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« Reply #810 on: September 23, 2021, 01:11:31 PM »

Cyril (also Cyrillus or Cyryl) is a masculine given name. It is derived from the Greek name Κύριλλος (Kýrillos), meaning 'lordly, masterful', which in turn derives from Greek κυριος (kýrios) 'lord'. There are various variant forms of the name Cyril such as Cyrill, Cyrille, Ciril, Kirill, Kiryl, Kirillos, Kuriakose, Kyrylo, Kiril, Kiro, and Kyrill.


Kyril, Prince of Preslav, Duke in Saxony (11 July 1964), also known as Kyril of Saxe-Coburg, is the second son of Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (16 June 1937) and Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela (6 January 1935). Kyril married María del Rosario Nadal y Fuster de Puigdorfila, who goes by Rosario Nadal, on 15 September 1989. Her first cousin, Joaquín-Felipe de Puigdorfila y Esteve is the current Count of Olocau. The couple have three children. In October 2009, it was announced by the Spanish news agency EFE that, according to a report from an anonymous source close to Simeon of Bulgaria, the couple were going to live separately. The source claimed, however, that they don't presently have any plans or intention to divorce.


Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia (Russian: Кири́лл Влади́мирович Рома́нов; Kirill Vladimirovich Romanov)(12 October [O.S. 30 September] 1876 – 12 October 1938) was a son of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia, a grandson of Emperor Alexander II and a first cousin of Nicholas II, Russia's last tsar. His father was Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich, the third son of Tsar Alexander II of Russia. His mother was Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna, née Duchess Marie Alexandrine of Mecklenburg. As a grandson in the male line to a Russian Tsar, he was titled Grand Duke. Kirill's parents, wealthy and sophisticated, were influential figures in Russian society. Grand Duke Kirill married his first cousin, Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha on 8 October 1905 without any consent from Tsar Nicholas II.[1] Victoria's father was Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the second eldest son of Queen Victoria. Victoria's mother was Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, a daughter of Tsar Alexander II and Kirill's paternal aunt. The marriage caused a scandal in the courts of European royalty as Princess Victoria was divorced from her first husband, Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig of Hesse, also her first cousin. The Grand Duke of Hesse's sister was Tsarina Alexandra Fyodorovna, the wife of Nicholas II. The Tsarina already disliked her former sister-in-law and first cousin, being instrumental in leading the opposition to the marriage in the Russian court. She was not alone in her opposition. Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna was also appalled at the effrontery of Kirill's marriage. Shortly after Kirill's return to Russia, the Tsar stripped Kirill of his imperial allowance and title of Imperial Highness, his honours and decorations, his position in the navy and then banished him from Russia, though he returned the style of Imperial Highness and title of Grand Duke on 5 October, 1905 shortly after Kirill left Russia  Kirill's marriage was in violation of the house law which forbid the marriage of any member of the Imperial Family without the advance permission of the Emperor. Kirill's marriage also violated the canon of the Russian Orthodox Church prohibiting marriages between cousins.In 1908, after the death of Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich had put Kirill third in the line of succession to the Imperial Throne, Nicholas II restored Kirill to his rank of captain in the Imperial Russian Navy and his position as aide de camp to the emperor. He was given the title Grand Duke of Russia and from then on his wife was styled as Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Viktoria Feodorovna. From 1909–1912, Kirill served on the cruiser Oleg and was its captain in 1912. In 1913, he joined the Maritime Division of the Imperial Guard and was made Commander of the Naval Guards in 1915. Grand Duke Kirill and Princess Victoria Melita had three children. All the children were born to the rank of Prince and Princess of Russia, not entitled to the rank of Grand Duke or Grand Duchess as they were not children or grandchildren in the male line of a Russian Emperor according to the Imperial Family Statutes that became law under Tsar Alexander III. In accordance with Imperial statutes, Kirill raised his children to the rank of Grand Duke and Grand Duchess after assuming the position of senior male of the Romanov family, and Head of the Imperial House. This elevation was openly denounced by Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaevich when he published a private letter of the Dowager Empress in 1924 in which she stated that Kirill's assumption of the position was "premature." The Dowager Empress believed that her sons and grandsons might still be alive in Russia. Grand Duke Kirill wrote to Grand Duchess Xenia "Nothing can be compared to what I shall now have to endure on this account, and I know full well I can expect no mercy from all the malicious attacks and accusations of vanity."In June 1917 Kirill and Victoria moved to Finland and then escaped to Coburg, Germany in 1920. The exiled family subsequently moved to a small residence in the tiny French fishing village of St. Briac.After a London court order in July 1924 recognized Grand Duke Michael to be legally dead, Kirill first declared himself "Guardian of the Throne" on 8 August 1924 and then on 31 August 1924 he assumed the title Emperor of all the Russias. By the laws of the Russian Empire he was the heir to the throne. However, his claim caused division within the family; his principal rival, and the only one to reject his claim was Grand Duke Nicholas. In 1926 at a (Russian) monarchists congress in Paris the delegates voted to recognize Grand Duke Nicholas as their leader; however, with Nicholas's death in 1929 Kirill became the undisputed leader of the monarchists. Kirill was succeeded by his son Vladimir Kirillovich who styled himself "Grand Duke and head of the Russian Imperial House".


Prince Kirill Alexandrovich Romanovsky-Iskander, or Cyril Iskander Romanov (Russian: князь, Кирилл Александрович Романов, tr. knyaz, Kirill Alexandrovich Romanov) (5 December 1914 – 1992), or simply Prince Iskander, was one of the last two members of the House of Romanov to remain alive in Russia following the Revolution.
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« Reply #811 on: September 23, 2021, 01:32:15 PM »

Constantine (/ˈkɒnstəntaɪn/ or /ˈkɒnstəntiːn/; Latin: Cōnstantīnus, Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος, Kōnstantînos) is a masculine and feminine (in French for example) given name and surname which is derived from the Latin name Constantinus,[1] a hypocoristic of the first names Constans and Constantius, both meaning "constant, steadfast" in Latin.


Constantine I (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Αʹ, Konstantínos I)(2 August [O.S. 21 July] 1868 – 11 January 1923) was King of Greece from 18 March 1913 to 11 June 1917 and from 19 December 1920 to 27 September 1922. Constantine I was born on 2 August 1868 in Athens, Constantine was the eldest son of King George I and Queen Olga.As Crown Prince of Greece, Constantine married Princess Sophia of Prussia, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria and sister of Kaiser Wilhelm II, on 27 October 1889 in Athens. They had six children. All three of their sons ascended the Greek throne.


Constantine II (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Βʹ, Konstantínos II)(2 June 1940) reigned as the last King of Greece, from 6 March 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy on 1 June 1973.He was the nephew of King George II, and also the second child and only legitimate son of the childless king's younger brother and heir presumptive, Crown Prince Paul.His mother, Princess Frederica of Hanover, was the only daughter of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick and Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia.On 18 September 1964, in a Greek Orthodox ceremony in the Metropolitan Cathedral of Athens, he married Princess Anne-Marie of Denmark. They have 5 children.


Prince Constantine Alexios of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Αλέξιος)( 29 October 1998) is a member of the Greek royal family, the eldest son and second child of Crown Prince Pavlos and Crown Princess Marie-Chantal of Greece.


Constantine I, king of the Picts and was considered the second king of Scotland

Constantine II of Scotland

Constantine III of Scotland

Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby, KG, GCB, GCH, PC (15 May 1797 – 28 July 1863), styled Viscount Normanby between 1812 and 1831 and known as The Earl of Mulgrave between 1831 and 1838, was a British Whig politician and author.


Constantine John Phipps, 2nd Baron Mulgrave FRS PC (30 May 1744 – 10 October 1792) was an English explorer and officer in the Royal Navy. He served during the Seven Years' War and the American War of Independence, seeing action in a number of battles and engagements. Inheriting a title, he also went on to have a successful career in Parliament and occupied a number of political offices during his later years.


Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (1827–1892) was the second son of Nicholas I and his wife Charlotte of Prussia, and the Emperor's Viceroy of Poland from 1862 to 1863.Konstantin married Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg in 1848; they had six children.


Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia (Russian: Константи́н Константи́нович,)(22 August 1858 – 15 June 1915) was a grandson of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia, and a poet and playwright of some renown. He wrote under the pen name "K.R.", initials of his given name and family name, Konstantin Romanov. The fourth child of the Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia and his wife Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg, Grand Duke Konstantin was born on 22 August [O.S. 10 August] 1858 at the Constantine Palace, in Strelna. His eldest sister Grand Duchess Olga married King George I of the Hellenes in 1867. As exemplary and dedicated (and even conservative) as KR's public life was, his private turmoil was intense. Had it not been for the publication of KR's strikingly candid diaries long after his death, the world would have never known that this most prolific of Grand Dukes, the father of nine children, was tormented by his homosexual feelings. He married in 1884 in St Petersburg Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg, his second cousin. Upon her marriage, Elisabeth became the Grand Duchess Elizaveta Mavrikievna. She was known within the family as "Mavra." The couple would have a total of nine children.


Prince Constantine Constantinovich of Russia (Константин Константинович)(1 January 1891 – 18 July 1918), nicknamed Kostya by the family, was the fourth child of Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia by his wife Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mavrikievna of Russia.In March 1918 he was exiled to the Urals by the Bolsheviks and murdered in a mineshaft near Alapayevsk, along with his brothers Prince John Constantinovich and Prince Igor Konstantinovich, his cousin Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley and other relatives and friends. His body was eventually buried in the Russian Orthodox Church cemetery in Beijing, which was destroyed in 1986 to build a park.


Prince Constantin Eseevich Andronikof (Russian: Константин Ясеевич Андроников, Konstantin Eseevich Andronikov; Georgian: კონსტანტინე ანდრონიკაშვილი, Konstantine Andronikashvili) (16 July 1916 – 12 September 1997) was a French diplomat, Christian writer and translator.


Constantin Brâncoveanu (1654 – August 15, 1714) was Prince of Wallachia between 1688 and 1714.


Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands (Constantijn Christof Frederik Aschwin)(11 October 1969) is the third and youngest son of the former Dutch queen, Beatrix, and her husband, Claus von Amsberg, and is the younger brother of the reigning Dutch king, Willem-Alexander. He is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently fourth in the line of succession to the Dutch throne. The engagement of Prince Constantijn and Petra Laurentien Brinkhorst was announced on 16 December 2000. The civil marriage was conducted by the mayor of The Hague, Wim Deetman, in the Oude Raadzaal, Javastraat, The Hague, on 17 May 2001. The church wedding took place two days later on 19 May in the Grote of St Jacobskerk, with the Reverend Carel ter Linden officiating.Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien have three children: Eloise (b. 2002), Claus-Casimir (b. 2004), and Leonore (b. 2006).


Prince Constantin of Liechtenstein (Constantin Ferdinand Maria)(15 March 1972) is a member of Liechtenstein princely family. He is the third son of Prince Hans-Adam II and Princess Marie He married Countess Marie Gabriele Franziska Kálnoky de Kőröspatak (b. Graz, 16 July 1975),[citation needed] civilly in Vaduz on 14 May 1999 and religiously in Číčov, Slovakia, in the Church of St. Vicente Ferrer, on 29 January 2000. They have three children: Moritz, Georgina, and Benedikt.


Prince Konstantin of Bavaria (German: Konstantin Leopold Ludwig Adalbert Georg Thadeus Josef Petrus Johannes Antonius Franz von Assisi Assumption et omnes sancti Prinz von Bayern) (15 August 1920 – 30 July 1969) was a member of the Bavarian Royal House of Wittelsbach, journalist, author and a German politician. Konstantin was born in Munich, Bavaria. He was the eldest son of Prince Adalbert of Bavaria and his wife Countess Auguste von Seefried auf Buttenheim.On 26 August 1942 Prince Konstantin married Princess Maria Adelgunde of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, the daughter of Prince Friedrich von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Princess Margarete Karola of Saxony. The wedding in Sigmaringen has been described as "the biggest society event during the war" (i.e. World War II). According to a contemporary, "a score of photographers and newsreel cameramen" were present at the procession from the castle. The couple had two sons, but the marriage ended in divorce on 14 July 1948 and was annulled on 24 March 1950. On 14 August 1953 Prince Konstantin married again, Countess Helene (Hella) von Khevenhüller-Metsch, the daughter of Count Franz von Khevenhüller-Metsch and Princess Anna von Fürstenberg. The civil ceremony took place at Sankt Georgen am Längsee in Carinthia and the religious wedding followed a day later at Hohenosterwitz. The couple had a daughter together.


Count Constantin von Brackel (2006), son of Countess Stephanie Hoyos (1977) and Baron Franz von Brackel, a great grandson of Prince Konstantin of Bavaria.


Prince Konstantin Eugen Alexander Max-Emanuel Maria Ludwig Ferdinand Leopold of Bavaria (b. 1986); son of Ursula (Uschi) Möhlenkamp and Prince Leopold of Bavaria. Konstantin is a grandson of Prince Konstantin of Bavaria He married Deniz Kaya in 2018


Konstantin Viktor Ernst Emil Karl Alexander Friedrich Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (8 September, 1828 – 14 February, 1896)[1] was a k.u.k. First Obersthofmeister (Lord High Steward or the chief of staff of the imperial and royal court) and General of the Cavalry of Austria-Hungary. Prince Konstantin of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst was the youngest son of Fürst Franz Joseph, 5th Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst and his wife, Caroline Friederike Constanze of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.






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« Reply #812 on: September 23, 2021, 06:44:36 PM »

Prince Konstantin-Assen of Bulgaria, Prince of Vidin (1967) son of Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela and Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha of Bulgaria. He married María García de la Rasilla y Gortázar. They have twins, Umberto and Sofia.


Archduke Károly-Konstantin Mihály István Mária  of Austria (Karl-Konstantin Michael Stephan Maria) (20 July 2004), youngest child and only son of Eilika Duchess of Oldenburg (1972) and Georg von Habsburg (1964). His father Georg is the youngest child and 2nd son of Crown prince Otto of Austria and Princess Regina van Saxe Meiningen.
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« Reply #813 on: September 23, 2021, 08:38:37 PM »

Adolf (also spelt Adolph or Adolphe, Adolfo and when Latinised Adolphus) is a given name used in German-speaking countries, Scandinavia, the Netherlands and Flanders, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and to a lesser extent in various Central European and East European countries with non-Germanic languages, such as Lithuanian Adolfas and Latvian Ādolfs.


Adulf Evil-child (fl. AD 973), more commonly known as Eadwulf Evil-child, Earl of Bamburgh

Adolf of Altena (1157–1220), Archbishop of Cologne

Adolf, King of the Romans (1255–1298), King of Germany

Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1300–1327)

Adolf, Duke of Jülich-Berg (1370–1437)

Adolphus VIII, Count of Holstein (1401–1459), Duke of southern Jutland

Adolf, Duke of Bavaria (1434–1441)

Adolph I, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (d. 1473)

Adolph II, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (1458–1526)

Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (1526–1586)

Adolf of Nassau (1540–1568), Count of Nassau, brother of William the Silent

Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (1594–1632), King of Sweden

Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden (1710–1771)


Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, KG, GCB, GCMG, GCH, PC (Adolphus Frederick)(24 February 1774 – 8 July 1850) was the tenth child and seventh son of the British king George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He held the title of Duke of Cambridge from 1801 until his death. He also served as Viceroy of Hanover on behalf of his brothers George IV and William IV. After the death of Princess Charlotte in 1817, the Duke was set the task of finding a bride for his eldest unmarried brother, the Duke of Clarence (later William IV), in the hope of securing heirs to the throne—Charlotte had been the only legitimate grandchild of George III, despite the fact that the King had twelve surviving children. After several false starts, the Duke of Clarence settled on Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen. The way was cleared for the Duke of Cambridge to find a bride for himself. The Duke of Cambridge was married first at Kassel, Hesse on 7 May and then at Buckingham Palace on 1 June 1818 to his second cousin Augusta (25 July 1797 – 6 April 1889), the third daughter of Prince Frederick of Hesse. They would have 3 children.


Rear Admiral Sir Adolphus Augustus Frederick FitzGeorge KCVO (30 January 1846 – 17 December 1922) was a senior officer of the Royal Navy. Adolphus FitzGeorge was born 30 January 1846, the second son of Prince George, Duke of Cambridge and the actress Sarah Fairbrother. His parents subsequently went through a form of marriage in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act 1772, when his mother was pregnant with his youngest brother. Neither he nor his brothers, George FitzGeorge and Augustus FitzGeorge, held royal titles, and were ineligible to succeed to the Dukedom of Cambridge. Sir Adolphus married, on 21 September 1875 in Kingston upon Hull, Sophia Jane Holden (2 April 1857 – 3 February 1920), the daughter of Mr. Thomas Holden, of Winstead Hall, Hull, by whom he had one daughter, Olga FitzGeorge. Following the death of the first Lady FitzGeorge, the Admiral married, on 28 October 1920 in London, Marguerite Beatrice Daisy Watson (14 April 1863 – 26 February 1934), daughter of John Watson, of Waresley Court, Hartlebury, Worcestershire.


Lieutenant Colonel Adolphus Cambridge, 1st Marquess of Cambridge, GCB, GCVO, CMG, ADC (Adolphus Charles Alexander Albert Edward George Philip Louis Ladislaus)(13 August 1868 – 24 October 1927), born Prince Adolphus of Teck and later The Duke of Teck, was a relative of the British Royal Family, a great-grandson of King George III and younger brother of Queen Mary, the wife of King George V. In 1900, he succeeded his father as Duke of Teck in the Kingdom of Württemberg. He relinquished his German titles in 1917 to become Marquess of Cambridge. Prince Adolphus of Teck was born on 13 August 1868 at Kensington Palace, London. His father was Prince Francis, Duke of Teck, the eldest son of Duke Alexander of Württemberg and Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde (created the Countess von Hohenstein). His mother was the Duchess of Teck (formerly Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge), the youngest daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, and Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, granddaughter of King George III. Adolphus was styled His Serene Highness Prince Adolphus of Teck at birth. With a string of nine Christian names, among his immediate family he was always known as "Dolly", a pet form of 'Adolphus'. On 12 December 1894, at Eaton Hall, he married Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor (9 April 1873 – 27 March 1929), the daughter of the 1st Duke of Westminster. The couple had 4 children.


Adolphus Frederick V (22 July 1848 – 11 June 1914) was reigning grand duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1904 to 1914.Duke George Adolphus Frederick Augustus Victor Ernest Adalbert Gustavus William Wellington of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was born in Neustrelitz, the only surviving child of Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, and Princess Augusta of Cambridge. Adolphus Frederick was married on 17 April 1877 in Dessau to Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt. His mother commented on his wife, "She welters in happiness at her luxurious "Schloss" wearing a new Paris dress daily, Diamonds, also, when we are quite entre nous - Yes, she does enjoy being a Grand Duchess! poor dear, I am glad she does, for I never did." Adolphus Frederick and Elisabeth had four children.


Adolphus Frederick VI (17 June 1882 – 23 February 1918) was the last reigning grand duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Adolphus Frederick George Ernest Albert Edward of Mecklenburg was born in Neustrelitz, the third child and eldest son of Adolphus Frederick V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and his wife, the former Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt. Adolphus Frederick and his younger brother Duke Karl Borwin are said to have agreed that Adolphus Frederick could devote his life to painting, while Karl Borwin would marry and continue the dynasty;[2] but this agreement could never be realised, as Karl Borwin was killed during a duel with Count George Jametel in 1908. Adolphus Frederick was subsequently reported to be engaged to various European princesses, including Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia, the only daughter of the German Emperor William II and his consort, Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein.He succeeded as Grand Duke on the death of his father on 11 June 1914, just a few weeks before the outbreak of World War I. Adolphus Frederick was reported to have married morganatically with attempts made to force him to divorce his wife and conduct an equal marriage, but he was reported to have refused. Recent research has disproven claims that he was the father of the children of operatic soprano Mafalda Salvatini. With Adolf Friedrich having come to the throne while unmarried and without a male heir there was an issue surrounding the succession as his cousin and heir, Russian based Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1863–1934) had indicated just before First World War broke out that he wished to renounce his succession rights. If there was no male heir to Mecklenburg-Strelitz the grand duchy would merge with the neighboring Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. During the war the topic of marriage was discussed by Adolf Friedrich and his friend Daisy, Princess of Pless, however in wartime it was very difficult to arrange a meeting with an eligible princess. Eventually, Daisy identified her husband's relative, Princess Benigna Reuss of Köstritz (1892–1983) as a suitable bride. She was daughter of Prince Heinrich XXVIII Reuss of Köstritz (1859–1924) and Countess Magdalene of Solms-Laubach (1863–1925). As Adolf Friedrich was agreeable to the match his Minister-President Heinrich Bossart started negotiations with the future bride's family to bring about the marriage. However, before the engagement could be announced there was the complication of a connection to a woman whom Adolf Friedrich needed to be freed from. Rumor has it that the woman in question was Margrit Höllrigl, Countess Bubna of Litic with whom he had a relationship while he was based in Potsdam. Because of this, the previously arranged marriage to Princess Benigna never materialized and after this she never married. On 23 February 1918 at Neustrelitz, Adolphus Frederick committed suicide. This left Mecklenburg-Strelitz facing a succession crisis, as the only surviving member of the Strelitz line, Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, had served in the Russian military (in opposition to German and allied forces) and had indicated in 1914 that he wished to renounce his rights to the throne of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; at Adolphus Frederick's request, Charles Michael later agreed to defer any renunciation until the matter arose. There was also a morganatic male-line relative, Duke Charles Michael's nephew George, Count of Carlow.Because Charles Michael was in Russia, Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV of Mecklenburg-Schwerin became regent for Mecklenburg-Strelitz and remained such until the end of the German monarchies in 1918, when the government in Strelitz declared the end of the regency. Friedrich Franz IV received confirmation from Charles Michael that he wished to renounce his succession rights, although this only arrived in 1919, after the abolition of the monarchies and the establishment of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Adolphus's fortune had been amassed by his grandfather and was estimated at 30 million marks (€50 million in 2017). In his will, he left his entire fortune to Friedrich Franz IV of Mecklenburg-Schwerin's second son, Duke Christian Ludwig (1912–96). He did this on the condition that Christian agree to become Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and take up residence in Neustrelitz; otherwise the inheritance would be reduced to 3 million marks.


Adolf Frederick I (15 December 1588 – 27 February 1658) was the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from his father's death in 1592 until 1628 and again from 1631 to 1658. Between 1634 and 1648 Adolf Frederick also ruled the Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin as its administrator.He was a son of John VII, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Sophia, daughter of Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, and his wife Christine of Hesse. In 1621 the duchy of Mecklenburg was formally divided between the two brothers, Adolf Frederick ruling in Mecklenburg-Schwerin and John Albert ruling in Mecklenburg-Güstrow. He was married for the first time on 4 September 1622 to Anna Maria of East Frisia (1601–1634), daughter of Count Enno III of East Frisia and Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. They had 8 children. Adolf Frederick married for a second time in 1635 to Marie Katharina (1616–1665), daughter of Duke Julius Ernest, Duke of Brunswick-Dannenberg, and Maria of East Frisia (1582–1616). They had 11 children.


Adolph Ernest ( 22 November 1650 – 13 January 1651) son of Adolphus Frederick I and his 2nd wife Marie Katharina


Adolphus Frederick II (19 October 1658 – 12 May 1708), Duke of Mecklenburg, was the first Duke of the Mecklenburg-Strelitz, reigning from 1701 until his death. Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a part of the Holy Roman Empire. He was born in Grabow as the posthumous son of Duke Adolf Frederick I of Mecklenburg and his second wife, Maria Katharina of Brunswick-Dannenberg (1616–1665) In 1695, the Mecklenburg-Güstrow branch of the House of Mecklenburg became extinct and Adolphus Frederick's nephew, Frederick William, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, laid claim to the inheritance, a move which Adolphus Frederick opposed In 1684 Adolphus Frederick II married firstly to Princess Maria of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (19 July 1659 – 16 January 1701), daughter of Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. They had five children. On 20 June 1702, Adolphus Frederick II married secondly to Princess Johanna of Saxe-Gotha (1 October 1680 – 9 July 1704), a daughter of Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, and Magdalena Sybille of Saxe-Weissenfels. There were no children from this marriage. On 10 June 1705 at Neustrelitz, Adolphus Frederick II married thirdly to Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (13 March 1681 – 1 November 1751), a daughter of Christian William I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Countess Antonie Sybille of Barby-Mühlingen (1641–1684). They had two children.


Adolphus Frederick III (7 June 1686 – 11 December 1752) was a Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He was born in Strelitz the son of Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg, and his wife Princess Maria of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1659–1701). His father founded the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1701 after reaching an agreement with the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.Adolphus Frederick was married to Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön (daughter of John Adolphus, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön) on 16 April 1709 at Reinfeld. They had two children, two daughters. He was  succeeded as Duke by his nephew Adolphus Frederick IV.


Adolf (18 December 1785 – 8 May 1821) son of Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.


Adolf Friedrich Albrecht Heinrich, Duke of Mecklenburg (German: Adolf Friedrich Albrecht Heinrich, Herzog zu Mecklenburg)(10 October 1873 – 5 August 1969), was a German explorer in Africa, a colonial politician, the elected duke of the United Baltic Duchy from 5 November to 28 November 1918, and the first president of the National Olympic Committee of West Germany (1949–1951).Born in Schwerin, Adolf Friedrich was the third child of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1823–1883), and his third wife Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. His younger brother was Prince Hendrik of the Netherlands, prince consort to the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina. Adolf Friedrich was married twice. In Gera on 24 April 1917, he married Princess Viktoria Feodora of Reuss-Schleiz (1889-1918), daughter of Heinrich XXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line and Princess Elise of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. She died a day after giving birth to their only daughter, Duchess Woizlawa Feodora, on 18 December 1918. He later married the widow of his half-brother Duke John Albert, Princess Elisabeth of Stolberg-Rossla on 15 October 1924.


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« Reply #814 on: September 23, 2021, 08:38:45 PM »

Count Adolf Andreas Woldemar Freedericksz (Russian: Влади́мир Бори́сович Фредери́кс, romanized: Vladímir Borísovič Frederíks; 28 November [O.S. 16] 1838 – 1 July 1927) was a Finno-Russian statesman who served as Imperial Household Minister between 1897 and 1917 under Nicholas II. He was responsible for the administration of the Imperial family's personal affairs and living arrangements, as well as the awarding of Imperial honours and medals.Adolf Andreas Woldemar Freedericksz was born on 28 November [O.S. 16] 1838 to Finnish Baron Bernhard (Boris Andreyevich) Freedericksz and Baltic German noblewoman Emma Matilda Helene (Emma Adolfovna) von Wulff


Johann Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp (27 February 1575 – 31 March 1616) was a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.He was a third son of Duke Adolf of Holstein-Gottorp and his wife Christine of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel). He became the first Lutheran Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Lübeck (1586–1607) and the Administrator of the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen (1589–1596). He became the Duke after the deaths of his two elder brothers. He was married on 30 August 1596 to Princess Augusta of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark. They had 8 children

Adolf (15 September 1600 – 19 September 1631), son of Johann Adolf of Holstein Gottorp and princess Augusta of Denmark.

Johann Adolf (29 September 1632 – 19 November 1633), son of Princess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony and Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp


Adolf August (1 September 1637 – 20 November 1637), son of Princess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony and Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp


Adolf (24 August 1647 – 27 December 1647), son of Princess Marie Elisabeth of Saxony and Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp


Adolf Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (15 May 1632 – 21 November 1668), was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach. He was the fourth but second surviving son of Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau.In Wolfenbüttel on 18 January 1663, Adolf married Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. They had five children.


Adolf Wilhelm (26 June 1666 - 11 December 1666), son of Adolf Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach and Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau

Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels (2 November 1649– 24 May 1697), was a duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and member of the House of Wettin. He was the first son of Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, and his first wife, Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.In Altenburg on 25 October 1671, Johann Adolf married Johanna Magdalena of Saxe-Altenburg. They had eleven children

Johann Adolf (7 June 1676 – 18 June 1676), son of Johann Adolf II and Johanna Magdalena.

Johann Adolf II, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels (4 September 1685 – 16 May 1746), was the last duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and a member of the House of Wettin. He was also a commander in the Saxon army. Johann Adolf was the youngest of the eleven children of Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels. In Eisenach on 9 May 1721, Johann Adolf married Johannette Antoinette Juliane of Saxe-Eisenach. They had one son. In Altenburg on 27 November 1734, Johann Adolf married for a second time to Fredericka of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. They had five children


Johann Adolf, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Weissenfels (27 June 1738 –  21 October 1738) son of Johann Adolf II and Fredericka

August Adolf, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Weissenfels (6 June 1739 –  7 June 1740) son of Johann Adolf II and Fredericka



Adolf Karl Friedrich Ludwig Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen (29 January 1797 – 24 April 1873) was a Prussian nobleman, soldier, and politician. He briefly served as Minister-President of Prussia in 1862 and was succeeded by Otto von Bismarck.He was the son of Frederick Louis, and the father of Kraft Karl August Eduard Friedrich.


Johann Adolf of Schwarzenberg, (20 September 1615,– 26 May 1683), was the first Prince of Schwarzenberg. A diplomat in the service of the Habsburgs, he was a member of the prestigious House of Schwarzenberg.Johann Adolf of Schwarzenberg was born on 20 September 1615 in Wermelskirchen, then part of the Holy Empire. He was the son of Adam, Count of Schwarzenberg and Margareta von Palant.On 15 March 1644, he married in Vienna Marie-Justine de Starhemberg (1608–1681), daughter of Ludwig von Starhemberg.
They had six children


Adolph Ludwig (1676–1690), son of Ferdinand, Prince of Schwarzenberg and Maria Anna Countess von Sulz


Johann Adolf of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (18 May 1721 – 29 April 1799,), was a German prince of the House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and a Saxon lieutenant general.Johann Adolf was the youngest son of Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Magdalene Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst. The Ernestine duchies of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Saxe-Weimar considered a marriage between Johann Adolf and Princess Ernestine Albertine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, daughter of Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. The negotiations delayed over the dowry. In the meantime Ernestine Albertine decided for Philip II, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe Johann Adolf later married Marie Maximiliane Elisabeth Schauer (*25.10.1732, †31.01.1779) morganatically. They had three children


Friedrich Adolph (*14.03.1760; † 17.03.1760), son of Johann Adolf and Marie Maximiliane


Adolph Christian Carl (*13.3.1761; † 15.09.1804), son of Johann Adolf and Marie Maximiliane
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« Reply #815 on: September 23, 2021, 08:39:41 PM »

Adolphus (by 1330), son of Sophia of Werle and Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg


Adolphus XI of Schauenburg (Low German: Alef or Alv, German: Adolf von Schauenburg, Danish: Adolf 8. af Holsten-Rendsborg) (1401 – 4 December 1459), as Adolph I Duke of Schleswig (Danish: Sønderjylland, formerly Slesvig), and as Adolph VIII Count of Holstein-Rendsburg, was the mightiest vassal of the Danish realm Count Adolph's parents were Gerhard VI, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg and Catherine Elisabeth of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He married Margaret of Höllenstein



Adolph, Count of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst (German: Adolf (Alf) von Oldenburg)(before 1463 – 17 February 1500) was a Count of Oldenburg from 1482 until his death.Adolph was the eldest surviving son of Gerhard VI, Count of Oldenburg. His father, overcome by the forces of the Frisians and the bishopric of Münster, was forced to abdicate in 1482. Adolph then succeeded him as head of the county of Oldenburg alongside his younger brother, John V. Captured by the Frisians in November 1483, Adolph was released after the cessation of hostilities in October 1486, against a ransom of 3,500 florins. Even after Adolph was released, the county government remained in the hands of his brother John V. Adolph accepted this situation and dedicated himself to the war.


Adolf (c. 1255 – 2 July 1298) was the count of Nassau from about 1276 and the elected king of Germany from 1292 until his deposition by the prince-electors in 1298. He was never crowned by the pope, which would have secured him the imperial title. He was the first physically and mentally healthy ruler of the Holy Roman Empire ever to be deposed without a papal excommunication. Adolf died shortly afterwards in the Battle of Göllheim fighting against his successor Albert of Habsburg.


Adolf Heinrich Graf von Arnim-Boitzenburg (10 April 1803 – 8 January 1868) was a German statesman. He served as the first Minister President of Prussia for ten days during the Revolution of 1848.Arnim was born in the Prussian capital Berlin, the son of envoy Friedrich Abraham Wilhelm von Arnim (1767–1812) and his wife Georgine von Wallmoden-Grimborn (1770–1859), a daughter of the Hanoverian field marshal and art collector Johann Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn and thereby presumably a granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain. His parents divorced, when he was three years old.

Adolph I, Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (1307 – 17 January 1370) was a son of Count Gerlach I and Agnes of Hesse. In 1344, his father abdicated in favor of his sons. They ruled jointly until 1355, then divided their inheritance. In 1322 Adolph married Margaret, the daughter of Frederick IV, Burgrave of Nuremberg. They had 14 children.


Adolph I of Nassau (1353–1390), Archbishop of Mainz from 1379, son of Adolph I of Nassau Wiesbaden Idstein


Adolph II, Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (1386 – 16 July 1426) was a son of Walram IV, Count of Nassau-Idstein his wife, Bertha of Westerburg. He married in 1418 with Margaret (1404–1442), a daughter of Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden. After his father's death in 1393, he ruled Nassau-Wiesbaden and Nassau-Idstein.

Adolph II (or III) of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (German: Adolf II. von Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein) (c. 1423 – 6 September 1475) was Archbishop of Mainz from 1461 until 1475. Adolph was a son of Count Adolph II of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein.

Count Adolf III of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (by a different way of counting: Adolf IV; 10 November 1443 – 6 July 1511) was a son of Count John II of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein and his wife Maria of Nassau-Dillenburg (1463–1504). After his father's death in 1480, he ruled Nassau-Wiesbaden and his brother Philip ruled Nassau-Idstein. After Philip's childless death in 1509, Adolf III ruled also ruled Nassau-Idstein.


Adolph (1518-1556), son of Philip I Philip I, Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein and Adriana of Glymes, the daughter of John III of Bergen op Zoom. He married in 1543 to Françoise, the daughter of Charles I, Count of Ligny


Count Adolf von Schwarzenberg (1547 – 29 July 1600) was a renowned general of the Holy Roman Empire whose sword, along with that of his descendant Prince Karl Philipp, is preserved in the arsenal of Vienna. He fought in the wars of religion, but was chiefly distinguished in the wars against the Turks on the eastern frontier. He was killed in a mutiny of the soldiers at Papa in Hungary in 1600.His only son was Adam von Schwarzenberg (1583–1641), advisor of George William, Elector of Brandenburg during the Thirty Years' War.



Adolf I of Lotharingia (died 1018), Vogt of Deutz

Adolf II of Lotharingia (1002–1041) was count in Keldachgau and Vogt of Deutz, and was the son of Adolf I of Lotharingia, count in Keldachgau, Vogt of Deutz. He left two sons

Adolf I of Berg, count of Berg from 1077 until 1082, Vogt of Werden, Deutz, Berg and Gerresheim (died 1086). He was the son of Adolf II of Lotharingia count of Keldachgau, Vogt of Deutz (1002–1041).


Adolf I, Archbishop of Cologne or Adolf of Altena or Adolf of Berg (c. 1157–1220)


Friedrich Adolf, Count von Kalckreuth (22 February 1737 – 10 June 1818) was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall.


Count Adolph I of Waldeck and Schwalenberg (d. 1270)

Adolf II of Waldeck (c. 1250 – 13 December 1302) was count of Waldeck from 1270 to 1276 and prince-bishop of Liège from 1301 to 1302.Adolf was a son of Count Henry III and of Mechthild of Cuyk-Arnsberg. In 1270 he succeeded his grandfather Adolf I of Waldeck as Count of Waldeck. He arranged a treaty with his brothers Otto and Gottfried, which stipulated that one brother would marry Sophia of Hesse (a daughter of Landgrave Henry I of Hesse), and that the other brother would follow suit and also marry. The brother to marry Sophia eventually turned out to be Otto. In 1276 Adolf fell from Otto's favour and became a priest


Adolph, son of Adelaide of Waldeck (c. 1264 – c. 1339-1342) and Simon I of Lippe


Adolf of Osnabrück, O.Cist (also known as Adolphus, Adolph, Adolf of Tecklenburg), was born in Tecklenburg about 1185, a member of the family of the Counts of Tecklenburg in the Duchy of Westphalia. During his lifetime, he became known as the "Almoner of the Poor", and is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church


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« Reply #816 on: September 23, 2021, 08:40:06 PM »


Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe (German: Adolf Wilhelm Viktor)(20 July 1859 – 9 July 1916) was a German prince of the House of Schaumburg-Lippe and a Prussian General of the Cavalry. He was regent of the Principality of Lippe from 1895 to 1897 due to the incapacity of his distant relative Alexander, Prince of Lippe. Prince Adolf was born on 20 July 1859 at Bückeburg Palace (German: Schloss Bückeburg) in Bückeburg, the capital of the small Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe in central Germany, during the reign of his paternal grandfather, George William, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe. He was the seventh child and fourth son of Adolf, Hereditary Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe (1817–1893) and Princess Hermine of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1827–1910), a daughter of George II, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont In 1890 Prince Adolf met Princess Viktoria of Prussia during a visit to Marie, Princess of Wied, mother of Queen Elisabeth of Romania. They were married on the 19 November 1890 in Berlin. She was a daughter of Frederick III, German Emperor, and as such Adolf was a brother-in-law to the last German Emperor, Wilhelm II. The marriage remained childless, though Princess Viktoria had a miscarriage within the first few months of marriage.


Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe (23 February 1883 – 26 March 1936) was the last ruler of the small Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe.Adolf was born in Stadthagen to the then hereditary Prince Georg (1846–1911) and Princess Marie Anne of Saxe-Altenburg (1864–1918) during the reign of his grandfather Prince Adolf I.Adolf married Ellen Bischoff-Korthaus (1894–1936, previously married to Prince Eberwyn, son of Alexis, Prince of Bentheim and Steinfurt) in Berlin on 10 January 1920. They were both killed in a plane crash in Zumpango, Mexico, on 26 March 1936, while flying from Mexico City to Guatemala City in a Ford Trimotor airplane.The New York Times from 27 March 1936 reported that it was the worst Mexican air crash. All fourteen people died on board the airplane, ten tourists from Europe and four crew members. His youngest brother Prince Friedrich Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe, who served as an adjutant to Joseph Goebbels, spoke out against letting Ellen be buried in Bückeburger Mausoleum next to her husband, because she was not of "Aryan origin". He was succeeded as head of the House of Schaumburg-Lippe by his brother Wolrad.


Adolphe (Adolf Wilhelm August Karl Friedrich)( 24 July 1817 – 17 November 1905) was Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 23 November 1890 to his death. The first grand duke from the House of Nassau-Weilburg, he succeeded King Willem III of the Netherlands, ending the personal union between the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Adolphe was Duke of Nassau from 20 August 1839 to 20 September 1866, when the Duchy was annexed to the Kingdom of Prussia.He was a son of Willhelm, Duke of Nassau (1792–1839), and his first wife, Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen. Adolphe's half-sister, Sophia of Nassau, was the wife of Oscar II of Sweden. In 1879, Adolphe's niece Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, the daughter of another of his half-sisters, married William III, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg. In 1890, their only daughter Wilhelmina succeeded on his death without surviving male issue to the Dutch throne, but was excluded from the succession to Luxembourg by Salic Law. The Grand Duchy, which had been linked to the Netherlands in personal union since 1815, passed to Adolphe in accordance with the Nassau Family Pact. Adolphe was King-Grand Duke William III's 17th cousin once removed through a male-only line, but was also his 3rd cousin as they both descended from William IV, Prince of Orange (he being the paternal great-grandson of William IV's eldest daughter Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau.) On 31 January 1844, Adolphe married firstly in St. Petersburg Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia, niece of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia. She died less than a year afterwards giving birth to a stillborn daughter. On 23 April 1851, he remarried in Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau. They had five children, of whom only two lived to the age of eighteen and became prince and princess of Luxembourg.


Gustaf VI Adolf (Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf)( 11 November 1882 – 15 September 1973) was King of Sweden from 29 October 1950 until his death. The eldest son of Gustaf V and his wife, Victoria of Baden, he had been Crown Prince for the preceding 42 years in the reign of his father. He was born at Stockholm Palace and at birth created Duke of Scania. A patrilineal member of the Bernadotte family, he was also a descendant of the House of Vasa through maternal lines. Through his mother, Victoria, he was a descendant of Gustav IV Adolf of the House of Holstein-Gottorp (Swedish line). Gustaf Adolf married Princess Margaret of Connaught on 15 June 1905 in St. George's Chapel, at Windsor Castle. Princess Margaret was the daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of the United Kingdom. Gustaf Adolf and Margaret had five children. Crown Princess Margaret died suddenly on 1 May 1920 with her cause of death given as an infection following surgery. At the time, she was eight months pregnant and expecting their sixth child. Gustaf Adolf married Lady Louise Mountbatten, formerly Princess Louise of Battenberg, on 3 November 1923 at St. James's Palace. She was the sister of Lord Mountbatten and aunt of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. It was Lady Louise who became Queen of Sweden. Both Queen Louise and her stepchildren were great-grandchildren of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, Crown Princess Margaret having been a first cousin of Queen Louise's mother, Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine.His second marriage produced only one stillborn daughter on 30 May 1925.


Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (Gustaf Adolf Oscar Fredrik Arthur Edmund)(22 April 1906 – 26 January 1947) was a Swedish prince, who for most of his life was second in the line of succession to the Swedish throne. He was the eldest son of Gustaf VI Adolf, who was crown prince for most of his son's life and ascended the Swedish throne three years after his son's death. Gustaf Adolf was born in Stockholm on 22 April 1906 as the eldest son of the then Prince Gustaf Adolf and his first wife Princess Margaret. He was known by his last given name, Edmund, in the family. On 19/20 October 1932 in Coburg, Gustaf Adolf married his second cousin, Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, daughter of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. They had 5 children. Gustaf Adolf was killed in an airplane crash in the afternoon of 26 January 1947 at Kastrup Airport, Copenhagen, Denmark. The prince, along with two companions, was returning to Stockholm from a hunting trip and visit to Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 meters (150 ft), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground, where it exploded on impact. All 22 people aboard the plane (16 passengers and six crew members) were killed.At the time of his death, Gustaf Adolf had been second in line to the Swedish throne behind his father, the Crown Prince, who in 1950 became King Gustaf VI Adolf. The younger Gustaf Adolf was succeeded as second in line by his only son, Carl Gustaf (at the time only 9 months old), who would later succeed his grandfather in 1973 as King Carl XVI Gustaf.

Prince Adolf Wilhelm Daniel von Auersperg (21 July 1821– 5 January 1885 in) was an Austro-Bohemian statesman. He served as 8th Minister-President of Cisleithania.He was the son of Prince Wilhelm II of Auersperg (1781–1827), Duke of Gottschee, and Friederike Luise Henriette von Lenthe (1791–1860). His brother Prince Karl of Auersperg was also head of the Austrian ministry (1867–68). His other siblings were Aglae (1812–1899), Wilhelmine (1813–1886), Alexander (1818–1866) and Leopoldine (1820–1821). Adolf was married twice. The first time (1845) with Baroness Aloysia Johanna Mladota von Solopisk (1820–1849), daughter of Adalbert, Baron Mladota von Solopisk and Baroness Franziska Schirndinger von Schirnding; no issue. The second time (1857) with Countess Johanna Feststics von Tolna (1830–1884), daughter of Count Ernst Johann Wilhelm Festetics von Tolna and Baroness Johanna Clara Maria Josepha Kotz von Dobrz. This second marriage produced a son, who became the 9th prince von Auersperg.


Prince Adolf von Auersperg (1886–1923), son of Karl, the 9th prince of Auersperg and Countess Eleonore Maria Gobertina Breunner von Enkevoirth . He married (1914) to Countess Gabrielle von Clam und Gallas (their son, Karl-Adolf, 10th Prince of Auersperg, married Countess Feodore of Solms-Baruth, daughter of Prince Friedrich III zu Solms-Baruth and Princess Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg; had issue


Adolf Fredrik, Count Munck (28 April 1749 – 18 July 1831), was a Swedish and Finnish noble during the Gustavian era. His family name is sometimes inaccurately given as "Munck af Fulkila" because his father usurped this family's title in the Swedish Diet but, as a matter of fact, without genealogical justification.Adolf Fredrik Munck was born to Anders Erik Munck (1720 Skaraborg - 4 September 1779) and Hedvig Juliana Wright (1729 - Lojo 30 December 1808).


Adolf of the Rhine (German: Adolf der Redliche von der Pfalz) (27 September 1300, Wolfratshausen – 29 January 1327, Neustadt) from the house of Wittelsbach was formally Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1319 to 1327.


Adolf, son of Adolf of the Rhine.


Adolf (1355 – 1 May 1358), son of Beatrice of Sicily and Rupert II, Count Palatine of the Rhine.
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« Reply #817 on: September 23, 2021, 08:40:49 PM »

Gustav IV Adolf or Gustav IV Adolph (1 November 1778 – 7 February 1837) was King of Sweden from 1792 until he in 1809 was deposed in a coup. He was also the last Swedish monarch to be the ruler of Finland.Gustav Adolf was born in Stockholm. He was the son of Gustav III of Sweden by his wife queen Sophia Magdalena. His mother, Sophia Magdalena, was eldest daughter of Frederick V of Denmark and his first wife Louise of Great Britain. In 1797 he married Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmina of Baden (1781–1826), with whom he had five children.


Adolf I, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe (1 August 1817 – 8 May 1893) was a ruler of the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe. He was born in Bückeburg to Georg Wilhelm, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe and Princess Ida of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1796–1869). On 25 October 1844 at Arolsen, Adolf was married to his cousin, Princess Hermine of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1827–1910), a daughter of George II, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. His mother was a sister of her father. The couple had eight children.



Adolf I, Count de la Mark (German: Adolf I. Graf von der Mark und Krickenbeck) (c. 1182? – 28 June 1249), until 1226 also known as Adolf I, Count of Altena-Mark. He was son of Frederick I, Count of Berg-Altena and Alveradis of Krickenbeck, daughter of Reiner of Krieckenbeck-Millendonk.Adolf belonged to a collateral line of the counts of Berg and was founder of the new noble branch of the Counts de la Mark.


Adolph II von der Mark (English: Adolph II of the Mark) (August 1288 – Clermont-sur-Meuse, 3 November 1344) was the Prince-Bishop of Liège from 1313 until his death in 1344. Adolph was the third son of Count Eberhard I of the Mark and Mary of Loon.


Adolph II of the Marck (died 19/20 October 1347, Fröndenberg) was Count of the Marck. He was the eldest son of Engelbert II of the Mark and Mechtild of Arenberg.Adolph was betrothed to Irmgard of Cleves, daughter of Otto, Count of Cleves and his (second) wife Mechtild of Virneburg. After obtaining a papal dispensation Adolf was allowed to marry Margaret of Cleves, the daughter of Dietrich VIII, Count of Cleves and Margaret of Guelders. They had 7 children.

Adolph III of the Marck (German: Adolf III von der Mark) (c. 1334 – 7 September 1394) was the Prince-Bishop of Münster (as Adolph) from 1357 until 1363, the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne (as Adolph II) in 1363, the Count of Cleves (as Adolph I) from 1368 until 1394, and the Count of Mark (as Adolph III) from 1391 until 1393. Adolph was the second son of Count Adolph II of the Marck and Margaret of Cleves. In 1368 he succeeded his uncle John of Cleves and could maintain his rule there through the support of Liège. In 1369 he married Margaret of Jülich, daughter of Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg and had fourteen children, at least five of whom did not survive infancy.


Adolph I of Cleves (German: Adolf I) (2 August 1373 – 23 September 1448) was the second Count of Cleves and the fourth Count of Mark.He was the son of Adolph III, Count of Mark, and Margaret of Jülich (and thus the brother of Margaret of Cleves).After his father's death in 1394, he became Count of Cleves. In 1397 he defeated his uncle William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg in the battle of Kleverhamm and became Lord of Ravenstein.When his brother Dietrich IX, Count of Mark died in battle in 1398, he also became Count of Mark. Adolph further expanded his influence by marrying a daughter of the Duke of Burgundy. As a result, Cleves was raised to a Duchy by the Holy Roman Emperor, Sigismund, in 1417.Shortly before the year 1400 he married Agnes, daughter of Rupert of Germany and Elisabeth of Nuremberg. Agnes died a year later with no issue. In 1406 Adolf married Marie of Burgundy, daughter of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria.They had 8 children.


Adolph of Cleves, Lord of Ravenstein (1425–1492) was the youngest son of Adolph I, Duke of Cleves, and of his wife Marie of Burgundy, a sister of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. Philip the Good of Burgundy and his wife, Isabel of Portugal, decided to arrange the marriage of their nephew Adolph, who became engaged to infanta Beatrice of Coimbra, daughter of Pedro, Duke of Coimbra.Beatrice had taken refuge in Burgundy, under her aunt’s protection, following the defeat of her father's army in the Battle of Alfarrobeira in Portugal in 1449.Adolph and Beatrice were married on 13 May 1453 and they subsequently had two children


Adolf (7 January 1434 - 24 October 1441) was a German nobleman. He was a Duke of Bavaria-Munich in the House of Wittelsbach.He was the eldest son of William III, Duke of Bavaria and Margaret of Cleves.


Adolf of Egmond (February 12, 1438 – June 27, 1477) was a Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen from 1465–1471 and in 1477.Adolf was the son of Arnold, Duke of Guelders and Catherine of Cleves. In the battle of succession for Guelders, he imprisoned in 1465 his own father and became Duke with the support of Philip the Good, who also made him Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece.In 1468 he won the Battle of Straelen against Cleves, but Charles the Bold reinstated his father Arnold, and Adolf was imprisoned in Hesdin. Adolf married Catharine of Bourbon (1440–1469), daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, in 1463. They had twin children


Adolf (1461–1498); a canon of Liege, son of John I Duke of Cleves and  Elizabeth of Nevers


Adolf (1498–1525), son of John II Duke of Cleves and  Mathilde of Hesse  He was appointed by his father's cousin Philip of Cleves, Lord of Ravenstein and Wijnendale, as his successor, but died before Philip (1528)


Adolf I of Berg, count of Berg from 1077 until 1082, Vogt of Werden, Deutz, Berg and Gerresheim (died 1086). He was the son of Adolf II of Lotharingia count of Keldachgau, Vogt of Deutz (1002–1041). He left one son.


Adolf II of Berg-Hövel (Huvili), count of Berg, count in Auelgau and Siegburg, Vogt of Werden (died 1090/1106), was the son of Adolf I of Berg.
He married Adelaide of Lauffen, a daughter of Heinrich II count von Laufen (died 1067) and Ida von Werl-Hövel (1030? – 1090), and heiress of Hövel/Huvili, Unna, Telgte, Warendorf, etc. They had issue


Adolf III of Berg (1080 – 12 October 1152) was count of Berg from 1093 until 1132, and count of Hövel from 1090 until 1106, and Vogt of Werden. He was the son of Adolf II of Berg-Hövel, count of Berg, and Adelaide of Lauffen.He mar ried Adelheid of Cleves (von Kleve), a daughter of Dietrich II count of Cleves (died 1118).They had issue


Adolf IV of Berg count of Berg from 1132 until 1160 and of Altena (died after 1161), son of Adolf III of Berg count of Berg and Hövel. He married (1st) Adelheid von Arnsberg, a daughter of Heinrich count von Rietberg; then (2nd) Irmgard (?) von Schwarzenberg, a daughter of Engelbert von Schwarzenberg.

Count Adolf VI of Berg (born before 1176 – died 7 August 1218 at Damiette during the Hungarian crusade against Egypt) ruled the County of Berg from 1197 until 1218.He was the son of Engelbert I of Berg and Margaret of Geldern, and the oldest brother of Engelbert II of Berg (1185–1225), also known as Engelbert of Cologne or Saint Engelbert. Adolf married Berta von Sayn (died 1244), a daughter of Henry II von Sayn and Agnes zu Saffenberg. They had one daughter.


Adolf of Altena, Adolf of Berg or Adolf of Cologne, (c. 1157 – 15 April 1220 in Neuss) was Archbishop of Cologne from 1193 to 1205.Adolf was born about 1157 as the second son of Count Eberhard of Berg-Altena and his wife Adelheid von Arnsberg.


Adolf von Holte (born 1220, died before 25 Jan. 1260), son of Arnold of Altena and Mechteld countess of Cleve . He married to Elisabeth von Holte (died after 1260). They had issue

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« Reply #818 on: September 23, 2021, 08:40:57 PM »

Adolf I (died 13 November 1130) was the first Count of Schauenburg from 1106 and the second Count of Holstein from 1111. He made an important contribution to the colonisation and Germanisation of the lands north of the Elbe.He was appointed to hold as fiefs Holstein and Stormarn, including Hamburg, by Lothair, Duke of Saxony, in 1111. By this appointment Adolf became the leader of the defence of Germany against the Wagri. Allied with Henry, the prince of the Obotrites, he repeatedly waged war on Wagria and the Rugians. After Henry's death (1127), Adolf remained allied with his sons Canute and Sventepolk, but they were soon dead and Lothair, by then King of Germany, had made Canute Lavard, a Danish prince, Duke of Schleswig. Feeling his authority threatened by the Danish upstart, Adolf attacked his castle of Albergs, captured the garrison, and destroyed its defences. He left his counties intact to his second son, Adolf II, since his eldest, Hartung, had been killed in the Second Battle of Chlumec in 1126.

Adolf II of Holstein (c. 1128 – 6 July 1164) was the Count of Schauenburg and Holstein from 1130 until his death, though he was briefly out of Holstein from 1137 until 1142. He succeeded his father Adolf I under the regency of his mother, Hildewa. He married Mechthild of Schwarzburg-Käfernburg and had issue.


Adolf III, Count of Schauenburg and Holstein (1160 – 3 January 1225) was the ruler of the Counties of Schauenburg and Holstein. He is particularly remembered for his establishment of a new settlement for traders on the banks of the Alster near the Neue Burg in Hamburg.Adolf III was the only son of Count Adolf II of Holstein-Wagria and succeeded him in 1164, initially under the guardianship of his mother Mechthild of Schwarzburg-Käfernburg, a daughter of Count Sizzo III of Schwarzburg-Käfernburg. Count Adolf III married firstly, in 1182, Adelheid of Assel (d. 25 December 1185) and secondly Adelheid of Querfurt. He had 5 children.


Adolf IV (before 1205 – 8 July 1261), was a Count of Schauenburg (1225–1238) and of Holstein (1227–1238), of the House of Schaumburg. Adolf was the eldest son of Adolf III of Schauenburg and Holstein by his second wife, Adelheid of Querfurt. He married Heilwig of Lippe, daughter of Herman II, Lord of Lippe and had 4 children.


Adolph V, Count of Holstein-Segeberg (c. 1252 – 1308) was the ruling count of Holstein-Kiel from 1263 to 1273 and of Holstein-Segeberg from 1273 until his death. He was the elder of the two sons of Count John I of Holstein-Kiel and Elizabeth of Saxe-Wittenberg.Adolph V was married to Euphemia (d. after 1316), a daughter of Duke Bogislaw IV of Pomerania-Wolgast. They had one daughter.


Adolph VI, Count of Holstein-Schauenburg (1256–1315) was the ruling Count of Holstein-Pinneberg and Schaumburg from 1290 until his death. He was the third son of Gerhard I and Elisabeth of Mecklenburg and was married to Helen of Saxe-Lauenburg, daughter of John I, Duke of Saxony.
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« Reply #819 on: September 24, 2021, 11:07:20 AM »

Simon is a common name, from Hebrew שִׁמְעוֹן Šimʻôn, meaning "listen" or "hearing". It is also a classical Greek name, deriving from an adjective meaning "flat-nosed". Simeon is a given name, from the Hebrew שמעון (Biblical Šimʿon, Tiberian Šimʿôn), usually transliterated as Shimon. In Greek it is written Συμεών, hence the Latinized spelling Symeon.


Simeon I of Bulgaria (died 927), tsar of the First Bulgarian Empire

Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (1208–1265) Leader of the barons against Henry III

Simeon Borisov von Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Bulgarian: Симеон Борисов Сакскобургготски, Simeon Borisov Sakskoburggotski)(16 June 1937) is a Bulgarian politician, last heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Bulgaria, who had never served as reigning Tsar of Bulgaria due to his minor age in 1943 when his father, Boris III of Bulgaria died and the fact that the monarchy in Bulgaria was abolished in 1946. Later Simeon served as Prime Minister of Republic of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005. Simeon was born to Boris III of Bulgaria and Giovanna of Italy. He was pointed to accede to the throne on 28 August 1943 upon the death of his father, who had just returned to Bulgaria from a meeting with Adolf Hitler. Then a massive media campaign was launched throughout Bulgaria in the name of living "Tsar" to uphold the national spirit during heavy War-times, although it was far from the necessary legal grounds, official oath etc. Since Simeon was only six years old, his uncle Prince Kiril, Prime Minister Bogdan Filov, and Lt. General Nikola Mihov of the Bulgarian Army were appointed regents Under his father, Bulgaria had reluctantly joined the Axis powers in World War II but had managed to preserve diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union. Still, on 5 September 1944 Stalin declared war on Bulgaria and three days later, the Red Army entered the country without encountering resistance. On the next day, 9 September 1944, Prince Kyril and the other regents were deposed by a Soviet-backed coup and arrested. The three regents, all members of the last three governments, Parliament deputies, heads of the army and eminent journalists were executed by the Communists in February 1945 On 16 September 1946, the royal family was exiled from Bulgaria while given a way to take out large amount of movable property along with the train composition. On 21 January 1962, Simeon married a Spanish aristocrat, Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela. The couple have had five children – four sons (Kardam, Kiril, Kubrat and Konstantin) and a daughter, Kalina, all of whom subsequently married Spaniards


Simeon Hassan, son of Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, Countess of Murany (1972) and Don Antonio José "Kitín" Muñoz y Valcárcel.


Simon, bastard son of Roger II of Sicily, was declared Prince of Taranto by his father in 1148, on the death of Roger III, Duke of Apulia, the eldest legitimate son of Roger II.

Simon (Georgian: სიმონი) (born 1771) was a Georgian royal prince (batonishvili) of the Bagrationi dynasty of Imereti.Simon was a natural son of Prince Bagrat of Imereti and grandson of King Alexander V of Imereti. He had one son, Rostom, whose descendants, in contrast to the scions of the Imeretian royals, were not recognized in princely rank by the Russian Empire after its annexation of Imereti in 1810. Instead, they were reduced to the rank of untitled nobility (aznauri) with the surname of Bagrationi and are mentioned as such in the list of the Imeretian nobility confirmed by the tsar in 1850. As of 2015, they are the only surviving male-line descendants of the royal house of Imereti. Their familial village is Gvankiti, in Imereti

Svimon or Simon Mukhranbatoni (Georgian: სვიმონ [სიმონ] მუხრანბატონი; 17 August 1726 – 13 February 1785) was a Georgian nobleman of the House of Mukhrani, a collateral branch of the royal Bagrationi dynasty of Kartli. He was Prince (batoni) of Mukhrani and ex officio commander of the Banner of Shida Kartli and Grand Master of the Household (msakhurt-ukhutsesi) at the court of Kartli from 1756 to 1778.Prince Svimon was married twice, first to a certain Tamar and secondly to Ana (1733–1823), probably a daughter of Prince Alexander of Kartli. He had 5 children.


Simeon Carl Eugen Joseph Leopold von Habsburg ( 29 June 1958 ), also called Simeon Habsburg-Lothringen and Archduke Simeon of Austria, is an Austrian banker, partner and managing director of VP Bank AG in Liechtenstein. He is a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and as such an Archduke of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia with the style His Imperial and Royal Highness. He is the third-eldest child of Archduke Rudolf of Austria and his first wife, Countess Xenia Czernichev-Besobrasov. Simeon is a paternal grandson of Charles I of Austria, last ruler of Austria-Hungary.Simeon married Princess María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria and his wife Princess Anne of Orléans, on 13 July 1996 in La Toledana, Spain. Simeon is a (half) second cousin of his wife's father, both being great-grandchildren of Robert I, Duke of Parma. María's father descends from Duke Robert's first marriage and Simeon from the Duke's second marriage.The couple has five children.


Simon I (1076 – 13 or 14 January 1139) was the duke of Lorraine from 1115 to his death, the eldest son and successor of Theodoric II and Hedwig of Formbach and a half-brother of Emperor Lothair III.

Simon II (1140 – 4 January 1207) was the Duke of Lorraine from 1176 to 1205. He was the son and successor of Matthias I and Bertha (also called Judith), daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Swabia.


Simon of Dammartin (1180 – 21 September 1239) was a son of Alberic III of Dammartin (Aubry de Dammartin) and his wife Mathildis of Clermont, heiress to the county of Clermont and daughter of Renaud II, Count of Clermont.


Simon (1244), son of Joan of Dammartin and King Ferdinand III of Castile He died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo.






Lippe:

Simon I, Lord 1273–1344 at first Rheda only (c. 1261–1344)

Simon II, Lord 1344 with his brothers (died 1344)

Simon III, Lord 1360–1410 at first Lemgo only (c. 1340–1410)

Simon IV, Lord 1415–1429 (c. 1404–1429)

Simon V, Lord 1511–1528 (1471–1536)

Simon VI, Count 1563–1613 (1554–1613)

Simon VII, Count 1613–1627 (1587–1627)

Simon Ludwig, Count 1627–1636 (1610–1636)

Simon Philipp, Count 1636–1650 (1632–1650)

Simon Heinrich, Count 1666–1697 (1649–1697)

Simon Heinrich Adolf, Count 1718–1734 (1694–1734)

Simon August, Count 1734–1782 (1727–1782)


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« Reply #820 on: September 24, 2021, 11:45:36 AM »

Margaret is a female first name, derived via French (Marguerite) and Latin (Margarita) from Ancient Greek: μαργαρίτης (margarítēs) meaning "pearl". The Greek is borrowed from Persian

Margaret, nicknamed Margarete Maultasch (1318 – 3 October 1369), was the last countess of Tyrol from the House of Gorizia (Meinhardiner), and an unsuccessful claimant to the Duchy of Carinthia. Upon her death, Tyrol became united with the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburg dynasty.

Archduchess Margaret of Austria (German: Margarete; French: Marguerite; Dutch: Margaretha; Spanish: Margarita)( 10 January 1480 – 1 December 1530) was Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1507 to 1515 and again from 1519 to 1530. She was the first of many female regents in the Netherlands. Margaret was born on 10 January 1480 and named after her stepgrandmother, Margaret of York. She was the second child and only daughter of Maximilian of Austria (future Holy Roman Emperor) and Mary of Burgundy, co-sovereigns of the Low Countries. Margaret married Prince John of Austurias on 3 April 1497 in Burgos Cathedral. Tragically, John died of a fever after only six months, on 4 October. Margaret was left pregnant but gave birth to a premature stillborn daughter on 2 April 1498In 1501, Margaret married Philibert II, Duke of Savoy (1480–1504), whose realm played a decisive role in the rivalry between France and the Habsburgs in Italy on account of its strategic position in the Western Alps. By 1504, Philibert died of pleurisy. Grief-stricken, Margaret threw herself out of a window, but was saved. After being persuaded to bury her husband, she had his heart embalmed so she could keep it with her forever.


Margaret of Parma (Italian: Margherita di Parma) ( July 1522 – 18 January 1586) was Governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567. She was the illegitimate daughter of the then 22-year-old Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Johanna Maria van der Gheynst. Margaret's mother, Johanna Maria van der Gheynst, a servant of Count Charles de Lalaing, Seigneur de Montigny, was a Fleming. Margaret was brought up in Mechelen, under the supervision of two powerful Spanish and Austrian Habsburg Imperial family relatives, her great-aunt, the Archduchess Margaret of Austria, and her aunt Mary of Austria, who were successive governors of the Netherlands from 1507 to 1530 and from 1530 to 1555, respectively In 1536, she married Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence, who was assassinated in 1537. On 4 November 1538, the 15-year-old widow married Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma, the 14-year-old grandson of Pope Paul III. At first she refused to marry him. The union proved an unhappy one. She had two sons with her second husband Ottavio


Margaret of York (3 May 1446 – 23 November 1503)—also by marriage known as Margaret of Burgundy—was Duchess of Burgundy as the third wife of Charles the Bold and acted as a protector of the Burgundian State after his death. She was a daughter of Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, and the sister of two kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III.


Margaret I (Danish: Margrete Valdemarsdatter)(March 1353 – 28 October 1412) was ruler of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (which included Finland) from the late 1380s until her death, and the founder of the Kalmar Union that joined the Scandinavian kingdoms together for over a century. Margaret was born in March 1353 as the sixth and youngest child of King Valdemar IV and Helvig of Schleswig She was baptised in Roskilde and in 1359, at the age of six, engaged to the 18-year-old King Haakon VI of Norway, the youngest son of the Swedish-Norwegian king Magnus IV & VII  As part of the marriage contract it is presumed that a treaty was signed ensuring Magnus the assistance of King Valdemar in a dispute with his second son, Eric "XII" of Sweden, who in 1356 held dominion over Southern Sweden Margaret's marriage was thus a part of the Nordic power struggle


Margrethe II (Danish: Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid)(16 April 1940) is Queen of Denmark She was the first child of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess (later King Frederick IX and Queen Ingrid). Her father was the elder son of the then-reigning King Christian X, while her mother was the only daughter of the Crown Prince of Sweden (later King Gustaf VI Adolf). Her birth took place just one week after Nazi Germany's invasion of Denmark on 9 April 1940. At the time of her birth, only males could ascend the throne of Denmark, owing to the changes in succession laws enacted in the 1850s when the Glücksburg branch was chosen to succeed. As Margrethe had no brothers, it was assumed that her uncle Prince Knud would one day assume the throne. The process of changing the constitution started in 1947, not long after Margrethe’s father ascended the throne and it became clear that Queen Ingrid would have no more children. The popularity of Frederick and his daughters and the more prominent role of women in Danish life started the complicated process of altering the constitution.The law required that the proposal be passed by two successive Parliaments and then by a referendum, which occurred 27 March 1953. The new Act of Succession permitted female succession to the throne of Denmark, according to male-preference cognatic primogeniture, where a female can ascend to the throne only if she does not have a brother. Princess Margrethe therefore became heir presumptive Princess Margrethe married a French diplomat, Henri de Laborde de Monpezat, on June 10, 1967, at the Holmen Church in Copenhagen. Laborde de Monpezat received the style and title of "His Royal Highness Prince Henrik of Denmark" because of his new position as the spouse of the heir presumptive to the Danish throne The couple had 2 sons.


Lady Margaret Fortescue DL (13 December 1923 – 25 May 2013) was a British huntswoman, and one of the country's largest private landowners, including the Castle Hill estate and 20,000 acres (31 sq mi) of Exmoor. Lady Margaret Fortescue was born on 13 December 1923 at Ebrington Manor, Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, the elder daughter of Hugh Fortescue, 5th Earl Fortescue (1888–1958), and his wife, the Hon. Margaret Helen Fortescue, née Beaumont (1892–1958), the daughter of Wentworth Beaumont, 1st Viscount Allendale. On 31 July 1948, Fortescue married Bernard Henry Richard Harcourt van Cutsem (1916–1975), the racehorse trainer and breeder. They had two daughters In 1966, she left van Cutsem, resumed her maiden name, and they divorced in 1968.


Lady Margaret Beaufort (31 May 1441/43 – 29 June 1509) was a major figure in the Wars of the Roses of the late fifteenth century, and mother of King Henry VII of England, the first Tudor monarch. A descendant of King Edward III, Lady Margaret passed a disputed claim to the English throne to her son, Henry Tudor. She was the daughter and sole heiress of John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset (1404–1444), a legitimised grandson of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (third surviving son of King Edward III) by his mistress Katherine Swynford.Margaret was married to Suffolk's son, John de la Pole. The wedding may have been held between 28 January and 7 February 1444, when she was perhaps a year old but certainly no more than three However, there is more evidence to suggest they were married in January 1450, after Suffolk had been arrested and was looking to secure his son's future by betrothing him to a conveniently wealthy ward whose children could be potential claimants to the throne.  Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450, necessary because the spouses were closely related (Lady Margaret and de la Pole being the great-grandchildren of two sisters, Katherine Swynford and Philippa Chaucer, respectively), and this concurs with the later date of marriage.
Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first (as is written in her 1472 will). Three years later, her marriage to de la Pole was dissolved. Even before the annulment of her first marriage, Henry VI chose Margaret as a bride for his half-brother, Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, likely to strengthen Edmund's claim to the throne should Henry be forced to designate Edmund his heir (the king was then without child or legitimate siblings).At age twelve Margaret married Edmund Tudor, twelve years her senior, on 1 November 1455. The Wars of the Roses had just broken out; Edmund, a Lancastrian, was taken prisoner by Yorkist forces less than a year later. He died of the plague in captivity at Carmarthen on 3 November 1456, leaving a 13-year-old widow who was seven months pregnant with their childThe Countess always respected the name and memory of Edmund as the father of her only child. In 1472, sixteen years after his death, Margaret specified in her will that she wanted to be buried alongside Edmund, even though she had enjoyed a long, stable and close relationship with her third husband, who had died in 1471.While in the care of her brother-in-law Jasper Tudor, on 28 January 1457, the Countess gave birth to a son, Henry Tudor, at Pembroke Castle. She was thirteen years old at the time and not yet physically mature, so the birth was extremely difficult. In a sermon delivered after her death, Margaret's confessor, John Fisher, deemed it a miracle that a baby could be born "of so little a personage". Her son's birth may have done permanent physical injury to Margaret; despite two later marriages, she never had another child. Shortly after her re-entry into society after the birth, Jasper helped arrange another marriage for her to ensure her son's security. She married Sir Henry Stafford (c. 1425–1471), the second son of Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, on 3 January 1458, at the age of fourteen. A dispensation for the marriage was necessary because Margaret and Stafford were second cousins and granted on 6 April 1457. They enjoyed a fairly long and harmonious marital relationship


Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (7 October 1515 – 7 March 1578), was the daughter of the Scottish queen dowager Margaret Tudor and her second husband Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. In her youth she was high in the favour of her uncle, Henry VIII of England, but twice incurred the King's anger, first for her unauthorised engagement to Lord Thomas Howard, who died in the Tower of London in 1537 because of his misalliance with her, and again in 1540 for an affair with Thomas Howard's nephew Sir Charles Howard, the brother of Henry's wife Catherine Howard.  In 1544, Lady Margaret married a Scottish exile, Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox (1516–1571), who later became regent of Scotland in 1570–1571. In total the couple had eight or nine children


Margaret of Anjou (French: Marguerite)(23 March 1430 – 25 August 1482) was the Queen of England and nominally Queen of France by marriage to King Henry VI from 1445 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471. Born in the Duchy of Lorraine into the House of Valois-Anjou, Margaret was the second eldest daughter of René, King of Naples, and Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine.Margaret was born on 23 March 1430 at Pont-à-Mousson in Lorraine, a fief of the Holy Roman Empire east of France ruled by a cadet branch of the French kings, the House of Valois-Anjou. In 1444 she was formally betrothed to Henry by proxy. Her uncle, Charles VII of France, who may have suggested the marriage as part of the peace effort, was present On 23 April 1445, Margaret married King Henry VI of England at Titchfield Abbey in Hampshire. She was fifteen, and he was twenty-three. They would have only 1 son.


Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury (14 August 1473 – 27 May 1541) was the daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, and Isabel Neville, and was niece of kings, Edward IV and Richard III. Margaret was one of two women in 16th-century England to be a peeress in her own right with no titled husband Margaret was born at Farleigh Hungerford Castle in Somerset, the only surviving daughter of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, and his wife Isabel Neville, who was the elder daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and his wife Anne de Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick.  Probably in November 1487, Henry VII gave Margaret in marriage to his cousin, Sir Richard Pole, whose mother was half-sister of the king's mother, Margaret Beaufort When her husband died in 1505, Margaret became a widow with five children, a limited amount of land inherited from her husband, no other income and no prospects.


Margaret Tudor (28 November 1489 – 18 October 1541) was Queen consort of Scotland from 1503 until 1513 by marriage to James IV of Scotland and then, after her husband died fighting the English, she became regent for their son James V of Scotland from 1513 until 1515. She was born at Westminster Palace as the eldest daughter and second child of King Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York Margaret's marriage to James IV linked the royal houses of England and Scotland, which a century later resulted in the Union of the Crowns. As queen dowager she married Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. After they were divorced, she married Henry Stewart, 1st Lord Methven. Margaret Tudor had several pregnancies, but most of her children died young or were stillborn. Through her first and second marriages, respectively, Margaret was the grandmother of both Mary, Queen of Scots, and Mary's second husband, Lord Darnley. This in turn made Margaret both paternal and maternal great-grandmother to their son James, who ascended the Scottish throne as James VI in 1567.


Princess Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah of Connaught (15 January 1882 – 1 May 1920) she was the elder daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, third son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, and his wife Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia. Known in Sweden as Margareta. The future Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden and Margaret married on 15 June 1905 in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle One of Margaret's wedding presents was the Connaught tiara, which remains in the Swedish royal jewellery collection today. The couple had five children The marriage between Margaret and Gustaf Adolf is described as a happy love match. At 2 o'clock in the morning on Saturday, 1 May 1920, her father's 70th birthday, Crown Princess Margaret died suddenly in Stockholm of "blood poisoning" (sepsis). Some time before this she had suffered from measles, which aggravated her ear, and she underwent surgery to remove a mastoid. Since the previous Sunday, she had been suffering from pain in her face from something below her eye, and doctors decided to perform another procedure. On Thursday, symptoms of erysipelas appeared under her right ear. She fell gravely ill on Friday night when symptoms of sepsis became evident, and she died within hours At the time, she was eight months pregnant with her sixth child.


Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, CI, GCVO, CD (Margaret Rose)(21 August 1930 – 9 February 2002) was the younger daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, and the only sibling of Queen Elizabeth II. Margaret met the photographer Antony Armstrong-Jones at a supper party in 1958. They became engaged in October 1959. Margaret married Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey on 6 May 1960 In 1961, Margaret's husband was created Earl of Snowdon. The couple had two children By the early 1970s, the Snowdons had drifted apart. On 24 May 1978, the decree nisi for their divorce was granted. In the same month, Margaret was taken ill, and diagnosed as suffering from gastroenteritis and alcoholic hepatitis, although Warwick denied that she was ever an alcoholic.On 11 July 1978, the Snowdons' divorce was finalised. It was the first divorce of a senior member of the British royal family since Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh's in 1901. On 15 December 1978, Snowdon married Lucy Lindsay-Hogg.


Saint Margaret of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Naomh Maighread; Scots: Saunt Marget, c. 1045 – 16 November 1093), also known as Margaret of Wessex, was an English princess and a Scottish queen. Margaret was sometimes called "The Pearl of Scotland"
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« Reply #821 on: September 24, 2021, 12:04:09 PM »

Margaret of France (1254–1271) was a daughter of Louis IX of France and his wife Margaret of Provence. She was a member of the House of Capet and was Duchess of Brabant by her marriage to John I, Duke of Brabant.

Margaret of Provence (French: Marguerite)( 1221 – 20 December 1295) was Queen of France by marriage to King Louis IX.


Margaret of Valois (French: Marguerite)(14 May 1553 – 27 March 1615) was a French princess of the Valois dynasty who became queen consort of Navarre and later also of France. By her marriage to Henry III of Navarre (later Henry IV of France), she was queen of Navarre and then France at her husband's 1589 accession to the latter throne.


Marguerite de Navarre (French: Marguerite d'Angoulême, Marguerite d'Alençon)(11 April 1492 – 21 December 1549), also known as Marguerite of Angoulême and Margaret of Navarre, was the princess of France, Queen of Navarre, and Duchess of Alençon and Berry. She was married to Henry II of Navarre.


Margaret of Hungary (Margit in Hungarian)( 1175, living 1223) was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to Isaac II Angelos and Queen of Thessalonica by marriage to Boniface of Montferrat. She was regent of Thessalonica during the minority of her son Demetrius of Montferrat in 1207-1216.


Margaret (Norwegian: Margrete, Scottish Gaelic: Maighread)( March or April 1283 – September 1290), known as the Maid of Norway, was the queen-designate of Scotland from 1286 until her death. As she was never inaugurated, her status as monarch is uncertain and has been debated by historians.


Margareta, Custodian of the Crown of Romania (26 March 1949) is the eldest daughter of King Michael I and Queen Anne of Romania. She assumed her father's duties in March 2016, upon his retirement, and has claimed the headship of the House of Romania since his death on 5 December 2017. She also heads the Margareta of Romania Royal Foundation. Until 2011, Margareta also used the style of a princess of Hohenzollern. Margareta has four sisters and no brothers or children. Her heir-presumptive is her next sister, Princess Elena of Romania. According to the defunct royal constitutions of 1923 and 1938, women were barred from wearing the crown, and Margareta and her sisters would not be in the line of succession to the throne. On 30 December 2007, King Michael designated Margareta as heir presumptive to the defunct throne by an act that is not recognized by the Romanian government and lacks legal validity without approval by Romania's Parliament.In 1994, Margareta met Radu Duda, a Romanian citizen and part-time actor, through the work of the Princess Margareta Foundation On 24 July 1996, she married Duda in a civil wedding at Versoix The religious service took place in Lausanne on 21 September 1996


Princess Margaret Beatrice Feodora of Prussia (German: Margarethe)(22 April 1872 – 22 January 1954) was the youngest child of Frederick III, German Emperor, and Victoria, Princess Royal. As such, she was the younger sister of Emperor Wilhelm II and a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. She married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse, the elected King of Finland, making her the would-be Queen of Finland had he not decided to renounce the throne on 14 December 1918. Landgravine Margaret and her husband Frederick Charles of Hesse had six children, including two sets of twins


Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Μαργαρίτα)(18 April 1905 – 24 April 1981) was by birth a Greek and Danish princess as well as Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg by marriage. A sister-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, she was for a time linked to the Nazi regime. The eldest daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. In 1930, Margarita was 25 when she met Gottfried ("Friedel"), hereditary prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, who like her descended from Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom Margarita and Gottfried fell in love and married on 20 April 1931. After a stillbirth in 1933, Margarita gave birth to three children: Kraft (1935–2004), Beatrix (1936–1997), and Georg Andreas (born 1938)


Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein (born Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg)(15 May 1957) is the fourth child and second and youngest daughter of Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg and Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium Princess Margaretha is the twin sister of Prince Jean of Luxembourg On 20 March 1982, she married Prince Nikolaus of Liechtenstein at Notre Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City He is the third son of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein and Countess Georgina von Wilczek For the time being, this is the last dynastically equal marriage between two sovereign houses currently reigning in Europe. On her marriage in 1982 she became HRH Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein, Countess of Rietberg, the Principality of Liechtenstein recognising and retaining her use of the style Royal Highness.They have had four children.


Princess Margriet Francisca of the Netherlands (19 January 1943) is the third daughter of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard. As an aunt of the reigning monarch, King Willem-Alexander, she is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently eighth and last in the line of succession to the throne Margriet was born to Princess Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. Her mother was heir presumptive to Queen Wilhelmina. Princess Margriet was named after the marguerite, the flower worn during the war as a symbol of the resistance to Nazi Germany. It was while she was studying at Leiden University that Princess Margriet met her future husband, Pieter van Vollenhoven. Their engagement was announced on 10 March 1965, and they were married on 10 January 1967. The have had 4 sons.


Princess Margarita Maria Beatriz of Bourbon-Parma, Countess of Colorno (Dutch: Margarita Maria Beatrix Prinses de Bourbon de Parme)(13 October 1972), is the eldest daughter of Princess Irene of the Netherlands and Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma. She is a member of the House of Bourbon-Parma as well as an extended member of the Dutch royal family. She is the twin sister of Prince Jaime. On 19 June 2001, Princess Margarita married the entrepreneur Edwin Karel Willem de Roy van Zuydewijn, member of a Dutch patrician family. In 2003, a series of incidents had become known as the Margarita-affair On 13 August 2004, it was revealed that she was filing for a divorce; the official divorce was signed on 8 November 2006. The marriage did not produce any children On 3 May 2008, she married Tjalling Siebe ten Cate (23 December 1975) Together they have two children


Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler, (Margaretha Désirée Victoria)(31 October 1934) is a Swedish princess, the eldest sister of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and also first cousin of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark. Margaretha was born on 31 October 1934 at Haga Palace in Haga Park, Stockholm as the first child of Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten and his wife Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. In the 1950s Margaretha had a relationship with Robin Douglas-Home, a Scottish aristocrat and the nephew of the future Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Alec Douglas-Home. He came to visit her in Sweden, but they never married. She met her future husband, the businessman John Ambler, ten years her elder, at a dinner party in the United Kingdom in 1963 and their engagement was announced on 28 February 1964. They were married on 30 June 1964, in Gärdslösa Church, on the island of Öland Ambler and her husband separated in 1994, but never divorced Margaretha and John Ambler's marriage produced three children


Princess Margaretha of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony (German: Prinzessin Margaretha Karoline Friederike Cecilie Auguste Amalie Josephine Elisabeth Maria Johanna von Sachsen, Herzogin zu Sachsen)(24 May 1840 – 15 September 1858) was the eighth child and fifth eldest daughter of King John of Saxony and his wife Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria Margaretha married her first cousin Archduke Charles Louis of Austria, third eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and his wife, Princess Sophie of Bavaria, on 4 November 1856 in Dresden. The marriage was happy, but only lasted two years and remained childless.


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« Reply #822 on: September 24, 2021, 12:48:56 PM »

Tui Manu'a Matelita, born Margaret Young, and also known as Makelita, Matelika or Lika (31 December 1872 – 29 October 1895) was the Tui Manu'a (paramount chief or queen) from 1891 to 1895. She ruled over Manu'a, a group of islands in the eastern part of the Samoan Islands (present day American Samoa). During her tenure, she served largely a ceremonial role at her residence on Ta'ū where she received British writer Robert Louis Stevenson. Matelita never married because she would not marry any of the eligible native chieftains and no other men were regarded as having the proper rank to marry her. She died of illness in 1895 although later reports claimed she died by a more violent means. She was buried in the Tui Manu'a Graves Monument.

Margaret Fredkulla (1080s–1130), Queen Consort of Magnus III of Norway and King Niels of Denmark

Margaret of Navarre (1135–1183), Queen Consort of William I of Sicily

Margaret of Sweden (c. 1155–1209), Queen Consort of King Sverre of Norway

Margaret of France (1157–1197), junior Queen Consort of Henry the Young King of England and Queen Consort of Béla III of Hungary

Margaret of Hungary (born 1175, living 1223), Byzantine Empress by marriage, in second marriage Queen consort of Thessalonica

Margaret of Bohemia (also known as Dagmar of Bohemia; c. 1186–1212/13), Queen Consort of Valdemar II of Denmark

Margaret of Austria (c. 1204–1266), Queen Consort of HenryVII of Germany and Ottokar II of Bohemia

Margaret of Bourbon, Queen of Navarre (1211–1256), Queen Consort of Theobald I of Navarre

Margaret of Provence (1221–1295), Queen Consort of Louis IX of France

Margaret of Pomerelia (1230?–1282), Queen Consort of Christopher I of Denmark

Margaret of England (1240–1275), Queen Consort of Alexander III of Scotland

Margaret of Burgundy (1250–1308), Queen Consort of Charles I of Sicily

Margaret of Brandenburg (1270–1315), Queen Consort of Przemysł II of Poland

Margaret of Brabant (1276–1311), Queen Consort of Henry VII of Germany

Margaret of Lusignan (1276–1296), Queen Consort of Thoros III of Armenia

Margaret of France (died 1318), Queen Consort of Edward I of England

Margaret of Burgundy (1290–1315), Queen Consort of Louis X of France

Margaret of Bohemia (1335–1349), Queen Consort of Louis I of Hungary

Margaret of Durazzo (1347–1412), Queen Consort of Charles III of Naples

Margaret of Prades (1395–1422/88–1429), Queen Consort of King Martin of Aragon

Margaret of Anjou (1430–1482), Queen Consort of Henry VI of England, appears in Shakespeare's first tetralogy of history plays

Margaret of Denmark (1456–1486), Queen Consort of James III of Scotland

Margaret Tudor (1489–1541), Queen Consort of James IV and elder sister of Henry VIII

Marguerite de Navarre (1492–1549), Queen Consort of Henry II of Navarra

Margaret Leijonhufvud (1516–1551), Queen Consort of Gustav I of Sweden

Margaret of Valois (1553–1615), Queen Consort of Henry IV of France

Margaret of Austria (1584–1611), Queen Consort of Philip III of Spain
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« Reply #823 on: September 24, 2021, 01:20:31 PM »

Infanta Margarita of Spain, Duchess of Soria, 2nd Duchess of Hernani, Grandee of Spain (Margarita María de la Victoria Esperanza Jacoba Felicidad Perpetua de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Borbón)( 6 March 1939), is the younger sister of King Juan Carlos and aunt of the reigning King Felipe VI of Spain. Infanta Margarita was born at American Hospital in Rome as the younger daughter of Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona, and Princess Mercedes of the Two Sicilies. Margarita has been blind since birth. She married the physician Carlos Zurita y Delgado on 12 October 1972 in Estoril at St. Anthony's Church. They have two children.


Margaret of Austria (25 December 1584 – 3 October 1611) was Queen of Spain and Portugal by her marriage to King Philip III & II. Margaret was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria and thus the paternal granddaughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I. Her elder brother was the Archduke Ferdinand, who succeeded as Emperor in 1619 Margaret married Philip III of Spain, her first-cousin, once-removed, on 18 April 1599.Margaret and Philip had eight children


Margarita of Spain (25 May 1610-11 March 1617) was an infanta of Spain, who died in childhood She was the seventh child of the marriage composed of Philip III and Margaret of Austria and the fourth of their daughters, after Ana, María and María Ana


Maria Margaret of Austria, Infanta of Spain (14 August 1621 – 15 August 1621), daughter of Philip IV of Spain and his 1st wife Elisabeth of France (1602–1644)

Margaret Maria Catherine of Austria, Infanta of Spain (25 November 1623 – 22 December 1623), daughter of Philip IV of Spain and his 1st wife Elisabeth of France (1602–1644)


Margaret Theresa of Spain (Spanish: Margarita Teresa, German: Margarete Theresia)( 12 July 1651 – 12 March 1673) Margaret Theresa was born on 12 July 1651 in Madrid as the first child of King Philip IV of Spain born from his second marriage with his niece Mariana of Austria. Because of this avunculate marriage, Margaret's mother was nearly thirty years younger than her father. In the second half of the 1650s at the imperial court in Vienna the necessity developed for another dynastic marriage between the Spanish and Austrian branches of the House of Habsburg. The union was needed to strengthen the position of both countries, especially against the Kingdom of France. At first the proposals were for Maria Theresa, the eldest daughter of Philip IV, to marry the heir of the Holy Roman Empire, Archduke Leopold Ignaz. But in 1660 and under the terms of the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the Infanta was married to the French King; as a part of her marriage contract, she was asked to renounce her claims to the Spanish throne in return for a monetary settlement as part of her dowry, which was never paid Then began discussion about a marriage between Margaret and the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I (who was her maternal uncle and paternal cousin). However, the Madrid court hesitated to agree to this proposal, because the infanta could inherit the Spanish crown if her little brother died In 1666 she married Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. During her six years of marriage, Margaret gave birth to four children, of whom only one survived infancy.


Archduchess Maria Margaret (1690–1691), daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleonore Magdalene of Neuburg (6 January 1655 – 19 January 1720)


Lady Margarita Elizabeth Rose Alleyne Armstrong-Jones (14 May 2002 ), daughter of David Albert Charles Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon (3 November 1961), styled as Viscount Linley until 2017 and known professionally as David Linley) Hon. Serena Alleyne Stanhope  (1 March 1970).


Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela (6 January 1935) is the wife of Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria, whom she married after his exile. As such, she is also sometimes styled Tsaritsa Margarita; in this context, she may be styled as Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess in Saxony, due to her husband's descent from those former ruling families.  Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela was born on 6 January 1935 in Villa Alba, Collado Villalba, Madrid during the Second Spanish Republic, as the second child and only daughter of the two children of Spanish Nobles: Don Manuel Gómez-Acebo y Modet, 4th Marquess of Cortina, a state counselor and lawyer of commercial and banking companies (eldest child of Don José Gómez Acebo y Cortina, 3rd Marquess of Cortina and his wife Doña Margarita Marta Modet y Almagro) and his wife Doña Mercedes Cejuela y Fernández (daughter of Don Manuel Cejuela y González-Orduña and his wife Doña Mercedes Fernández Molano). On 21 January 1962, Doña Margarita married Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the former king of Bulgaria. Simeon and Margarita have five children


Princess Margherita of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Margherita Maria Teresa Enrichetta, Principessa di Parma)(1 January 1847 – 29 January 1893) was the eldest child and daughter of Charles III, Duke of Parma and Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France, the eldest daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry and Princess Caroline Ferdinande Louise of the Two Sicilies. She was born in Lucca, Duchy of Parma, was the eldest child and daughter of Charles III, Duke of Parma and Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France Margherita married Carlos de Borbón y Austria-Este, eldest son of Juan de Borbón y Braganza and his wife Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este, on 4 February 1867. They had 5 children.


Archduchess Margaretha of Austria (German: Margaretha, Erzherzogin von Österreich-Toskana)(8 May 1894 – 21 January 1986) was a daughter of Archduke Leopold Salvator of Austria and Infanta Blanca of Spain. She was member of the Tuscan branch of the Imperial House of Habsburg, an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Tuscany by birth.  Called "Meg" within her family, she received the name Margarethe in honor of her maternal grandmother, Princess Margherita of Bourbon-Parma, who had died a year earlier. Archduchess Margaretha married late in life. Her husband, Francesco Maria Taliani, Marchese di Marchio (22 October 1887 – 16 March 1968), was an Italian diplomat. The wedding took place on 27 November 1937


Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta (7 April 1930) is the first-born child of the late Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta, and Princess Anne d'Orléans. Margherita's family announced her engagement to Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este on 20 October 1953. They married on 28 December 1953 in Bourg-en-Bresse, Ain, France (civilly) and 29 December 1953 (religiously), in Brou, France. He was the second son of former Emperor Charles I of Austria and Zita of Bourbon-Parma. Robert was 38, and Margherita was 23. They had five children.


Countess Margherita von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (1983) daughter of Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este (11 December 1954) and Count Riprand of Arco-Zinneberg


Princess Margaret of Denmark (Margrethe Françoise Louise Marie Helene)(17 September 1895 – 18 September 1992) was a Danish princess by birth and a princess of Bourbon-Parma as the wife of Prince René of Bourbon-Parma. She was the youngest grandchild of Christian IX of Denmark and Queen Louise. She was the fifth child and only daughter of Prince Valdemar of Denmark, and his wife Princess Marie of Orléans.Her father was a younger son of King Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel, and her mother was the eldest daughter of Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres and Princess Françoise of Orléans. Her parents' marriage was said to be a political match She was named for her mother's sister Princess Marguerite d'Orléans She married a Catholic prince, her mother's relative, Prince René of Bourbon-Parma (17 October 1894 – 30 July 1962) on 9 June 1921 René and Margrethe had four children.


Archduchess Margareta of Austria (1881–1965), daughter of Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma and Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1835–1908)


Princess Margarete Karola Wilhelmine Viktoria Adelheid Albertine Petrusa Bertram Paula, Duchess of Saxony[citation needed] (24 January 1900 – 16 October 1962) was the fifth child and second-eldest daughter of Frederick Augustus III of Saxony and his wife Archduchess Louise of Austria and a younger sister of Georg, Crown Prince of Saxony and Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen. She was Princess of Hohenzollern from 22 October 1927 until 16 October 1962.Margarete Karola married Frederick Victor, Hereditary Prince of Hohenzollern (later Frederick, Prince of Hohenzollern), son of William, Prince of Hohenzollern and his wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, on 2 June 1920 Margarete Karola and Frederick had seven children


Maria Margarethe Anna Viktoria Luise Josephine Mathilde Theresia vom Kinde Jesu Prinzessin von Hohenzollern-Emden; (2 January 1928- 4 August 2006) She married (civil) in Hechingen 18 December 1965 and (religious) at Burg Hohenzollern, Hechingen on 18 December 1965 to Duke Carl Gregor of Mecklenburg, second son of George, Duke of Mecklenburg head of the House of House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz



Archduchess Margarethe of Austria (17 August 1925 – 3 May 1979), daughter of  Archduke Joseph Francis of Austria and Princess Anna of Saxony (1903–1976) She married Alexander Czech, Prince of Monteleone, son of General Jószef Cech (1855-1938) and Princess Amalia Erba Odescalchi dei Principi di Monteleone (1889-1969). Based on his ancestry Alexander was awarded with the title of Principe di Monteleone by King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, just before his marriage to the Archduchess.

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« Reply #824 on: September 24, 2021, 02:10:21 PM »

Margaret of Austria (German: Margarethe von Österreich; c. 1204 – 29 October 1266), a member of the House of Babenberg, was German queen from 1225 until 1235, by her first marriage with King Henry (VII), and Queen of Bohemia from 1253 to 1260, by her second marriage with King Ottokar II.


Margaret of Austria, Margravine of Moravia (c.1346 – 14. January 1366), married John Henry of Moravia

Margarete of Austria (1395-1447), wife of Henry XVI, Duke of Bavaria

Margaret of Austria, Electress of Saxony (1416–1486), Habsburg princess, daughter of duke Ernest of Austria, married elector Frederick II of Saxony


Margaret of Austria (German: Margarethe von Österreich-Habsburg) (1536–1567) was an Archduchess of Austria. A member of the House of Habsburg, Margaret was born in Innsbruck on 16 February 1536, the daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Anne of Bohemia and Hungary. She became a nun in Hall in Tirol, where she died on 12 March 1567.


Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria (Margarete Sophie Marie Annunciata Theresia Caroline Luise Josephe Johanna)(13 May 1870 – 24 August 1902) was a member of the House of Habsburg and an Archduchess of Austria by birth. Margarete Sophie married Duke Albrecht of Württemberg, eldest child of Duke Philipp of Württemberg and his wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria, on 24 January 1893 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary. Margarete Sophie and Albrecht had seven children.


Duchess Margareta Luise of Württemberg (25 November 1928 -10 June 2017), daughter of Princess Nadezhda of Bulgaria and Duke Albrecht Eugen of Württemberg She married in 1970 to François Luce de Chevigny (b. 1928). She has one natural son Patrick (b.1962) with Robin de La Lanne-Mirrlees.


Archduchess Margarethe Klementine Maria of Austria (in German: Margarethe Klementine Maria, Erzherzogin von Österreich; in Hungarian: Habsburg–Toscanai Margit Klementina Mária főhercegnő)(6 July 1870– 2 May 1955) was a member of the Hungarian line of the House of Habsburg and an Archduchess of Austria by birth. Through her marriage to Albert, 8th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Margarethe Klementine was also a member of the House of Thurn and Taxis. Margarethe Klementine was the third-eldest daughter and child of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria and his wife Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Margarethe Klementine married Albert, 8th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, younger son of Maximilian Anton Lamoral, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Duchess Helene in Bavaria, on 15 July 1890 Margarethe Klementine and Albert had eight children


Princess Margarete of Thurn and Taxis (19 October 1913  – 16 June 1997) married on 24 May 1932 Prince Raphael Rainer of Thurn and Taxis.


Archduchess Margaret of Austria (25 January 1567 – 5 July 1633), was an Austrian archduchess member of the House of Habsburg. She was the daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor by his wife Maria of Spain.Margaret was the fifteenth child and fifth daughter of her parents' sixteen children, from whom eight survived infancy Since her early childhood, she was deeply influenced by her mother's strict Catholicism. Margaret refused marriage to Philip II and took the veil under the name of Sister Margaret of the Cross as a Poor Clare nun in the Monastery of Santa Clara de las Descalzas Reales in Madrid.


Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (Louise Margaret Alexandra Victoria Agnes)(25 July 1860 – 14 March 1917), later Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn, was a member of the House of Hohenzollern and of the British royal family. She served as the viceregal consort of Canada when her husband, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, served as the governor general from 1911 to 1916. Her father was Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–1885), the son of Karl of Prussia (1801–1883) and his wife Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877). Her mother was Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt (1837–1906), daughter of Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau. On 13 March 1879, Princess Louise Margaret married Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn at St. George's Chapel Windsor They had 3 children.


Princess Victoria Margaret Elizabeth Marie Ulrike of Prussia (17 April 1890 – 9 September 1923) was a member of the House of Hohenzollern. She was the eldest daughter of Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia and his wife Princess Louise Sophie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. She married Prince Heinrich XXXIII Reuss of Köstritz and had two children.


Margaret of Bavaria, Duchess of Slavonia (1321-1374)

Margaret of Bavaria, Duchess of Burgundy (1363-1423)

Margaret of Bavaria, Marchioness of Mantua (1442-1479)

Margaret of Bavaria, Electress Palatine (1456-1501)

Margaret of Bavaria (1363 – January 1424) was the duchess of Burgundy by marriage to John the Fearless.

Margaret II of Avesnes (1311 – 23 June 1356) was Countess of Hainaut and Countess of Holland (as Margaret I) from 1345 to 1356. She was Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Germany by marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian.


Margaret of Nevers (French: Marguerite; December 1393 – February 1442), also known as Margaret of Burgundy, was Dauphine of France and Duchess of Guyenne as the daughter-in-law of King Charles VI of France. A pawn in the dynastic struggles between her family and in-laws during the Hundred Years' War, Margaret was regarded as the future Queen of France at two separate times, as a result of her two marriages: first to the Dauphin and second to the Duke of Brittany.


Margaret of Bohemia (1313–1341) was the daughter of King John of Bohemia by his first wife Elizabeth of Bohemia.She married Henry XIV, Duke of Bavaria in Straubing on 12 August 1328. They had 2 children.

Margaret of Brieg (1342–1386) was a daughter of Ludwik I the Fair and his wife, Agnes of Sagan. She was Duchess consort of Bavaria by her marriage to Albert I, Duke of Bavaria.

Anna Margaret of Hesse-Homburg, (31 August 1629- 3 August 1686), was a Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg.Anna Margaret was the only daughter of Landgrave Frederick I of Hesse-Homburg (1585–1638) from his marriage to Margaret Elizabeth (1604–1667), the daughter of Count Christopher of Leiningen-Westerburg. She married on 5 May 1650 in Homburg to Duke Philip Louis of Holstein-Wiesenburg (1620–1689)

Margaret of Valois, Duchess of Berry (French: Marguerite de Valois) (5 June 1523 – 15 September 1574) was the daughter of King Francis I of France and Claude, Duchess of Brittany. Margaret was born at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 5 June 1523 the youngest daughter and child of King Francis I of France and Claude, Duchess of Brittany. Margaret was very close to her paternal aunt, Marguerite of Angoulême, who took care of her and her sister Madeleine during her childhood Shortly before her 36th birthday, a marriage was finally arranged for her by her brother King Henry II of France and her former suitor Philip II as part of the terms stipulated in the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis which was signed by the ambassadors representing the two monarchs on 3 April 1559. The husband selected for her was Philip's ally, Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, Prince of Piedmont. At the time, Margaret was described as having been a "spinster lady of excellent breeding and lively intellect".The wedding took place in tragic circumstances. On 30 June just three days after her marriage contract had been signed, King Henry was gravely injured during a tournament celebrating the wedding of his eldest daughter Elisabeth to the recently widowed King PhilipMargaret and her husband had only one surviving child: Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy


Marguerite de Navarre (French: Marguerite d'Angoulême, Marguerite d'Alençon; 11 April 1492 – 21 December 1549), also known as Marguerite of Angoulême and Margaret of Navarre, was the princess of France, Queen of Navarre, and Duchess of Alençon and Berry.She was married to Henry II of Navarre.


Margaret of Savoy (28 April 1589 – 26 June 1655) was the last Habsburg Vicereine of Portugal from 1634 to 1640. In Portuguese she is known as Duquesa de Mântua, being by marriage the Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat. She was also regent of Montferrat during the minority of her daughter from 1612.


Margherita d'Este (1619–1692), married Ferrante III Gonzaga, duca di Guastalla; Daughter of Isabella of Savoy and  Alfonso, Hereditary Prince of Modena


Margherita Maria Farnese (24 November 1664 – 17 June 1718) was an Italian noblewoman born into the House of Farnese. She was the Duchess of Modena and Reggio by marriage to her first cousin Francesco II d'Este, Duke of Modena. Her niece was Elisabeth Farnese, wife of Philip V of Spain. Margherita Maria was the eldest child of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and his second wife Isabella d'Este. Her father Ranuccio had previously been married to Margaret Yolande of Savoy but the marriage produced no surviving issue; as such, Margherita Maria was the first of Ranuccio's children to survive infancy. She was married to her cousin Francesco II d'Este, Duke of Modena who had previously been part of a Franco-Modenese alliance proposed with Francesco and a princess of Lorraine named Béatrice Hiéronyme de Lorraine but the marriage never materialised.Francesco was the son of the late Alfonso IV d'Este, Duke of Modena and Laura Martinozzi, niece of Cardinal Mazarin. He was also the brother of Mary of Modena, second wife of James II of England She married Francesco 14 July 1692 in Parma. The couple had no children, Francesco dying in 1694 after just two years of marriage of gout and polyarthritis.


Margherita of Savoy (Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna)( 20 November 1851 – 4 January 1926) was the Queen consort of the Kingdom of Italy by marriage to Umberto I.  Margherita was born to Prince Ferdinand of Savoy, Duke of Genoa and Princess Elisabeth of Saxony. Her father died in 1855, and her mother remarried morganatically to Major Nicholas Bernoud, Marchese di Rapallo.Margherita signed the wedding contract with her first cousin, Umberto, Prince of Piedmont, on 21 April 1868 in the ballroom of the royal palace in Turin, followed the next day by one civilian and one religious wedding ceremony. The relationship between Margherita and Umberto was not a success in regards to personal feelings; before their wedding, Umberto was already involved in an affair with his long-term lover, Eugenia Attendolo Bolognini, and two years after their wedding, the couple reportedly discontinued their marital relations. Their son was therefore to remain their only child. However, they never made their personal separation known to the public, and their relationship was in other aspects quite amiable: Margherita and Umberto worked together harmoniously as colleagues, Umberto even relying on her politically.


Margaret of Bourbon (1438–1483) or Marguerite de Bourbon, Princess of Savoy by marriage

Margaret of France (1553–1615) or Marguerite de Valois, wife of Henry IV of France and Navarre

Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry or Marguerite de Valois (1523–1574), daughter of King Francis I of France

Margaret, Countess of Anjou or Marguerite d'Angou (1273–1299), Countess of Anjou and Maine in her own right and Countess of Valois, Alençon, Chartres and Perche by marriage

Marguerite de Navarre (1492–1549), princess of France, Queen of Navarre and Duchess of Alençon and Berry

Marguerite III de Neufchâtel (1480–1544), German-Roman monarch as Princess Abbess of the Imperial Remiremont
Abbey in France

Marguerite Louise d'Orléans (1645–1721), Grand Duchess of Tuscany by marriage

Marguerite of Lorraine (1615–1672), princess of Lorraine and Duchess of Orléans by marriage

Marguerite, bâtarde de France (1407–1458), illegitimate daughter of King Charles the Mad and his beloved mistress
Odette de Champdivers, later legitimized by her half-brother Charles VII


Princess Marguerite Adélaïde Marie of Orléans,[citation needed] French: Marguerite d'Orléans, Polish: Małgorzata Orleańska ( February 1846-24 October 1893) was a member of the House of Orléans and a Princess of France by birth. Through her marriage to Prince Władysław Czartoryski, Marguerite was a princess of the House of Czartoryski. Marguerite was the third child of Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours and his wife Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Marguerite married Prince Władysław Czartoryski, second child of Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski and his wife Princess Anna Zofia Sapieha, on 15 January 1872. They had 2 sons.


Princess Malgorzata Izabella Maria Magdalene Antoinette Hyacinthe Josephe Luise Marie Czartoryska, Polish: Małgorzata Izabella Maria Magdalena Antonina Hiacynta Józefina Ludwika Czartoryska (17 August 1902– 8 March 1929) was a princess of the House of Czartoryski by birth. Through her marriage to Prince Gabriel of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Malgorzata Izabella was a Princess of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Malgorzata Izabella was the eldest child of Prince Adam Ludwik Czartoryski and his wife Countess Maria Ludwika Krasińska. Through her father, Malgorzata Izabella was a great-great-granddaughter of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French and Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies. Malgorzata Izabella's younger brother Prince Augustyn Józef Czartoryski married her niece, Princess Maria de los Dolores of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Malgorzata Izabella married Prince Gabriel of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, twelfth child and youngest son of Prince Alfonso of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Count of Caserta and his wife Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, on 25 August 1927 Malgorzata Izabella and Gabriel had one son


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