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« Reply #540 on: May 25, 2020, 05:26:57 PM »

Sophie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz (born Archduchess Sophie Franziska Maria Germaine of Austria)(19 January 1959) is a French-born Austrian designer. She is a member, by birth, of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, and by marriage of the Austrian House of Windisch-Graetz. The daughter of Archduke Ferdinand Karl Max of Austria and Countess Helene of Törring-Jettenbach. Her father was a first cousin of Otto of Habsburg, the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary, and her mother was a daughter of Princess Elizabeth of Greece and Denmark, the sister of Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark. In 1990 she married Mariano Hugo, Prince of Windisch-Graetz (German: Mariano Hugo Fürst zu Windisch-Graetz, Italian: Mariano Ugo, Principe di Windisch-Graetz)(born 27 July 1955), the current head of the Austrian and/or Italian House of Windisch-Graetz


Zsófia Mária Tatjána Mónika Erzsébet Katalin (Sophie Maria Tatiana Monica Elisabeth Catherine,)(born 12 January 2001) Eldest child and daughter of Georg von Habsburg (given names Paul Georg Maria Joseph Dominikus) (1964) and Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg (née Duchess Eilika Helene Jutta Clementine of Oldenburg)(1972) She is a paternal granddaughter of the late Crown Prince Otto of Austria (Habsburg).

Sophie Rostopchine, Countess of Ségur, born Sofiya Feodorovna Rostopchina (Russian: Софья Фёдоровна Ростопчина)(1 August 1799 in Saint Petersburg – 8 February 1874 in Paris), was a French writer of Russian birth and origin. She is best known today for her novel Les Malheurs de Sophie (Sophie's misfortunes), intended for children. Her father Count Fyodor Rostopchin was lieutenant-general and, later, Minister of Foreign Affairs for Russia. In 1819 she married Eugène Henri Raymond, Count of Ségur (Fresnes, Seine-et-Marne on 12 February 1798 – Château de Méry-sur-Oise 15 July 1869) The marriage was largely an unhappy one: her husband was flighty, distant and poor (until being made a Peer of France in 1830), and his infrequent conjugal visits to their château des Nouettes (near L'Aigle, Orne) produced eight children, including the father of the historian Pierre de Ségur (Eugène de Ségur is said to have called his wife "la mère Gigogne", or "Mother Gigogne" in reference to a theatre character of 1602, an enormous woman out of whose skirts a crowd of children appeared).

Princess Sophie of Sweden (Sofia Vilhelmina Katarina Maria Lovisa Charlotta Anna; 21 May 1801 – 6 July 1865) was, by marriage, Grand Duchess of Baden as the wife of sovereign Grand Duke of Baden, Leopold. She was the daughter of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden and his wife, Frederica of Baden.  In 1819 she married  her half-grand-uncle Prince Leopold of Baden, the son of a morganatic marriage. The marriage with Leopold had been specifically arranged by her uncle, Grand Duke Karl I of Baden, to improve the chances that Leopold would one day succeed him as grand duke because of Sophie's royal lineage. The couple had 8 children.

Sophie Johanna Maria, Princess of Prussia (née Princess of Isenburg)( 7 March 1978) is the wife of Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia, head of the House of Hohenzollern. Her parents are Franz-Alexander, Prince of Isenburg and his wife, née Countess Christine von Saurma-Jeltsch. He is head of a mediatized Catholic line of Princes of the Holy Roman Empire, who lost their independence in 1815. In 2011 she married Georg Friedrich. On 20 January 2013, Sophie gave birth to twin sons, Carl Friedrich Franz Alexander and Louis Ferdinand Christian Albrecht. Carl Friedrich, the elder of the two, is the heir apparent to the House of Hohenzollern. Their third child, Emma Marie Charlotte Sophie, was born on the 2 April 2015. The couple's fourth child, Heinrich Albert Johann Georg, was born on 17 November 2016.

Sophie of Württemberg (Sophia Frederika Mathilde)(17 June 1818 – 3 June 1877) was Queen of the Netherlands as the first wife of King Willem III. Her parents were King William I of Württemberg and Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, the fourth eldest daughter of Tsar Paul I. Prior to her marriage, King Otto of Greece and Duke William of Brunswick were possible suitors for Princess Sophie. The engagement with the first came to nothing because Princess Sophie's ambitious father had no confidence in the newly established Greek monarchy of Otto. Chance prevented a proposal by the second candidate because her father let it be known that Princess Sophie was already betrothed. She married her first cousin, the Prince of Orange (later King Willem III), in  1839. They had three children. The marriage was not a success. King Willem's mother, whom he completely relied on, was totally against the marriage to a daughter of the sister she loathed and treated her daughter-in-law and niece with disdain. Intellectually, Queen Sophie was superior to her husband. She, on the other hand, did not fit his sensual character. The couple had 3 children, all sons.

Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg (Czech: Žofie Marie Josefína Albína hraběnka Chotková z Chotkova a Vojnína; German: Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Gräfin Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin) ( 1 March 1868 – 28 June 1914) was the wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. Their assassination in Sarajevo sparked a series of events that eventually led to World War I. She was the fourth daughter of Count Bohuslav Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin, a Bohemian aristocrat and Ambassador, and his wife Countess Wilhelmine Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau. As a young woman, Sophie became a lady-in-waiting to Archduchess Isabella, the wife of Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen, head of the Bohemian cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was stationed at a military garrison in Prague, paid frequent visits to Halbturn Castle, the home of Archduke Friedrich, and it was assumed that he had fallen in love with Friedrich's eldest daughter, Archduchess Marie Christine. The liaison was discovered by Archduchess Isabella, herself only born into a mediatised family (the House of Croÿ). When Isabella discovered Franz Ferdinand's locket lying on the tennis court, she opened it, expecting a photo of her daughter. Instead, the locket contained a photo of Sophie. From this, a scandal ensued. Franz Ferdinand had become heir presumptive to the throne, after the suicide of his cousin Crown Prince Rudolf in 1889 and the death of his father Karl Ludwig of typhoid in 1896. As such his uncle, the Emperor Franz Joseph, informed him that he could not marry Sophie, who could not become an empress consort. Franz Ferdinand refused to renounce Sophie to marry equally and beget an heir to the throne, compounding the scandal surrounding the death and illicit affair of the emperor's previous heir. In 1899, under pressure from family members (especially the Archduchess Maria Theresa, the emperor's formidable sister-in-law and Franz Ferdinand's stepmother) the couple were granted permission to wed. Franz Ferdinand was allowed to retain his place in the order of succession and a suitable title was promised for his future wife. However, to prevent Franz Ferdinand from attempting to proclaim his wife empress-queen or declaring their future children dynasts and thus eligible to inherit the crown (especially that of Hungary, where morganatic marriages were unknown to law) once he ascended the throne, he was compelled to appear at the Hofburg Imperial Palace before the gathered archdukes, ministers, and dignitaries of the court, the Cardinal-Archbishop of Vienna and the Primate of Hungary on 28 June 1900 to execute by signature an official instrument in which he publicly declared that Sophie would be his morganatic wife, never to bear the titles of empress, queen or archduchess, and acknowledging that their descendants would neither inherit nor be granted dynastic rights or privileges in any of the Habsburg realms Sophie and Franz Ferdinand were married on 1 July 1900 at Reichstadt (now Zákupy) in Bohemia. Upon her marriage, Sophie was given the title Fürstin von Hohenberg ("Princess of Hohenberg") with the style of Durchlaucht ("Serene Highness"). In 1909, she was elevated to Herzogin (Duchess) and accorded the higher style of Hoheit ("Highness").The couple had four children.

Princess Sophie of Hohenberg (Sophie Marie Franziska Antonia Ignatia Alberta von Hohenberg)(24 July 1901 – 27 October 1990) was the only daughter of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his morganatic wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg (née Countess of Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin), both of whom were assassinated at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. Sophie married in 1920, Count Friedrich von Nostitz-Rieneck (1 November 1893 – 29 December 1973), son of Count Erwein Felix von Nostitz-Rieneck and Countess Amalia Podstatzky-Lichtenstein. They had four children.


Countess Sophie von Nostitz-Rieneck (born 4 June 1929), daughter of Princess Sophie of Hohenberg  and Count Friedrich von Nostitz-Rieneck. She married in 1953, Baron Ernst von Gudenus (26 March 1916 – 7 December 1972), son of Baron Erwein von Gudenus and Baroness Sidonia von Morsey gennant Picard. They have four children


Baroness Sophie von Gudenus (6 June 1954), daughter of Countess Sophie von Nostitz-Rieneck  and Baron Ernst von Gudenus. She married in 1981, Count Thomas von Seilern und Aspang (6 June 1955), son of Count Franz Joseph von Seilern und Aspang and Countess Aglaia von Waldstein. They have four children.


Countess Sophie von Seilern and Aspang (born 9 July 1987) daughter of Baroness Sophie von Gudenus and Count Thomas von Seilern und Aspang. She married in 2017, Baron Alexander von Seckendorff-Gutend (born 1985)


Countess Sophie-Bernadette von Nostitz-Rieneck (born 17 August 1967), daughter of Count Aloys von Nostitz-Rieneck (12 August 1925 -22 april 2003) and Countess Theresia von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg ( 8 August 1931). She married in 1994 in Eisenerz, Count Christian von Seilern und Aspang (born 22 June 1949 in Litschau), son of Count Franz Joseph von Seilern und Aspang and Countess Aglaia von Waldstein. They have three children


Countess Sophie von Nostitz-Rieneck (born 30 March 2004) daughter of Count Franz-Erwein von Nostitz-Rieneck (born 4 May 1970) and Countess Isabelle Josephine von Moy de Sons (born 15 June 1977). A paternal granddaughter of Count Aloys von Nostitz-Rieneck (12 August 1925 -22 april 2003) and Countess Theresia von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg ( 8 August 1931).


Princess Sophie Felicitas Elisabetha Bona Maria Antonia of Hohenberg (born 10 May 1960), daughter of Franz Ferdinand, Duke of Hohenberg (13 September 1927 – 16 August 1977) and Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Hohenberg (Elisabeth Hilda Zita Marie Anna Antonia Friederike Wilhelmine Luise)( 22 December 1922 – 22 November 2011)  She married Jean-Louis de Potesta on 18 June 1983. They have three children


Princess Sophie von Hohenberg (born 26 May 1970), daughter of Prince Johannes von Hohenberg (3 May 1933 – 11 October 2003) and Elisabeth Meilinger zu Weyerhof-Rehrl (born 30 May 1947) She married in 2006, Clemens von Trauttenberg (born 23 November 1970). They have issue.

Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (4 September 1557 – 14 October 1631) was Queen of Denmark and Norway by marriage to Frederick II of Denmark. She was the mother of King Christian IV of Denmark. She was Regent of Schleswig-Holstein 1590–1594. She was the daughter of Duke Ulrich III of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and Princess Elizabeth of Denmark (a daughter of Frederick I and Sophie of Pomerania). At the age of fourteen Sophie, on 20 July 1572, married Frederick II of Denmark in Copenhagen; he was thirty-eight. They were first half-cousins, through their grandfather, Frederick I, King of Denmark and Norway. The couple had 7 children.

Sophie Lara Winkleman (born 5 August 1980) is an English actress. She is the wife of Lord Frederick Windsor, son of Queen Elizabeth II's first cousin Prince Michael of Kent, and as such is also known as Lady Frederick Windsor. Her father, Barry Winkleman, published the Times Atlas of World History, her mother is the children's author Cindy Black. In 2009 she married Lord Frederick Windsor. The couple has 2 children, both daughters (Maud (2013) and Isabella (2016))

Princess Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg (Sophie Helene Cecilie Prinzessin von Schönburg-Waldenburg)(21 May 1885 – 3 February 1936) was the consort of Prince William of Wied. With her husband's accession to the Albanian throne she became the Princess of Albania (Albanian: Princeshë e Shqipërisë). Outside the country and in diplomatic correspondence, she was styled "Princess consort", but in Albania she was referred to as Mbretëreshë, or Queen. She was the daughter of Hereditary Prince Victor of Schönburg-Waldenburg (1856–1888) and his wife Princess Lucia of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (1859–1903). In 1906, Princess Sophie married Prince William of Wied, they had two children.


Sophie Helena Beatrice of France (Sophie Hélène Béatrix, 9 July 1786 – 19 June 1787) was a French princess, the second daughter and last child of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. She was styled as Madame Sophie at birth. As the daughter of a King of France, she was a Fille de France until her death in 1787.


Princess Sophie of Romania (Romanian: Sofia) ( born 29 October 1957) is the fourth daughter of King Michael I and Queen Anne of Romania. Her godmother and namesake was her father's first cousin Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark, later Queen of Spain. In 1998 she married Alain Michel Léonce Biarneix dit "de Laufenborg" (10 July 1957). They had 1 daughter. Later they divorced in 2002.


Princess Sophie of the Netherlands (Wilhelmine Marie Sophie Louise)(8 April 1824 – 23 March 1897) was the only daughter and last surviving child of King Willem II of the Netherlands and of his wife Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. She was heir presumptive to her niece, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, for seven years, from the death of her brother until her own death. Princess Sophie married her first cousin, Charles Alexander, Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1842. Their mothers were sisters, and daughters of Tsar Paul I of Russia. They had four children.
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« Reply #541 on: May 25, 2020, 05:27:22 PM »

Princess Sophie Louise of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (20 March 1911 – 21 November 1988) was a princess of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. She was born in Weimar, the eldest child and only daughter of William Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach by his second wife Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen. In 1938 Sophie married Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg, but the couple were divorced by the end of the year. Friedrich Günther never remarried nor produced legitimate issue.


Princess Sofie Renate Reuß (27 June 1884 – 19 January 1968) was the third child and only daughter of Prince Heinrich VII Reuß, J.L., proprietor of the Köstritz paragium, and Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar. Her mother was the daughter of Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar by his wife, Princess Sophie of the Netherlands. In 1909 the princess married her cousin, Prince Heinrich XXXIV Reuß, J.L. (1887–1956). Her three children.


Princess Sophie Caroline Marie Wilhelmine of Luxembourg (14 February 1902 – 24 May 1941) was the sixth and youngest daughter of Grand Duke William IV and his wife, Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal. In 1921 Sophie married Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony, youngest son of the last Saxon monarch Frederick Augustus III and his wife Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany. Sophie and Ernst Heinrich had three sons,

Princess Sophie Marie Gabriele Pia of Liechtenstein (German: Sophie Marie Gabriele Pia, Prinzessin von und zu Liechtenstein) (11 July 1837 – 25 September 1899) was a Princess of Liechtenstein and member of the Princely House of Liechtenstein by birth. Sophie was the third eldest child and daughter of Aloys II, Prince of Liechtenstein and his wife Countess Franziska Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau. She was an elder sister of Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein and Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein. Sophie married Charles, 6th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, only son and second and youngest child of Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and his wife Princess Agnes of Hohenlohe-Langenburg in 1863. Sophie and Charles had eight children.

Princess Sophie of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (9 May 1900 – 16 February 1982), daughter of Aloys Joseph Kamill Leopold Michael Anton Maria, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1871-1952) and Countess Josephine Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau. Sophie was a granddaughter of  Princess Sophie Marie Gabriele Pia of Liechtenstein . She married Karl, Count von und zu Eltz gennant Faust von Stromberg

Archduchess Sofía of Austria (2006) daughter of Archduke Nicolaus Franziskus Alexander Nuno Josef Árpád Ruppert Donatus Virgil Maria of Austria (27 November 1973) and Eugenia de Calonje y Gurrea.


Sophie Philippine Élisabeth Justine de France (27 July 1734 – 2 March 1782) was a French princess, a fille de France; she was the sixth daughter and eighth child of Louis XV of France and his queen consort Marie Leszczyńska. First known as Madame Cinquième, she later became Madame Sophie. She and her sisters were collectively known as Mesdames.


Princess Sophie of Baden (Sophie Pauline Henriette Marie Amelie Luise)(7 August 1834 – 6 April 1904), was a Princess of Baden by birth and the Princess consort of Lippe by marriage. Sophie was the second daughter of Prince William of Baden (1792–1859) and Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Württemberg (1802–1864), daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg. Sophie was married to Woldemar, Prince of Lippe (1824–1895) second son of Leopold II, Prince of Lippe (1796–1851) and Princess Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1800–1867) in 1858. The marriage was childless, leading to a dispute that lasted two decades between the two lines of the House of Lippe to inherit the principality after the death of Woldemar, in 1895.

Princess Sophie of Saxe-Hildburghausen (Ernestine Friederike Sophie)( 22 February 1760 – 28 October 1776), was a Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen by birth, and by marriage she became the Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She was the daughter of Duke Ernest Frederick III of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1727–1780) and Princess Ernestine of Saxe-Weimar (1740–1786) In  1776, she married at the age of 16 (in Hildburghausen) the Hereditary Prince (and later Duke) Francis Frederick Anthony of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. At the time, Francis was already in love with his future wife Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf, but he was unable to break off his engagement with Sophie. Sophie died of influenza just six months later, on 28 October 1776. She remained childless.


Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (9 September 1700 – 11 December 1780) was a Princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. She was the daughter of Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (15 October 1667 – 24 June 1718) and Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1670–1728). In 1723 in Rudolstadt, she married Franz Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. They had 8 children.


Princess Sophie Friederike Karoline Luise of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (19 August 1778 – 9 July 1835) was a princess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and the sister of Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and King Leopold I of Belgium, and aunt of Queen Victoria. By marriage, she was a Countess of Mensdorff-Pouilly. She was born in Coburg, the eldest child of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf. In 1804 she married Emmanuel von Mensdorff-Pouilly. The couple had 6 sons.


Princess Sophie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (25 July 1888 – 18 September 1913) was a great-granddaughter of Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, who was a younger brother of Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Her life ended in scandal after she committed suicide in apparent reaction to her family's refusal to allow her to marry Hans von Bleichröder, the son of Gerson von Bleichröder, the most influential banker in Germany. Reports speculating about their relationship and her later death were widespread in German and foreign newspapers. Sophie is believed to be the first European royal woman cremated. Sophie was born in Düsseldorf as the only daughter of Prince William of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and his wife Princess Gerta of Ysenburg and Büdingen in Wächtersbach.

Princess Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (Sophie Charlotte Albertine)(27 July 1713 – 2 March 1747), was a German noblewoman member of the House of Hohenzollern and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach. Born in Weferlingen, she was the fourth of five children born from the marriage of George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.In 1734, Sophie Charlotte married Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar as his second wife. They had four children.

Sophia Henriette of Waldeck (3 August 1662, Arolsen – 15 October 1702, Erbach) was a Princess of Waldeck by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Sophie Henriette was the daughter of Field Marshal Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck and his wife Countess Elisabeth Charlotte of Nassau-Siegen (1626-1694). In 1680 she married Duke Ernest of Saxe-Hildburghausen, a friend and comrade of her father. They had 5 children.


Countess Sophie Nikolaievna of Merenberg, Countess de Torby (1 June 1868 – 14 September 1927), was the elder daughter of Prince Nikolaus Wilhelm of Nassau and his morganatic wife, Natalia Alexandrovna Pushkina (who had been granted the title of Countess of Merenberg). She married morganatically, on 26 February 1891, Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia, grandson of Nicholas I of Russia, in secret. Sophia was created Countess de Torby in 1891 by her uncle, Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The title was extended to all three of her children (2 daughters and 1 son).


Sophie of Bar (c. 1004 or 1018 – January 21 or June 21, 1093) was sovereign Count of Bar and lady of Mousson between 1033 and 1093. She succeeded her brother, Frederick III, Duke of Upper Lorraine, ruled in co-regency with her spouse Louis, Count of Montbéliard, and was succeeded by her son Frederick of Montbéliard.


Duchess Sophie of Prussia (c. 31 March 1582 – c. 24 November 1610) was a German princess of the Duchy of Prussia, a fief of Kingdom of Poland and a member of the House of Hohenzollern. Sophie was the daughter of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia, and Marie Eleonore of Cleves. She was courted by Wilhelm Kettler, son of Gotthard Kettler of Courland and Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Their marriage contract was signed in Königsberg on 5 January 1609. Sophie died on 24 November 1610, four weeks after the birth of her only son, Jacob, who later succeeded his paternal uncle Friedrich Kettler as Duke of Courland


Sophie Ann Douglas-Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton and Brandon (née Rutherford)( 8 December 1976) is a Scottish noblewoman and interior designer. She is the wife of Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton, Scotland's Premier Peer. Sophie Ann Rutherford was born on 8 December 1976 in Northampton to Hubert Rutherford and his wife, Isabel (née Waters Taylor). In 2011, she married Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton. They have three children together.

Elisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (20 August 1613 – 12 July 1676) was a German poet and composer. In 1635, she married the learned Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg with whom she had two children

Sophia Eleanora (1674–1711), died childless. Daughter of Christine of Hesse-Eschwege (30 October 1648 - 18 March 1702) and Ferdinand Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (22 May 1636 – 23 April 1687).

Sophie of Brandenburg (6 June 1568 – 7 December 1622), a daughter of the Elector of Brandenburg John George (1525–1598) by his second marriage with Sabina of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1548–1575), daughter of Margrave George of Brandenburg-Ansbach. She was Electress of Saxony by marriage to Christian I, Elector of Saxony. She was regent from 1591 to 1601 during the minority of their son Christian II.  In 1582, Sophie married Elector Christian I of Saxony (1560–1591). Sophie was 14 years old at her wedding, and after a year she had her first child. The couple had 7 children.

Sophie of Saxony (29 April 1587 – 9 December 1635) was a member of the Albertine branch of the House of Wettin. She was a princess of Saxony by birth and by marriage a Duchess of Pomerania-Stettin. Sophie was a daughter of the Elector Christian I of Saxony (1560–1591) from his marriage to Sophie (1568–1622), the daughter of Elector John George of Brandenburg. In 1610 she married Duke Francis of Pomerania-Stettin (1577–1620). No children were born from this marriage.

Sophia Eleonore of Saxony (23 November 1609 – 2 June 1671) was a duchess of Saxony by birth and the landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1627 to 1661 through her marriage to Landgrave George II. She was the eldest surviving child of John George I, Elector of Saxony, and Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia. She married Landgrave Georg II of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1627 aged seventeen. They had fifteen children.

Sophia Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (7 January 1634 – 7 October 1663), was Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg.She was a daughter of Landgrave George II of Hesse-Darmstadt (1605–1661) from his marriage to Sophia Eleonore (1609–1671), the daughter of Elector John George I of Saxony. In 1650 Sophia Eleonore married to her cousin, Landgrave William Christoph of Hesse-Homburg (1625–1681). Sophia Eleonore gave birth 12 children, but only three survived infancy.

Sophia Louisa of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Sofie Luise)(6 May 1685 – 29 July 1735) was Queen consort in Prussia by marriage to King Frederick I of Prussia. She was famed for her beauty. Sophia Louise was the fourth child of Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Grabow, and Princess Christine Wilhelmine of Hesse-Homburg. In November 1708 she became the third and last spouse of Frederick I of Prussia.
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« Reply #542 on: May 25, 2020, 05:27:41 PM »

Countess Palatine Anna Sophia of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (2 April 1619 - 1 September 1680) reigned as Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg and, as such, she is referred to as Anna Sophia I. Anna Sophia was born in Birkenfeld to George William, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, and his first wife, Countess Dorothea of Solms-Sonnenwalde. Upon her death in Quedlinburg Abbey, she was succeeded by Landgravine Anna Sophia of Hesse-Darmstadt who reigned as Anna Sophia II.


Landgravine Anna Sophia of Hesse-Darmstadt (17 December 1638 – 13 December 1683) was a German noblewoman who reigned as Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg under the name Anna Sophia II. Anna Sophia was the daughter of George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Duchess Sophia Eleonore of Saxony.


Sophie Juliane (1668-1668), daughter of Landgrave George III of Hesse-Itter (29 September 1632 – 19 July 1676) and his 2nd wife Juliane Alexandrine of Leinigen-Heidenheim (21 August 1651 – 1 April 1703), the daughter of the Count Emich XIII of Leiningen.


Sophie Eleonore (born and died 1653), daughter of Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt (1630-1678) and  Maria Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (1634–1665), daughter of Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.


Sophie Louise (1670–1758), daughter of Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt (1630-1678) and his 2nd wife  Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1640–1709), daughter of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha. Sophie Louise married Albrecht Ernst II von Oettingen-Oettingen (1669–1731)


Sophie of Pomerania-Stettin (c. 1460 – 26 April 1504, Wismar), was Duchess of Mecklenburg by marriage from 1478 to 1504. She was the daughter of Eric II of Pomerania-Wolgast (d. 1474) and his wife Sophia of Pomerania-Stolp (d. 1497). Sophie of Pomerania was the fiancée of John V, Duke of Mecklenburg, the brother of her later husband Magnus II of Mecklenburg. After John's death, Sophie went into a convent, and vowed perpetual chastity. But Magnus II was very attached to securing the border with Pomerania and therefore interested in a marriage with Sophie. He asked several priests for advice on how to set aside the vow, but this was in vain. He married Sophie on 29 May 1478 anyway, against the ecclesiastical laws. The couple had 7 children.


Sophie of Mecklenburg, also spelled Sophia (18 December 1481 – 12 July 1503 in Torgau) was a German noblewoman. She was a Duchess of Mecklenburg by birth and by marriage Electoral Princess of Saxony. Sophie was the third of seven children and the second daughter of Duke Magnus II of Mecklenburg and his wife Sophie of Pomerania. In  1500, she married Electoral Prince John of Saxony. John and Sophie had a son together. Sophie died shortly after the birth of her son before her husband became Elector.

Sophie Lebrun, Duchess of Plaisance (Greek: Δούκισσα της Πλακεντίας) (1785–1854) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where her father, François Barbé-Marbois, was serving as French Consul-General in the United States. In 1802, Sophie married Anne-Charles Lebrun, the eldest son of Charles-François Lebrun later duc de Plaisance (this last one who along with Napoleon Bonaparte had served as one of three Consuls of France from 1799-1804). The marriage was unhappy and the couple separated without ever taking divorce. Upon the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence, the Duchess and her daughter generously supported the Greek cause and in 1830, they moved to Nafplion, the capital of Greece at that time. Today an Athens Metro station, built on her original lands, is named Doukissis Plakentias station (Δουκίσσης Πλακεντίας).


Sophie Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (16 July 1678, Kassel – 30 May 1749, Bützow) was a princess of Hesse-Kassel and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg. Sophie Charlotte was a daughter of Count Charles of Hesse-Kassel (1654 to 1730) from his marriage to Maria Amalia of Courland (1653 to 1711), daughter of Duke Jacob Kettler of Kurland. She married in 1704 in Kassel Duke Frederick William of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1675–1713). They had no children.


Charlotte Christine Sophie also known as Sophie Charlotte or simply Charlotte (28 August 1694 – 2 November 1715), was the wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia. She was the daughter of Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen. She was also the great aunt of Queen Marie Antoinette of France. In 1711 at Torgau, Charlotte Christine married Tsarevich Alexei, eldest son and heir of Peter I of Russia by his first wife Eudoxia Lopukhina. In the beginning her marriage to Alexei was happy, but his drunkenness soon began to strain their relationship. Peter the Great also often took his son on war campaigns with him, thus even further isolating Charlotte. The tsesarevich also had an open affair with Yefrosinya Fedorov which started during Charlotte's short lifetime and continued after her death. Charlotte found some consolation in the birth of a daughter, Natalia, and a son, later Peter II of Russia. She died a month after the birth of her son. Both her daughter and son died young without issue.


Eva Sophie Piper, née Eva Sophie von Fersen (30 March 1757 – 2 February 1816, Löfstad Slott), was a Swedish countess and lady in waiting. She was the daughter of count Axel von Fersen the Elder and Hedvig Catharina von Fersen She is foremost known for her close friendship with Queen Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte, who dedicated her famous diary to her. As a member of one of the most powerful noble families in Sweden, Sophie von Fersen often participated in court life, though she never served as hovfröken (maid of honor) prior to her marriage, which was otherwise common for a person of her status. Sophie von Fersen was described as a beauty before her marriage. In 1774, she received a proposal from Duke Frederik Adolf, the king's youngest brother and third in line to the throne, who had previously unsuccessfully proposed to her cousin Ulrika von Fersen. Her father forbade the marriage, since he had no wish to bind his family to the royal family. Both Sophie and her father feared that she would have been humiliated by the King and the Queen Dowager, who both disliked the match.[1] An attempt to elope was prevented by the Duchess Charlotte. In 1777, Sophie von Fersen married chamberlain count Adolf Ludwig Piper (1750–1795). Sophie Piper is known for her intimate friendship to Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, the spouse of Charles XIII of Sweden. Sophie Piper was known for her love life in contemporary high society life. In 1779, she had a relationship with the Spanish envoy marquess Liano y las Qanchas, who at one point lived at Ängsö Castle with her and her spouse, and later with the French envoy count Louis Claude Bigot de Saint-Croix, whom she shared with Eva Löwen, while her spouse was in turn the lover of Ulla von Höpken From 1784, it was noticed that she was courted by Baron Evert Wilhelm Taube af Odenkat, cousin of Hedvig Taube, and from about 1790, they were known to be involved in a serious long term relationship. After the deposition of Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden in 1809, the Fersen siblings were known supporters of the Gustavian Party, who wished for the son of the deposed monarch to be acknowledged as heir to the throne. Instead, Carl August, prince of Augustenburg, was chosen. Like her brother Axel, Sophie fell under false and unfounded suspicion of involvement in crown prince Karl August's death in 1810. Both Sophie and Axel were rumored to have poisoned August.


Sophie Freiin von Buxhoeveden (Russian: София Карловна Буксгевден, tr. Sofiya Karlovna Buksgevden)(September 6, 1883 – November 26, 1956), also known as Baroness Sophie Buxdoeveden, was a Baltic German court lady, a lady in waiting to Tsarina Alexandra of Russia. She was the author of three memoirs about the imperial family and about her own escape from Russia. According to her memoirs, Buxhoeveden's father, Baron Karlos Matthias Konstantin Ludwig Otto von Buxhoeveden, was the Russian minister in Copenhagen, Denmark during World War I. Her mother was Lyudmila Petrovna Osokina.


Countess Zofia Komorowska (born Princess Zofia Sapieha) (11 October 1919 – 14 August 1997) was a Polish noblewoman and the grandmother of Queen Mathilde of Belgium. Princess (Księżniczka) Zofia was a member of a Polish–Lithuanian princely family, the Sapieha family (Lis coat of arms). Her father, Prince Adam Zygmunt Sapieha (2 May 1892 – 20 October 1970) was a military aviator. Her mother, Teresa (20 October 1891 – 14 October 1975) was a noblewoman (szlachcianka). In 1942, in Warsaw, Zofia married Count Leon Michał Komorowski (14 August 1907 – 13 September 1992); the couple had six children.


Princess Anna Zofia Sapieha (October 17, 1799 – November 24, 1864) was a Polish noblewoman, notable as a philanthropist.In France she was active in the Polish emigree community (Hôtel Lambert). She was particularly known for her charity activities.She married Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski in 1817. She had 2 sons and a daughter.


Countess Maria Zofia Czartoryska née Sieniawska (15 April 1699–21 May 1771) was a Polish szlachcianka (noblewoman). She married Stanisław Donhoff in 1724. And She married August Aleksander Czartoryski in  1731. With her 2nd husband she had 3 children.


Countess Zofia Branicka (11 January 1790– 6 January 1879) was a Polish noble woman, art collector.She was the daughter of Franciszek Ksawery Branicki, one of the leaders of the Targowica Confederation, and Aleksandra von Engelhardt, the niece of Grigory Potemkin. In 1816, she married Artur Potocki.


Princess Zofia Czartoryska (15 September 1778 – 27 February 1837) was a Polish noblewoman.[1][2] She was the youngest daughter of Countess Izabela Czartoryska née Fleming and her husband Prince Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, though her father may actually have been Count Franciszek Ksawery Branicki. She married Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski in 1798 She is an ancestor of Queen Mathilde of Belgium.







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« Reply #543 on: May 26, 2020, 10:21:37 AM »

Ariana is a feminine Persian name, popular in many languages. Arianna and Ariane are the two most common variations.


Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau (Ariane Wilhelmina Máxima Inés)( born 10 April 2007) is the third and youngest daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima. Princess Ariane is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently third in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.


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« Reply #544 on: May 26, 2020, 10:34:07 AM »

Alexia is a female form of the Greek male given name Alexis that in turn is a variant form of the Latin name Alexius. Despite the name Alexis became popular among girls in the USA on its own in the 20th century when the actress Margaret Alexis Smith began appearing in films, Alexia is still used nowadays too.


Princess Alexia of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau (Alexia Juliana Marcela Laurentien)(born 26 June 2005) is the second daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima. Princess Alexia is a member of the Dutch Royal House and second in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.


Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Αλεξία)(born 10 July 1965) is the eldest child of Constantine II and Anne-Marie of Denmark, who were king and queen of Greece from 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy in 1973. In 1999 Alexia married Carlos Javier Morales Quintana, an architect and a champion yachtsman. The couple has four children: Arrietta (born 24 February 2002), Ana María (born 15 May 2003), Carlos (born 30 July 2005), and Amelia (born 26 October 2007).


Princess Alexia Natalie Luise Tatiana Maresa Luise of Waldeck and Pyrmont (born 20 June 2006) daughter of Princess Katharina Clementine Beatrix of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (born 21 November 1972) and Prince Nikolaus Carl Ferdinand of Waldeck and Pyrmont.
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« Reply #545 on: May 26, 2020, 01:57:59 PM »

Alexia is a female form of the Greek male given name Alexis that in turn is a variant form of the Latin name Alexius. Despite the name Alexis became popular among girls in the USA on its own in the 20th century when the actress Margaret Alexis Smith began appearing in films, Alexia is still used nowadays too.


Princess Alexia of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau (Alexia Juliana Marcela Laurentien)(born 26 June 2005) is the second daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima. Princess Alexia is a member of the Dutch Royal House and second in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.


Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Αλεξία)(born 10 July 1965) is the eldest child of Constantine II and Anne-Marie of Denmark, who were king and queen of Greece from 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy in 1973. In 1999 Alexia married Carlos Javier Morales Quintana, an architect and a champion yachtsman. The couple has four children: Arrietta (born 24 February 2002), Ana María (born 15 May 2003), Carlos (born 30 July 2005), and Amelia (born 26 October 2007).


Princess Alexia Natalie Luise Tatiana Maresa Luise of Waldeck and Pyrmont (born 20 June 2006) daughter of Princess Katharina Clementine Beatrix of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (born 21 November 1972) and Prince Nikolaus Carl Ferdinand of Waldeck and Pyrmont.

Alexia Katherine Brandram (6 December 1985), daughter of Richard Paul George Andrew Brandram (1 April 1948 – 9 May 2020) and his 1st wife Jennifer Diane Steele. In paternal line Alexia is a granddaughter of Princess Katherine of Greece and Denmark and Major Richard Campbell Andrew Brandram.  She married William John Palairet Hicks in 2016. They have one daughter.

Alexia Knecht (21 September 2001), daughter of Keith Sébastien Knecht de Massy (1972) and Donna Donatella dei duchi Lecca Ducagini Guevara Suardo Fabbri. In paternal line a granddaughter of Baroness Christine Alix de Massy Noghès (8 July 1951 – 15 February 1989) (= daughter of  Princess Antoinette of Monaco and Alexandre-Athenase Noghès)
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« Reply #546 on: May 26, 2020, 03:23:54 PM »

Alexandra (Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρα)[a] is the feminine form of the given name Alexander (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος, Aléxandros). Etymologically, the name is a compound of the Greek verb ἀλέξειν (alexein; meaning 'to defend') and ἀνήρ (anēr; GEN ἀνδρός, andros; meaning 'man'). Thus it may be roughly translated as "defender of man" or "protector of man".

Alexandra the Maccabee (63 BC–28 BC) of the Hasmonean Kingdom. She was the daughter of Hyrcanus II (died 30 BC), who was the son of Alexander Jannaeus. She married her cousin Alexander of Judaea (died 48 BC), who was the son of Aristobulus II. Their grandfather was Alexander Jannaeus, the second eldest son of John Hyrcanus. Their daughter was the Hasmonean Mariamne and son was Aristobulus III.

Princess Alexandra of Denmark (1844–1925), oldest daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and his wife Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel. In 1863 she married the then Albert Edward, the Prince of Wales (the later King Edward VII). The couple would have 6 children.

Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia (Russian: Алекса́ндра Гео́ргиевна; née Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Πριγκίπισσα Αλεξάνδρα της Ελλάδας και της Δανίας)(30 August [O.S. 18 August] 1870 – 24 September 1891) was the third child and firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, who herself was a daughter of a Russian grand duke, and was also a grandchild of Denmark's King Christian IX and Queen Louise. When she was eighteen years old, she was married to Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia, her maternal first cousin once removed and the youngest child and sixth son of Emperor Alexander II and his first wife, Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. They had two children. Seven months into her second pregnancy, Alexandra took a walk with her friends on the bank of the Moskva River and jumped directly into a boat that was permanently moored there, but fell as she got in. The next day, she collapsed in the middle of a ball from violent labour pains. She gave birth to her son, Dimitri, lapsed into a fatal coma, and she died six days later in the Romanovs' estate Ilyinskoe near Moscow. The Grand Duchess was buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral, St. Petersburg. Her grieving husband had to be restrained from throwing himself into the grave with her.

Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, VA, CI (Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria)(1 September 1878 – 16 April 1942) was the fourth child and third daughter of Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia. The wedding between Alexandra and then  Ernst, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (13 September 1863 – 11 December 1950) took place on 20 April 1896 in Coburg, Germany. Alexandra was 17 and Ernst 32. They had 5 children.


Princess Alexandra Beatrice Leopoldine of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (2 April 1901 – 26 October 1963), daughter of Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Ernst, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.

Princess Marie Alexandra of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, since 1941 of Schleswig-Holstein (Marie Alexandra Caroline-Mathilde Viktoria Irene)( 9 July 1927 – 14 December 2000) was a member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Marie Alexandra was the fourth and youngest child of Wilhelm Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Marie Melita of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.Marie Alexandra married Douglas Barton-Miller (born 27 December 1929), son of Douglas Barton Miller and his wife, Harriet Maxine Deter in 1970. Marie Alexandra and Douglas did not have children.


Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland (1882–1963), Alexandra was the second eldest daughter and third child of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (1845–1923) and Princess Thyra of Denmark (1853–1933), the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (1818–1906) and Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1817–1898). Alexandra married in 1904  to Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1882–1945), son of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and his wife Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia. Alexandra and Frederick Francis had five children.


Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (21 April 1887 – 15 April 1957) was a daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. Alexandra Victoria's first husband was her first cousin Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia, the son of Wilhelm II, German Emperor and his wife Augusta Viktoria, a sister of Alexandra Victoria's mother. They married in 1908. The marriage was arranged by the Emperor and Empress, but it was relatively happy. Alexandra Victoria and August Wilhelm had one son. During the First World War, August Wilhelm was made district administrator (Landrat) of the district of Ruppin; his office and residence was now Schloss Rheinsberg. His personal adjutant Hans Georg von Mackensen, with whom he had been close friends since his youth, played an important role in his life. These "pronounced homophilic tendencies" contributed to the failure of his marriage to Princess Alexandra Victoria. They never undertook a formal divorce due to the opposition of August Wilhelm's father, Kaiser Wilhelm II. After the fall of the German monarchy in 1918, the couple divorced on 16 March 1920. Her second husband was Arnold Rümann, whom she married in 1922. She and Arnold were divorced in 1933.

Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife (1891–1959), granddaughter of Edward VII of the United Kingdom. Alexandra's father was Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife. Having succeeded his father as the 6th Earl Fife, he was elevated to Duke of Fife and Marquess of Macduff in the Peerage of the United Kingdom on his marriage in 1889 to Princess Louise of Wales, the eldest daughter of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, the future Edward VII. Princess Louise accordingly became the Duchess of Fife. In 1913, Princess Alexandra married her first cousin, once removed, Prince Arthur of Connaught. They had one child: Alastair, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1914-1943), who died unexpectedly in Canada.
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« Reply #547 on: May 26, 2020, 03:24:24 PM »

Lady Alexandra Clare Etherington (née Carnegie)(born 20 June 1959) is the only daughter of James Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife, and a great-great-granddaughter of King Edward VII. As such she is 89th in the line of succession to the British throne as of 2019. She married Mark Fleming Etherington (born 10 December 1952) in 2001. They have one daughter, Amelia Mary Carnegie Etherington (born 24 December 2001). Lady Alexandra is one of the godmothers of Lady Louise Windsor.


Alexandra of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Αλεξάνδρα, Serbo-Croatian: Александра/Aleksandra)( 25 March 1921 – 30 January 1993) was, by marriage to King Peter II, the last Queen of Yugoslavia. Posthumous daughter of King Alexander of Greece and his morganatic wife Aspasia Manos, Alexandra was not part of the Greek royal family until July 1922, when at the behest of Queen Sophia, a law was passed which retroactively recognized marriages of members of the royal family, although on a non-dynastic basis; in consequence, she obtained the style and name of Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark. The invasion of Greece by the Axis powers in April–May 1941, however, led to their moving to the United Kingdom. Again exiled, Alexandra met in London the young King Peter II of Yugoslavia, who also went into exile after the invasion of his country by the Germans. Quickly, Alexandra and Peter II fell in love and planned to marry. Opposition from both Peter's mother, Maria, and the Yugoslav government in exile forced the couple to delay their marriage plans until 1944, when they finally celebrated their wedding. A year later, Alexandra gave birth to her only son, Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia. However, the happiness of the family was short-lived.  on 29 November 1945, Marshal Tito proclaimed the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Alexandra, who had never set foot in her adopted country, was left without a crown. The abolition of the Yugoslav monarchy had very serious consequences for the royal couple. Penniless and unable to adapt to the role of citizen, Peter II turned to alcoholism and multiple affairs with other women. Depressed by the behaviour of her husband, Alexandra neglected her son and made several suicide attempts. After the death of Peter II in 1970, Alexandra's health continued to deteriorate. She died of cancer in 1993 and her remains were buried in the Royal Cemetery Plot in the park of Tatoi in Greece, before being transferred to the Royal Mausoleum of Oplenac in 2013.

Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy (born 1936), granddaughter of George V of the United Kingdom. Alexandra was born to Prince George, Duke of Kent, and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark. She is a first cousin of the current British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, and since her mother was a first cousin of the queen's husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, she is also his first cousin once removed. Alexandra is the widow of businessman Sir Angus Ogilvy, to whom she was married from 1963 until his death in 2004. The couple had 2 children.


Alexandra Prinzessin von Hannover (née Alexandra Sophie Cecilie Anna Maria Friederike Benigna Dorothea Prinzessin zu Ysenburg und Büdingen)(23 October 1937 – 1 June 2015) was a German politician, philanthropist, and wife of Prince Welf Henry of Hanover. She was  the second eldest child and only daughter of Otto Friedrich III, Prince of Ysenburg and Büdingen in Wächtersbach and his wife Felicitas Anna Eleonore Cecilie, Princess Reuss of Köstritz.Alexandra married Prince Welf Henry of Hanover, the fourth son of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick and his wife Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia in 1960. The couple had no children.

Alexandra, Princess of Leiningen (born 1959), Alexandra is the youngest daughter of Ernest Augustus, Prince of Hanover (1914–1987), and his wife, Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1925–1980) In 1981 she married Andreas, 8th Prince of Leiningen (1955). In 1997 this marriage was cited as the most recent example of intra-marriage among the descendants of Queen Victoria and King Christian IX. Alexandra and Andrea have three children.

Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg, RE (née Alexandra Christina Manley)(born 30 June 1964) is the former first wife of Prince Joachim of Denmark, the younger son of Margrethe II of Denmark. She was born in Hong Kong and is of mixed Chinese-European ancestry. Of English, Chinese, Czech, and Austrian ancestry, Alexandra Manley was born in Hong Kong, as the eldest of three daughters of Richard Nigel Manley (11 August 1924 to a father of English and Chinese ancestry - 12 January 2010) and Christa Maria Manley of Czech and Austrian descent (born Christa Maria Nowotny in 1933). In 1995 she married Prince Joachim of Denmark, Count of Monpezat (Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian)(born 7 June 1969) Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra have two children, 2 sons. Alexandra became popular with the Danish people. By mid-2004, rumours were circulating throughout Denmark and neighbouring Sweden and Norway that her marriage to Prince Joachim had gone sour. On 16 September 2004, Alexandra and Joachim announced their separation and eventual intention to divorce. The couple divorced on 8 April 2005. In 2007 she married  Martin Jørgensen (born 1978). In September 2015, it was announced that Jørgensen and the Countess were divorcing after eight and a half years of marriage. The divorce was finalized in 2015.


Princess Alexandra of Greece (born 15 October 1968), eldest daughter of Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark and  Marina Karella.  She married to Nicolas Mirzayantz in 1998. They have two sons: Tigran (16 August 2000) and Darius (April 2002).

Princess Alexandra of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, Countess Ahlefeldt-Laurvig-Bille (Alexandra Rosemarie Ingrid Benedikte)(born 20 November 1970), is the first daughter and second of three children of Prince Richard of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Princess Benedikte of Denmark. Alexandra was married in 1998  to Count Jefferson von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth and the couple has two children. The couple announced their intention to divorce in May 2017. On 18 May 2019 she married Count Michael of Ahlefeldt-Laurvig-Bille (b. 26 February 1965), a member of an ancient Ahlefeldt noble family of German and Danish descent.

Alexandra von Fürstenberg (née Alexandra Natasha Miller) (1972) is a Hong Kong-born American entrepreneur and furniture designer. Daughter of American entrepreneur Robert Warren Miller and his Ecuadorian wife, María Clara (née Pesantes Becerra). In 1995,  she married Prince Alexander von Fürstenberg, the son of the fashion designer Diane von Fürstenberg and Prince Egon von Fürstenberg. They have two children, Princess Talita Natasha (born May 7, 1999) and Prince Tassilo Egon Maximilian (born August 21, 2001). The couple divorced in 2002. In 2015, Alexandra married longtime fiancé, architectural designer and developer Dax Miller. The couple wed on the seventh anniversary of the start of their relationship.
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« Reply #548 on: May 26, 2020, 03:24:58 PM »

Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg (Alexandra Joséphine Teresa Charlotte Marie Wilhelmine)(born 16 February 1991) is the fourth child and only daughter of Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa.

Princess Alexandra of Hanover (Alexandra Charlotte Ulrike Maryam Virginia)(born 20 July 1999) is the only child of Princess Caroline of Monaco and Prince Ernst August of the defunct Kingdom of Hanover. She has half-siblings from her parents' previous marriages.


Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872 – 17 July 1918) was Empress of Russia as the spouse of Nicholas II—the last ruler of the Russian Empire—from their marriage on 26 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917. Originally Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine at birth, she was given the name and patronymic Alexandra Feodorovna when she converted and was received into the Russian Orthodox Church. Alexandra was born in 1872  in Darmstadt as Princess Alix Viktoria Helene Luise Beatrix of Hesse and by Rhine. She was the sixth child and fourth daughter among the seven children of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse, and his first wife, Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, the second daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband Albert, Prince Consort. In 1894 she married Nicholas II of Russia. Together they had 5 children; 4 daughters and 1 son. Unfortunately their only son, the heir, had haemophilia. In 1918 Alexandra, Nicholas and their children were executed.

Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (24 June 1825 – 10 August 1844) was the youngest daughter and fourth child of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia. She was a younger sister of Tsar Alexander II of Russia. She was the namesake of her paternal aunt, Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna, who died in childbirth along with her stillborn daughter in 1801, but in the family she was known by her affectionate nickname, "Adini". In 1844, Alexandra married Prince Frederick William of Hesse (1820–1884) in St. Petersburg. Her husband was the only son of Prince William of Hesse and Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark. "Fritz", as he was called, had come to St. Petersburg as a prospective bridegroom for Olga, but fell in love with Adini instead on the first evening he spent with the family. Alexandra became acutely ill with tuberculosis shortly before her wedding, and this complicated the pregnancy which soon followed. She was never well enough to travel to Hesse and take up her new position with her husband. They stayed in St. Petersburg, where her health rapidly declined. She went into labor prematurely, three months before the child was due, and gave birth to a son, Wilhelm. The infant died shortly after he was born, and Alexandra died later the same day. Nine years later, Fritz married Adini's first cousin, Princess Anna of Prussia (1836–1918), as his second wife. Eventually he became head of the House of Hesse-Kassel. Although they had six children together, Fritz and Anna were never emotionally close, and it is speculated that one reason was because Fritz was unable to overcome his grief for his first wife.


Alexandra Feodorovna (Russian: Алекса́ндра Фёдоровна)( born Princess Charlotte of Prussia) (13 July 1798 – 1 November 1860), was Empress of Russia as the wife of Emperor Nicholas I (r. 1825–1855).Charlotte was the eldest surviving daughter of King Frederick William III of Prussia (r. 1797–1840) and of Queen Louise of Prussia. In 1817 she married then Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich, the future tsar of Russia. The couple had 7 children, among others Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia.


Grand Duchess Alexandra Mikhailovna of Russia (1831–1832), daughter of Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia and Princess Charlotte of Württemberg (9 January 1807 – 2 February 1873) (the later Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna)

Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia (30 August 1842 – 10 July 1849) was the eldest child and first daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. She died from infant meningitis at the age of six and a half.

Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Russia (8 July 1830 – 6 July 1911), born Princess Alexandra Friederike Henriette of Saxe-Altenburg, was the fifth daughter of Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Amelie Theresa Luise, Duchess of Württemberg. In February 1848, Alexandra converted to Russian Orthodoxy, taking the name of Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna, which reflected her father's name Joseph (unlike many princesses she took a patronymic, choosing to reflect her parentage rather than the usual religious or dynastic associations which was also possible because Iosif was a common name in Russia).In 1848 Alexandra married Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (Russian: Константи́н Никола́евич Рома́нов)(21 September 1827 – 25 January 1892) the second son of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and younger brother of Tsar Alexander II. The couple had 6 children

Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna of Russia (Russian: Алекса́ндра Петро́вна Ольденбургская, tr. Alexandra Petrovna Olʹdenburgskaya; Born Duchess Alexandra Frederica Wilhelmina of Oldenburg)(2 June 1838 – 25 April 1900) was a great-granddaughter of Emperor Paul I of Russia and the wife of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia, the elder. Born Duchess Alexandra of Oldenburg, she was the eldest daughter of Duke Peter of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg. She grew up in Russia in close proximity to the Romanovs as her father was a nephew of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia. Alexandra married in 1856, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia, the third son of Tsar Nicholas I and her first cousin once removed. Alexandra, who had been raised in the Lutheran church, converted to the Orthodox faith, and took the name Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna of Russia. The couple had two children. The marriage, arranged by the Russian Imperial family in an attempt to control the Grand Duke’s excesses, was unhappy. She was plain, serious and liked simplicity. Deeply religious and very involved in charity work, Alexandra founded a training institute for nurses in St Petersburg in 1865. The same year, her husband began an affair with a ballerina, forming a second family with his mistress. After the collapse of her marriage, Alexandra lived separated from her husband who expelled her from their household in 1879. In 1889, she founded the Pokrov of Our Lady Monastery, a convent of nursing nuns with its own hospital, to provide free treatment for the poor. She dedicated the rest of her life to the work at the hospital. In 1889, she became an Orthodox nun under the name Anastasia. She died at the convent in 1900.
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« Reply #549 on: May 26, 2020, 03:25:37 PM »

The name Alexandrine is a girl's name of German, French origin meaning "defending men". Alexandra is a name with many international variations, elaborations and short forms, and Alexandrine is one of the more unusual. Alexandrina is a given name, a latinate derivative of Alexandra It, Alexandrina, was the first name of Queen Victoria.

Princess Alexandrine of Prussia (23 February 1803 – 21 April 1892) was Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by marriage to Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She was the daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.In 1822, she married Paul Frederick of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He succeeded his grandfather as Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1837. They had 3 children.

Alexandrine-Jeanne Le Normant d'Étiolles (10 August 1744 – 15 June 1754) was the only daughter of Madame de Pompadour, Louis XV's celebrated maîtresse-en-titre. She was born during the "Scenes of Metz", in which the public was scandalised to learn of the adultery of her stepfather-to-be, Louis XV of France. Her biological father was Charles-Guillaume Le Normant d'Étiolles, husband of the future marquise de Pompadour, who was not yet Louis XV's mistress at the birth of her daughter. She had an older brother, Charles Guillaume Louis (1741–42), who died in infancy. Alexandrine was nicknamed "Fanfan" by her family. Her mother became mistress of Louis XV in 1745. Louis arranged the legal separation of her parents and served as her unofficial stepfather for the rest of her life.

Princess Alexandrine of Baden (Alexandrine Luise Amalie Friederike Elisabeth Sophie)( 6 December 1820 – 20 December 1904) was the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as the wife of Ernest II, the brother of Albert, prince Consort. She was the eldest child of Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, and his wife Princess Sophie of Sweden. In 1842 she married Ernest II of Saxe Coburg Gotha. Before and during their marriage, Ernest carried on countless affairs. Alexandrine remained a loyal wife, however, and chose to ignore those relationships of which she was aware. At one point, Ernest had two mistresses, and was living with them and Alexandrine "in an improbable ménage which made the couple a laughing-stock to all but their family" Although she loved Alexandrine, Victoria was appalled by her willingness to accept his affairs. No issue.

Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (24 December 1879 – 28 December 1952) was Queen of Denmark as the spouse of King Christian X. She was also Queen of Iceland (where the name was officially Alexandría) from 1 December 1918 to 17 June 1944. She was born a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, in the city of Schwerin, Germany. Her father was Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; her mother was Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia, a granddaughter of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia. Duchess Alexandrine married Prince Christian of Denmark in 1898, when she was 18 years old. They had two children.

Princess Frederica Wilhelmina Louise Elisabeth Alexandrine of Prussia (1 February 1842 – 26 March 1906) was a member of the House of Hohenzollern as the daughter of Prince Albert of Prussia and his wife Princess Marianne of the Netherlands. In 1865, Alexandrine married her much-older cousin Duke William of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1827–1879). The marriage was unhappy, and she tried to escape several times, only to be forced back by pressure from her powerful Aunt Alexandrine (23 February 1803 – 21 April 1892). The couple had one surviving daughter. After her husband's death, Alexandrine dedicated her life to her daughter, and played very little part in public life.

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria)(24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.


Alix is a unisex given name.

Alix von Solodkoff (born 17 March 1992), daughter of Duchess Donata of Mecklenburg (born 11 March 1956) and her husband  Alexander von Solodkoff (born 1951).

Alix of France (circa 1151-1197), French princess

Alix, Duchess of Brittany (1201–1221), Breton child ruler

Alix of Hesse (1872–1918), Empress consort of Russia. See Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872 – 17 July 1918)

Princess Maria Alix of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony (German: Prinzessin Maria Alix Luitpolda Anna Henriette Germana Agnes Damiana Michaela von Sachsen, Herzogin zu Sachsen; 27 September 1901 – 11 December 1990) was the sixth child and third-eldest daughter of Frederick Augustus III of Saxony and his wife Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany and a younger sister of Georg, Crown Prince of Saxony and Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen. Maria Alix married her second cousin Franz Joseph, Prince of Hohenzollern-Emden, son of William, Prince of Hohenzollern and his wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, in 1921. Maria Alix and Franz Joseph had four children

Alix, Princess de Ligne (Alix Marie Anna Antoinette Charlotte Gabrielle)(24 August 1929 – 11 February 2019) was the fourth daughter and youngest child of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, and Felix of Bourbon-ParmaMarie Alix, Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein (born 1923), Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein. In 1950 Princess Alix married Antoine, 13th Prince de Ligne (8 March 1925 – 21 August 2005). They have issue.

Princess Alix de Ligne (born 3 July 1984), daughter of Michel, 14th Prince de Ligne (born 26 May 1951) and Princess Eleanora of Orléans-Braganza (20 May 1953) Alix is a paternal granddaughter of Alix, Princess de Ligne  She married on 18 June 2016 Count Guillaume de Dampierre (born 1985, third cousin twice-removed of Emanuelle de Dampierre, Duchess of Segovia, through shared descent from Aymar, Marquis de Dampierre 1787-1845). The couple has 2 children.

Princess Marie Alix of Schaumburg-Lippe (born 2 April 1923) was the Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein and the mother of the current Head of the House of Oldenburg, Christoph, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein. Marie Alix is the daughter of Prince Stephan Alexander Viktor of Schaumburg-Lippe and his wife Duchess Ingeborg Alix of Oldenburg. Marie Alix married Peter, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, son of Wilhelm Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Marie Melita of Hohenlohe-Langenburg in 1947. Marie Alix and Peter had four children.

Baroness Christine Alix de Massy Noghès (8 July 1951 – 15 February 1989) was born to Princess Antoinette of Monaco and her then lover Alexandre-Athenase Noghès. She was a first cousin of the reigning Prince Albert II and niece of Rainier III. Although Christine Alix was born out of wedlock, her parents married in 1951, thus legitimizing her, and placing her in line to the throne. Christine-Alix was married twice. She married firstly in Monaco on 14 February 1972 and divorced in 1976 Charles Wayne Knecht, first cousin once removed of Princess Grace (b. Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, 23 November 1944), and had one son. She married secondly on 25 March 1988 Leon Leroy, without issue
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« Reply #550 on: May 26, 2020, 04:20:44 PM »

Cecilie, Cecilia, Cecily, Celia are forms  of the Latin Cecilia.
Cecilia is a personal name originating in the name of Saint Cecilia, the patron saint of music.


Princess Cecilia of Sweden (1540–1627)


Princess Cecilia of Sweden (1807–1844), She was the daughter of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden and Frederica of Baden. She married Augustus, Grand Duke of Oldenburg (1783–1853) in 1831. Both being members of the House of Holstein-Gottorp and descendants of Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin, they were distant cousins. It was Augustus' third marriage. They had three sons together


Cecilia of Normandy (died 1126), thought to be the daughter of William the Conqueror


Cecilia Johansdotter of Sweden (fl. 1193), Queen Consort of King Canute I of Sweden


Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Cecilie Auguste Marie; 20 September 1886 – 6 May 1954) was the last German Crown Princess and Crown Princess of Prussia as the wife of German Crown Prince Wilhelm, the son of German Emperor Wilhelm II. Cecilie was a daughter of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia. In 1905 she married German Crown Prince Wilhelm. In spite of her husband's unfaithfulness, however, Cecilie had given birth to six children by 1917.


Cecilie Felicitas Katherina Sophie von der Osten (1967), daughter of Princess Felicitas of Prussia (Felicitas Cecilie Alexandrine Helene Dorothea)( 7 June 1934 – 1 August 2009) and Dinnies Karl Friedrich von der Osten ( 21 May 1929 - 28 June 1989). She married Ole Marxen in 1997; they were divorced in November 2012. They have 2 children together.



Princess Marie-Cécile of Prussia (Marie-Cécile Kira Viktoria Luise)(28 May 1942) is the daughter of Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia, and his wife, Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia. In 1965 Princess Marie-Cécile married Duke Friedrich August of Oldenburg. Friedrich August and Marie-Cécile have three children, a son and two daughters. Marie-Cécile and Friedrich August divorced on 23 November 1989. In 1991 her ex-husband remarried Donata Countess of Castell-Rüdenhausen, the widow of Marie-Cécile's late brother, Prince Louis Ferdinand.


Princess Cornelie-Cecile of Prussia (30 January 1978), daughter of Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (25 August 1944 – 11 July 1977) and  Countess Donata of Castell-Rüdenhausen (20 June 1950 - 5 September 2015). Born posthumously after her fathers accidental death.



Princess Cecilie of Prussia (1917–1975); youngest daughter and child  of Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany/Prussia. She married American architect Clyde Kenneth Harris, had issue


Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Πριγκίπισσα Καικιλία της Ελλάδας και Δανίας) (22 June 1911 – 16 November 1937) Cecilie was the third child and daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. In 1931 at Darmstadt, Cecilie married Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, her maternal first cousin once removed. They had four children. In October 1937, Cecilie's father-in-law Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig of Hesse died. A few weeks after the funeral, her brother-in-law Prince Ludwig was due to be married to Margaret Campbell Geddes in London. On 16 November 1937, Georg Donatus, Cecilie, their two young sons and Georg's mother Grand Duchess Eleonore left Darmstadt for London, where they planned to attend the wedding. The aircraft in which they were travelling crashed in flames after hitting a factory chimney near Ostend, Belgium, killing all on board.  At the time, Cecilie was eight months pregnant with her fourth child, and the remains of the baby were found in the wreckage. A Belgian enquiry concluded she had given birth mid-flight and the landing attempt was made in bad weather because of this.


Cecilia Nina Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne GCVO DStJ (née Cavendish-Bentinck)(11 September 1862 – 23 June 1938) was the mother of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and maternal grandmother and godmother of Queen Elizabeth II. The eldest daughter of the Rev. Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (grandson of British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland) and his wife, Louisa (née Burnaby). In 1881, she married Claude Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis. The couple had 10 children.


Lady Cecilia Bowes-Lyon (28 February 1912 – 20 March 1947) Daughter of Patrick Bowes-Lyon, 15th and 2nd Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (22 September 1884 – 25 May 1949) (elder brother of Elizabeth, The Queen Mother) and Lady Dorothy Beatrix Godolphin Osborne (3 December 1888 – 18 June 1946). Lady Cecilia  married Major Kenneth Douglas Evelyn Herbert Harington in 1939.


 Lady Mary Cecilia Leveson-Gower (12 December 1917 – 13 February 2014) Daughter of Rose Constance Leveson-Gower, Countess Granville  (née Bowes-Lyon; 6 May 1890 – 17 November 1967) (elder sister of Elizabeth, The Queen Mother) and The Hon. William Leveson-Gower.



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« Reply #551 on: May 27, 2020, 01:14:51 PM »

Roman/Byzantine emperors
Constantine the Great, Roman emperor from 306 to 337, also known as Constantine I
Constantine II (emperor)
Constantine III (Western Roman Emperor)
Constantine III (Byzantine emperor)
Constantine IV
Constantine V
Constantine VI
Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus
Constantine VIII
Constantine IX Monomachos
Constantine X Doukas
Constantine XI Palaiologos Dragases


Tiberius II Constantine (Latin: Tiberius Constantinus; Byzantine Greek: Τιβέριος Κωνσταντῖνος; 520 – 14 August 582) was Eastern Roman Emperor from 574 to 582.

Constantine (/ˈkɒnstəntiːn/, Welsh: Cystenian, fl. 520–523) was a 6th-century king of Dumnonia in sub-Roman Britain, who was remembered in later British tradition as a legendary King of Britain.

Constantine was reputedly the son and successor of King Riderch Hael of Alt Clut, the Brittonic kingdom later known as Strathclyde. (The modern English name of Alt Clut is Dumbarton Rock.) He appears only in the Life of St. Kentigern by Jocelyn of Furness, which regards him as a cleric, thus connecting him with the several obscure saints named Constantine venerated throughout Britain.


Causantín or Constantine of Fife (floruit 1095–1128) is the first man known for certain to have been Mormaer of Fife.Very little is known about Causantín's life and reign as Mormaer of Fife. His father, for instance, is not known by name. He may have been the son or grandson of the Mac Duib who gave rise to William Shakespeare's character Macduff; the latter being the son of Giric, son of Cináed mac Duib, king of Alba (997–1005).

Constantine I (or Kuestantinos I) of Ethiopia, also known as Zara Yaqob

Constantine II (or Kuestantinos II) of Ethiopia, also known as Eskender
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« Reply #552 on: May 27, 2020, 01:15:22 PM »




Constantine Josef, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (28 September 1802 – 27 December 1838), was the eldest son and heir of Charles Thomas, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and his wife, Sophie of Windisch-Graetz. He died before his father. In 1829, Constantine married Princess Agnes of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. She was a daughter of Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1762–1825) and Amalia, Countess of Solms-Baruth. They had two children.



Duke Constantine Frederick Peter of Oldenburg (German: Herzog Konstantin Friedrich Peter von Oldenburg; Russian: Константин Петрович Ольденбургский, tr. Konstantin Petrovich Oldenburgskiy)( 9 May 1850 - 18 March 1906) was a son of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg Known in the court of Tsar Nicholas II as Prince Constantine Petrovich Oldenburgsky. In 1882, Constantine entered into a morganatic marriage with a Georgian noblewoman Agrippina Japaridze, divorced Princess Dadiani, described by one source as wealthy and an "exceedingly lovely girl".  Grand Duke Peter II, head of the House of Oldenburg, created her Countess von Zarnekau on the day of their wedding, with the same title passing to their children. Between 1883 and 1892 they produced six children.

Constantine Mavrocordatos (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Μαυροκορδάτος, Romanian: Constantin Mavrocordat)( February 27, 1711 – November 23, 1769) was a Greek noble who served as Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia at several intervals between 1730 and 1769. Born in Constantinople (now Istanbul) as a Phanariote member of the Mavrocordatos family, Constantine succeeded his father, Nicholas Mavrocordatos, as Prince of Wallachia in 1730

Constantine Ypsilantis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Υψηλάντης Konstantinos Ypsilantis; Romanian: Constantin Ipsilanti)(1760 – 24 June 1816), was the son of Alexander Ypsilanti, a key member of an important Phanariote family, Grand Dragoman of the Porte (1796–99), hospodar of Moldavia (1799–1802) and Walachia (1802–06), and a Prince through marriage to the daughter of Alexandru Callimachi. Ypsilantis had joined in a conspiracy to liberate Greece from the Ottoman Empire. From 1806, during Russian occupation of the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, Russia encouraged their provisional union under Prince Constantine Ypsilanti. Russia preferred their union for improved relations with the Principalities and their formal union was planned for 1830. Ypsilantis' plans were ruined by the peace of Tilsit and in 1807 he emigrated with his family to Russia. He left five sons, of whom two played a conspicuous part in the Greek War of Independence: Alexander and Demetrios.
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« Reply #553 on: May 27, 2020, 01:16:07 PM »

Causantín or Constantín mac Cináeda (in Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Choinnich; died 877) was a king of the Picts. He is often known as Constantine I in reference to his place in modern lists of kings of Scots, but contemporary sources described Causantín only as a Pictish king. A son of Cináed mac Ailpín ("Kenneth MacAlpin"), he succeeded his uncle Domnall mac Ailpín as Pictish king following the latter's death on 13 April 862. It is likely that Causantín's (Constantine I) reign witnessed increased activity by Vikings, based in Ireland, Northumbria and northern Britain. He died fighting one such invasion.

Constantine, son of Áed (Medieval Gaelic: Causantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; born no later than 879; died 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was situated in modern-day Scotland.

Constantine, son of Cuilén (Mediaeval Gaelic: Causantín mac Cuiléin; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Chailein), known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine III,[1] (born c. 970–997) was king of Scots from 995 to 997. He was the son of King Cuilén. John of Fordun calls him, in Latin, Constantinus Calvus, which translates to Constantine the Bald. Benjamin Hudson notes that insular authors from Ireland and Scotland typically identified rulers by sobriquets.

Constantine I was the giudice of Cagliari. He was the son of the giudice Orzocco Torchitorio and giudicessa Vera. In the eleventh century, the throne of Cagliari traditionally passed between the houses of Torchitorio de Ugunale and Salusio de Lacon. Constantine took the name Salusio II (de Lacon) upon his succession, in an attempt to unite the families. He appears in contemporary charters as rex et iudex Caralitanus: "King and Judge of Cagliari." Constantine married Giorgia, probably of the Lacon family. He had a daughter named Elena who died before 1089 and another named Vera who was alive in 1124. He had four sons, including Marianus II, and Orzocco (died after 1163), Itocorre (died 1112), and Sergius (died circa 1141). Constantine last appears in 1090, but a successor does not appear until 1103. His successor was his brother Torbeno, who may have been associated with him before.

Constantine II (circa 1100 – 1163) was the giudice of Cagliari (as Salusio III from circa 1129). He was called de Pluminus after his capital city. He was the only son of Torchitorio II. From his youth he was associated as co-ruler with his father. He first bears the title iudex Caralitanus in a document of 13 February 1130 in which he confirmed certain donations of his father in Pisa. As it was traditional for a giudice to begin his reign by confirm some grant of his predecessor's, this 1130 confirmation probably indicates that Constantine's reign began just before that date. Constantine's first wife was Giorgia de Unale (a noble family from Naples.) His second wife was Sardinia de Zori, by whom he had three daughters. The eldest married Peter of Torres, who succeeded Constantine on his death in 1163. The second daughter, Giorgia, married Obert, Margrave of Massa; the third, Preziosa, Tedice di Donoratico (della Gherardesca), Pisan count of Castagneto.

Constantine III (died between 1171 and 1173), possibly a son of Ittocorre, succeeded Comita Spanu as giudice of Gallura (northern Sardinia) in 1146 and reigned until 1161, when he retired from the world as a monk. He was the first Gallurese ruler of the Lacon dynasty and was characterised by "nobility of mind." During a time of siege he was forced to take refuge with his relatives in Arborea. He married Elena de Lacon, daughter of Comita III of Arborea, granting her San Felice di Vada in Iurifai as a bridal gift. His second wife was Sardinia. He was succeeded by his son Barisone II.


Constantine I (c. 1064 – 1128) was the giudice of Logudoro. He was co-ruling by 1082 and sole ruler by 1113. His reign is usually said to have begun about 1112. It appears that, in 1116, Constantine married Marcusa de Gunale of the Giudicato of Arborea. Other later documents cite a wife named Maria de Orrubu, but whether or not these were two different women or the same woman is unknown, though the former hypothesis seems most probable. According to the Libellus iudicum Turritanorum, Marcusa was a widow with two sons at the time of her marriage to Constantine. Together with him she had a son named Gonario. After her husband's death, she went to Sicily, where she founded a hospital named after S. Giovanni at Messina and took up service for God there until her death.He was the son of Marianus I, with whom he co-reigned, and Susanna de Thori.


Konstantin Tih (Bulgarian: Константин Тих Асен; fl. 1257–77) or Constantine I (Константин I), was the tsar of Bulgaria from 1257 to 1277. Konstantin Tih was a wealthy Bulgarian boyar (or nobleman) whose estates were located in the region of Sofia or Skopje.Konstantin stated in his charter to the Saint George Monastery near Skopje that Stefan Nemanja of Serbia was his grandfather. The Byzantine historian, George Pachymeres, described him as a "half-Serbian". He could have been related to the Serbian royal house through either his mother or father. If he was a patrilinear relative of Nemanja, his father, Tih, may have been the son of Nemanja's brother, Tihomir, according to historian Srdjan Pirivatrić. Pirivatrić and other scholars also say, Konstantin may have been a son or a nephew of the Bulgarian boyar John Tihomir, who controlled Skopje in the late 12th century. If Konstantin was related to the Serbian royal house through his mother, a daughter or a niece of Nemanja must have been his mother. Constantine I was married three times. The names of his first wife and children are unknown. By his second wife, Irene of Nicaea, Constantine had no children. By his third wife, Maria Kantakouzene, he had Michael, who succeeded as co-emperor of Bulgaria 1277–1279.

Konstantin Dejanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Константин (Костадин) Дејановић;[a] fl. 1365-95) was a Serbian magnate that ruled a large province in eastern Macedonia under Ottoman suzerainty, during the fall of the Serbian Empire. He succeeded his older brother Jovan Dragaš, who had been an Ottoman vassal since the Battle of Maritsa (1371) which had devastated part of the Serbian nobility. Konstantin's father was the despot and sevastokrator Dejan, who had held the Kumanovo-region under the rule of Stefan Dušan (r. 1331-1355). Konstantin's mother Teodora Nemanjić was a half-sister of Dušan. His maternal grandparents were King Stefan Dečanski (r. 1321-1331) and Queen Maria Palaiologina. Dejanović was married twice. The name of his first wife is unknown, but she is not identical with Thamar (Tamara), the daughter of the Emperor (tsar) Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria, who had married a certain despotēs Constantine. Konstantin married as his second wife Eudokia of Trebizond, daughter of Emperor Alexios III of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. By his first wife, Konstantin had at least one daughter and possibly a son
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« Reply #554 on: May 27, 2020, 01:16:17 PM »

Wikipedia:

Constantine (/ˈkɒnstəntaɪn/ or /ˈkɒnstəntiːn/; Latin: Cōnstantīnus, Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος, Kōnstantînos) is a masculine and feminine (in French for example) given name and surname which is derived from the Latin name Constantinus, a hypocoristic of the first names Constans and Constantius, both meaning "constant, steadfast" in Latin. The names are the Latin equivalents of the Bulgarian name 'Стоян' and the Greek name Eustáthios (Εὐστάθιος), meaning the same, not changing, standing. The name "Constantine" is still very common in Greece and Cyprus, the forms Κώστας (Kostas), Κωστής (Kostis) and Ντίνος (Dinos) being popular hypocoristics. The popularity stems from the eleven Roman and Byzantine emperors (beginning with St. Constantine I), couple of Bulgarian Emperors and two Greek kings of the same regal name.

Costel is a common Romanian form, a diminutive of Constantin. The Bulgarian, Russian and Serbian form is Konstantin (Константин),and their short forms Kostya and Kosta, respectively. The Ukrainian form of the name is Kostyantyn (Костянтин). The name is common among Orthodox people in Albania, in the form of Kostandin, Kostantin or Kosta. The name is also found in other languages of Western Europe such as Considine in Irish or Còiseam in Scottish Gaelic.



Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby  (15 May 1797 – 28 July 1863), styled Viscount Normanby between 1812 and 1831 and known as The Earl of Mulgrave between 1831 and 1838, was a British Whig politician and author. He notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1835 to 1839 and as Home Secretary from 1839 to 1841 and was British Ambassador to France between 1846 and 1852.Lord Normanby married Maria Liddell (1798–1882), daughter of Thomas Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth, in 1818. He died in London on 28 July 1863, aged 66, and was succeeded in his titles by his son George. The Marchioness of Normanby died in October 1882, aged 84.



Constantine John Phipps, 2nd Baron Mulgrave  (19 May 1744 – 10 October 1792) was an English explorer and officer in the Royal Navy. He served during the Seven Years' War and the American War of Independence, seeing action in a number of battles and engagements. Inheriting a title, he also went on to have a successful career in Parliament, and occupied a number of political offices during his later years.


Joseph-Marie-Bruno-Constantin, Baron Kervyn de Lettenhove (17 August 1817 – 3 April 1891) was a Belgian historian and politician.


Constantine, son of Áed (Medieval Gaelic: Causantín mac Áeda; Modern Gaelic: Còiseam mac Aoidh, known in most modern regnal lists as Constantine II; born no later than 879; died 952) was an early King of Scotland, known then by the Gaelic name Alba. The Kingdom of Alba, a name which first appears in Constantine's lifetime, was situated in modern-day Scotland.


Constantine I (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Αʹ, Konstantínos I)(2 August [O.S. 21 July] 1868 – 11 January 1923) was King of Greece from 1913 to 1917 and from 1920 to 1922. Constantine was the eldest son of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece (née Grand Duchess of Russia). As Crown Prince of Greece, Constantine married Princess Sophia of Prussia, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria and sister of Kaiser Wilhelm II, in 1889. They had six children. All three of their sons ascended the Greek throne. Their eldest daughter Helen married Crown Prince Carol of Romania; their second daughter married the 4th Duke of Aosta; whilst their youngest child, Princess Katherine, married a British commoner.


Constantine II (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Βʹ, Konstantínos II, pronounced [ˌkonstanˈdinos])(born 2 June 1940) reigned as the King of Greece from 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy in 1973.The second child and only son of the king's brother and then heir presumptive, Crown Prince Paul. His mother was Princess Frederica of Hanover. He acceded as king following the death of his father King Paul in March 1964. Later that year he married Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark with whom he eventually had five children.


Prince Constantine Alexios of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Αλέξιος)( born 29 October 1998) is a member of the Greek royal family, the eldest son and second child of Crown Prince Pavlos and Crown Princess Marie-Chantal of Greece He is second in line of succession, after his father, to the former throne of Greece.


Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands (Constantijn Christof Frederik Aschwin)(born 11 October 1969) is the third and youngest son of the former Dutch queen, Beatrix, and her husband, Claus von Amsberg, and is the younger brother of the reigning Dutch king, Willem-Alexander He goes by the nickname Tijn. Constantijn is probably named after one of his godparents: Constantine II (the Dutch variation of this name is Constantijn). In 2001 he married Laurentien (Petra) Brinkhorst, and the couple has 3 children.


Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia (1779–1831), second son of the Russian Emperor Paul I and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. He was the heir-presumptive for most of his elder brother Alexander I's reign, but had secretly renounced his claim to the throne in 1823. Empress Catherine II arranged Konstantin's marriage as she had Alexander's; Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 14, and Konstantin, 16, were married in 1796.Due to his violent treatment and suffering health problems as a result, Juliane separated from Konstantin in 1799; she eventually settled in Switzerland. An attempt by Konstantin in 1814 to convince her to return broke down in the face of her firm opposition.After 19 years of separation, the marriage of Konstantin and Juliane was formally annulled on 20 March 1820. Two months later, on 27 May, Konstantin married the Polish Countess Joanna Grudzińska, who was given the title of Her Serenity Princess of Lowicz. Connected with this, he renounced any claim to the Russian succession, which was formally completed in 1822. After this marriage, he became increasingly attached to his new home of Poland.

Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (1827–1892), second son of the Russian Emperor Nicholas I  and Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna (née Princess Charlotte of Prussia). In 1848 he married  Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg. Konstantin and his wife Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna had six children. Among others the later Queen Olga of Greece, which makes King Constantine I of Greece the grandson of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia.

Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia (1858–1915), second son of the above Grand Duke Constantine Nicolaievich. The fourth child of the Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia and his wife Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg. According to diaries he struggled with homosexual tendencies. Nevertheless he married in 1884 in St Petersburg Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg, his second cousin. Upon her marriage, Elisabeth became the Grand Duchess Elizaveta Mavrikievna. She was known within the family as "Mavra." Konstantin was, by all accounts, devoted to his wife and children, and a loving father. The couple would have a total of nine children.

Prince Constantine Constantinovich of Russia (1891–1918), son of the above Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich. Nicknamed Kostya by the family, was the fourth child of Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia by his wife Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mavrikievna of Russia. Konstantin never did find the marriage he longed for. In March 1918 he was exiled to the Urals by the Bolsheviks and murdered in a mineshaft near Alapayevsk, along with his brothers Prince John Constantinovich and Prince Igor Konstantinovich, his cousin Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley and other relatives and friends.

Constantin, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (Friedrich Wilhelm Konstantin Hermann Thassilo)(16 February 1801 – 3 September 1869), was the last Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen. Constantine was the only child of Frederick, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and his wife, Princess Pauline of Courland, the daughter of the last Duke of Courland, Peter von Biron.Constantine married firstly to Princess Eugénie de Beauharnais (1808–1847) in 1826. After her death (September 1847), he married secondly (and morganatically) to Baroness Amalie Schenk von Geyern. Upon their marriage, Frederick William IV of Prussia styled Amalie with the title Countess of Rothenburg.

Konstantine (Murzakan) Dadeshkeliani (Georgian: კონსტანტინე (მურზაყან) ციოყის ძე დადიშქელიანი; 1826–1857) was the last prince (mtavari) of the western Georgian mountainous region of Svaneti from 1841 to 1857. The eldest son of Prince Mikheil (Tsiok) Dadeshkeliani, he succeeded on his father’s death in September 1841.


Constantine I (Georgian: კონსტანტინე I, Konstantine I) (died 1412) was King of Georgia from 1405 or 1407 until his death in 1412. He is the common ancestor of all surviving branches of the Bagrationi dynasty.Constantine was the elder son of King Bagrat V of Georgia by his second wife, Anna of Trebizond. His maternal grandparents were Alexios III of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Constantine was married to Natia, daughter of Kutsna, Prince-Chamberlain (amirejibi) of Georgia. There is little information available regarding Natia's family: it may have been the house of Khurtsidze from Samtskhe or the Gabelisdze, purported ancestors of the Amirejibi family, from Shida Kartli. Kutsna himself was ambassador at Constantinople around 1386. Constantine had three sons, Alexander, Bagrat and George, all of whom were co-opted by their father as co-kings between 1405 and 1408

Constantine II (Georgian: კონსტანტინე II) (c. 1447 – 1505), of the Bagrationi dynasty, was a king of Georgia since 1478. Early in the 1490s, he had to recognise the independence of his rival rulers of Imereti and Kakheti, and to confine his power to Kartli. In 1505, Constantine II died, and was succeeded by his son David X.Constantine II was the son of Prince Demetrius.Constantine II married in 1473 Tamar (died c. 1492). and had issue

Constantine I (Georgian: კონსტანტინე I, Konstantine I; died 1327), from the House of Bagrationi, was king of the western Georgian kingdom of Imereti from 1293 to 1327. A son of the Georgian king David VI Narin and his wife, Tamar Amanelisdze. No issue

Constantine (Georgian: კონსტანტინე, Konstantine; Russian: Константин Давидович Имеретинский, Konstantin Davidovich Imeretinsky) (4 July 1789 – 3 May 1844) was a Georgian royal prince (batonishvili), belonging to the Imereti branch of the Bagrationi dynasty. A son of King David II of Imereti, Constantine was recognized as heir apparent by Solomon II, who had supplanted his father. Constantine's succession to the throne of Imereti was precluded by the Russian annexation of that country in 1810. Prince Constantine was married three times. First, he married Princess Anastasia Abashidze in 1806 and divorced her in 1815. They had two children. Constantine married his second wife, Maria Teresa Denis Lopes da Silva, daughter of a Portuguese diplomat, in 1822 and had two children with her. Thirdly, Constantine married Ekaterina Sergeyevna Strakhova (died 22 October 1875) and had one child with her

Prince Konstantine Konstantines Dze Bagration-Imeretinsky (Georgian: კონსტანტინე კონსტანტინეს ძე ბაგრატიონი იმერეტინსკი) (1827-1885) was a Georgian royal prince (batonishvili) of the royal Bagrationi dynasty of Imereti. Son of Prince Constantine of Imereti (1789-1844) and his 2nd wife Princess Ana Maria Tereza Denis Lopes de Silva. He married Princess Anna Kotlyarevskaya and had 4 children.

Constantine IV (Georgian: კონსტანტინე IV მუხრანბატონი, Konstantine IV Mukhranbatoni; Russian: Константин Иванович Багратион-Мухранский, Konstantin Ivanovich Bagration-Mukhransky) (1782 – 7 September 1842) was the head of the Mukhrani branch of the Bagrationi dynasty of Georgia and the last Prince (batoni) of Mukhrani and ex officio commander of the Banner of Shida Kartli and Grand Master of the Household (msakhurt-ukhutsesi) of Georgia in 1801. Afterwards, he was in the service of the Russian Empire, ending his career with the rank of general. Constantine was the eldest son of Ioane I, Prince of Mukhrani, and Princess Ketevan of Georgia, daughter of King Heraclius II of Georgia. He succeeded to the headship of the House of Mukhrani on the death of his father in October 1801. In the last years of the Georgian monarchy, he was among those dignitaries who saw Georgia's future within the Russian realm and opposed accession of Prince David, son of the ailing King George XII, to the throne of Georgia. When Georgia was annexed by Russia in 1801, the status of Mukhrani as a sovereign feudatory was revoked and the nobility of Georgia was integrated with that of Russia. Constantine IV married Princess Khoreshan Guramishvili (1786–1831) and had 7 children.

Constantine (?) son of Ivane Bagration of Mukhrani (Georgian: ივანე მუხრანბატონი, Ivane Mukhranbatoni; Russian: Иван Константинович Багратион-Мухранский, Ivan Konstantinovich Bagration-Mukhransky) (February 7, 1812 – March 11, 1895) and his wife Princess Nino (1816–1886), daughter of Levan V Dadiani, Prince of Mingrelia.

Prince Constantine Alekseevich Bagration (Georgian: კონსტანტინე ალექსის ძე ბაგრატიონი) (1818-1860) was a Georgian royal prince (batonishvili) of the Bagrationi dynasty from House of Mukhrani.
Prince Constantine was son of Prince Aleksy Bagration and Princess Zoya Mavrocordato-Văcărescu.
He was a great-grandson of Prince Alexander of Kartli, son of King Jesse of Kartli. In 1847 Constantine married Anna Bagration née Nina Savyshna Martinoff (1825-1885). They had no children.


Constantine (Georgian: კონსტანტინე; died in 1587) was a Georgian royal prince (batonishvili) of the Bagrationi dynasty of Imereti. Constantine was a son of King Bagrat III of Imereti and brother of King George II of Imereti. He was opposed to his brother, George. Constantine was married to Elene (died 1605), daughter of Rostom Gurieli, Prince of Guria. He had three sons

Constantine III (Georgian: კონსტანტინე III მუხრანბატონი, Konstantine III Mukhranbatoni) (1696 – 26 October 1756) was a Georgian prince and the head of the Mukhrani branch of the royal Bagrationi dynasty of Kartli.  Constantine was a son of Prince Constantine II of Mukhrani and Princess Nino Amilakhvari. Constantine III married twice. Once with Princess Ketevan (her surname is not known) and secondly Princess Barbare Eristavi of Aragvi. Constantine had four children.

Constantine I (Georgian: კონსტანტინე I მუხრანბატონი, Konstantine I Mukhranbatoni) (fl. 1622 – 1667) was a Georgian prince and the head of the Mukhrani branch of the royal Bagrationi dynasty of Kartli. Constantine married Darejan, daughter of Prince Ghuana Abashidze (died 1667) and had issue.

Constantine I or Kostandin I (1035–1040 / 1050–1055 – c. 1100 / February 24, 1102 – February 23, 1103) was the second lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains” (1095 – c. 1100 / 1102 / 1103).According to the Chronicle of Aleppo, his wife was descended from Bardas Phokas, and they had at least 4 children.

Constantine II (Armenian: Կոստանդին Բ), also Kostandin II, (unknown – after February 17, 1129) was the fourth lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains” (1129/1130).The Chronique Rimée de la Petite Arménie (“The Rhymed Chronicle of Armenia Minor”) of Vahram of Edessa records that he was the son of Thoros I, lord of Armenian Cilicia. His mother’s name is not known.

Constantine I (Armenian: Կոստանդին Ա, Western Armenian transliteration: Gosdantin or Kostantine;) (also called Constantine III; 1278 – c. 1310) was briefly king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from 1298 to 1299. He was the son of Leo II of Armenia and Kyranna de Lampron and was part of the Hetoumid-family.

Constantine II (Armenian: Կոստանդին Բ), (also Constantine IV; Western Armenian transliteration: Gosdantin or Kostantine; died 17 April 1344), born Guy de Lusignan, was elected the first Latin King of Armenian Cilicia of the Poitiers-Lusignan dynasty, ruling from 1342 until his death in 1344. He was a son of Isabella, daughter of Leo II of Armenia, and Amalric, a son of Hugh III of Cyprus Guy was killed or murdered in an uprising in Armenia on April 17, 1344 and was succeeded by a distant cousin, Constantine III. He had married twice, firstly in Constantinople c. 1318 or 1318 to a Kantakouzene (died c. 1330), without issue, and secondly in 1330–1332, Theodora Syrgiannaina (died 1347/1349), sister of the pinkernes ("cupbearer") Syrgiannes Palaiologos Philanthropenos, with whom he fathered two children.

Constantine III (also Constantine V; French: Constantin V d'Arménie; Armenian: Կոստանդին, Western Armenian transliteration: Gosdantin or Kostantine; April 17, 1313 – December 21, 1362) was the King of Armenian Cilicia from 1344 to 1362. He was the son of Baldwin, Lord of Neghir (a nephew of Hethum I of Armenia), and second cousin of Constantine II. Constantine was the first husband of Maria, daughter of Oshin of Corycos and Joan of Taranto. He was predeceased by his two sons. Upon his death from natural causes he was succeeded by his cousin Constantine IV

Constantine IV (also Constantine VI; Armenian: Կոստանդին, Western Armenian transliteration: Gosdantin or Kostantine; died 1373) was the King of Armenian Cilicia from 1362 until his death. He was the son of Hethum of Neghir, a nephew of Hethum I of Armenia. Constantine came to the throne on the death of his cousin Constantine III, whose widow, Maria, daughter of Oshin of Corycos, he married. Constantine formed an alliance with Peter I of Cyprus, offering him the port and castle of Corycus. On Peter's death in 1369, Constantine looked for a treaty with the Sultan of Egypt. The barons were unhappy with this policy, fearing annexation by the sultan, and in 1373 Constantine was murdered. Upon his death he was succeeded by his distant cousin Leo V, one of the Poitiers-Lusignan dynasty, who would become the last king of Cilician Armenia.


Constantine of Baberon (died c. 1263) was a powerful Armenian noble of the Het‛umid family. He was the son of Vassag and the father of King Het‛um I, who ruled the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from 1226 to 1270. Constantine played a pivotal role in placing his son on the throne by engineering the murder of Philip, the husband of Isabella, Queen of Armenia. He tricked Philip’s father, Bohemond IV of Antioch, to search for his son at Amouda rather than at Sis, where he was being tortured and poisoned. He then took his army to the gates of Silifke Castle, forced its Frankish lords to surrender Isabella, and arranged the marriage, making his son the first Het‛umid ruler of the Armenian KingdomConstantine, also known as the Grand Baron Constantine, was married to Alix Pahlavouni (a third-cousin of Leo II), with whom he fathered 6 children.


Constantine I (born in the second half of the 11th century) was the giudice of Arborea. He was the son of Gonario II and Elena de Orrubu. The dates of his reign are unknown, but he was probably in power at the turn of the 12th century. It was probably dominated by wars between Genoa and Pisa which lasted from 1118 to 1133.Following the Condaghe di Santa Maria de Bonarcado, Constantine's wife was Anna de Zori and he left two sons: Comita II, who succeeded him by 1131, and Orzocco.

Causantín or Constantín mac Fergusa (English: "Constantine son of Fergus") (before 775–820) was king of the Picts (or of Fortriu), in modern Scotland, from 789 until 820. He was until the Victorian era sometimes counted as Constantine I of Scotland; the title is now generally given to Causantín mac Cináeda. He is credited with having founded the church at Dunkeld which later received relics of St Columba from Iona.

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