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« Reply #780 on: September 02, 2021, 01:57:25 PM »

Princess Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich (17 September 1871 – 16 November 1937) was the second wife of Ernst-Ludwig, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine and the mother of his two sons. She was nicknamed "Onor" by her family. She was the fourth child and second daughter of Prince Hermann of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich, and his wife, Countess Agnes of Stolberg-Wernigerode. Eleonore married Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse in Darmstadt on 2 February 1905. His first wife was Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Eleonore and Ernest Louis had two sons.

Eleonore von Schwarzenberg (Eleonore Elisabeth Amalia Magdalena)( 20 June 1682 – 5 May 1741) was a member of the Princely House of Lobkowicz by birth, and a Princess of Schwarzenberg by marriage.The marriage produced two children. Princess Eleonore Elisabeth Amalia Magdalena of Lobkowicz, was a daughter of Prince Ferdinand August of Lobkowicz (1655–1715), the Duke of Sagan, and his second wife, Margravine Maria Anne Wilhelmine of Baden-Baden (1655–1701), daughter of Wilhelm, Margrave of Baden-Baden.On 6 December 1701 Princess Eleonore married the Austrian Hofmarschall, Adam Franz Karl Eusebius, Hereditary Prince (and later Prince) von Schwarzenberg.  

Marie Eleonore (May 13, 1748 - May 3, 1786), daughter of Joseph I Adam Prince of Schwarzenberg (December 15, 1722 - February 17, 1782) and Maria Theresia von und zu Liechtenstein (December 28, 1721 - January 19, 1753)


Princess Eleonore Caroline Gasparine Louise Reuss-Köstritz (Bulgarian: Елеонора Българска)(22 August 1860 – 12 September 1917) was Tsaritsa (Queen) of Bulgaria and the second wife of Ferdinand I of Bulgaria.Born in Castle Trebschen, in the Prussian Province of Brandenburg (present-day Poland), the daughter of Prince Heinrich IV Reuss zu Köstritz and Princess Luise Caroline Reuss zu Greiz. At the age of seventeen, Eleonore was engaged to Russian nobleman, Mark Alexandrovich Ospenyi. The day after the engagement he was summoned to Russia to fight in the Russo-Turkish War. Ospeni was wounded during a battle at the village of Telish and later died from these wounds.Following the death of his first wife, Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma, Tsar Ferdinand sought another wife to carry out the official duties required of the consort of a head of state. As a man who was no longer required to produce heirs, Ferdinand stipulated to his assistant that he wanted a bride who did not expect affection or attention. A list of candidates was whittled down to Eleonore and she and Ferdinand subsequently married at a Catholic ceremony on 28 February 1908 at St. Augustine's Church in Coburg and a Protestant ceremony on 1 March 1908 at Osterstein Castle. Initially titled Princess of Bulgaria, Eleonore assumed the title Tsaritsa ("Empress") on 5 October 1908 following Bulgaria's declaration of independence from the Ottoman Empire.Eleonore remained neglected by Ferdinand throughout their marriage, leaving her to raise her stepchildren and devote herself to the welfare of the Bulgarian people.


Princess Eleonore-Christine of Schaumburg-Lippe (German: Eleonore-Christine Eugenie Benita Feodora Maria Prinzessin zu Schaumburg-Lippe)(22 December 1978) is the only daughter of Prince Waldemar of Schaumburg-Lippe and his first wife, Anne-Lise Johansen


Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe Louise of Saxe-Eisenach (13 April 1662 – 9 September 1696), was a German princess member of the House of Wettin and through her two marriages was Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach (from 1681 to 1686) and Electress of Saxony (from 1692 to 1694).


Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach (23 October 1663 – 4 March 1724) was a princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach and through her marriage duchess of Württemberg-Winnental


Princess Marie Eleonore of Albania, Princess of Wied (Marie Eleonore Elisabeth Cecilie Mathilde Lucie Prinzessin von Wied)( 19 February 1909 – 29 September 1956) was the only daughter of Wilhelm, Prince of Albania and his wife Princess Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg. She married, firstly, Prince Alfred of Schönburg-Waldenburg (1905-1941), son of Prince Heinrich of Schönburg-Waldenburg and Princess Olga of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg, on 16 November 1937 at Munich, Bavaria, Germany. She married, secondly, Ion Octavian Bunea (1899-1977), son of Aureliu Bunea, on 5 February 1949 at Bucharest, Romania. She died without issue


Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen (7 May 1696 – 30 August 1726) was a princess of Anhalt-Köthen by births and by marriage successively Princess of Saxe-Merseburg and Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.


Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau (born 16 February 1602 – 26 December 1664), was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.


Countess Eleonore Larisch von Moennich


Princess Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (11 August 1763 – 30 April 1837) was a German regent. Louise Eleonore was a daughter of Prince Christian Albert Louis of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and his wife Princess Caroline of Stolberg-Gedern (1732–1796). On 27 November 1782, in Langenburg, she married George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. She was duchess of Saxe-Meiningen by marriage to George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, and Regent of Saxe-Meiningen during the minority of her son from 1803 to 1821.

Princess Eleonore Wilhelmine Luise zu Salm-Salm (1794-1861) married to Alfred Franz Friedrich Philipp, 10th Duke of Croÿ


Princess Éléonore-Justine Bonaparte (née Éléonore-Justine Ruflin)(1 July 1832 – 13 October 1905) was the wife of Prince Pierre-Napoléon Bonaparte. Under the pseudonym Nina Bonaparte she published a memoir titled History of My Life. As she was from a peasant background, her morganatic marriage to Prince Pierre-Napoléon, although recognized by the Catholic Church, was not accepted by Napoleon III and the House of Bonaparte and did not receive civil legitimacy until the fall of the Second French Empire. Éléonore-Justine Ruflin was born on 1 July 1832 in Paris. She was the daughter of Julien Ruflin and Justine Bucard, both peasants. In 1852 Ruflin married Prince Pierre-Napoléon Bonaparte. Her husband was the son of Lucien Bonaparte, 1st Prince of Canino and Musignano and Alexandrine de Bleschamp and a nephew of Napoleon I of France. She had five children, only two of whom survived.


Duchess Marie Eleonore of Cleves (16 June 1550 – 1 June 1608) was the Duchess Consort of Prussia by marriage to Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia. She was the eldest child of William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria of Austria. She is 7 times great grandmother to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Eleonore Maria Josefa of Austria (Polish: Eleonora)( 21 May 1653 – 17 December 1697) was Queen of Poland by marriage to king Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki and Duchess of Lorraine by marriage to Charles V, Duke of Lorraine.


Eleanor of Lorraine (1682), daughter of Eleonore of Austria and Charles V Duke of Lorraine


Sophia Eleonore of Saxony (23 November 1609 – 2 June 1671) was a duchess of Saxony by birth and the landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1627 to 1661 through her marriage to Landgrave George II. She was the eldest surviving child of John George I, Elector of Saxony, and Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia.She had 15 children.


Sophia Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (7 January 1634– 7 October 1663), was Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg. She was a daughter of Landgrave George II of Hesse-Darmstadt (1605–1661) from his marriage to Sophia Eleonore (1609–1671), the daughter of Elector John George I of Saxony. In Darmstadt on 21 April 1650 Sophia Eleonore married to her cousin, Landgrave William Christoph of Hesse-Homburg (1625–1681). Sophia Eleonore gave birth 13 children, but only 4 survived infancy.


Eleonore Magdalene of Neuburg (Eleonore Magdalene Therese)(6 January 1655 – 19 January 1720) was a Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia as the third and last wife of Leopold I


Eleonore of Löwenstein-Wertheim (Eleonore Maria Anna)( 16 February 1686 – 22 February 1753) was a Princess of the Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. She was the Landgravine of Hesse-Rotenburg by marriage. Baptised as Eleonore Maria Anna, she was known as Eleonore meaning 'true and perpetual beauty'. Born to Maximilian Karl Albert, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort and his wife Countess Maria Polyxena Khuen of Lichtenberg and Belasi, she was born in Vienna. She was their sixth child Her mother was a member of the family who ruled the County of Lichtenberg und Belasi. Her parents were first cousin's. She herself would marry her first cousin; Eleonore's paternal aunt Princess Maria Anna of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort had married William, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, father of her husband Ernest Leopold of Hesse-Rotenburg, William's son and heir. The couple married in Frankfurt on 9 November 1704, the bride being 18 and the groom 20. They were parents of 10 children, five of which would have progeny.


Princess Eleonore of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg (Eleonore Philippina Christina Sophia)(17 October 1712 – 23 May 1759) was the consort of John Christian, Count Palatine of Sulzbach, whose two children were both by his first wife, Maria Henriette de La Tour d'Auvergne. Born at the Landgrave’s Palace in Rotenburg an der Fulda she was the seventh child of Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg by his wife, Countess Eleonore of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. Her parents were first cousins, both being grandchildren of Ferdinand Karl, Count of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. Her husband had previously been married to Maria Henriette de La Tour d'Auvergne, who had died in 1728 after childbirth. He, too, was his wife's first cousin, Eleonore's father being a brother of John Christian's mother Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rotenburg. She married John Christian in Mannheim on 21 January 1731. The next year, her husband succeeded as ruler of Sulzbach. The marriage remained childless and she became a widow in 1733.


Eleonora Maria Teresa of Savoy (28 February 1728 – 14 August 1781) was a Savoyard princess, the eldest daughter of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and his second wife Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg. She received the forename of her maternal grandmother, Eleonore of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. She died unmarried.


Princess and Landgravine Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rotenburg (Maria Eleonore Amalia)(25 February 1675 – 27 January 1720) was Landgravine of Hesse-Rotenburg by birth and was the Countess Palatine of Sulzbach by marriage. She is an ancestor of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria. Maria Eleonore was the second child of William, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg and his wife Countess Maria Anna of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. She was an older sister of Ernest Leopold of Hesse-Rotenburg, future ruler of her native Hesse-Rotenburg. Engaged to Theodore Eustace of Sulzbach, the heir of the ruling Count Palatine of Sulzbach Christian Augustus, the couple were married on 9 June 1692 in Lobositz, Bohemia. The couple had some nine children three of which would have further progeny.


Éléonore Marie Desmier d'Olbreuse (3 or 7 January 1639 – 5 February 1722), was a French noblewoman, who became firstly the mistress and later wife of George William of Brunswick, Duke of Lauenburg and Prince of Celle. She was the mother of Sophia Dorothea of Celle, who was the wife of George I of Great Britain. Thus she is the maternal grandmother of George II. Éléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse was born at the Castle of Olbreuse in Deux-Sèvres near Niort, France, into a Huguenot family of lower nobility. Her parents were Alexandre Desmier d'Olbreuse and Jacquette Poussard du Bas-Vandré et de Saint-Marc. In 1661 she went to the royal court in Paris as a lady-in-waiting in the service of Marie de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duchess of Thouars, whose son Henri Charles de La Trémoille had married Emilie, daughter of William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel in 1648. In winter 1664 Emilie visited her relatives in Kassel, where she was accompanied by Éléonore, whose remarkable beauty attracted many suitors. Was in the court of Kassel where Éléonore met George William of Brunswick, Prince of Calenberg, who immediately fell in love with her, and they began a love affair. At first, Éléonore could only aspire to being a mere mistress, but George William was determined to marry her, despite the previous arrangement made by him and his other brothers that none of them could marry (except Ernest Augustus) in order to avoid further divisions on their domains. Finally, in 1665 George William abdicated to all his rights over the Principality of Calenberg (gave to his brother John Frederick) and to his recently inherited Principality of Lüneburg (gave to his brother Ernest Augustus) and entered into a secret morganatic marriage with Éléonore, who received the title of "Lady of Harburg" (Frau von Harburg); however, George William managed to kept the Principality of Celle as his personal domain during his lifetime; in addition a ducal order dated 15 November 1665 guaranteed a dower for Éléonore in case George William died. One year later, on 15 September 1666, Éléonore gave birth a daughter, Sophia Dorothea.Éléonore and George William enjoyed an almost bourgeois and very happy marriage. Since she had no official status in the first years of her marriage, she was able to personally raise her daughter, who was very similar to her, more than other upper-class women of her time.


Countess Eleonore Fugger von Babenhausen (?) wife of Prince Burchard Friedrich Max Werner Georg of Prussia (8 January 1917 – 12 August 1988). Burchard was son of  Countess Ina-Marie Helene Adele Elise von Bassewitz (27 January 1888 – 17 September 1973) and Prince Oskar Karl Gustav Adolf of Prussia (27 July 1888 – 27 January 1958)


Countess Eleonore von Breunner-Enckevoirth (?)  the wife of Karl Maria Alexander, 9th Prince of Auersperg.


Princess Eleonore of Auersperg (1892–1967), daughter of  Countess Eleonore von Breunner-Enckevoirth  and Karl Maria Alexander, 9th Prince of Auersperg. She married (1919) to Erwin Wallner


Countess Eleonore of Nassau-Saarbrücken (?) wife of Ludwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg


Eleanor of Vermandois also known as Eléonore de Vermandois (1148 or 1149 – 19 or 21 June 1213) was ruling countess of Vermandois in 1182-1213 and by marriage countess of Ostervant, Nevers, Auxerre, Boulogne and Beaumont. She was a daughter of Ralph I, Count of Vermandois, and his second spouse, Petronilla of Aquitaine.


Countess Eleonore of Reuss-Lobenstein (?) wife of Christian Karl, Prince of Stolberg-Gedern.
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« Reply #781 on: September 02, 2021, 01:57:32 PM »

Eleonora Gonzaga (23 September 1598 – 27 June 1655), was born Princess of Mantua as a member of the House of Gonzaga and by marriage Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia Nicknamed the Elder (de: Ältere) to distinguish herself from her namesake great-niece, during her reign the Imperial court in Vienna became one of the centers of European Baroque music. As Empress, Eleanora was a supporter of the Counter-Reformation. Eleonora was born in Mantua on 23 September, 1598, as the youngest child of Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Monferrato, and his wife and first cousin Eleonora de' Medici. In July 1621 the widowed Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II sent his Privy Councillor Prince Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg to Mantua, instructing him to negotiate his marriage with Eleonora. After obtaining the dispensation of the Holy See for the Emperor's wedding with not only a relative (ratione consanguinitatis) but also his goddaughter (ratione affinitatis spiritualis ex baptismo contractae), on 21 November the contract was signed, which repeated the provisions made by Ferdinand II's first wife, and on the same day in the Basilica palatina di Santa Barbara at the ducal palace in Mantua the marriage per procura was concluded. The official wedding ceremony took place in Innsbruck on 2 February 1622 In spite of the great age difference between them, Eleonora and Ferdinand II had a happy marriage. They had no children, but Eleonora was able to develop a close relationship with all her stepchildren, particularly with the youngest one, Archduke Leopold Wilhelm, in whom she formed a taste for art and literature.


Eleonora Gonzaga (18 November 1630 – 6 December 1686), was by birth Princess of Mantua, Nevers and Rethel from the Nevers branch of the House of Gonzaga and by marriage Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia. Nicknamed the Younger (de: Jüngere) to distinguish herself from her namesake grandauntEleonora was born on 18 November 1630 in Mantua, as the second child of Charles Gonzaga, styled Duke of Nevers (heir of the Duchy of Mantua) and his wife and cousin Maria Gonzaga (heiress to the Duchy of Montferrat). She was named after her mother's paternal aunt Holy Roman Empress Eleonora, who was also her godmother. Eleonora's marriage was arranged by her godmother and namesake, the Dowager Holy Roman Empress, who maintained close ties with her niece, the Duchess-Regent Maria (Eleonora's mother), and became the main supporter of her election as wife of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III; previously, the Dowager Empress was also able to arrange the marriage of Duke Charles II of Mantua (Eleonora's brother) with Archduchess Isabella Clara of Austria (a member of the Tyrolese branch of the House of Habsburg) in 1649 During her marriage, Eleonora gave birth four children, two of whom survived into adulthood.





Eleanor of Toledo (Italian: Eleonora di Toledo)(11 January 1522 – 17 December 1562), born Doña Leonor Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, was a Spanish noblewoman and Duchess of Florence[a] as the first wife of Cosimo I de' Medici. A keen businesswoman, she financed many of her husband's political campaigns and important buildings like the Pitti Palace. She ruled as regent of Florence during his frequent absences: Eleanor ruled during Cosimo's military campaigns in Genoa in 1541 and 1543, his illness from 1544 to 1545, and again at times when the war for the conquest of Siena (1551–1554). She founded many Jesuit churches. She is credited with being the first modern first lady or consort.Eleanor was born in Alba de Tormes, Salamanca, Spain, on 11 January 1522. She was the second daughter of Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, Viceroy of Naples, and Maria Osorio, 2nd Marquise of Villafranca. Eleanore and Cosimo were married by proxy on 29 March 1539.The couple had eleven children, though only five sons and three daughters reached maturity.


Eleonora (1591–1617), died unmarried Daughter of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (30 July 1549 – 3 February 1609) and Christina of Lorraine or Christine de Lorraine (16 August 1565 – 19 December 1637)


Maria Eleonora of Austria (1627–1629) died in infancy. Daughter of Claudia de' Medici (4 June 1604 – 25 December 1648) and  her 2nd husband Leopold V, Archduke of Further Austria (October 9, 1586 – September 13, 1632)


Mauritia Eleonora of Portugal also called Mauritia Eleonora of Crato and by the nickname Mauke (10 May 1609-25 June 1674) was the ninth of ten children of Manuel of Portugal (1568-1638), son of the Portuguese prior and self-proclaimed Portuguese king António of Crato, and Countess Emilia of Nassau (1569-1629), the youngest daughter of Willem of Orange.Since their eldest sister had escaped marriage at the altar, Mauritia Eleonora's and her sisters' chances of getting married were low. After the death of her mother Emilia, who resided at Prangins Castle in Switzerland, she returned in 1629 to the Netherlands to the court of her uncle Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic and Amalie of Solms-Braunfels. She shared a room with Countess Louise Christine von Solms, Amalia's youngest sisterHer cousin Luise Henriette of Nassau was espoused to her cousin, Henri Charles de la Trémoïlle; nevertheless mother Amalie tried to marry Luise off to Charles II of England. When Charles II kindly declined, and the matter became public, Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg showed interest. In coordination with her aunt Amalie, Mauritia Eleonora, spied on her cousin Luise [1] and eventually in December 1646 persuaded her to marry Frederick William I. Out of gratitude, Amalie arranged the marriage of the 38-year-old Mauritia Eleonora with George Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (1606 - 1674) on 4 June 1647 in 's-Gravenhage (The Hague). Mauritia Eleonora and George Frederick had no children.

Eleonora Gonzaga, Duchess of Urbino (31 December 1493 – 13 February 1550) was Duchess and sometime regent of Urbino by marriage to Francesco Maria I della Rovere, duke of Urbino.She was the eldest of the seven children of Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua, and Isabella d'Este. On 25 September 1509 she married Francesco Maria I della Rovere, duke of Urbino, son of Giovanni della Rovere, duca di Sora e Senegaglia, and Giovanna da Montefeltro, and nephew of Pope Julius II. Their two sons and three daughters would all have progeny. The couple would have 13 children.


Eleonora d'Este (19 June 1537, Ferrara – 19 February 1581) was a Ferrarese noblewoman. She was the fourth daughter of Ercole II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara and his wife Renée of France, the second daughter of Louis XII of France and Anne of Brittany.

Eleonora Catherine of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (17 May 1626 – 3 March 1692), was a cousin and foster sister of Queen Christina of Sweden and sister of King Charles X of Sweden. After her brother's accession to the throne (1654), she and her siblings were all considered royal princesses and princes of Sweden. Eleonora was born at Stegeborg Castle in Östergötland, Sweden to Princess Catharina of Sweden and Johann Casimir, Count Palatine von Zweibrücken-Kleeburg. Her mother was an elder half-sister of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and the firstborn daughter of King Charles IX. Her parents, who were second cousins, had lived in Sweden since 1622, and Eleonora and her siblings, including her sister Maria Eufrosyne, grew up in Sweden as foster siblings of their cousin, Queen Christina of Sweden. Eleonora was only about seven months older than Christina The negotiations concerning her marriage with Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Eschwege, son of Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, started in 1643. The landgrave was a second cousin of both her parents and nine years her senior. The negotiation process was difficult, but finally completed in June 1646. She was granted a fortune of 20,000 gulden by her father. The marriage took place at Tre Kronor in Stockholm on 6 September 1646.The marriage has been described as unhappy. The couple had 6 children.


Eleonora (4 May 1683 – after 22 November 1707,), Daughter of Juliana of Hesse-Eschwege (14 May 1652 – 20 June 1693)
 and Johann Jakob Marchand. She married on 21 October 1704 in IJsselstein Mr. Johan Spiering (6 November 1672, Utrecht – 22 July 1739, Amsterdam), son of Francois Ewoutsz. Spiering and Elisabeth Maria van Someren


Countess Eleonóra Zichy de Zich et Vásonkeő (28 March 1867 – 31 October 1945) was a Hungarian noblewoman, granddaughter of Count Manó Péchy. Her parents were Count Rezső Zichy and Countess Jacqueline Péchy. She married Tivadar Andrássy, son of Gyula Andrássy on 24 June 1885; they had four children.


Eleonora Czartoryska (1710-1795), was a Polish Princess, born Countess von Waldstein-Wartenberg. She was the ruler of the city of Radzymin from 1770 to 1790, where she built a palace and a park, commissioned a church designed by Jan Chrystian Kamsetzer and wrote a unique collection of laws on the city's governmental principles. She was married to Michał Fryderyk Czartoryski.


Princess Eleonora Fugger von Babenhausen (October 4, 1864  — March 1, 1945) was an Austrian socialite and chronicler of the Fugger family. She is also known as Nora Fugger in her autobiography.Eleonore Aloysia Maria was born Princess zu Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, as the third child of Prince Carl zu Hohenlohe-Bartenstein (1837–1877) and his wife Princess Rosa Karoline née Countess von Sternberg (1836–1918).Eleonora married Karl, 5th Prince Fugger von Babenhausen (1861–1925) on January 8, 1887 in Vienna. Her husband was chamberlain to the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.The couple had 6 children.
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« Reply #782 on: September 02, 2021, 11:31:34 PM »

Eleonora is such a pretty name!
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« Reply #783 on: September 06, 2021, 03:11:55 PM »

Frederica is a feminine given name meaning "peaceful ruler". It is closely related to the masculine name Frederick, of Germanic origin. Its meaning is derived from the Germanic word elements frid, or peace, and ric, meaning "ruler" or "power".

Frederica of Hanover (Friederike Luise Thyra Victoria Margarita Sophia Olga Cecilia Isabella Christa; Greek: Φρειδερίκη της Ελλάδας)(18 April 1917 – 6 February 1981) was Queen consort of Greece from 1947 until 1964 as the wife of King Paul, thereafter Queen mother. Born Her Royal Highness Friederike, Princess of Hanover, Princess of Great Britain and Ireland,[2] and Princess of Brunswick-Lüneburg on 18 April 1917 in Blankenburg am Harz, in the German Duchy of Brunswick, she was the only daughter and third child of Ernest Augustus, then reigning Duke of Brunswick, and his wife Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia, herself the only daughter of the German Emperor Wilhelm II. To her family, she was known as Freddie. In 1934, Adolf Hitler, in his ambition to link the British and German royal houses, asked for Frederica's parents to arrange for the marriage of their seventeen-year-old daughter to the Prince of Wales. In her memoirs, Frederica's mother described that she and her husband were "shattered" and such a possibility "had never entered our minds". Victoria Louise herself had once been considered as a potential bride for the very same person prior to her marriage. Moreover, the age difference was too great (the Prince of Wales was twenty-three years Frederica's senior), and her parents were unwilling to "put any such pressure" on their daughter. Prince Paul of Greece proposed to her during the summer of 1936, while he was in Berlin attending the 1936 Summer Olympics. Paul was a son of King Constantine I and Frederica's grand-aunt Sophia. Accordingly, they were maternal first cousins once removed. They were also paternal second cousins as great-grandchildren of Christian IX of Denmark. Their engagement was announced officially on 28 September 1937. They married in Athens on 9 January 1938. At the peak of World War II, in April 1941, the Greek Royal Family was evacuated to Crete in a Sunderland flying boat. Shortly afterwards, the German forces attacked Crete. Frederica and her family were evacuated again, setting up a government-in-exile office in London.  In exile, King George II and the rest of the Greek Royal Family settled in South Africa. Here Frederica's last child, Princess Irene, was born on 11 May 1942. The South African leader, General Jan Smuts, served as her godfather. The family eventually settled in Egypt in February 1944. After the war, the 1946 Greek referendum restored King George to the throne. The Hereditary Prince and Princess returned to their villa in Psychiko.On 1 April 1947, George II died and Frederica's husband ascended the throne as Paul I, with Frederica as queen consort. Communist political instability in Northern Greece led to the Greek Civil War. The King and Queen toured Northern Greece under severe security to try to appeal for loyalty in the summer of 1947. Queen Frederica was constantly attacked for her German ancestry.  Left-wing politicians in Greece repeatedly used the fact that the Kaiser was her grandfather, and that she had brothers who were members of the SS, as propaganda against her. She was also criticized variously as "very Prussian" and "was a Nazi". When she was in London representing her sick husband at the wedding of his first cousin Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark to King George VI's elder daughter Princess Elizabeth in November 1947, Winston Churchill remarked on the Kaiser being her grandfather. Queen Frederica had replied acknowledging the fact, but reminding him that she was also descended from Queen Victoria, and that her father would be the British king if the country had operated under Salic Law (allowing only males to inherit the crown). Frederica and Paul had 3 children: Sophia, Queen of Spain (1938), Constantine II, King of the Hellenes (1940) and Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark (1942).


Princess Frederica of Hanover, (9 January 1848 – 16 October 1926) was a member of the House of Hanover. After her marriage, she lived mostly in England, where she was a prominent member of society. Frederica was born 9 January 1848 in Hanover, the elder daughter of the Hereditary Prince of Hanover (later King George V of Hanover) and of his wife, Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg. She held the title of Princess with the style Her Royal Highness in Hanover. In the United Kingdom, she held the title of Princess with the style Her Highness as a male-line great-granddaughter of King George III. She was known as "Lily" within her family. In January 1866, the Prime Minister of Prussia Otto von Bismarck began negotiations with Hanover, represented by Count Platen-Hallermund, regarding the possible marriage of Frederica to Prince Albrecht of Prussia. These plans came to nothing as tensions grew between Hanover and Prussia finally resulting in the Austro-Prussian War (14 June – 23 August 1866).In 1866, Frederica's father was deposed as King of Hanover. Eventually, the family settled at Gmunden in Austria, where they owned Schloss Cumberland (named for the British Ducal title held by Frederica's father). Frederica visited England with her family in May 1876, and again, after her father's death, in June 1878. Frederica was courted by her second cousin, Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (with whom she later became lifelong friends and confidantes), and by Alexander, Prince of Orange. Frederica, however, was in love with Baron Alfons von Pawel-Rammingen (1843–1932), the son of a government official of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Alfons had served as an equerry to Frederica's father. Alfons was naturalised as a British subject on 19 March 1880 and, on 24 April 1880, he and Frederica were married. Frederica and Alfons had one daughter who was born and died at Hampton Court Palace: Victoria Georgina Beatrice Maud Anne (7 March 1881 – 27 March 1881).


Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmina of Baden (12 March 1781 – 25 September 1826) was Queen of Sweden from 1797 to 1809 as the consort of King Gustav IV Adolf. Frederica of Baden was born in Karlsruhe in the Grand Duchy of Baden on 12 March 1781, as the daughter of Karl Ludwig of Baden and Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. She was the younger sister of Empress Elisabeth Alexeievna (formerly Princess Louise of Baden), spouse of Tsar Alexander I of Russia.Frederica was in her family known as Frick (Frique). In October 1797, Frederica of Baden married King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. The marriage had been arranged by Gustav IV Adolf himself, after he had refused to marry first Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, since his desired marriage to Ebba Modée had been refused him, and second the Russian Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna, because her proposed marriage contract would have allowed Alexandra to keep her Orthodox faith. Frederica of Baden was seen as a suitable choice: Russia could not officially disapprove a new bride after the Russian Grand Duchess had been refused if the bride was the sister-in-law of Grand Duke Alexander, which indirectly preserved an alliance between Sweden and Russia, and additionally, Gustaf IV Adolf wanted a beautiful spouse and expected her to be so after having had a good impression of her sister during his visit to Russia the year prior. The king visited Erfurt to see her and her family himself in August 1797, the engagement was declared immediately after, and the first marriage ceremony conducted in October. She was sixteen years old. The relationship between Frederica and Gustav IV Adolf was initially not good. Both being inexperienced, they reportedly had difficulty in connecting sexually, which frustrated the king and caused him to behave with impatient displeasure and suspicion toward her, which worsened the problems because of the shyness of the introvert Frederica. This attracted attention when the king had the queen's favorite maid of honor, Anna Charlotta von Friesendorff, exiled from court for impertinence, which also worsened the conflict. The problems was however solved through the mediation of duchess Charlotte, and for the rest of her marriage, she was almost constantly pregnant. This did not benefit the marriage from her point of view, as they were not sexually compatible: the king, who had a strong sexual nature but disliked extramarital sex, was sometime delayed for hours after "having entered the queen's bed chamber" in the morning, so much that the members of the royal council saw themselves obliged to interrupt and ask the king to "spare the queen's health", while Frederica complained in letters to her mother how it tired and exhausted her without giving fulfillment. The relationship between the king and the queen improved after the birth of their first child in 1799, after which they lived an intimate and harmonious family life, in which they grew close through their mutual interest in their children. On 12 March 1809, King Gustav IV Adolf left her and the children at Haga Palace to deal with the rebellion of Georg Adlersparre. The day after he was captured at the royal palace in Stockholm in the Coup of 1809, imprisoned at Gripsholm Castle and deposed 10 May in favor of his uncle, who succeeded him as Charles XIII of Sweden on 6 June. According to the terms deposition made on 10 May 1809, she was allowed to keep the title of queen even after the deposition of her spouse. After having been denied to travel to Great Britain, the former king and queen settled in the duchy of Baden, where they arrived 10 February 1810. After having become private persons, the incompatibility between Frederica and Gustav Adolf immediately became known in their different view in how to live their life. Gustav Adolf wished to live a simple family life in a congregation of the Moravian church in Christiansfeld in Slesvig or Switzerland, while Frederica wished to settle in the palace Meersburg at Bodensee, which was granted her by her family.Their sexual differences was also brought to the surface, as Frederica refused sexual intercourse because she did not wish to give birth to exiled royalty. These differences caused Gustav Adolf to leave alone for Basel in Switzerland in April 1810, from which he expressed complaints about their sexual incompatibility and demanded a divorce.The couple made two attempts to reconcile in person: once in Switzerland in July, and a second time in Altenburg in Thüringen in September. The attempts of reconciliation was unsuccessful and in 1811, Gustav Adolf issued divorce negotiations with her mother, stating that he wished to be able to marry again. Frederica was not willing to divorce, and her mother suggested that Gustav Adolf entered some kind of secret morganatic marriage on the side to avoid the scandal of divorce. Gustav Adolf did agree to this suggestion, but as they could not figure out how such a thing should be arranged, a proper divorce was finally issued in February 1812. In the divorce settlement, Gustav Adolf renounced all his assets in both Sweden and abroad, as well as his future assets in the form of his inheritance rights after his mother, to his children; he also renounced the custody and guardianship of his children. Two years later, Fredrica placed her children under the guardianship of her brother-in-law, the Russian Tsar Alexander. Frederica kept in contact through correspondence with queen Charlotte of Sweden, whom she entrusted her economic interests in Sweden, as well as with her former mother-in-law, and while she did not contact Gustav Adolf directly, she kept informed about his life and often contributed financially to his economy without his knowledgeIn accordance with the abdication terms, she kept her title of queen and had her own court, headed by the Swedish baron O. M. Munck af Fulkila, and kept in close contact with her many relatives and family in Germany. According to her ladies-in-waiting, she turned down proposals from her former brother-in-law Frederick William of Braunschweig-Oels, and Frederick William III of Prussia. She was rumoured to have secretly married her son's tutor, the French-Swiss J.N.G. de Polier-Vernland, possibly in 1823.


Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (German: Friederike Louise Caroline Sophie Charlotte Alexandrine)( 3 March 1778 – 29 June 1841) was a German princess who married successively Prince Louis Charles of Prussia, Prince Frederick William of Solms-Braunfels, and her first-cousin Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (later King of Hanover). Frederica was born in the Altes Palais of Hanover. She was the fifth daughter of Charles II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and his first wife, Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt. Frederica's parents were anxious to arrange advantageous marriages for all their daughters, and used family connections to bring this about. Queen Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, wife of King Frederick William II, was a first cousin of Frederica's mother. Frederica's parents broached with the Prussian royal family the idea of marriage between their children, and the Prussians were not averse. On 14 March 1793, the Princesses of Mecklenburg-Strelitz "coincidentally" met the Prussian King Frederick William II at the Prussian Theatre in Frankfurt-am-Main. He was immediately captivated by the grace and charm of both sisters, Frederica and Louise. The pending marriage negotiations received traction, and within weeks, the matter was settled: Frederica's elder sister Louise would marry Crown Prince Frederick William, and Frederica would marry his younger brother Prince Louis The double engagement was celebrated in Darmstadt on 24 April 1793, only a few weeks after the sister fortuitously met their future father-in-law at the theatre. On December 24, Louise and Crown Prince Frederick William were married in the Royal Palace of Berlin; two days later, on 26 December, Frederica and Prince Louis were also married at the same venue. Unlike her sister, Frederica did not enjoy a happy marriage. Although her husband died only three years after the wedding, Louis was said to have preferred the company of his mistresses and completely neglected his wife, or at least, that is her version; in response, she allegedly began an affair with her husband's uncle Prince Louis Ferdinand. Despite her husband's alleged neglect, Fredrica did bear him three children in as many years: Frederick in 1794; a short-lived son, Charles, in 1795; and a daughter, Frederica, in 1796.  In 1797, Frederica and her cousin Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, seventh son of King George III of Great Britain by his wife Queen Charlotte (Frederica's paternal aunt), became unofficially engaged. The Duke of Cambridge asked the consent of his father to the marriage. The King did not refuse his consent but asked his son to wait until the ongoing war with France was over. The relationship eventually ended, with rumors circulating that either Adolphus had offered to release Frederica from the engagement, or - as Queen Charlotte believed - Frederica had jilted him for another man. In 1798 Frederica became pregnant. The father was Prince Frederick William of Solms-Braunfels. The prince recognized his paternity and requested her hand in marriage, a proposal that was quickly granted in order to avoid scandal. On 10 December of that year, the couple was married in Berlin and immediately moved to Ansbach. Two months later, in February 1799, Frederica gave birth to a daughter who only lived eight months. Prince Frederick William, disappointed and embittered, resumed his old dissipated lifestyle and became an alcoholic.In 1805 he resigned his military posts for "health reasons". Frederica had to maintain her family with her own resources after her brother-in-law, King Frederick William III of Prussia, refused to restore her annual pension as a dowager princess of Prussia. Frederica's older brother-in-law and head of the family, William Christian, Prince of Solms-Braunfels, advised her to get a divorce, with his full approval. She and her husband nonetheless refused. In May 1813, during a visit to his uncle Duke Charles in Neustrelitz, Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, the fifth son of King George III of Great Britain, met and fell in love with Frederica, who was his first cousin.[4] Duke Charles made it clear to his daughter that her separation from the Prince of Solms-Braunfels was absolutely logical, and that he saw a marriage with an English prince as a great opportunity for her. During the next months Frederica considered the intentions of Ernest Augustus and the possible effects on her own situation. When, after the victory of the allies in the Battle of Leipzig, Ernest Augustus spent some days in Neustrelitz, he was greeted enthusiastically. Some time later Frederica asked the Prussian king for approval for her divorce from Prince Frederick William of Solms-Braunfels. All parties agreed, including the Prince of Solms-Braunfels, but Frederick William's sudden death on 13 April 1814 precluded the need for a divorce. The prince's demise was considered by some as a little too convenient, and some suspected that Frederica had poisoned him.  In August, the engagement with Ernest Augustus was officially announced. After the British Prince Regent gave his consent to the wedding, Frederica and Ernest Augustus were married on 29 May 1815 at the parish church of Neustrelitz. Some time later, the couple traveled to Great Britain and married again on 29 August 1815 at Carlton House, London During her marriage to Ernest Augustus she gave birth three times, but only a son survived, who would eventually become King George V of Hanover. On 20 June 1837 King William IV of the United Kingdom and Hanover died without issue. His heir was Princess Victoria, only daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, but because Hanover had been ruled under semi-Salic Law since the times of the Holy Roman Empire, she could not inherit the Hanoverian throne. The next male descendant of the late king was the Duke of Cumberland, Frederica's husband, who then became King of Hanover, with Frederica as his Queen consort.
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« Reply #784 on: September 06, 2021, 03:12:09 PM »

Princess Frederica of Prussia (30 September 1796 – 1 January 1850) was a daughter of Prince Louis Charles of Prussia and Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She was a member of the House of Hohenzollern. By her marriage to Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau, she would become Duchess consort of Anhalt-Dessau. Frederica was the youngest child and only daughter of Prince Louis Charles of Prussia and his wife Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Her father was a younger son of Frederick William II of Prussia. Due to her mother's later marriages, Frederica would have many half-siblings, including George V of Hanover. On 18 April 1818, Frederica married Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt in Berlin.They had been engaged since 17 May 1816, as the connection had already been arranged by the Prussian court. This dynastic connection was an expression of Leopold's pro-Prussian policies. They had six children.



Princess Fredericka Amalie Auguste (28 November 1819- 11 December 1822) daughter of princess Frederica of Prussia and Leopold IV Duke of Anhalt.


Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia (Friederike Charlotte Ulrike Katharina)(7 May 1767 – 6 August 1820) was a Prussian and British princess. She was the eldest daughter of King Frederick William II of Prussia and the wife of Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, second son of King George III of the United Kingdom. Born in Charlottenburg on 7 May 1767, Frederica Charlotte was the eldest child of the future Frederick William II of Prussia, and the only child of his first wife and cousin, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg.On 29 September 1791 at Charlottenburg Palace, she married Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, the second son of the British king George III. There was a second marriage ceremony at Buckingham House on 23 November. The new Duchess of York received an enthusiastic welcome in London.The marriage between Frederica Charlotte and Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany was arranged in order to provide the British throne with heirs, as the Prince of Wales was at the time secretly married and his marriage status complicated. Reportedly, the Prince of Wales, who was at the time, albeit not legally, married to Maria Fitzherbert, regarded it unnecessary for him to enter a dynastic marriage, because the eldest of his brothers had married a princess and could provide an heir to the throne in his stead. The marriage was, however, not a happy one, and after three years, it had become apparent that the Duke and Duchess of York would have no issue.


Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark and Norway (11 April 1649 – 30 October 1704) was the second daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp from 1667 to 1695 as the consort of Duke Christian Albert.She was married at Glücksburg Castle on 24 October 1667 to Duke Christian Albert of Holstein-Gottorp as part of a peace treaty between Denmark and Holstein-Gottorp, but the hostile parties continued to fight. The marriage was unhappy, with Frederica Amalia often tormented by the frequent disagreements between her brother, Christian V of Denmark, and her spouse. She was reportedly well known to be badly treated by Christian Albert, while the Danish royal family gave her all sorts of personal privileges and proofs of affection. With Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, she had four children.

Frederica of Oldenburg (1820-?) daughter of Augustus Grand Duke of Oldenburg and his 1st wife Princess Adelheid of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. She later married Baron Maximilian Emanuel von Washington (1829–1903) a son of Baron Jakob von Washington, a distant relative of the first President of the United States George Washington.
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« Reply #785 on: September 06, 2021, 03:12:35 PM »

Variation Friederike:


Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia (German: Friederike Luise von Preußen) (29 August 1714 – 4 February 1784) was a daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover and Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach.As the sixth child and third daughter of Frederick William I, Friederike Luise was a sister of Frederick II of Prussia, Queen Louisa Ulrika of Sweden, and Philippine Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.On 30 May 1729 in Berlin, Friederike Luise married her Hohenzollern kinsman Karl Wilhelm Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (12 May 1712 – 3 August 1757). They had two children.


Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt (Friederike Sophia Dorothea)(18 December 1736 – 9 March 1798) was Duchess of Württemberg by marriage to Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg. She is an ancestor to many European royals of the 19th and 20th century. Friederike was a daughter of Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt and Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia. Her mother was a sister of Frederick the Great. Her siblings included Elisabeth Louise, Princess Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia and Philippine, Landgravine of Hesse-Cassel. On 2 November 1753, she married Frederick Eugen of Württemberg. She had twelve children.

Duchess Frederica of Württemberg (German: Friederike Elisabeth Amalie Auguste von Württemberg)(27 July 1765 – 24 November 1785) was a daughter of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and Friederike Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. On 6 June 1781, Frederica married Prince Peter Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp. The marriage was meant to strengthen relations between Russia and Württemberg (Frederica's sister was married to Paul I of Russia, a member of the House of Holstein-Gottorp). They had two sons: Augustus (born in 1783) and George (born in 1784).


Princess Friederike Caroline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt (20 August 1752 – 22 May 1782) was a member of the House of Hesse and by marriage a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She is the direct most recent common matrilineal ancestress (through women only) of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, King Albert II of Belgium, King Harald V of Norway and Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg. Friederike was born in Darmstadt, the eldest daughter of Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt, second son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Falkenburg-Dagsburg.She married Duke Charles of Mecklenburg-Strelitz on 18 September 1768 in Darmstadt. They had eleven children together. Two daughters became queens consort as Louise would marry Frederick William III of Prussia and Frederica would marry Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover.


Countess Friederike Amalie of Schlieben (German: Friederike Amalie Antonie Gräfin von Schlieben)(28 February 1757 – 17 December 1827) was the consort of Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. Friederike was born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia and was the second and youngest daughter of Count Karl Leopold of Schlieben and his wife, Countess Marie Eleonore von Lehndorff. Friederike married Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, son of Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and his wife Countess Charlotte zu Dohna-Schlodien, on 9 March 1780. Friederike and Friedrich Karl Ludwig had three children


Princess Friederike of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (13 December 1780 – 19 January 1862), daughter of Countess Friederike Amalie of Schlieben and Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.


Princess Friederike of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (9 October 1811 – 10 July 1902) was a daughter of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel and an elder sister of Christian IX of Denmark. Friederike became the Duchess of Anhalt-Bernburg upon her marriage to Alexander Karl, Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg, the last Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg. The union was childless By November 1855 the Duke was confined to Schloss Hoym due to a progressive mental illness (some sources state that he suffered from schizophrenia). There, Alexander Karl spend the rest of his life under medical care in the company of his chamberlain, the painter Wilhelm von Kügelgen. Due to his incapacity, Friederike acted as regent from 1855 to 1863.Alexander Karl died at Hoym on 19 August 1863 at age 58. Because the marriage produced no issue, the Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg was inherited by his kinsman Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau-Köthen who merged the duchy with his own to form a united Duchy of Anhalt.
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« Reply #786 on: September 07, 2021, 11:03:07 AM »

Teresa, Theresa and Therese (French: Thérèse) are feminine given names. The name may be derived from the Greek verb θερίζω (therízō), meaning "to harvest".


Princess Teresa Katharina Lubomirska (1 January 1685 – 6 January 1712) was a Polish noblewoman. She was the elder daughter of Court and Grand Marshal, Prince Józef Karol Lubomirski and his wife Princess Teofilia Ludwika Zasławska, niece of Polish King Jan III Sobieski. She married Charles III Philip (Wittelsbach), heir to the Electorate of the Palatinate, on 15 December 1701 in Kraków. He had one surviving child from his previous marriage, an eight-year-old daughter, Elisabeth Auguste Sophie. She bore Charles Philip two daughters, both of whom died young. Theophila Elisabeth Franziska Felicitas was born 13 November 1703 and died on 31 January 1705, when she was one year old. Four years later, Anna Elisabeth Theophila was born on 9 June 1709, and died aged two, on 10 February 1712. She was born and died in Innsbruck. Princess Lubomirska also died in 1712. Her husband became Elector of the Palatinate in 1716 and did not remarry until 1728.


Dona Teresa Cristina delle Due Sicilie (14 March 1822 – 28 December 1889), nicknamed "the Mother of the Brazilians" Teresa Cristina was the daughter of the then-Duke of Calabria, who later became King Don Francesco I (Francis I) of the Two Sicilies. Through her father, she was a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, also known as Bourbon-Naples, the Italian branch of the Spanish Bourbons. She was a descendant of France's "Sun King", Louis XIV in the male line through his grandson, Don Felipe V (Philip V) of Spain. Teresa Cristina's mother was the Infanta Doña Maria Isabel (Maria Isabella), daughter of King Don Carlos IV (Charles IV) of Spain, and a younger sister of Doña Carlota Joaquina—who was the wife of King Dom João VI of Portugal and the paternal grandmother of Teresa Cristina's future husband. Upon learning that the young emperor of Brazil, Dom Pedro II, sought a wife, the government of the Two Sicilies offered the hand of Teresa Cristina.A proxy wedding was held on 30 May 1843 in Naples, Pedro II being represented by his fiancée's brother Prince Leopold, Count of Syracuse. A small Brazilian fleet composed of a frigate and two corvettes departed for the Two Sicilies on 3 March 1843 to escort the new Empress of Brazil. She arrived on Rio de Janeiro on 3 September 1843. Pedro II immediately rushed to board the ship and greet his bride. Upon seeing this impetuous gesture, the crowds cheered and guns fired deafening salutes. Teresa Cristina fell in love with her new husband at first sight. The 17-year-old Pedro II was, for his part, clearly and greatly disappointed. His first impressions were only of her physical flaws—and of how much her appearance differed from the portrait which had been sent to him. Physically, she had dark brown hair and brown eyes, was short, slightly overweight, walked with a pronounced limp and, while not ugly, neither was she pretty.According to historian Pedro Calmon, Teresa Cristina had no true limp, but her odd way of walking was instead the result of bowed legs causing her to lean alternately right and left as she walked.Pedro II's high expectations were crushed, and he allowed his feelings of revulsion and rejection to show.Although a proxy marriage had already been performed, an extravagant state wedding was held on 4 September at the cathedral in Rio de Janeiro. Although the marriage had been strained from the beginning, Teresa Cristina continued striving to be a good wife. Her constancy toward fulfilling her duty, along with the birth of children, softened Pedro II's attitude. The two discovered shared interests, and their concern for and delight in their children created a sense of family happiness. That they were sexually active and compatible is witnessed by the series of pregnancies which ensued. The relationship between Teresa Cristina and Pedro II never became passionately romantic. However, a bond based upon family, mutual respect and fondness did develop. The Empress was a dutiful spouse and unfailingly supported the Emperor's positions. She was silent on the subject of his relationships with other women, suspected or otherwise. In turn, she was treated with utmost respect and there was no question of her position ever being threatened or called into question. The couple had 4 children, 2 sons and 2 daughters. Their sons died both at a young age.


Theresa, Countess of Portugal (1080–1130), mother of Afonso Henriques, the first King of Portugal

Theresa of Portugal, Countess of Flanders (1157–1218), daughter of Afonso Henriques and wife of Philip, Count of Flanders

Theresa of Portugal, Queen of León (1181–1250), daughter of Sancho I of Portugal and wife of Alfonso IX of León

Infanta Maria Teresa of Braganza (1793-1874), firstborn child of John VI of Portugal


Teresa, Contessa Guiccioli (1800–1873) was the married lover of Lord Byron while he was living in Ravenna and writing the first five cantos of Don Juan. She wrote the biographical account Lord Byron's Life in Italy.On 19 January 1818, Teresa married an elderly diplomat, Count Alessandro Guiccioli, who was 50 years older than her. It was three days later, on 22 January, that she met Lord Byron at the home of Countess Albrizzi.Byron's relationship with Teresa was a dangerous one as Count Guiccioli was still a powerful man who was widely believed to have been behind the murder in 1816 of another nobleman who was suing him for having seized his lands under NapoleonLater in life she married the Marquis de Boissy who, even after their marriage, boasted of her liaison with Byron, introducing her as "Madame la Marquise de Boissy, autrefois la Maitresse de Milord Byron"


Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (German: Maria Theresia)( 13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the ruler of the Habsburg dominions from 1740 until her death in 1780, and the only woman to hold the position. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands, and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress. The second and eldest surviving child of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Archduchess Maria Theresa was born on 13 May 1717 in Vienna, a year after the death of her elder brother, Archduke Leopold. Her father was the only surviving male member of the House of Habsburg and hoped for a son who would prevent the extinction of his dynasty and succeed him. Thus, the birth of Maria Theresa was a great disappointment to him and the people of Vienna; Charles never managed to overcome this feeling.The question of Maria Theresa's marriage was raised early in her childhood. Leopold Clement of Lorraine was first considered to be the appropriate suitor, and he was supposed to visit Vienna and meet the Archduchess in 1723. These plans were forestalled by his death from smallpox. Leopold Clement's younger brother, Francis Stephen, was invited to Vienna. Even though Francis Stephen was his favourite candidate for Maria Theresa's hand, the Emperor considered other possibilities. Religious differences prevented him from arranging his daughter's marriage to the Protestant prince Frederick of Prussia. In 1725, he betrothed her to Charles of Spain and her sister, Maria Anna, to Philip of Spain. Other European powers compelled him to renounce the pact he had made with the Queen of Spain, Elisabeth Farnese. Maria Theresa, who had become close to Francis Stephen, was relieved.Francis Stephen remained at the imperial court until 1729, when he ascended the throne of Lorraine, but was not formally promised Maria Theresa's hand until 31 January 1736, during the War of the Polish Succession. Louis XV of France demanded that Maria Theresa's fiancé surrender his ancestral Duchy of Lorraine to accommodate his father-in-law, Stanislaus I, who had been deposed as King of Poland. Francis Stephen was to receive the Grand Duchy of Tuscany upon the death of childless Grand Duke Gian Gastone de' Medici. The couple were married on 12 February 1736. The Duchess of Lorraine's love for her husband was strong and possessive. The letters she sent to him shortly before their marriage expressed her eagerness to see him; his letters, on the other hand, were stereotyped and formal.She was very jealous of her husband and his infidelity was the greatest problem of their marriage. Charles VI died on 20 October 1740, probably of mushroom poisoning. He had ignored the advice of Prince Eugene of Savoy who had urged him to concentrate on filling the treasury and equipping the army rather than on acquiring signatures of fellow monarchs.Maria Theresa and Francis succeeded him. Over the course of twenty years, Maria Theresa gave birth to sixteen children, thirteen of whom survived infancy.


Maria Teresa (born María Teresa Mestre y Batista)(22 March 1956) is the spouse of Grand Duke Henri, who acceded to the throne in 2000. She was born in Cuba. Maria Teresa was born in 22 March 1956 in Marianao, Havana, Cuba, to José Antonio Mestre y Álvarez (Vedado, Havana, 1926–1993) and wife María Teresa Batista y Falla de Mestre (Vedado, Havana, 1928–1988), both from bourgeois families of Spanish descent.In October 1959, at the time of the Cuban Revolution, Maria Teresa Mestre left Cuba with her parents, because the new government headed by Fidel Castro confiscated her family properties. The family settled in New York City. In 1980 she graduated from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva with a degree in political sciences. While studying there, she met her future husband Henri of Luxembourg.Maria Teresa married Prince Henri of Luxembourg in a civil ceremony on 4 February 1981 and a religious ceremony on 14 February 1981. She received a bouquet of red roses as a wedding gift from Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. The couple has five children.


Marie-Thérèse Charlotte of France (19 December 1778 – 19 October 1851), Madame Royale, was the eldest child of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, and the only one to reach adulthood (her siblings all dying before the age of 11). She was named after her maternal grandmother, the reigning Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. She was married to Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême, who was the eldest son of the future Charles X, her father's younger brother; thus the bride and groom were also first cousins. Louis-Antoine was a shy, stammering young man. His father tried to persuade Louis XVIII against the marriage. However, the wedding took place on 10 June 1799 at Jelgava Palace (modern-day Latvia). The couple had no children. After her marriage, she was known as the Duchess of Angoulême. She became the Dauphine of France upon the accession of her father-in-law to the throne of France in 1824. Technically she was Queen of France for twenty minutes, on 2 August 1830, between the time her father-in-law signed the instrument of abdication and the time her husband, reluctantly, signed the same document.


Thérèse de France, (Marie Thérèse Félicité)(16 May 1736 – 28 September 1744) was a French princess, daughter of Louis XV of France and Marie Leszczyńska.Marie Thérèse Félicité de France was born at the Palace of Versailles as the seventh daughter and ninth child of Louis XV of France and his Polish-born consort Marie Leszczyńska. Known as Madame Sixième from her birth, she was later baptised Marie-Thérèse-Félicité and was known as Madame Thérèse.When she was barely two years old, Madame Sixième was taken to the Royal Abbey of Fontevraud in the Anjou province of France. She left with her sisters Princess Victoire of France (1733–1799), Princess Sophie of France (1734–1782) and Princess Louise of France (1737–1787). The princesses left Versailles on 6 June 1738 accompanied by furniture and a military escort. During her childhood, Madame Sixième was often ill, and her governess noted that it was probably due to the warm climate of the region. In mid-September 1744, Madame Sixième fell ill with smallpox. On 27 September, she was baptised. Her nurse and valet stood in as godparents. She died the following day. She was eight years old and had never seen her parents since her arrival at Fontevraud.


Princess Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy (8 September 1749 – 3 September 1792) was a member of the Savoy-Carignano cadet branch of the House of Savoy. She was married at the age of 17 to Louis Alexandre de Bourbon-Penthièvre, Prince de Lamballe, the heir to the greatest fortune in France. After her marriage, which lasted a year, she went to court and became the confidante of Queen Marie Antoinette.


Princess Therese of Bavaria (German: Therese Charlotte Marianne Auguste von Bayern)(12 November 1850 – 19 December 1925) was an ethnologist, zoologist, botanist, travel writer and leader in social care. Therese was the third child and only daughter of Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, and of his wife Archduchess Augusta of Austria.


Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg (German: Therese Wilhelmine Friedrike Charlotte Prinzessin von Nassau-Weilburg; Russian: Терезия Васильевна Нассауская, Terezya Vasilyevna Nassauskaya)( 17 April 1815 – 8 December 1871) was a member of the House of Nassau-Weilburg and a Princess of Nassau-Weilburg by birth. Through her marriage to Duke Peter of Oldenburg, Therese was also a Duchess of Oldenburg. Therese was the second child and daughter of William, Duke of Nassau and his first wife Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Therese married Duke Peter of Oldenburg, second and younger son of Duke George of Oldenburg and his wife Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, on 23 April 1837. The couple had 8 children.
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« Reply #787 on: September 07, 2021, 11:03:36 AM »

Duchess Therese Wilhelmine Olga Friederike of Oldenburg (30 March 1852 – 19 April 1883) was the youngest daughter of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg. On 12 May 1879, Therese married Prince George Maximlianovich Romanovsky (1852–1912), youngest son of Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg and his wife Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia.Therese's elder brother Duke Alexander Petrovich had been married to George's sister Princess Eugenia Maximilianovna since 1868. Through either the deaths or morganatic marriages of his elder brothers, George was the head of the Russian branch of the House of Beauharnais Therese's grandfather had married Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna, daughter of Paul I of Russia, and their descendants had been raised in Russia ever since and become completely "Russianized", much like George's own family Thus despite her German title, Duchess Therese, like her brother Duke Alexander and their father before them, had grown up entirely in Russia. Therese and her siblings were always considered a part of the Russian imperial family. Therese and George had one son, HIH Alexander Georgievich, 7th Duke of Leuchtenberg (13 November 1881 – 26 September 1942)


Marie Thérèse (2 January 1667 – 1 March 1672) was the fourth child and third daughter of King Louis XIV of France and his wife, Maria Theresa of Spain. As the king's daughter, she was a Fille de France and was known at court by the traditional honorific of Madame Royale because she was the king's eldest surviving daughter. She did not survive childhood, dying at the age of five due to tuberculosis.


Maria Theresa of Spain (Spanish: María Teresa de Austria; French: Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche)( 10 September 1638 – 30 July 1683), was by birth Infanta of Spain and Portugal (until 1640) and Archduchess of Austria as member of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Queen of France and Navarre. Born an Infanta of Spain and Portugal at the Royal Monastery of El Escorial, she was the daughter of Philip IV & III, and his wife Elisabeth of France, who died when Maria Theresa was six years old. Unlike France, the kingdom of Spain had no Salic Law, so it was possible for a female to assume the throne. When Maria Theresa's brother Balthasar Charles died in 1646, she became heir presumptive to the vast Spanish Empire and remained such until the birth of her brother Philip Prospero, in 1657. She was briefly heir presumptive once more between 1–6 November 1661, following the death of Prince Philip and until the birth of Prince Charles, who would later inherit the thrones of Spain as Charles II. In 1658, as war with France began to wind down, a union between the royal families of Spain and France was proposed as a means to secure peace. Maria Theresa and the French king were double first cousins: Louis XIV's father was Louis XIII of France, who was the brother of Maria Theresa's mother, while her father was brother to Anne of Austria, Louis XIV's mother. Spanish procrastination led to a scheme in which France's prime minister, Cardinal Mazarin, pretended to seek a marriage for his master with Margaret Yolande of Savoy. When Philip IV of Spain heard of a meeting at Lyon between the Houses of France and Savoy in November 1658, he reputedly exclaimed of the Franco-Savoyard union that "it cannot be, and will not be". Philip then sent a special envoy to the French court to open negotiations for peace and a royal marriage. In 1660 Maria Theresa married Louis XIV. Of her six children, only one survived her, Louis, le Grand Dauphin, the oldest one, who died in 1711. One of her younger grandsons eventually inherited her claim to the Spanish throne to become King Philip V of Spain in 1700.


Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain (María Teresa Antonia Rafaela)( 11 June 1726 – 22 July 1746) was an Infanta of Spain by birth and Dauphine of France by marriage to Louis, Dauphin of France, son of Louis XV of France. She died aged 20, three days after giving birth to a daughter who died in 1748. Born at the Royal Alcazar of Madrid in Spain, she was the second daughter of King Philip V of Spain and Princess Elisabeth Farnese. Baptised María Teresa Antonia Rafaela she was an Infanta of Spain (infanta de España) by birth and was granted the style of address of Royal Highness. She was known as María Teresa Rafaela though sometimes just Maria Teresa.In 1744/1745 she married Louis, Dauphin of France. The couple had 1 child, a daughter


Princess Marie Thérèse of France (19 July 1746 – 27 April 1748), daughter or Maria Teresa of Spain and Louis, Dauphin of France.


Princess Therese of Saxe-Altenburg (21 December 1836 – 9 November 1914) was a Princess of Saxe-Altenburg by birth and a Princess of Sweden and Norway as the spouse of Prince August, Duke of Dalarna. She was known in Sweden as Teresia. Born to Prince Eduard of Saxe-Altenburg and Princess Amalie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. In 1864, Prince August of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Dalarna visited her in Düsseldorf, and after he had spent a week to get to know her, their engagement was announced. They were married on 16 April 1864 in Altenburg. She was then styled Princess of Sweden and Norway and Duchess of Dalecarlia (Dalarna).In Sweden her name was Teresia (legal spelling from 1901). She has been described as small and frail in her appearance. Teresia and August were not romantically involved, but were good friends, and lived together harmoniously. They had no children. Teresia had mental problems and sometimes collapsed. August once said: They call me stupid, but they should hear my Therese! More affectionately, he also called her my little Hopsy-Totsie (Swedish: min lilla hoppetossa). She was a friend of her sister-in-law Eugenie, and visited her in Gotland during summers. She was interested in music and often present in a royal seat at the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. Widowed in 1873, she was given Louis De Geer as a guardian.


Maria Theresa of Savoy (Maria Teresa)(31 January 1756 – 2 June 1805) was a French princess (Countess of Artois) by marriage to Charles Philippe, Count of Artois, grandson of Louis XV and younger brother of Louis XVI. Some nineteen years after her death, her spouse assumed the throne of France as King Charles X. Princess Maria Theresa of Savoy was born at the Royal Palace in Turin during the reign of her grandfather Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia. The daughter of the heir apparent , Victor Amadeus and his wife Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain, she was the couple's third daughter and fifth child of twelve children. Her aunts, Maria Luisa of Savoy and Eleonora of Savoy, were once proposed as brides for Louis Stanislas' father Louis. Following a series of dynastic alliances, Maria Theresa was betrothed to the Count of Artois, the youngest grandson of the reigning Louis XV of France. Artois had previously been intended to marry Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon, the daughter of the Prince of Condé. However, the union never took place as her rank was much lower than Artois who, as a male-line descendant of a French monarch, was a grandson of France.Maria Theresa married the Count in a proxy ceremony at the Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi before she crossed the bridge of Beauvoisin between Savoy and France, where she was turned over by her Italian retinue to her French entourage, after which her official marriage took place at the Palace of Versailles on 16 November 1773. The couple had 4 children.


Marie Thérèse d'Artois, Mademoiselle d'Angoulême (6 January 1783 – 22 June 1783) died in infancy. Daughter of Maria Theresa of Savoy and Charles Philippe, Count of Artois.


Therese Charlotte Luise of Saxony-Hildburghausen (8 July 1792 – 26 October 1854) was queen of Bavaria as the wife of King Ludwig I. Therese was a daughter of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, eldest daughter of Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. In 1809, she was on the list of possible brides for Napoleon, but on 12 October 1810 married the Bavarian crown prince Ludwig. Their wedding was the occasion of the first ever Oktoberfest. She became queen in 1825. During the numerous love affairs of her husband, Therese suffered but tolerated the situation. She did not refrain, however, from demonstrating her disapproval in discreet ways; in 1831, she left town during one of his affairs, and she strictly rejected associating with the mistresses. Therese often assisted with the administration of the kingdom of Bavaria, especially when Ludwig was absent from Munich during his numerous journeys, and she did have some political influence and participated in political issues. She was very popular and was considered to embody an ideal image of queen, wife and mother. She was involved in a great number of charitable organizations for widows, orphans and the poor. She was the object of great sympathy during her husband's infidelity with Lola Montez, which caused him to abdicate in 1848. Therese and Ludwig had nine children.


Theresa Maria Josepha Martha (28 July 1850 – 13 March 1938) was a Princess of Liechtenstein and of Bavaria. Theresa was the tenth child and ninth daughter of Aloys II, Prince of Liechtenstein and his wife, Countess Franziska Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau. She was a younger sister of Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein and an older sister of Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein.On 12 April 1882, in Vienna, Theresa married Prince Arnulf of Bavaria, youngest son of Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria and Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria. They had one child, Prince Heinrich of Bavaria (1884–1916), who died in the First World War.


Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (15 July 1845-8 October 1927), daughter of Princess Hildegard of Bavaria (10 June 1825 – 2 April 1864) and Archduke Albrecht Friedrich Rudolf Dominik of Austria, Duke of Teschen (3 August 1817 – 18 February 1895). She married Duke Philipp of Württemberg (1838–1917). They had five children.


Duchess Maria Theresa of Württemberg (16 August 1898- 26 March 1928), daughter of Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg (23 December 1865 – 31 October 1939) and Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria (13 May 1870 – 24 August 1902)


Duchess Marie-Thérèse of Württemberg (German: Marie Therese Nadejda Albertine Rosa Philippine Margarethe Christine Helene Josepha Martina Leopoldine Herzogin von Württemberg)(12 November 1934), known as the Duchess of Montpensier, is a German-born aristocrat. Marie Thérèse was the fifth child and fourth daughter of Philipp Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg, and his second wife, Archduchess Rosa of Austria, Princess of Tuscany. Marie Thérèse married Prince Henri, Count of Clermont, eldest son of Henri, Count of Paris, and his wife, Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza, on 5 July 1957 in Dreux, France. Three years later, her younger brother Carl, Duke of Württemberg, would marry Henri's younger sister, Princess Diane d'Orléans. Marie Thérèse and Henri had five children. Marie Thérèse and Henri were legally separated on 23 February 1977, divorced on 3 February 1984, and the marriage was canonically annulled in March 2009.Upon her divorce from Prince Henri in 1984, she was given the title Duchess of Montpensier by her former father-in-law, as head of the Orléans dynasty


Princess Therese Natalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (4 June 1728 – 26 June 1778) was a German noblewoman. She was a member of the House of Welf and was princess-abbess of the Imperial Free secular Abbey in Gandersheim.Therese Natalie was the sixth daughter of Duke Ferdinand Albert II of Brunswick-Bevern (1680-1735) and his wife Antoinette Amalie (1696-1762), a daughter of Duke Louis Rudolph of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen. Therese Natalie was a first cousin of Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. She was a sister-in-law of King Frederick II of Prussia. Efforts to marry Princess Therese Natalie with an Archduke of Austria or a French prince failed because she was unwilling to convert to the Catholic faith. In 1747, she became a collegiate lady in Herford Abbey. Around that time, it was decided that she would succeed Elisabeth of Saxe-Meiningen (1681-1766) as abbess of Gandersheim Abbey. In November 1750, she was appointed canoness at Gandersheim. Elisabeth died on Christmas Eve 1766, after 53 years in office. As promised, Therese Natalie was elected as her successor. She was enthroned on 3 December 1767.
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« Reply #788 on: September 07, 2021, 11:04:02 AM »

Maria Theresa Henriette Dorothea of Austria-Este (2 July 1849 – 3 February 1919) was the last Queen of Bavaria. She was the only child of Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este and Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria. On 20 February 1868 she married Prince Ludwig, eldest son of Bavaria's Prince Regent Luitpold, in the Augustinerkirche in Vienna. The couple had fallen in love during a visit of Ludwig to Austria to attend the burial of Archduchess Mathilda. Their decision to marry initially angered the Emperor, who had wished for her to marry Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany. Maria Theresa became queen consort of Bavaria in 1913 when her husband the reigning Prince Regent proclaimed himself king as King Ludwig III in place of his living but insane cousin King Otto. She became the first Catholic queen in Bavaria since Bavaria was made a kingdom 1806. She spoke German, Hungarian, Czech, French, and Italian.Maria Theresa was the niece and heir of the childless Francis V, Duke of Modena who had been, at the time of his death, the Jacobite heir-general to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland; as such, she became the heir after his death in 1875. Neither she, nor any of her Jacobite forebears since 1807, ever seriously pursued this claim. Following her death in 1919, Maria Theresa's son Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria inherited the Jacobite claim. Like his mother, he and his descendants have not pursued a claim to the British thrones, although they are in the line of succession upon the basis of being legitimate descendants of George II of Great Britain.On 20 February 1868, at St. Augustine's Church in Vienna, Maria Theresa married the future Ludwig III, last king of Bavaria. The couple had thirteen children.


Princess Maria Teresa Aldegunda Luiza Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (14 July 1959l), daughter of Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria (German: Prinzessin Maria Elisabeth Franziska Josepha Therese von Bayern)(9 September 1914 – 13 May 2011) and Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza (Portuguese: Pedro Henrique Afonso Felipe Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança)(13 September 1909 – 5 July 1981). She married on 4 November 1995 in Rio de Janeiro, Johannes Hessel de Jong (born 5 March 1954 in Joure). They have two children.


Maria Theresa of Austria (22 August 1684 – 28 September 1696) was a daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and his third wife Eleonore Magdalene of the Palatinate.


Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (German: Maria Theresia Elisabeth Philippine Luise Josepha Johanna, English: Maria Theresa Elisabeth Philippine Louise Josepha Joan)( 20 March 1762 – 23 January 1770) was a daughter of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, and his first wife, Isabella of Parma.


Maria Theresa of Austria (Maria Theresia Josepha Charlotte Johanna)( 14 January 1767 – 7 November 1827) was born an Archduchess of Austria and a Princess of Tuscany. She was later Queen of Saxony as the second wife and consort of King Anthony of Saxony. Maria Theresa was born in Florence, Italy, the eldest child of Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Tuscany (later Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain. On 8 September 1787, Maria Theresa was married to Prince Anthony of Saxony by proxy in Florence; the couple later married in person in Dresden on 18 October 1787. Anthony had previously been married to Maria Carolina of Savoy, who died of smallpox in 1782. Maria Theresa and Anthony were parents to four children, all of whom were born and died in Dresden; none survived to the age of two.


Maria Theresia of Saxony (15 October 1799 - 15 October 1799), daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria and Prince Anthony of Saxony


Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (6 June 1772 – 13 April 1807) was the last Holy Roman Empress and the first Empress of Austria by marriage to Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. She was the eldest daughter of Ferdinand IV & III of Naples and Sicily (later Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies) (1751–1825) and Maria Carolina of Austria (1752–1814). Born Maria Teresa, and named after her maternal grandmother Maria Theresa of Austria, she was the eldest of 18 children born to Ferdinand IV & III and Maria Carolina of Austria, the King and Queen of Naples and Sicily.In February 1790, Archduke Francis of Austria's first wife, Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg, died in childbirth, and it was announced that he would marry one of the princesses of Naples. This was in accordance with the traditional Habsburg marriage policy. Maria Theresa and her sister Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily were both considered for the match. In the end, Luisa was chosen to marry Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany instead, and Maria Theresa to marry Francis. On 15 September 1790 she married her double first cousin, who would in 1792 become Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, and in 1806 Emperor Francis I of Austria. The marriage is described as a happy one based on good mutual understanding, despite differences in personality.


Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (Maria Theresia Josefa Johanna)(1 November 1773 – 29 March 1832) was born an archduchess of Austria-Este and a princess of Modena. She was later queen of Sardinia as wife of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia. She was born at the Royal Palace of Milan, a daughter of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, governor of Milan and son of Empress Maria Theresa after whom she was named. Her mother was Maria Beatrice d'Este, heir to the Duchy of Modena. Maria Theresa married on 25 April 1789 at the age of 15 with the 29-year-old Victor Emmanuel, Duke of Aosta future King Victor Emmanuel I. Their relationship was a happy one. The couple had 7 children.


Maria Teresa of Savoy, (Maria Teresa Fernanda Felicitas Gaetana Pia)( 19 September 1803 – 16 July 1879) was Duchess consort of Parma and Piacenza by marriage to Charles II, Duke of Parma (Duke Charles I of Lucca). Maria Teresa was born in Palazzo Colonna in Rome, the daughter of King Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and of his wife, Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este. She had a twin sister Maria Anna. On 5 September 1820, in Lucca, Maria Teresa married Charles Louis, Prince of Lucca. They had 2 children. Maria Teresa was beautiful, tall, regal with a noble and melancholic expression. Charles Louis, Prince of Lucca was handsome and they were said to be the best looking royal couple of their time. However they were mismatched. She was a deeply religious woman committed to her Catholic faith. Charles Louis lived largely for his own pleasure often ignoring his governmental responsibilities. They lived most of their married life apart from each other. "Even if there was no love", Charles Louis later commented, "there was respect"


Princess María Teresa of Bourbon-Parma (Spanish: María Teresa de Borbón-Parma, French: Marie-Thérèse de Bourbon-Parme)(28 July 1933 – 26 March 2020) was a French-Spanish political activist and academic. She was a member of the House of Bourbon-Parma, a cadet branch of the Spanish royal family. She was a socialist activist, earning the nickname "Red Princess", and a monarchist who supported the Carlist movement. She is the first royal known to have died of COVID-19. María Teresa was born on 28 July 1933 in Paris. She was the daughter of Prince Xavier of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, a Carlist claimant to the Spanish throne, and Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset, a member of a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon.María Teresa never married and had no children.


Countess Anna Theresa von und zu Arco-Zinneberg  (1981), daughter of Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este (11 December 1954) and Count Riprand of Arco-Zinneberg. She married Colin McKenzie (1976) on 29 September 2018 at Niederaltaich Abbey in Bavaria.


Infanta Luisa Teresa of Spain (11 June 1824 - 27 December 1900) was a Spanish infanta. She was the daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and Princess Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies and married the Spanish aristocrat Don José María Osorio de Moscoso y Carvajal, Duke of Sessa in 1847. She was an intimate friend and favorite of her cousin and sister-in-law Queen Isabella II, who allowed her marriage despite the unprecedented unequal rank.


Princess Teresa Cristina of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (23 August 1902 – 24 January 1990), was a German princess of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. She was born Princess Theresia Christiane Maria Josepha Ignatia Benizia Michaela Gabriele Raphaele Gonzaga of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha at the Thüringen in Austria-Hungary, the sixth child of Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Archduchess Karoline Marie of Austria. Teresa Cristina married in Salzburg on 6 October 1930 to Lamoral, Baron Taxis di Bordogna e Valnigra. They had four children.


Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (German: Maria Theresia Beatrix Gaëtane, Erzherzogin von Österreich-Este, Prinzessin von Modena) (14 July 1817– 25 March 1886) was a member of the House of Austria-Este and Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Hungary, Bohemia, and Modena by birth.  Maria Theresa was the eldest child[citation needed] of Francis IV, Duke of Modena and his niece-wife Maria Beatrice of Savoy. Maria Theresa married Henri, comte de Chambord, the posthumous son of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of Charles X of France, by his wife, Princess Caroline Ferdinande of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies, by proxy on 7 November 1846 in Modena and in person on 16 November 1846. Maria Theresa and Henri produced no children.


Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal (Portuguese: Dona Maria Teresa da Imaculada Conceição Fernanda Eulália Leopoldina Adelaide Isabel Carolina Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Francisca de Assis e de Paula Gonzaga Inês Sofia Bartolomea dos Anjos de Bragança)(24 August 1855 – 12 February 1944) was a Princess of the House of Braganza. She became by marriage an Archduchess of Austria and also sister-in-law of Emperors Franz Joseph I of Austria and Maximilian I of Mexico, as well as step-grandmother of Emperor Charles I of Austria. Maria Teresa was born in Kleinheubach, Kingdom of Bavaria as the second daughter of Miguel I of Portugal and Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. Her father became king of Portugal in 1828 after deposing his niece Queen Maria II. He reigned until 1834 when Maria II of Portugal was restored and Miguel was forced into exile.Described as one of the most beautiful women in Europe, Maria Theresa became the third wife of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria, a younger brother of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, at Kleinheubach on 23 July 1873. Despite providing him with two daughters Archduchess Maria Annunziata of Austria (1876–1961) and Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria (1878–1960), the marriage was an unhappy one due to her husband's bullying and tormenting of her. In addition to their daughters she also became the step mother to his children by his second wife, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Archduke Otto Franz of Austria, Archduke Ferdinand Karl of Austria and Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria.


Princess Maria Theresia of Liechtenstein (14 January 1908 - 30 September 1973), daughter of Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria (7 July 1878 – 13 March 1960) and Prince Alois of Liechtenstein (Alois Gonzaga Maria Adolf)(17 June 1869 – 16 March 1955). On maternal side she was a granddaughter of Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal. She married in 1944 to Artur Graf Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz and had issue.


Princess Marie Therese Eleonore of Liechtenstein (29 January 1974) daughter of Prince Heinrich Hartneid of Liechtenstein (Heinrich Hartneid Maria Franz de Paula Johann Aloys Joseph Ignatius Benedictus Hilarion)(1 October 1920 – 29 November 1993) and Amalie Gräfin von Podstatzky-Lichtenstein (22 May 1935). At paternal side she is a great granddaughter of Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal.
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« Reply #789 on: September 07, 2021, 11:04:22 AM »

Infanta Maria Teresa of Braganza (29 April 1793 – 17 January 1874) was the firstborn child of John VI of Portugal and Carlota Joaquina of Spain, and heir presumptive to the throne of Portugal between 1793 and 1795, until her short-lived brother António Pio was born. Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga was born in Ajuda, Lisbon in 1793. As the eldest child of the heir to the Portuguese monarch, she was granted the title Princess of Beira (given to the son of the heir to the throne). Maria Teresa was the eldest daughter of King John VI of Portugal, then the heir-apparent of the reigning queen Maria I of Portugal, and his wife Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain.She was married on 13 May 1810 in Rio de Janeiro (where the royal family was exiled because of the Napoleonic wars) to her cousin Infante Pedro Carlos, Prince of Spain and Portugal. She was widowed on 26 May 1812, soon after giving birth to her only child, a son, Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain (1811–1875).


Maria Theresia Ahlefeldt (16 January 1755 – 20 December 1810) was a Danish, (originally German), composer. She is known as the first female composer in Denmark. Born in Regensburg, Maria Theresia was the eldest child and daughter of Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis (1704–1773) and Princess Maria Henriette Josepha of Fürstenberg-Stühlingen (1732–1772). She was a younger half-sister of Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and niece of Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis. Maria Theresia was engaged to Prince Joseph of Fürstenberg from 1772 until her affair with Prince Philip of Hohenlohe in 1776. Her family, however, refused permission for her to marry Philip. In 1780 in Prague, she married the Danish noble Ferdinand, Count of Ahlefeldt-Langeland (1747–1815) against the will of her family. Having conducted a marriage against the will of her family was a criminal act, for which she was forced to flee to avoid arrest.From 1780, Maria Theresia's spouse was marshal at the court of Ansbach, where she was active in the amateur theatre of Elizabeth Craven. During this time, she wrote a libretto. From 1792 to 1794, her spouse was marshal of the Danish royal court and director of the Royal Danish Theatre. Maria Theresia composed music for several ballets, operas, and plays of the royal theatre. She was given good critic as a composer and described as a “virkelig Tonekunstnerinde” ('a True Artist of Music'). She moved to Dresden with her spouse in 1798, and lived from 1800 until her death in Prague.

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« Reply #790 on: September 07, 2021, 12:59:02 PM »

Anunciata Pronunciation of Anunciata as a name for girls is of Italian derivation, and the meaning of Anunciata is "announcement, notice". Anunciata is a variant form of Annunciata (Italian): allusion to the Annunciation.  It is generally understood to refer to the Virgin Mary, receiving the word of the Angel Gabriel that she is to bear the Christ child; that is, the Virgin Mary after the Annunciation. It is a common theme for iconic reverence in Roman Catholicism (see Immaculate Conception). In Catholic families where all the children are girls it is sometimes given to a new child in the hope that the next born will be a boy.


Princess Maria Annunciata Isabella Filomena Sabasia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (full Italian name: Maria Annunziata Isabella Filomena Sabasia, Principessa di Borbone delle Due Sicilie) (24 March 1843 – 4 May 1871) was the mother of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the archduke whose assassination in Sarajevo in 1914 precipitated the start of World War I. Maria Annunciata was born in Caserta, the daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria. On 21 October 1862 in Venice, she married Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria as his second wife. They had four children.


Archduchess Maria Annunciata of Austria (13 July 1876 – 8 April 1961) was a daughter of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria and his third wife, Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal. She was Princess-Abbess of the Theresian Royal and Imperial Ladies Chapter of the Castle of Prague (1894–1918). While staying with Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Siegfried met his host’s unmarried half-sister, Archduchess Maria Annunciata, fell in love with her, and their engagement was to be announced in due course. They would have made a comely couple, for the Princess had inherited much of the brilliance as well as good looks of her mother, the beloved Archduchess Maria Theresa, while Duke Siegfried was probably the best looking Prince of his house, a dashing cavalier, and one of the few scions of old world royalty and who had achieved distinction as a steeplechase rider. Two months later, the engagement was broken off by the Archduchess, owing to her sudden discovery of the stormy antecedents of her fiancé, which she had been ignorant of at the time when she had promised to become his wife. The breaking off of the engagement was a matter which was arranged between the young people themselves, and that they had been deeply in love with each other was shown by the appeal immediately afterward by the Archduchess to the Emperor for permission to enter Holy Orders and to take the vows of a Benedictine nun, while the Duke became prey to melancholia, which in due course developed into insanity, rendering it necessary for his confinement.



Princess Maria-Anunciata of Liechtenstein (12 May 1985), eldest daughter of Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg (15 May 1957) and Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein (Nikolaus Ferdinand Maria Josef Raphael)(24 October 1947). She married Mr. Emanuele Musini in 2021.



Princess Maria Annunziata Urraca Margarita Elisabeth of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (4 March 1973 ), daughter of Prince Antoine Marie Joseph Alphonse Adam of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (20 January 1929- 11 November 2019) and Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg (2 February 1933). She married Count Carl Fredrik Creutz (1 November 1971) on 2 August 2003 in Helsinki


Maria Annunziata Carolina Murat (French: Marie Annonciade Caroline Murat; née Bonaparte)(25 March 1782 – 18 May 1839), better known as Caroline Bonaparte, was the seventh surviving child and third surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino, and a younger sister of Napoleon I of France. She was queen of Naples during the reign of her spouse there, and regent of Naples during his absence four times: in 1812-13, 1813, 1814, and 1815.


Lady Annunziata Asquith, daughter of Julian Asquith, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Asquith. She was the most recent partner of Thomas Patrick John Anson, 5th Earl of Lichfield (25 April 1939 – 11 November 2005)




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« Reply #791 on: September 07, 2021, 04:07:20 PM »

Louise and Luise are, respectively, French and German feminine forms of Louis. Louise has been regularly used as a female name in English speaking countries since the middle of the 19th century. It has ranked among the top 100 names given to girls in France, England, Ireland, Scotland, Sweden and Wales in recent years.


Luise von Degenfeld (28 November 1634 – 18 March 1677) was the morganatic second wife of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine. Born Maria Susanne Luise von Degenfeld in Strasbourg, she was the daughter of an impoverished baron, Martens-Christof von Degenfeld and his wife, Maria Anna Adelmann von AdelmannsfeldenIn 1650 she was appointed a lady-in-waiting at the Electoral Palace at Heidelberg to Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel, the consort of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine. He was the son and heir of Frederick V, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, by Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of James I of England. Although the marriage of the Elector and Electress was notoriously unhappy, Charlotte openly protesting that it had been contracted against her will, Luise initially declined to become the Elector's mistress. On 6 January 1658, acting on his own sovereign authority, the Prince-Elector contracted a morganatic but arguably bigamous (cf. cuius regio, eius religio) second marriage with the young Baroness von Degenfeld at Schwetzingen Castle, then a hunting lodge, midway between Heidelberg and Mannheim, Germany. From 31 December 1667 the Prince-Elector and his court accorded Luise the title of "the Raugravine" (Raugrafin), and the corresponding titles of Raugrave/Raugravine without territorial suffix, to each of her children, distinguishing them from the children of his first, dynastic marriage (which the Electress always refused to acknowledge as legally terminated), the future Elector Palatine Charles II and the future Duchess of Orléans, Elisabeth Charlotte ("Liselotte"). Thirteen children were born to the Elector and the Raugravine between October 1658 and April 1675. The only one of her children to marry and have children was the Raugravine Caroline Elisabeth (1659-1696), who married an ardent suitor, Meinhard, 3rd Duc de Schomberg, 1st Duke of Leinster in 1683.


Louise of Hesse-Kassel (German: Luise Wilhelmine Friederike Caroline Auguste Julie, Danish: Louise Wilhelmine Frederikke Caroline Auguste Julie)(7 September 1817 – 29 September 1898) was Queen of Denmark as the wife of King Christian IX from 15 November 1863 until her death in 1898. Louise was born as the daughter of Prince William of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Charlotte of Denmark. Louise was married at the Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen on 26 May 1842 to her second cousin Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg. He was soon selected as hereditary prince of Denmark and later ascended the throne of Denmark as King Christian IX. The marriage greatly strengthed Christian's efforts to secure the Danish throne, since it joined two competing claimants whose children would have an enhanced connection to the ancient bloodlines of the Danish monarchy. Louise and Christian lived a quiet family life. Louise's mother and siblings renounced their rights to the Danish throne to her. Louise herself in turn renounced her rights to the throne to her spouse Christian. In 1852, this succession order was confirmed by the Nordic countries and foreign powers in London. Louise and Christian had 6 children.


Princess Louise of Denmark (Louise Caroline Josephine Sophie Thyra Olga) (17 February 1875 – 4 April 1906) was a member of the Danish royal family, the third child and oldest daughter of King Frederick VIII and his wife, Queen Louise. She married her second cousin Prince Friedrich of Schaumburg-Lippe in 1896.Frederick and Louise had three children.


Princess Marie Luise Dagmar Bathildis Charlotte of Schaumburg-Lippe (10 February 1897 – 1 October 1938) daughter of Princess Louise of Denmark and Prince Friedrich of Schaumburg-Lippe She married Prince Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia and had issue. Prince Friedrich died in a riding accident after a fall from his horse.


Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife VA, CI (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar)( 20 February 1867 – 4 January 1931) was the third child and eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom (née Princess Alexandra of Denmark); she was a younger sister of King George V. Louise was given the title of Princess Royal in 1905. Despite her mother's attempts to keep her daughters unmarried and by her side, on Saturday 27 July 1889, Louise married Alexander Duff, 6th Earl Fife, who was eighteen years her senior. The Duke and Duchess of Fife had three children.


Princess Marie Louise of Hanover and Cumberland (11 October 1879 – 31 January 1948) was the eldest child of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, and Princess Thyra of Denmark, the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. Marie Louise married on 10 July 1900 in Gmunden, Austria-Hungary to her third cousin twice removed Prince Maximilian of Baden (1867–1929), son of Prince Wilhelm of Baden and his wife Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg, thus making him a first cousin twice removed of Napoleon III of France. Marie Louise and Maximilian had one daughter and one son.


Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Luise Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie)(10 March 1776 – 19 July 1810) was Queen of Prussia and the wife of King Frederick William III. The couple's happy, though short-lived, marriage produced nine children, including the future monarchs Frederick William IV of Prussia and Wilhelm I, German Emperor. She was the fourth daughter and sixth child of Duke Charles of Mecklenburg and his wife Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt.


Princess Louise of Prussia (German: Luise Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie von Preußen)(1 February 1808 – 6 December 1870) was the third surviving daughter and ninth child of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She and Prince Frederick of the Netherlands knew each other from childhood because of Frederick's frequent visits in Berlin. They became engaged in 1823, and married on 21 May 1825 in Berlin. The marriage was conducted in order with the legitimist policies of the time, as the Dutch Royal House was newly established, and corresponded with the marriage of her brother to her sister-in-law. They had four children.


Louise of the Netherlands (Wilhelmina Frederika Alexandrine Anna Louise)(5 August 1828 – 30 March 1871) was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Charles XV & IV. Princess Louise was born on 5 August 1828 in The Hague. Her father was Prince Frederick of the Netherlands, the second child of King William I of the Netherlands and Wilhelmina of Prussia. Her mother Louise was the eighth child of King Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.Louisa and Charles had two children together.


Princess Louise of Wied (24 October 1880 – 29 August 1965), daughter of Princess Marie of the Netherlands (Dutch: Prinses Wilhelmina Frederika Anna Elisabeth Marie der Nederlanden, Prinses van Oranje-Nassau)(5 June 1841 – 22 June 1910) and William V, Prince of Wied (German: Wilhelm Adolph Maximilian Karl Fürst von Wied)(22 August 1845 – 22 October 1907)


Princess Louise Marie Elisabeth of Prussia (German: Luise)(3 December 1838 – 23 April 1923) was Grand Duchess of Baden from 1856 to 1907 as the wife of Grand Duke Frederick I. Princess Louise was the second child and only daughter of Wilhelm I, German Emperor, and Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. She was the younger sister of German Emperor Frederick III ("Fritz") and aunt of Emperor Wilhelm II.  Louise Marie Elisabeth was born on 3 December 1838 to Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and his wife Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Louise was named after her grandmothers, Louise, Queen of Prussia and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia Louise was betrothed to Frederick, Prince Regent of Baden, in 1854, and they married 20 September 1856 at Neues Palais in Potsdam. Within a few weeks of their marriage, the new grand duchess was already pregnant with their first child Louise and Frederick had three children.


Luise of Mecklenburg (1824–1859), daughter of Princess Friederike Wilhelmine Alexandrine Marie Helene of Prussia (23 February 1803 – 21 April 1892) and Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (15 September 1800 – 7 March 1842). She married Hugo, Prince of Windisch-Grätz and had issue (Princess Marie of Windisch-Graetz)


Princess Louise of Prussia  (Marie Louise Anna of Prussia) (1829–1901) She was the second child and eldest daughter of Prince Charles of Prussia and Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Her paternal grandfather was King Frederick William III of Prussia. There were failed negotiations for a marriage between her and King Charles XV of Sweden. On 27 June 1854 she married Alexis, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld at Charlottenburg Palace. The marriage remained childless and ended with a divorce on 6 March 1861
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« Reply #792 on: September 07, 2021, 04:07:43 PM »

Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (Louise Margaret Alexandra Victoria Agnes)(25 July 1860 – 14 March 1917), later Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn, was a member of the House of Hohenzollern and of the British royal family Her father was Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–1885), the son of Karl of Prussia (1801–1883) and his wife Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877). Her mother was Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt (1837–1906), daughter of Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau. On 13 March 1879, Princess Louise Margaret married Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn at St. George's Chapel Windsor. Prince Arthur was the seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha The couple had 3 children.


Louise Alexandra Patricia Nicolson (2 September 1984), daughter of Katharine Fraser, Mistress of Saltoun, DL (11 October 1957) and Captain Mark Malise Nicolson (29 September 1954). Her maternal grandparents are Captain Alexander Ramsay of Mar (only child of Princess Patricia of Connaught &  the Hon. Alexander Ramsay) and Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun


Princess Louise Sophie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (German: Feodora Luise Sophie Adelheid Henriette Amalie)(8 April 1866 – 28 April 1952) Louise was the sixth child and third daughter of Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. She was a younger sister of Augusta Viktoria, Empress of Germany and Ernst Gunther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein. On 24 June 1889, Louise married Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia He was the youngest child and only son of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau, and was a great grandson of Frederick William III of Prussia. Their decision to marry seemingly confirmed that old scores could be forgotten (the groom's father Prince Friedrich Karl had been instrumental in the Prussian victory against Denmark over Schleswig-Holstein in the Second Schleswig War) They had four children.


Princess Marie Luise Reuss of Köstritz (9 January 1915 - 17 June 1985), daughter Princess Victoria Margaret Elizabeth Marie Ulrike of Prussia (17 April 1890 – 9 September 1923) and Prince Heinrich XXXIII Reuss of Köstritz. She married Erich Theisen on 7 June 1941 and they were divorced in 1946. They have one daughter. She remarried Dr. Alexander Bodey on 27 March 1954 and they were divorced on 13 January 1956.


Louise Victoria Margaret Antoinette Sieglinde Alexandrine Stephanie Thyra (1917-2009), daughter of Prince Joachim Viktor Wilhelm Leopold Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia (17 December 1891 – 6 July 1927) and Princess Marie Louise of Schaumburg-Lippe . She married Hans Reinhold.


Louise Alexandra Marie Irene Mountbatten (13 July 1889 – 7 March 1965) was Queen of Sweden as the wife of King Gustaf VI Adolf. Born a princess of the German House of Battenberg, Louise was closely related to the ruling families of Britain and Russia Louise was born a Princess of Battenberg at Schloss Heiligenberg, Seeheim-Jugenheim, in the Grand Duchy of Hesse. Her father, Prince Louis of Battenberg, who was an admiral in the British Royal Navy, renounced his German title during the First World War and anglicised his family name to "Mountbatten" at the behest of George V. He was then created the first Marquess of Milford Haven in the peerage of the United Kingdom. From 1917, therefore, his daughter was known as "Lady Louise Mountbatten". Her mother was Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Louise was a sister of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, and of Princess Alice of Battenberg, who was the mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. She was also a niece of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia. In 1909, Louise received a proposal from Manuel II of Portugal. Her grand-uncle, Edward VII, the British monarch, was in favour of the match, but Louise declined, as she wished to marry for love. At the age of twenty, Louise became secretly engaged to Prince Christopher of Greece, but they were forced to give up their relationship for financial reasons.Shortly before World War I broke out, Louise fell in love with a man of whom her parents approved but he was killed in the early days of the war. Later during the war, while she volunteered as a nurse in Nevers, she began a relationship with Alexander Stuart-Hill, a Scottish artist living in Paris. Anticipating that her parents would be disappointed in her choice, Louise kept their engagement a secret. Eventually, she confided in her parents, who were initially understanding, and invited Stuart-Hill for visits at Kent House twice. In fact, her family, referring to him as "Shakespeare" because of his odd appearance, found him "eccentric" and "affected". Lacking resources, the engaged couple agreed to postpone marriage until after the war. But in 1918 Louise's father explained to her that Stuart-Hill was most likely homosexual, and that a marriage with him was impossible. In 1923 Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, having been for three years the widower of Louise's mother's cousin Princess Margaret of Connaught, paid a visit to London and, to Louise's surprise, began to court her. Although as a young woman Louise had said that she would never marry a king or a widower, she accepted the proposal of a man destined to be both. On 3 November 1923, at age 34, Louise married Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf. The marriage between Louise and Gustav Adolf was by all accounts a love match and described as very happy. Louise's only child, a daughter, was stillborn on 30 May 1925.


Louise of Savoy (11 September 1476 – 22 September 1531) was a French noble and regent, Duchess suo jure of Auvergne and Bourbon, Duchess of Nemours, and the mother of King Francis I. She was politically active and served as the regent of France in 1515, in 1525–1526 and in 1529.Louise of Savoy was born at Pont-d'Ain, the eldest daughter of Philip II, Duke of Savoy and his first wife, Margaret of Bourbon


Archduchess Louise of Austria (2 September 1870– 23 March 1947), was by marriage Crown Princess of Saxony as the wife of the future King Frederick Augustus III. Louise was born on 2 September 1870, the second child of Ferdinand IV, the last Grand Duke of Tuscany and his second wife, Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma. Through her mother, she was a great-great-granddaughter of Charles X of France.At 17 she attracted the attention of potential suitors, among them Prince Pedro Augusto of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (grandson of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil) or Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria, but none appealed to her. In the summer of 1887 at Pillnitz Castle she met Prince Frederick Augustus of Saxony (eldest son of Prince George, who became King of Saxony in June 1902). They married at Vienna on 21 November 1891, in a lavish ceremony which cost the groom the sum of 20,000 marks. In return, Louise fulfilled her royal duties, and bore him six children; however, she did not follow etiquette at the strict Dresden court, which resulted in arguments with her father-in-law, the Interior Minister Georg von Metzsch-Reichenbach and her sister-in-law Princess Mathilde. As her popularity among the people by far exceeded that of the rest of the Saxon Royal Family, they made her life difficult with big and small intrigues. Soon rumours began to circulate that Louise had had an affair with a dentist named O'Brian and with the French tutor of her children, André Giron. In desperation, she sent a telegram to Giron, which was intercepted by the secret police and it turned out that she had actually begun an affair with him. Threatened by her father-in-law with being interned in a mental asylum at the Sonnenstein Castle for life, on 9 December 1902 and with the help of two of her maids, sisters Sidonie and Maria Beeger – daughters of the royal court architect Eduard Beeger – Louise (pregnant with her seventh child) fled from Dresden towards Lake Geneva, where André Giron was waiting for her. At first, in the Saxon court, it was believed that this trip was for recreation, but she had arranged to meet her elder brother Archduke Leopold Ferdinand of Austria, who had begun a liaison with (and shortly after married) Wilhelmine Adamović, a prostitute and daughter of a postman. Three days after their arrival, the Beeger sisters left Geneva. In the meantime, André Giron (who was with Louise's brother) contacted a notary in Brussels to lay a false trail to the Belgian capital. However, the siblings where identified at Geneva a few days later. The escape of the Crown Princess of Saxony was the first scandal of the German nobility in the 20th century, especially hurtful for the staunchly Catholic Saxon Royal Family. Without consulting his son, King George of Saxony officially declared the civil divorce of the Crown Princely couple on 11 February 1903 by a special court, which he had set up on 31 December 1902 One year later, on 15 October 1904, the Saxon monarch died after forcing his son, the new King Frederick Augustus III, to bar her from returning to the Dresden court. In Geneva, the former Crown Princess led a happy life and even dared to show up with her lover in public, but unexpectedly a few days before the divorce was declared she separated from Giron for unknown reasons. The paternity of her daughter Anna Monika Pia, born on 4 May 1903 at Lindau remained unclear Due to her physical appearance and the bright colour of eyes and hair, he declared that the Crown Prince was her father, but refused to admit further medical opinions. She was therefore recognized by Frederick Augustus as his own. King George gave Louise an allowance and granted her the title of Countess of Montignoso (in allusion of her Tuscan ascendancy) on 13 July 1903; in turn, he demanded that Anna Monika Pia be sent to Dresden to be raised with the other royal children, but Louise adamantly refused.Louise lived firstly at Ramo Castle near Lyon, then in 1903 at Ventnor Castle in the Isle of Wight. In 1904 she and her family moved to the Bourbon-Parma family seat of Wartegg Castle on Lake Constance, and later to Florence. On 21 December 1904 she tried to see her older children at the Dresden Taschenbergpalais, but her attempts were unsuccessful because the police had surrounded the building. Later, she traveled in the company of her new lover, Conte Carlo Guicciardi, who lived separately from his wife but was still married.Both Louise and her lover thought to return 2-year-old Anna Monika Pia to the Saxon court, but after an increase of the child's allowance from 30,000 to 40,000 marks was negotiated Louise changed her mind and refused to send her daughter to Dresden.In London on 25 September 1907 Louise married the Italian musician Enrico Toselli, 12 years younger than she. They had one son, Carlo Emmanuele Filiberto, born on 7 May 1908. Shortly after her wedding (26 October 1907), King Frederick Augustus III finally located Anna Monika Pia, who was sent to Dresden to live with her siblings and be raised as a member of the Saxon royal house. In 1908 Louise separated from Toselli, and they divorced in 1912; their son remained with his father.


Lady Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary Mountbatten-Windsor (8 November 2003) is the elder child of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, members of the British royal family. She is a granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and is 15th in the line of succession to the British throne.


Princess Märtha Louise of Norway (22 September 1971) is a Norwegian self-described clairvoyant and the only daughter and elder child of King Harald V and Queen Sonja. On 24 May 2002, Princess Märtha Louise married author Ari Behn (1972–2019) in Trondheim. The couple had three daughters: Maud Angelica, Leah Isadora, and Emma Tallulah – all of whom are untitled. The couple divorced in 2017. Ari Behn died by suicide on Christmas Day 2019. In May 2019, the princess announced that she was in a relationship with an American citizen, a self-styled shaman named Durek Verrett (17 November 1974).  He has faced strong criticism in Norway and been characterized by Norwegian media and other critics as a conman.


Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (Luise Amalie)( 29 January 1722 – 13 January 1780) was daughter of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and his wife Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. On 6 January 1742 she married Prince Augustus William of Prussia, second son of King Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. Prince Augustus William was a younger brother of the reigning Frederick the Great, whose spouse, Luise's own sister, gave him no children. The couple had 4 children.


Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, VA, CI, GCVO, GBE, RRC (Louisa Caroline Alberta)(18 March 1848 – 3 December 1939) was the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Her birth coincided with revolutions which swept across Europe, prompting the queen to remark that Louise would turn out to be "something peculiar". As a daughter of the queen, Louise was a desirable bride; more so as she is regarded as the queen's most beautiful daughter by both contemporary and modern biographers. However, she was accused by the press, without substantiation, of romantic affairs.This, coupled with her liberalism and feminism, prompted the queen to find her a husband. The choice had to suit Victoria as well as Louise, and the queen insisted that her daughter's husband should live near her, a promise which had also been extracted from the husband of Helena, Louise's sister. Various suitors were proposed by the leading royal houses of Europe: Princess Alexandra proposed her brother, the Crown Prince of Denmark, but the queen was strongly opposed to another Danish marriage that could antagonise Prussia at a time of diplomatic tension over the Schleswig-Holstein question. Victoria, Louise's eldest sister, proposed the tall and rich Prince Albert of Prussia, but Queen Victoria disapproved of another Prussian marriage that would have been unpopular in England.  Prince Albert was also reluctant to settle in England as required. Willem, Prince of Orange, was also considered a suitor, but because of his extravagant lifestyle in Paris, where he lived openly with a lover, the queen quickly vetoed the idea. Louise viewed marriage to any prince as undesirable, and announced that she wished to marry John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, heir to the Dukedom of Argyll. No marriage between a daughter of a monarch and a British subject had been given official recognition since 1515, when Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, married King Henry VIII's sister Mary.  Louise's eldest brother, the Prince of Wales, was strongly opposed to a marriage with a non-mediatized noble. Furthermore, Lorne's father, George Campbell, was an ardent supporter of William Ewart Gladstone, and the Prince of Wales was worried that he would drag the royal family into political disputes.Nevertheless, the opposition was crushed by the queen. Louise became engaged to the Marquess of Lorne on 3 October 1870 while they were visiting Balmoral. The wedding ceremony was conducted at St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle on 21 March 1871 The couple had no children.
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« Reply #793 on: September 07, 2021, 04:08:03 PM »

Louise of Denmark and Norway (19 October 1726 – 8 August 1756) was a Danish and Norwegian princess, the daughter of King Christian VI of Denmark and his wife Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. Following her marriage to Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, she became Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Initially attentions were drawn to get her married soon with George II of Great Britain's younger son, the Duke of Cumberland but this plan were abandoned following Christian VI's attempt to make her Queen of Sweden during the election of the heir to the vacant Swedish throne in 1742–43 through an engagement with the Prince of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld who acted as France's candidate or the prince of Mecklenburg who were also considered as a suitable option. However, none of these plans came to fruition, amidst the tension between the Danish-Norwegian state and Sweden, Holstein-Gottorp's candidate Adolf Frederick got elected King in 1743 by the Swedish Riksdag, it was a serious topic that a marriage between her and Adolf Frederick would be conducive to an alliance between the two kingdoms, but it was stranded on Christian VI's unwise unwillingness to see his daughter married to a Gottorpian prince. Under her brother Frederick V's reign in 1749, Louise had an affair—and possibly a child—with a valet de chambre from the noble Danish family Ahlefeldt, who was afterwards sentenced to imprisonment for his audacity in Munkholm Fortress. Later that year, she was hastily married to Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, with a large dowry to hasten the wedding and calm down the scandal. They married in the Hirschholm Palace, north of Copenhagen, on 1 October 1749. In December 1755 she gave birth to a daughter, who died after a month: Princess Frederica Sophie Juliane Caroline (5 December 1755 – 10 January 1756).


Princess Louise of Denmark and Norway (Danish: Louise af Danmark; Norwegian: Louise av Danmark) (20 January 1750 – 12 January 1831) was born to Frederick V of Denmark and Louise of Great Britain She married Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Kassel on 30 August 1766 at Christiansborg Castle, in Copenhagen, with her brother King Christian VII's consent She had 6 children together with her husband.


Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel (German: Luise Karoline von Hessen-Kassel)(28 September 1789 – 13 March 1867) was the consort of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the matriarch of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which would eventually become the ruling house of the kingdoms of Denmark, Greece, and Norway. Louise Caroline was born at Gottorp in the Duchy of Schleswig to Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel (19 December 1744 – 17 August 1836) and his wife Princess Louise of Denmark (30 January 1750 – 12 January 1831). Friedrich Wilhelm and Louise Caroline married in 1810 The couple had ten children


Princess Luise Marie Friederike of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (23 October 1810 – 11 May 1869), daughter of Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel and Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg


Princess Louise of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (6 January 1858 – 2 July 1936) was the third child and second eldest daughter of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Adelheid of Schaumburg-Lippe, a niece of Christian IX of Denmark and a cousin of Queen Alexandra of United Kingdom. Louise married George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, son of George II, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and his wife Princess Emma of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym, on 29 April 1891 at Schloss Luisenlund.Louise and George Victor had one son:[citation needed] Prince Wolrad (26 June 1892 – 17 October 1914) who would later be killed in action shortly after the outbreak of the First World War. Upon her marriage to George Victor, Louise became the stepmother of seven children from her husband's first marriage to Princess Helena of Nassau. Louise's stepchildren included Emma, Queen of the Netherlands (only seven months her junior) and Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany. She was 41 years younger than her step-son-in-law William III of the Netherlands. Louise died one and one half years before the birth of her step-great-great-granddaughter Beatrix of the Netherlands.


Princess Luise, Abbess of Itzehoe (18 November 1820 – 30 November 1894), daughter of Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel (28 September 1789 – 13 March 1867) and  Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg


Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark (Danish: Charlotte af Danmark)( 30 October 1789 – 28 March 1864) was a Danish princess, and a princess of Hesse-Kassel by marriage to Prince William of Hesse-Kassel. She played an important role in the succession crisis in Denmark in the first half of the 19th century. She was born in Christiansborg Palace to Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway, and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. On 10 November 1810 in Amalienborg Palace she married Prince William of Hesse-Kassel. Her spouse was in Danish service from his youth, and the family lived in Denmark. The couple had 6 children.


Princess Marie Luise Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (9 May 1814 – 28 July 1895) was a member of the House of Hesse-Kassel by birth. Through her marriage to Prince Frederick Augustus of Anhalt-Dessau, she became a princess of Anhalt-Dessau. Marie Luise Charlotte was the second child and daughter of Prince William of Hesse-Kassel and his wife Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark. Marie Luise Charlotte married Prince Frederick Augustus of Anhalt-Dessau, fourth but third surviving son of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau and his wife, Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg, on 11 September 1832 at Rumpenheimer Schloss in Offenbach am Main. The couple had three children.


Princess Louise Augusta of Denmark and Norway (7 July 1771 – 13 January 1843) was the daughter of the Queen of Denmark, Caroline Matilda of Great Britain. Though officially regarded as the daughter of King Christian VII, it is widely accepted that her biological father was Johann Friedrich Struensee, the king's royal physician and de facto regent of the country at the time of her birth Her future spouse was a prince with an exceptionally high concentration of recent Danish ancestors. He was closely related to all important families of the then high nobility of Denmark. The binding agreements were made a year later, and in spring 1785 the 20-year-old Duke Frederick Christian II came to Copenhagen. The engagement was announced then, and a year later, on 27 May 1786 the 14-year-old Louise Augusta was married at Christiansborg Palace. The couple had 3 children.


Princess Louise Auguste (28 August 1823 – 30 May 1872), daughter of Countess Lovisa-Sophie af Danneskjold-Samsøe (1797–1867) and Christian August II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg


Princess Victoria Louise Adelaide Matilda Charlotte of Prussia (German: Viktoria Luise Adelheid Mathilde Charlotte)(13 September 1892 – 11 December 1980) was the only daughter and the last child of German Emperor Wilhelm II and Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein. In 1912, Ernest Augustus, the wealthy heir to the title of Duke of Cumberland, came to the Berlin court to thank Emperor Wilhelm for having Crown Prince Wilhelm and Prince Eitel Friedrich attend the funeral of his brother, Prince George William. At the time, the House of Hanover lived in exile at Gmunden, Austria. While in Berlin, Ernest Augustus met Victoria Louise, and the two became smitten with each other However, any discussions of marriage were prolonged for months due to political concerns. Ernest Augustus was also the heir to the Kingdom of Hanover, which had been annexed into the Kingdom of Prussia following the 1866 Austro-Prussian War. The Prussian crown prince was displeased with the match and wished that Ernest Augustus abdicate his rights to Hanover; in a compromise, it was decided that in exchange, he would succeed to the smaller duchy of Brunswick, of which his father was the lawful heir. The family had been barred from the succession to Brunswick due to their claims towards the Hanoverian kingdom Ernest and Victoria were engaged in Karlsruhe on 11 February 1913 Their wedding, an extravagant affair, took place on 24 May 1913 in Berlin. It was hailed in the press as the end of the rift between the House of Hanover and House of Hohenzollern that had existed since the 1866 annexation The couple had 5 children.


Countess Viktoria-Luise of Solms-Baruth (Christened as Countess Viktoria-Luise Friederike Karoline Mathilde of Solms-Baruth)( 13 March 1921 – 1 March 2003) was a German noblewoman. Countess Viktoria-Luise was born at Schloss Casel in Casel, Weimar Republic to Count Hans of Solms-Baruth and Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Her maternal grandparents were Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, and Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. On 25 January 1942, Viktoria-Louise married her first cousin, Friedrich Josias, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, at the Pfarr- und Patronatskirche Kasel. She and Friedrich Josias divorced on 19 September 1946 They had one child. She married, secondly, Richard Whitten on 6 November 1947 at Steinwänd bei Werfen, Austria. They were remarried in a religious ceremony on 14 February 1948 at San Francisco, California. They had one child


Louisa Maria Teresa Stuart (28 June 1692 – 18 April 1712), known to Jacobites as Princess Royal, was the last child of James II and VII (1633–1701), the deposed king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and of his queen, Mary of Modena. In English, she was called Louisa Maria and Louise Marie in French.


Princess Louise of Belgium (born 6 February 2004) eldest child and only daughter of Prince Laurent of Belgium (French: Laurent Benoît Baudouin Marie, Dutch: Laurens Benedikt Boudewijn Maria)(19 October 1963) and Claire Louise Coombs (18 January 1974)


Princess Luise Dorothea Sophie of Prussia (29 September 1680 – 23 December 1705) was Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Kassel by marriage to Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Hesse-Kassel. She was the daughter of Frederick I, the first king in Prussia, by his first wife Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel. She died in childbirth.

Louisa Ulrika of Prussia (Swedish: Lovisa Ulrika; German: Luise Ulrike) (24 July 1720 – 16 July 1782) was Queen of Sweden from 1751 to 1771 as the consort of King Adolf Frederick. She was queen mother during the reign of King Gustav III.
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« Reply #794 on: September 07, 2021, 04:08:54 PM »

Princess Frederica Dorothea Louise Philippine of Prussia (24 May 1770 – 7 December 1836) was a member of the House of Hohenzollern. She was a niece of Frederick the Great, being the second daughter and third child of Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia by his wife Margravine Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt. In April 1795, Prince Michał Hieronim Radziwiłł and his wife traveled to Berlin with their daughter Christina and son Antoni; on 1 May, they were presented at the royal court at Bellevue Palace.The Radziwiłłs were a Polish Catholic family that belonged to the oldest and most renowned of dynasties in Poland, and were also in possession of much wealth. They were great favorites with Louise's parents, and frequently dined at their home. As time went by, Louise and Antoni began to desire to marry. While many of her family members were in favor of such a match, her mother, never close with Louise, disapproved. Her parents eventually gave their full consent on the assurance that she would live near them during her marriage In 1796 Louise was duly happily married to Prince Antoni Radziwiłł. Though his family possessed wealth and rank, the marriage was nonetheless considered unequal to be matched with the House of Hohenzollern.The couple had seven children.


Louise of Lorraine (French: Louise de Lorraine) (30 April 1553 – 29 January 1601), was Queen consort of France and briefly Queen consort of Poland and Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania by marriage to Henry III of France. As a Dowager Queen, she also held the title of Duchess of Berry from 1589 until her death.

Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (28 August 1667 – 15 March 1721) was Queen consort of Denmark and Norway as the first spouse of the King Frederick IV of Denmark. In 1708–09, she was regent during her husband's trip to Italy.

Louise of Great Britain (originally Louisa; 18 December 1724 – 19 December 1751) was Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1746 until her death, as the first wife of King Frederick V. She was the youngest surviving daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach.The marriage between Louise and Frederick V of Denmark was arranged solely for political reasons (King George's ministers wanted Danish support in disputes with Prussia).[1] Louisa, who encouraged performances by actors and musicians, was a popular figure at the Danish court even though she never exerted significant influence over her husband's decision-making.


Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Berry (born Marie Louise Élisabeth, Mademoiselle d'Orléans)(20 August 1695 – 21 July 1719), known affectionally by the moniker Joufflotte, was the wife of the French prince Charles, Duke of Berry. Louise Élisabeth was born at the Palace of Versailles. She was the eldest of the surviving children of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Regent of France, and of his wife Françoise-Marie de Bourbon, a legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France. It was decided, with the help of Marie Adélaïde, Duchess of Burgundy, her future sister-in-law, that Louise Élisabeth would marry Charles, Duke of Berry, the youngest son of the Grand Dauphin. Papal dispensation having arrived on the 5th, the marriage took place on 6 July 1710 at the Palace of Versailles. The presiding bishop was the Cardinal de Janson. The king ordered his other Orléans granddaughters (Mademoiselle de Chartres and Mademoiselle de Valois) back from their convent at Chelles. The Duke and the Duchess of Berry had three children who never reached one month of age. It is known that the young Duchess had several lovers while her husband was alive, so the real fatherhood of her first three unhappy maternities is open to debate. Having become a widow, the Duchess secretly brought forth three children of uncertain parentage.


Louise de La Vallière (Françoise Louise de La Baume Le Blanc)(6 August 1644 – 7 June 1710) was a mistress of Louis XIV of France from 1661 to 1667. She later became the Duchess of La Vallière and Duchess of Vaujours in her own right. She has no known surviving descendants. Louise was also very religious and she led a religious penance for herself near the end of her life.


Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois (21 September 1819 – 1 February 1864) was a duchess and later a regent of Parma. She was the eldest daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of King Charles X of France and Princess Caroline of Naples and Sicily. She served as regent of Parma during the minority of her son from 1854 until 1859.

Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (19 November 1779 – 4 January 1801) was the maternal grandmother of Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Louise Charlotte was born Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, her father being Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Her mother was Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg; her sister Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1784–1840) married King Christian VIII of Denmark.On 1 November 1795, Louise Charlotte was engaged to King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. In Ludwigslust on 21 October 1797 she married Augustus, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, a second cousin on her mother's side  The marriage was arranged against her will and was an unhappy one: her spouse abused her and she wished to leave him, but was forced by her family to stay. Three years later, on 21 December 1800 in Friedenstein Castle around 12.45 pm the Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg gave birth her only child, a daughter, named Louise after her; this daughter later became the wife of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.


Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Louise Dorothea Pauline Charlotte Fredericka Auguste; 21 December 1800 – 30 August 1831) was the wife of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and the mother of Duke Ernst II and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria. She was the paternal grandmother of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. She is also the paternal great-great-great grandmother of Elizabeth II. Princess Louise was the only daughter of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his first wife Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, daughter of Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (her namesake). On 31 July 1817 in Gotha, sixteen-year-old Louise married her thirty-three-year-old kinsman Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, (later Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha), after he failed to win the hand of a Russian grand duchess They had two children: Ernst, who inherited his father's lands and titles, and Albert, who was later the husband of Queen Victoria. The marriage was unhappy because of Ernst's infidelities and the couple separated in 1824. St. Wendel, in the Principality of Lichtenberg, was assigned as her new residence (it was an exclave of Saxe-Coburg und Gotha; see Sotnick on this period), and Louise was forced to leave her two sons behind.On 31 March 1826 their marriage was officially dissolved. Seven months later, on 18 October 1826, Louise secretly married in St. Wendel her former lover, the Baron Alexander von Hanstein (later created Count of Pölzig and Beiersdorf).


Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, (German: Luise, Prinzessin von Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg) (9 March 1756 - 1 January 1808) was Duchess consort of Mecklenburg-Schwerin through her marriage to Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, Louise was also a member of the House of Mecklenburg. Louise was the fourth and youngest child of Prince John August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Countess Louise Reuss of Schleiz After the death of her mother in 1773, both she and her older sister Augusta inherited the title of co-Countess of Limpurg-Gaildorf as one of the several heirs of William Henry, Schenk of Limpurg zu Gaildorf (d. 1690 without surviving male issue) Both sisters retained their portions of the Limpurg-Gaildorf inheritance (1/4 of Amt Gaildorf and 1/16 of the town of Gaildorf) until 1780, when they sold their share to Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg In Gotha on 1 June 1775, Louise married Frederick Francis, Hereditary Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, eldest child and only son of Duke Ludwig of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and his wife Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. They had six children


Marie Louise (Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Franziska Therese Josepha Lucia; Italian: Maria Luigia Leopoldina Francesca Teresa Giuseppa Lucia)(Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria (who was given the Latin baptismal name of Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Francisca Theresa Josepha Lucia) was born at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna on 12 December 1791 to Archduke Francis of Austria and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily.12 December 1791 – 17 December 1847) was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 11 April 1814 until her death. She was Napoleon's second wife and as such Empress of the French from their marriage on 1 April 1810 until his abdication on 6 April 1814. As the eldest child of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Emperor of Austria, and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily She was named after her grandmother, Marie Louise, Holy Roman Empress Her father became Holy Roman Emperor a year later as Francis II. Marie Louise was a great-granddaughter of Empress Maria Theresa through both her parents, as they were first cousins.  In 1807, when Marie Louise was 15, her mother died after suffering a miscarriage. Less than a year later, Emperor Francis married his first cousin Maria Ludovika Beatrix of Austria-Este, who was four years older than Marie Louise. Nonetheless, Maria Ludovika Beatrix took on a maternal role towards her stepdaughter. After escaping an assassination attempt in Vienna while negotiating the Treaty of Schönbrunn on 12 October 1809, Emperor Napoleon decided that he needed an heir to cement his relatively young Empire He also sought the validation and legitimization of his Empire by marrying a member of one of the leading royal families of Europe. He began proceedings to divorce Joséphine de Beauharnais, who did not bear him a son, and began searching for a new empress. His wish to marry Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia, the youngest sister of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, caused alarm in Austria, who were afraid of being sandwiched between two great powers allied with each other. At the persuasion of Prince Metternich, a marriage between Napoleon and Marie Louise was suggested by Emperor Francis to the Count of Narbonne but no official overture was made by the Austrians.Frustrated by the Russians delaying the marriage negotiations, Napoleon rescinded his proposal in late January 1810 and began negotiations to marry Marie Louise with the Austrian ambassador, the Prince of Schwarzenberg. Schwarzenberg signed the marriage contract on 7 February. Marie Louise was informed of the marriage by Metternich. When asked for consent, she replied: "I wish only what my duty commands me to wish." Though officials in Paris and Austria were beginning to accept the possibility of the union, Marie Louise was kept uninformed of developments Marie Louise was married by proxy to Napoleon on 11 March 1810 at the Augustinian Church, Vienna. The civil wedding was held at the Saint Joseph's Church on 1 April 1810 Marie Louise became pregnant by July 1810 and gave birth to a son on 20 March 1811 Napoleon abdicated the throne on 11 April 1814 in Fontainebleau. The Treaty of Fontainebleau exiled him to Elba, allowed Marie Louise to retain her imperial rank and style and made her ruler of the duchies of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla, with her son as heir. This arrangement was later revised at the Congress of Vienna.Marie Louise was strongly dissuaded from rejoining her husband by her advisors, who fed her accounts that Napoleon was distraught with grief over the death of Joséphine. She passed a message to Napoleon's private secretary, Claude François de Méneval, who was about to return to France: "I hope he will understand the misery of my position ... I shall never assent to a divorce, but I flatter myself that he will not oppose an amicable separation, and that he will not bear any ill feeling towards me ... This separation has become imperative; it will in no way affect the feelings of esteem and gratitude that I preserve." Napoleon was defeated for the last time at the Battle of Waterloo and was exiled to Saint Helena from October 1815. Napoleon made no further attempt to contact her personally.  Her second husband was Count Adam Albert von Neipperg (married 1821), an equerry she met in 1814. Marie Louise departed for Parma on 7 March 1816, accompanied by Neipperg  She and Neipperg had three children. After Neipperg's death in 1829, she married Count Charles-René de Bombelles, her chamberlain, in 1834.

Louise Renée de Penancoët de Kéroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth (5 September 1649 – 14 November 1734) was a mistress of Charles II of England. Louise was the daughter of Guillaume de Penancoët, Seigneur de Kéroualle (d. 1690) and his wife The Kérouaille family were nobles in Brittany, and their name was so spelt by themselves. The form "Quérouaille" was commonly used in England. All are derivations of the original Breton name Kerouazle, which is the most common form in Brittany. Louise was early introduced to the household of Henrietta Anne Stuart, Duchess of Orléans, sister of Charles II of Great Britain, and sister-in-law of Louis XIV of France. Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, asserts that her family threw her in the way of Louis XIV in the hope that she would become a royal mistress. In 1670, she accompanied Henrietta on a visit to Charles II at Dover. The sudden death of Henrietta left her unprovided for, but Charles II appointed her as a lady-in-waiting to his own queen, Catherine of Braganza. Unlike her predecessor Barbara Palmer, who had openly insulted the Queen, Louise was careful to show her every respect, and relations between the two women were never less than amicable It was later said that Louise had been selected by the French court to fascinate Charles II, but for this there seems to be no evidence. Yet when there appeared a prospect that Charles would show her favour, the intrigue was vigorously pushed by the French ambassador, Colbert de Croissy, who was aided by the secretary of state Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, and his wife Soon after the death of Charles II, Louise quickly fell from favour.
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