third son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Prof. Pieter van Vollenhoven.Before the succession of his cousin Prince Willem-Alexander as King, he was a member of the Dutch Royal House and twelfth in line to the throne. With Willem-Alexander's succession however, he is no longer a member of the Dutch Royal House, and is no longer in line to direct succession to the Dutch throne, but still retains his membership as a member of the Dutch Royal Family. He married Anita van Eijk in 2005. The couple has 2 children.


Prince Christian-Sigismund of Prussia (1946) is one of the three paternal uncles of Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia, head of the House of Hohenzollern since 1994, which reigned over Germany until 1918. He is the youngest of four sons born to Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia (1907-1994) and Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia (1909-1967).[1] He was the heir presumptive to the headship of the deposed House of Hohenzollern from the death of his father to 20 January 2013, when Georg Friedrich fathered twin sons, relegating Christian-Sigismund to a more remote place in the Line of succession to the former German throne. Prince Christian-Sigismund has three children. His first child was born from a relationship with Christiane Grandmontagne (later daughter-in-law of Count Lennart Bernadotte of Wisborg), whom he had legitimised. He also has two children with his wife Countess Nina Helene Lydia Alexandra zu Reventlow (1954) whom he married in 1984, daughter of Count Carl Ludwig zu Reventlow, and his second wife Nina Pryadkin

Prince Christian Ludwig Michael Friedrich Ferdinand of Prussia (1986) Son of Prince
Christian-Sigismund of Prussia (1946) and his wife Countess Nina Helene Lydia Alexandra zu Reventlow (1954).

Prince Christian of Hesse (Christian Ludwig Friedrich Adolf Alexis Wilhelm Ferdinand)(1889 –1971) was a member of the House of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld and a German naval officer until he resigned his commission during World War I in protest at Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. He was the only child from Prince Wilhelm of Hesse and his fourth wife Princess Auguste of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, the eldest daughter of Duke Friedrich. Prince Christian was closely related to the British, Danish, Greek and Russian royal families through his mother, who was a first cousin of Queen Alexandra, King Frederik VIII, King George I and Empress Maria Feodorovna. His half-sister Princess Bertha was married to Leopold IV, Prince of Lippe. Prince Christian was a relative of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, their mothers being first cousins, and before the outbreak of the war a marriage between the prince and the Emperor's oldest daughter Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna was speculated on, with the match being seen as a way to increase German influence in Russia.However nothing would ever come of this and in 1914 Prince Christian's engagement with Elizabeth Reid Rogers, the daughter of Richard Reid Rogers, was announced. Prince Christian and Elizabeth were married in 1915. As Elizabeth was not of equal birth, the marriage was morganatic, meaning that she and any future children would be unable to share Prince Christian's title and rank. To compensate for this, on the day of the wedding Prince Christian's kinsman the reigning Grand Duke of Hesse bestowed the title Baroness von Barchfeld on Elizabeth. Prince Christian and Elizabeth went on to have four children. With the permission of his brother Landgrave Chlodwig, on 14 November 1921 it was declared that Prince Christian's wife and children were permitted to title themselves Prinz/Prinzessin von Hessen (Prince/Princess of Hesse).

Christian of Hessen-Darmstadt (1763-1830) was landgraf of the house of Hesse-Darmstadt and a Dutch general. He was also a keen Freemason, rising to grandmaster. The youngest son of landgraf Louis IX and his wife Caroline, one of his brothers was grand-duke Louis I.

Karl Christian zur Lippe-Weissenfeld Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld (1889-1942) Son of Armin Hugo Bernhard Frithjof Hermann Kurt von Lippe-Weissenfeld (1855-1934) and Sophie von Klengel (1857-1945). He married Hedwig-Maria von Trotha (1903-1988).

Frederick Christian (German: Friedrich Christian)(1722 – 1763) was the Prince-Elector of Saxony for fewer than three months in 1763. He was a member of the House of Wettin. He was the third but eldest surviving son of Frederick Augustus II, Prince-Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, by his wife, Maria Josepha of Austria. In 1747 , Frederick Christian married his cousin Maria Antonia of Bavaria. They had 9 children.
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