Please read here on how to use images on RoyalDish. - Please read the RoyalDish message on board purpose and rules.
Images containing full nudity or sexual activities are strongly forbidden on RoyalDish.


Pages: 1 ... 80 81 [82] 83 84   Go Down
  Print  
Author Topic: Royal names  (Read 142612 times)
0 Members and 8 Guests are viewing this topic.
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1215 on: June 20, 2022, 03:19:11 PM »

Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen (17 June 1787 – 12 December 1847) was the child of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and his wife, Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She was the wife of Prince Paul of Wurttemberg and mother to his five children.Charlotte was the eldest daughter of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, and his wife Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She was the second of twelve children. One of her godparents was Catherine the Great of Russia.On 28 September 1805, she married Prince Paul of Wurttemberg in an extravagant wedding, but it was not a happy marriage. They had numerous arguments, and Paul was said to have many mistresses, with whom he had several affairs. However, during their marriage, they had five children


Princess Charlotte of Württemberg (9 January 1807 – 2 February [O.S. 21 January] 1873), later known as Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna, was the wife of Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia, the youngest son of Emperor Paul I of Russia and Duchess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. She was born in Stuttgart, as Princess Charlotte of Württemberg, eldest daughter of Prince Paul of Württemberg and of Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen. As a child, Charlotte lived in Paris with her father and her younger sister Pauline. Their home was quite modest by royal standards. In Paris Charlotte came under the tutelage of several intellectuals.In 1822, she became engaged to Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia, her first cousin once removed (Mikhail's mother was her father's aunt). It was said that Charlotte was an exceptional girl, highly intelligent and mature for her age of 15. The Grand Duke was obviously impressed by her beauty and her poise, and during a reception held in her honor, she charmed all the guests with her conversations On 17 December 1823, she was received into the Russian Orthodox Church and was given the name Elena Pavlovna On 20 February 1824, the couple married in Saint Petersburg and settled in the Mikhailovsky Palace. When the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna died in 1828, the palace of Pavlovsk passed on to Mikhail and he and Elena visited it often. Their marriage was not a happy one: Mikhail's only passion was for the army and he neglected Elena. Nevertheless, he and Elena had five daughters


Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Guest (née Bertie)(19 May 1812 – 15 January 1895), later Lady Charlotte Schreiber, was an English aristocrat who is best known as the first publisher in modern print format of The Mabinogion which is the earliest prose literature of Britain. Guest established The Mabinogion as a source literary text of Europe, claiming this recognition among literati in the context of contemporary passions for the Chivalric romance of King Arthur and the Gothic movement. The name Guest used for the book was derived from a mediaeval copyist's error, already established in the 18th century by William Owen Pughe and the London Welsh societies. Lady Charlotte was born on 19 May 1812 at Uffington House in Uffington, Lincolnshire, the daughter of Albemarle Bertie, 9th Earl of Lindsey (1744–1818), and his second wife Charlotte Susanna Elizabeth Layard.After the brief flirtation with Disraeli, she escaped her unhappy home life through marriage in 1833, at the age of twenty-one. Her husband, John Josiah Guest, was a prominent industrialist and ironmaster (owner of the Dowlais Iron Company, the largest of its day) and the first Member of Parliament from the town of Merthyr Tydfil, Wales.He was much older than she was; 49 to her 21. The couple married on 29 July 1833 and moved to a newly built mansion in Dowlais in Merthyr Tydfil. Though Guest was Member of Parliament for Merthyr, extremely wealthy, and of good family, he was much lower in status than his aristocratic wife, which caused her significant social strain. Despite this they remained married until his death in 1852, and Charlotte was mainly very happy in her marriage. She bore ten children Charlotte then married Charles Schreiber (10 May 1826 – 31 March 1884) a classical scholar who had recently been her sons' tutor, and who was 14 years her junior. The difference in status and age created a major social scandal and set her apart from many of her former close friends such as Augusta Hall. However, with her experienced political support, her new husband became a member of parliament for Cheltenham and later Poole. They spent many years travelling in Europe collecting ceramics which she bequeathed to the Victoria and Albert Museum. She also collected fans, board games and playing cards, which were later donated to the British Museum. In 1884, Guest was again widowed, but lived on to an advanced age. In her last few years, she became blind, but used the last of her eyesight to knit scarves for cabbies.She was finally unable to continue the journal she had written almost without a break since she was 10 years old. On 15 January 1895, she died at the age of 82 at Canford Manor in Dorset.


Charlotte Maria Guest (1834–1902), daughter of Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Bertie and her 1st husband John Josiah Guest  She married Richard Du Cane (d. 1904), brother of Edmund Frederick Du Cane.


Lady Charlotte Finch (née Fermor)(14 February 1725 – 11 July 1813) served as royal governess to the children of King George III and Queen Charlotte for over thirty years, holding the position from 1762 to 1793. She was born to Thomas Fermor, 1st Earl of Pomfret, and his wife Henrietta Louisa Jeffreys, both of whom held court appointments. The couple were educated and frequently travelled with their growing brood of children to the continent. Charlotte, like her sisters, was well educated; in 1746, she married the Hon. William Finch and had issue including George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea.


Lady Charlotte Susan Maria Bury (née Campbell)( 28 January 1775 – 1 April 1861) was an English novelist, who is chiefly remembered in connection with a Diary illustrative of the Times of George IV (1838).Lady Charlotte Susan Maria Campbell was the daughter and the youngest child of Field Marshal John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, and his wife the former Elizabeth Gunning; Elizabeth was the second daughter of John Gunning, of Castle Coote, County Roscommon, and the widow of James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton. Lady Charlotte was born at Argyll House, Oxford Street, London.She married on 14 June 1796 Colonel John Campbell (eldest son of Walter Campbell of Shawfield, by his first wife Eleanora Kerr), who, at the time of his decease in Edinburgh on 15 March 1809, was Member of Parliament for the Ayr Burghs. By this marriage she had nine children, of whom, however, only two survived her, Lady A. Lennox and Mrs. William Russell. Lady Charlotte Campbell married secondly, on 17 March 1818, the Reverend Edward John Bury (only son of Edward Bury of Taunton); they had two daughters. Bury received from University College, Oxford, his B.A. in 1811 and M.A. 1817. He assumed the position of rector in Litchfield, Hampshire, in 1814 and died at Ardencaple Castle, Dumbartonshire, in May 1832, aged 42.


Lady Charlotte Anne Santo Domingo (née Wellesley)( 8 October 1990) is an English socialite and photography producer. Since 2016 she has consistently been listed in the annual Sunday Times Rich List Lady Charlotte Wellesley was born at St Mary's Hospital, London on 8 October 1990 to Princess Antonia of Prussia and Charles Wellesley, Marquess of Douro After the death of her paternal grandfather, Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington, in 2014, her father succeeded him as the 9th Duke of Wellington, the 9th Prince of Waterloo, the 9th Duke of Victoria, and the 10th Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo. As such, she is part of the British, Belgian, Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish nobility. Her mother, Princess Antonia, is the youngest child of Prince Frederick of Prussia and Lady Brigid Guinness. Through her mother, Lady Charlotte is a great-great granddaughter of Wilhelm II, German Emperor and a great-great-great-great granddaughter of Queen Victoria.  Lady Charlotte grew up at Stratfield Saye House, her family's estate in Hampshire. She is the younger sister of Arthur Wellesley, Earl of Mornington.On 28 May 2016 Lady Charlotte married Colombian financier Alejandro Santo Domingo in a Catholic ceremony at the Church of the Incarnation in Illora, Spain.The couple have two children, one born in 2017 and one in 2019


Lady Charlotte Elliot (22 July 1839 – 15 January 1880), born Charlotte Carnegie, was a Scottish poet born on 22 July 1839 in the parish of Farnell, Angus (possibly at Kinnaird Castle). Despair and abandonment are prominent in her three volumes.She was a daughter of Sir James Carnegie, 5th Baronet (1799–1849) and Charlotte Lysons. Her maternal grandfather was Reverend Daniel Lysons. Charlotte was thus a younger sister to James Carnegie, 9th Earl of Southesk  In 1855, Charlotte was raised to the social rank of an earl's daughter by royal warrant, which granting her the courtesy title of Lady In 1860, Charlotte married her first husband, Thomas Fotheringham. She was widowed in 1864 In 1868, Charlotte married her second husband, Frederick Boileau Elliot,who was the fifth son of Admiral George Elliot and Eliza Cecilia Ness. His father was a younger brother of the 2nd Earl of Minto.Together, Lady Charlotte and Frederick were the parents of one surviving son.


Lady Charlotte Murray (2 August 1754 – 4 April 1808) was a Scottish botanist and author. She was the eldest child of John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl, and Charlotte Murray, Duchess of Atholl. Her paternal grandfather was the Jacobite general Lord George Murray while her maternal grandfather was the Hanoverian James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl.


Charlotte Florentia Percy, Duchess of Northumberland (née Lady Charlotte Florentia Clive;)(12 September 1787 – 27 July 1866), was governess of the future Queen Victoria. Born as the younger daughter and third child of the politician Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis, and the mineral collector Henrietta Clive, Countess of Powis, she was paternally granddaughter of Major-General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, and maternally granddaughter of Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Powis. She married Hugh Percy, Earl Percy, son of General Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland, on 29 April 1817. On 10 July the same year, her father-in-law died and her husband succeeded to the dukedom.The childless marriage of the Duke and Duchess of Northumberland ended with the Duke's death on 11 February 1847.


Charlotte Lee, Countess of Lichfield (5 September 1664 – 17 February 1718), formerly Lady Charlotte Fitzroy, was the illegitimate daughter of King Charles II of England by one of his best known mistresses, Barbara Villiers, 1st Duchess of Cleveland. Known for her beauty, Charlotte was married at age 12 to her husband, Edward Henry Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield, with whom she had a large family. Charlotte Lee was born Charlotte Fitzroy, on 5 September 1664, the fourth child and second daughter of Barbara Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine, the only child of the Royalist commander William Villiers, 2nd Viscount Grandison. Charlotte Fitzroy's mother had separated from her husband Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine, but was still married to him. Castlemaine did not father any of his wife's children; Charlotte and her siblings were the illegitimate offspring of their mother's royal lover, Charles II. The king acknowledged his daughter and so she bore the surname of Fitzroy – "child of the King".On 16 May 1674, before her tenth birthday, Lady Charlotte was contracted to marry Sir Edward Lee, and they were married on 6 February 1677, in her thirteenth year. When Charles Stewart, 6th Duke of Lennox, died in 1673, Sir Edward was created Earl of Lichfield. Charlotte's dowry was agreed at £18,000, and her husband was awarded a pension of £2,000 per year. Together they had eighteen children


Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore (13 March 1678 Old Style – 22 January 1721 Old Style), was an English noblewoman, and granddaughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress Barbara Villiers. She married in 1699, Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore, from whom she separated in 1705; she later married Christopher Crowe She was the mother of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, and of Benedict Leonard Calvert, who was Governor of Maryland from 1727–1731. Lady Charlotte Lee was born on 13 March 1678 at St. James's Park, St. James, London. She was the eldest of at least fourteen children of Edward Henry Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield (4 February 1663 – 14 July 1716) and Lady Charlotte Fitzroy (5 September 1664 – 17 February 1718), illegitimate daughter of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine, Duchess of Cleveland Lady Charlotte's mother was fourteen years old at the time of her birth, having married the Earl of Lichfield at the age of thirteen. Her father was also only fifteen at the time of her birth On 2 January 1699, at the age of twenty, she married her first husband Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (21 March 1679 – 16 April 1715), son of Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore and Jane Lowe.Charlotte assumed the title of Lady Baltimore in February 1715, when her husband succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Baltimore upon the death of his father, the third Baron Baltimore. The title of Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland had been lost to the third Baron during the Glorious Revolution and would be restored to Charles Calvert, the son of Charlotte and Benedict, upon the latter's death on 16 April 1715.Charlotte and Lord Baltimore had six children Charlotte and Lord Baltimore were separated in 1705. In 1706 Charlotte had an affair with Colonel Robert Fielding, then the bigamous husband of her grandmother the Duchess of Cleveland, and was rumoured to have borne a child by him, born on 23 April 1707 Lady Baltimore married her second husband Christopher Crowe (c.1681 – 9 November 1749), Consul at Leghorn, sometime before 10 December 1719. Charlotte was three years older than her husband. This marriage produced four more children

Hon. Charlotte Calvert (died December 1744), daughter of Charlotte Lee and Benedict Calvert She married Thomas Breerwood, by whom she had a son, Francis Breerwood


Charlotte Crowe (1718–1742), daughter of Charlotte Lee and Christopher Crowe

Charlotte Penelope, (1808), daughter of Louisa Pigou and Henry Harford


Charlotte Lee (c. 1724 – 1794), daughter of George Henry Lee I, 2nd Earl of Lichfield (1690–1743) and Frances Hales (d. 3 February 1769) She married Henry Dillon, 11th Viscount Dillon


Charlotte Dillon (1755–1782), daughter of Charlotte Lee and Henry Dillon, 11th Viscount Dillon. She married Valentine, 1st Earl of Kenmare (1754–1812)


Charlotte Elizabeth Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington, 6th Baroness Clifford (born Lady Charlotte Boyle)( 27 October 1731 – 8 December 1754) was the daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and Lady Dorothy Savile. From 1748 until her death she was married to William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington, later the 4th Duke of Devonshire and Prime Minister of Great Britain. Charlotte and her husband William had four children.

Charlotte Cavendish (23 April 1803 – 1 July 1803), daughter of George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington (31 March 1754 – 9 May 1834) and Lady Elizabeth Compton.


Lady Charlotte Mary Bacon, née Harley (12 December 1801 – 9 May 1880), was the second daughter of Edward Harley, 5th Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer.Her beauty as a child prompted Lord Byron to dedicate the first two cantos of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage to her, under the name "Ianthe".Lord Byron had been one of the many lovers of her mother, Jane Elizabeth Scott.Byron biographer Benita Eisler has claimed that Byron sexually molested Lady Charlotte when she was eleven years old, She married Captain (later Major General) Anthony Bacon in 1823. They had three children. He died in 1864 and the three children all moved to South Australia She stayed with relatives in South Australia between 1865 and 1877, and Charlotte Waters, Northern Territory was named in her honour by R. R. Knuckey and G. R. McMinn in 1871. Her son Harley Bacon had contributed food supplies to Charles Todd's survey team


Charlotte Seymour, Duchess of Somerset (c.1693 – 21 January 1773), formerly Lady Charlotte Finch, was the second wife of Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset. Lady Charlotte was the first of twenty-one 'ladies of quality and distinction' Lady Charlotte was a daughter of Daniel Finch, 7th Earl of Winchilsea and 2nd Earl of Nottingham, by his second wife, the former Anne Hatton. She married the Duke of Somerset on 4 February 1726, and the marriage was not a happy one. He was known as "The Proud Duke", and is said to have reproached her, after she had gently tapped him on the shoulder with her fan, with the words: "Madam, my first wife was a Percy and she never took such a liberty". The duke had for some years been corresponding with Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, now widowed, and continued to write to her after remarrying.Seymour already had children from his marriage to Lady Elizabeth Percy, who died in 1722. By Charlotte he had two further children.


Lady Charlotte Seymour (21 September 1730 – 15 February 1805), daughter of Lady Charlotte Finch and  Duke of Somerset She married Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Aylesford, a distant cousin, and had children.


Lady Charlotte Finch (13 May 1754 – 7 July 1808), daughter of Lady Charlotte Seymour and Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Aylesford. She married Henry Howard, 12th Earl of Suffolk on 14 August 1777 and had issue


Lady Charlotte Finch (31 January 1785 – 17 January 1869), daughter of  Lady Louisa Thynne and Heneage Finch, 4th Earl of Aylesford, PC, FRS, FSA (4 July 1751 – 21 October 1812),  She married Charles Palmer on 22 January 1823.


Lady Charlotte Legge (12 February 1789 – 15 June 1877), daughter of George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth KG, PC, FRS (3 October 1755 – 10 November 1810) and Lady Frances Finch (9 February 1761 – 21 November 1838)   She married in 1816 Very Rev. Hon. George Neville-Grenville (Dean of Windsor), son of Richard Griffin, 2nd Baron Braybrooke, and had issue.


Lady Charlotte Anne Georgiana Legge, b c1844, daughter of William Legge, 4th Earl of Dartmouth and his 2nd wife Honourable Frances Barrington

Lady Charlotte Paget (1781–1817), daughter of Henry Bayly-Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge (18 June 1744 – 13 March 1812), known as Henry Bayly until 1769 and as Lord Paget between 1769 and 1784, who was a British peer and Jane Champagne She married John Cole, 2nd Earl of Enniskillen



Logged
CyrilSebastian

Ginormous Member
***********

Reputation: 935

Offline Offline

United States United States

Posts: 7617





Ignore
« Reply #1216 on: June 21, 2022, 01:16:28 AM »

No Pope ever took the name of Peter. Would a Pope consider it improper to assume the same title as Peter, the Rock the church would be built on?
Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1217 on: June 24, 2022, 11:23:45 AM »

No Pope ever took the name of Peter. Would a Pope consider it improper to assume the same title as Peter, the Rock the church would be built on?

Apparently there aren't only Catholic popes Wink

Pope Peter I of Alexandria (Coptic: Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲁ̅, ⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲓⲉⲣⲟⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲉⲣⲉⲩⲥ) was the 17th Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria. He is revered as a saint by the Coptic Orthodox Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Catholic Church Peter was born and raised in Alexandria. The Coptic Orthodox Church believes that Peter was given by his parents to Theonas to be brought up as a priest, similarly to the story of Samuel in the Old Testament. He rose through the ranks of holy orders, first becoming a reader, then a deacon, then a priest. Highly educated, Peter became head of the school of Alexandria.


Patriarch Peter II of Alexandria (died 27 February 381) was the 21st Patriarch of Alexandria from AD 373 to AD 381. He was a disciple of Athanasius of Alexandria who designated him as his successor before his death in 373. He was a zealous opponent of Arianism and immediately after his consecration, the prefect Palladius, acting on orders from Emperor Valens drove him from the city and installed Lucius, an adherent of Arianism as bishop.Peter found refuge at Rome, where Pope Damasus I (AD 366- AD 384) received him and gave him support against the Arians. In 373, Peter returned to Alexandria, where Lucius yielded out of fear of the populace.


Pope Peter III of Alexandria also known as Peter Mongus (from the Greek μογγός mongos, "stammerer") was the 27th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. After the Council of Chalcedon, Peter Mongus was an ardent adherent of Miaphysitism and deacon of Timothy Aelurus. After Timothy expelled the Chalcedonian Patriarch Proterius in 457, Mongus took part in the persecution of the Chalcedonians.When Timothy Aelurus, who had been expelled in 460 and returned in 475, died in 477, his followers elected Mongus to succeed him. However, the Byzantine Emperor Zeno brought Timothy Salophakiolos, a Chalcedonian who had supplanted Aelurus before in 460, back to Alexandria and sentenced Mongus to death.Mongus escaped by flight and remained in hiding until 482.


Peter IV was the 34th Coptic Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria from 567 to 576. Peter IV succeeded the exiled Pope Theodosius I on the latter's death in 567.Because the Melkites were in control of Alexandria at the time, Peter IV lived in exile in the Enaton monastic complex


Pope Peter V of Alexandria was the 83rd Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. His episcopate lasted for 8 years, 6 months and 6 days from 2 January 1340 AD (6 Tobi 1056 AM) to 6 July 1348 AD (14 Abib 1064 AM). Upon his death, he was buried in the Church of the Holy Virgin (also known as Deir Al-Habash دير الحبش بمصر القديمة). The See of St Mark remained vacant for 60 days after his death until his successor, Pope Mark IV, the 84th Patriarch, was elevated to the episcopal see on 5 September 1348 AD (8 Thout 1064 AM).In his time, the Papal Residence was at the Church of The Holy Virgin Mary and St Mercurius in Haret Zuweila (حارة زويلة) in Coptic Cairo.


Pope Peter VI of Alexandria (Abba Petros VI), 104th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.


Pope Peter VII of Alexandria (Abba Boutros El-Gawly), 109th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He was born in the village of El-Gawly in Upper Egypt, and known as Mankarius while a monk at the Monastery of Saint Anthony on the Red Sea. During his papacy, sensing intimations of pressure from Roman Catholicism, the Coptic Church intensified her teaching, her preaching, and her pastoral work, and the Coptic Pope himself intensified his writing on matters of faith and doctrine. During the period, many private and public patriarchal libraries were founded.When the Russian Tsar sent his delegates with an offer to put the Coptic Church under his protection, Pope Peter declined the proposal by asking, "Does your Emperor live forever?" When the envoy answered that he would die, like all humans, the Pope told him that he preferred the Protector of the Church who would not dieThe papal throne stood vacant for a little over one year before his successor, Cyril IV, was elected.Also during the papacy, Saint Sidhom Bishay  was martyred at the hands of Muslims in Damietta. His martyrdom made possible the raising of the Cross openly during Christian funeral processions, for this practice was previously forbidden.His feast date is 28 Paremhat





Pope Peter II is the name assumed by Manuel Alonso Corral who is the second pope of the Palmarian Catholic Church, a small schismatic Traditionalist Catholic church with an episcopal see headquartered in El Palmar de Troya, Spain. Corral (Pope Peter II) succeeded Clemente Domínguez y Gómez the initial Pope known as Pope Gregory XVII. Corral as Pope Peter II ruled for more than 6 years from 22 March 2005 to 15 July 2011 and was succeeded by Ginés Jesús Hernández known as Pope Gregory XVIII. The incumbent pope of the church Joseph Odermatt is known as Pope Peter III. Manuel Alonso Corral (1934 – 15 July 2011), known by his supporters as Pope Peter II, was the leader of the Palmarian Christian Church, a mysticalist group not recognised by the Catholic Church, from 2005 to 2011. Corral was a skilled, affluent lawyer, but he left his legal practice to join Clemente Domínguez y Gómez, who founded the Carmelite Order of the Holy Face in 1975.Corral was ordained priest and bishop by Catholic Archbishop Pierre Martin Ngô Đình Thục in 1976 along with Domínguez and three others (these three others had already been Catholic priests for many years). Archbishop Thuc and the five new bishops were excommunicated by Pope Paul VI for consecrating bishops without the Holy See's approval. Thuc recanted and repudiated his consecrations for the Palmar-based Carmelite Order of the Holy Face. He asked Pope Paul VI to be forgiven and was absolved of all ecclesial penalties in 1976, until 1981 when he was again excommunicated by Pope John Paul II for illicit consecrations.In 1978, Domínguez claimed that Jesus Christ created him pope in 1978 in a mystical vision and transformed the Order into the Palmarian Catholic Church. Domínguez, now called Pope Gregory XVII, named Corral Cardinal Secretary of State of their church and named him his successor in 2000. This appointment – instead of leaving this decision to a Palmarian College of Cardinals – contributed to a rift in the church.Upon Domínguez's death in 2005, Corral succeeded him as Pope Peter II and headed the Palmarian Christian Church until his own death in 2011. Joseph Odermatt, known by his religious name as Eliseo María and by his papal name as Peter III, is a Swiss Independent Catholic prelate and the current pope of the Palmarian Christian Church.Odermatt succeeded Ginés Jesús Hernández (Pope Gregory XVIII) after Hernández left the Palmarian Christian Church and returned to the Roman Catholic Church.Odermatt was born in Stans, Canton of Nidwalden in Switzerland. He claims to be a descendant of Saint Nicholas of Flüe. He joined the Order of Carmelites of the Holy Face in 1985 and worked for eighteen years as a missionary in South America. He served as the Order's Secretary of State from 2011 until 2016 In 2016 he succeeded Ginés Jesús Hernández as Pope of the Palmarian Christian Church, taking the papal name Peter III. He is seated at the Cathedral-Basilica of Our Crowned Mother of Palmar. Some months later he published an encyclical letter, in which he accused his predecessor of discrediting his former Church and of stealing two million euros from the Palmarian Christian Church, alongside several goods (including a BMW X6): he subsequently declared him an apostate, excommunicated him and declared all of his acts to be null and void. Hernández denies the charges of stealing.Odermatt disbanded the papal guard corp instituted by his predecessor, deeming it unnecessary for his security.In 2018 he travelled to the United States for the first time to participate at a "Eucharistic, Marian and Josephine Congress".During his office, the Palmarian Christian Church established an online presence for the first time, opening a website and accounts on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Pinterest and a channel on YouTube




Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1218 on: June 24, 2022, 11:55:06 AM »

Manuel is a male given name originating in the Hebrew name Immanu'el (עִמָּנוּאֵל‎, which means "God with us." It was possibly brought from the Byzantine Empire (as Μανουήλ) to Spain and Portugal, where it has been used since at least the 13th century. Manuel is popular in Spanish, Portuguese, German, French, Romanian, Greek (Latinized), Polish and Dutch where Manny or Manu is used as a nickname.

Manuel I Komnenos (1118–1180)

Manuel II Palaiologos (1350–1425)

Manuel I of Trebizond (1218–1263)

Manuel II of Trebizond (1324–1333)

Manuel III of Trebizond (1364–1417)

Manuel I of Portugal (1469–1521)

Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém, KGF (Portuguese pronunciation: [mɐnuˈɛɫ]; Manuel José Francisco António Caetano Estêvão Bartolomeu (3 August 1697 - 3 August 1766) was a Portuguese infante (prince), seventh child of Peter II, King of Portugal, and his wife Maria Sophia of Neuburg. He was the brother of King John V of Portugal. He was a candidate for the Polish throne.


Manuel of Castile (1234–1283), son of Ferdinand III of Castile


Manuel, Prince of Portugal (11 November 1531 – 14 April 1537), was the Prince of Portugal from 1535 to his death in 1537. He was the fifth child and second son of king John III of Portugal and Catherine of Austria.In 1535, his father officially designated him as Prince of Portugal, taking the place of his eldest sister Infanta Maria Manuela. However, after his premature death at five years old, his younger brother Infante Filipe became the next Prince of Portugal.


Dom Manuel II (15 November 1889 – 2 July 1932), "the Patriot" (Portuguese: "o Patriota") or "the Unfortunate" ("o Desaventurado"), was the last King of Portugal, ascending the throne after the assassination of his father, King Carlos I, and his elder brother, Luís Filipe, the Prince Royal. Before ascending the throne he held the title of Duke of Beja. His reign ended with the fall of the monarchy during the 5 October 1910 revolution, and Manuel lived the rest of his life in exile in Twickenham, Middlesex, England. Manuel Maria Filipe Carlos Amélio Luís Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Francisco de Assis Eugénio de Saxe-Coburgo-Gota e Bragança was born in the Palace of Belém, Lisbon, less than a month after his father King Carlos I ascended the Portuguese throne. He was the third child and second son of Carlos and Amélie of Orléans. His future in the Portuguese Navy was abruptly shelved on 1 February 1908. On that day, the royal family returned from the Ducal Palace in Vila Viçosa to Lisbon. On their way to the royal palace, the carriage carrying King Carlos and his family passed through the Terreiro do Paço where shots were fired by at least two Portuguese republican activist revolutionaries: Alfredo Luis da Costa and Manuel Buiça. It is unclear whether the assassins were attempting to kill the King, the Prince Royal or the prime minister, João Franco. The murderers were shot on the spot by the royal bodyguard and were later recognized as members of the Portuguese Republican Party. The King was killed; Prince Luís Filipe was mortally wounded; Manuel was hit in the arm; Queen Amélie of Orleans was unharmed. It was Amélie's quick thinking that saved her younger son. About 20 minutes later, Prince Luis Filipe died. Days later, Manuel was proclaimed King of Portugal. The young King, who had not been groomed to rule, sought to save the fragile position of the Braganza dynasty by dismissing João Franco and his entire cabinet in 1908. The ambitions of various political parties made Manuel's short reign a turbulent one. In free elections held on 28 August 1910, the republicans won only 14 seats in the legislature. The stability of the government deteriorated; seven governments were established and fell in a period of 24 months. The monarchist parties continued to fragment, while the Republican Party continued to gain ground. The legislative elections on 28 August 1910 had elected 14 new representatives (resulting in an assembly that was divided: 9% Republican, 58% Government and 33% Opposition) which helped the revolutionary cause, but which made little importance since the Setúbal Congress (on 24–25 April 1909) had determined that the Republicans would take power by force.The murder of a prominent republican precipitated the coup d'état that had been so long in coming.Between 4 and 5 October 1910, the Republican Revolution erupted in the streets of Lisbon. What started as a military coup commenced by soldiers, was joined by some civilians and municipal guards attacking the loyal garrisons and the royal palace, while the guns from the cruiser NRP Adamastor added to the cannonade. The Palace of Necessidades (then official residence of the young King) was bombarded, forcing Manuel to move to the Mafra National Palace, where he rendezvoused with his mother, Queen Amélia, and his grandmother, the Queen Mother Maria Pia of Savoy. There was little apparent popular reaction to these events: pictures from the square in front of the City Hall in Lisbon, where the declaration of the Republic occurred, did not show an overwhelming multitude, and even some in the military were fearful that their actions would not be successful. One republican commander, Admiral Cândido dos Reis, even committed suicide when he believed that the events had not succeeded. One day later, once it was clear that the Republicans had taken the country, Manuel decided to embark from Ericeira on the royal yacht Amélia IV for Porto, with armed Republicans arriving as the ship departed. It is unclear whether his advisers motivated Manuel to change his intentions[9] or whether he was forced to change his destination en route, but the Royal Family disembarked in Gibraltar shortly later, after they received notice that Porto had fallen to the Republicans. The coup d'état was complete, and the Royal Family departed for exile,arriving in the United Kingdom, where he was received by King George V. During a visit to Paris in July 1909, the King met Gaby Deslys, an actress and dancer, and immediately began a relationship that would last until the end of Manuel II's reign.  Their relationship was anything but discreet abroad, meanwhile, they were on the front pages of newspapers in Europe and North America, especially after he was deposed. In public interviews, usually on trips, Gaby Deslys never negated the obvious, but always refused to comment on her relationship with the King. After his exile, they would continue to meet, especially while she had stage engagements in London. When Gaby moved to New York, in the summer of 1911, their relationship broke off.In the spring of 1912, Manuel visited Switzerland, where he met Princess Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern (1890–1966), daughter of William, Prince of Hohenzollern, and was deeply impressed by her. They were second cousins, both being great-grandchildren of Maria II. In the following year, on 4 September 1913, Manuel married Augusta Victoria. During the mass, which was celebrated in the Chapel of Sigmaringen Castle, Manuel, wearing his Order of the Garter medallion and the sash of the Three Portuguese Orders, stood on a crate containing soil brought from Portugal. The ceremony was conducted by Cardinal José Sebastião de Almeida Neto, Patriarch of Lisbon, then exiled in Seville, who had baptized Manuel as a young prince; Manuel was also assisted by the Prince of Wales (Edward VIII) and King Alfonso XIII of Spain, as well as representatives of the royal houses of Europe (including Spain, Germany, Italy, France and Romania, in addition to the principalities and German kingdoms). After festivities which lasted two days, the couple went on their honeymoon to Munich, where the Princess fell ill and withdrew from the public. The marriage, a calm and serene union, lasted until the death of the former King; the couple had no children.


Dom João Manuel, Hereditary Prince of Portugal (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈɐ̃w̃ mɐnuˈɛɫ]) (3 June 1537 – 2 January 1554) was a Portuguese infante (prince), the eighth son of King John III of Portugal by his wife Catherine of Austria, daughter of Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile. As the heir to the throne he was styled Prince of Portugal. On 11 January 1552, he married Princess Joanna of Spain, his first double-cousin, through both paternal and maternal line, daughter of his paternal aunt Isabella of Portugal and of his maternal uncle, Emperor Charles V.João Manuel died of what the sources refer to as consumption, which may refer to tuberculosis, on 2 January 1554, but some historians believe his death occurred as a result of diabetes, a disease he may have inherited from his maternal grandfather, Philip I. Eighteen days later, a posthumous son was born from his marriage: the future King Sebastian I of Portugal.


Manuel Godoy y Álvarez de Faria Ríos , Prince of the Peace, 1st Duke of Alcudia, 1st Duke of Sueca, 1st Baron of Mascalbó (May 12, 1767 – October 4, 1851) was First Secretary of State of Spain from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1808. He received many titles, including príncipe de la Paz ('Prince of the Peace'), by which he is widely known. He is best known for his diplomacy with Napoleon He came to power at a young age as the favourite of Charles IV and Queen Maria Luisa. Despite multiple disasters, he maintained power. Many Spanish leaders blamed Godoy for the disastrous war with Britain that cut off Spain's Empire and ruined its finances Godoy was born in Badajoz, the youngest child of noble but poor parents. His father was José de Godoy y Sánchez de los Ríos, de Cáceres y Méndez or José de Godoy y Sánchez de los Ríos Cáceres Morillo y Rodríguez


Don Manuel Luis de Godoy y Tudó, Álvarez de Faria y Catalán (March 29, 1805 in Madrid – August 24, 1871 in Madrid) was a Spanish aristocrat, son of Manuel de Godoy, Prince of the Peace and his second wife Josefa de Tudó, 1st Countess of Castillo Fiel, Dama de Honor de Su Majestad la Reina y Dama Noble de la Orden de Maria Luisa.He inherited his mother's titles and / or representations and solely his father's Italian titles and dignities, the one which could only be used through male line, and was 2nd Principe de Bassano y Principe Romano de Godoy (1851), 2nd Conde de Castillo Fiel with a Coat of Arms of de Tudó (of which was passed a successory Royal Order on October 28, 1870, not getting to receive Royal Dispatch for having died almost subsequently), Knight of the Habit of the Spanish Military Order of Santiago (1867), Bailly Great Cross of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Commander of the Order of Christ in Rome, and the Order of Avis in Portugal, etc. He married in Paris, November 15, 1827, with María Carolina Crowe y O’Donovan O’Neill (London, 1807 – Paris, December 4, 1878), an Irish-Spanish (who was maid of honour to the Empress Eugénie de Montijo), the daughter of Sir Lawrence Crowe, Lord of St Stephen's Green House, and Lucinda O’Donovan O’Neill, both from Dublin, Ireland, and had five children.


Manuel de Godoy di Bassano, 3rd Prince de Godoy di Bassano, (in full, Spanish: Don Manuel Carlos Luis de Godoy di Bassano y Crowe, de Tudó y O'Donovan, tercer principe de Godoy di Bassano, tercer conde de Castillo Fiel, caballero de la orden de San Juan de Jerusalen y de la orden de Felipe el Magnanimo), (31 October 1835 - 14 April 1896) was a Spanish and Italian aristocrat.He was born in Paris, the son of Manuel de Godoy di Bassano, 2nd Prince de Godoy di Bassano and of Lady María Carolina Crowe y O'Donovan O'Neill, Dama de Honor de la Emperatriz Eugenia de Montijo. He was 3rd and last Principe de Godoy di Bassano, 3rd Conde de Castillo Fiel with a Coat of Arms of de Tudó (Royal Order of 21 December 1871, Knight of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem and Knight First Class of the Order of Philip the Magnanimous of the Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine (formerly Darmstadt), etc. Manuel de Godoy di Bassano married first in 1856 with Doña María del Pilar de Sola y Fuentes, with issue died in his lifetime, and married second, in Pamplona on 2 March 1878, with Doña Rosina Carolina Victoria Nöel y Stoltz, Freifrau [Baroness] von Ketschendorf und Stoltzenau, without issue.


Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena (1282–1349), nephew of King Alfonso X el Sabio




Manuel of Portugal (c. 1568–22 June 1638) was the illegitimate son of António, Prior of Crato, pretender to the Portuguese throne during the 1580 Portuguese succession crisis. He secretly married in 1597 Countess Emilia of Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and Anna of Saxony. Manuel was born in Tangier to Portuguese pretender António, Prior of Crato and one Anna Barbosa. Due to his religious office, António of Crato was not allowed to marry. After a failed attempt to gain the throne in 1580, António used to live in France and England. His son Manuel of Portugal is also known as Emanuel I, in his Dutch context.On 7 November 1597, Manuel wed Countess Emilia of Nassau (1569–1629), a daughter of William I, Prince of Orange and Princess Anna of Saxony. The bride's family were prominent representatives of Calvinism in Europe while the groom was Roman Catholic. Their families opposed the marriage but this did not prevent the couple from being secretly married by a Roman Catholic priest. Consequently, Manuel was forced to flee to Wesel, Germany. Emilia – initially under house detention – was able to follow him in December 1597. They had 8 children. Because of the circumstances of the wedding, Manuel and Emilia used to live in a permanent shortage of money during the first years of their marriage. Only in 1608, Philip William, Prince of Orange was able to arrange the reconciliation of Manuel and Emilia on the one hand and Maurice of Nassau, stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, on the other hand. The couple was granted a pension and residences. Life at the stadtholder's court was not easy for them since the Catholic Manuel was shunned by the local society. Therefore, he started secret negotiations with the stewards of the Catholic Spanish Netherlands, the infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia and her husband Albert VII, Archduke of Austria, who promised them a higher apanage than House Orange was paying. After the death of Maurice, when the tensions between his successor Frederick Henry and Manuel were increasing, the latter went to Brussels. His wife who saw Isabella's father king Philip II of Spain as the driving force behind the assassination of her own father decided not to follow Manuel and moved to Geneva together with her daughters where she died in 1629.After the death of his first wife, Manuel married for a second time, on 3 April 1630 in Brussels. His bride Luísa Osório was a lady-in-waiting of Isabella. The two of them held prominent positions at Isabella's court.


Manuel António of Portugal (24 February 1600 – 27 October 1666) was a Portuguese nobleman.He was born as son of Manuel of Portugal and Countess Emilia of Nassau who was a daughter of William the Silent. Manuel António's father, Manuel of Portugal, was an illegitimate son of the Portuguese pretender António, Prior of Crato.Initially Manuel António was raised by his mother as a Calvinist. However, in 1612, his father sent him together with his brother Louis William to their uncle Christoph in France, where he received a Roman Catholic education. On 14 December 1646 he married in Delft Countess Johanna of Hanau-Münzenberg-Schwarzenfels (1610 – 13 September 1673 in Delft), widow of Wild- and Rhinegrave Wolfgang Friedrich of Salm. They had 2 daughters. The sources point out that the countess — who descended from an impoverished branch of her family, which had been buffeted by the Thirty Years' War — brought little to the marriage. Debts weighed heavily on Manuel António and included child support of 300 fl. per year for his illegitimate son William (b. 1646) whose mother was one Dina Borremans.


Prince Manuel of Orléans-Braganza (17 June 1949), son of  Princess Maria de la Esperanza of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1914–2005) and Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza (19 February 1913 – 27 December 2007) He married Margarita Haffner (born 10 December 1945) on 12 December 1977, divorced in 1995, with issue


Prince Manuel de Orléans-Bragança (born 1981), son of Prince Manuel of Orléans-Braganza and Margarita Haffner He married Cássia Letícia Ferreira Kerpel.

Prince Manuel Maria Alexander Leopold Jörg of Bavaria (b. out of wedlock in 1972), son of Ursula (Uschi) Möhlenkamp and Prince Leopold of Bavaria. He married  Princess Anna of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (b. 1978) in 2005. They have 4 children


Manuela or Manuéla is a feminine Spanish given name. The name is a variant of the masculine "Manuel", which is in turn derived from the Hebrew name "Emanuel", meaning "God is with us".


Dona Maria Manuela (15 October 1527 – 12 July 1545) was the eldest daughter and second child of King John III of Portugal and his wife Catherine of Austria. She was Princess of Asturias and Duchess of Milan as the first wife of the future Philip II of Spain, and Princess of Portugal as heir presumptive to the Portuguese throne between 1527 and 1535.She married her double cousin Philip II of Spain on 12 November 1543 at Salamanca She gave birth to their son Carlos on 8 July 1545 in Valladolid, but died four days later due to a haemorrhage


Princess Manuela de Orléans-Bragança (born 1997) daughter of Prince Francisco of Orléans-Braganza (born 9 December 1956) and his 1st wife Christina Schmidt-Pecanha (born 14 January 1953)


Manuela Prinzessin von Looz und Corswarem (November 5, 1861 – January 31, 1919), daughter of Donna María Luisa Cristina (Marie Louise Christine) de Godoy de Bassano y Crowe, de Tudó y O'Donovan, dei principi Godoy di Bassano, (January 12, 1839 – January 28, 1880) and her 1st husband  Ernest Alexandre Louis Charles Napoléon Auguste, Prinz von Looz und Corswarem (September 5, 1834 – December 12, 1868)  She married on June 13, 1881 Henri André Othon, Baron de Bogaerde de Terbruggen (? – September 26, 1896)



Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1219 on: June 24, 2022, 02:09:48 PM »

Immanuel (Hebrew: עִמָּנוּאֵל, romanized: 'Īmmānū'ēl, meaning, "God is with us"; also romanized: Emmanuel, Imanu'el; and Emmanouël or Εμμανουήλ in Koine Greek of the New Testament) is a Hebrew name that appears in the Book of Isaiah (7:14) as a sign that God will protect the House of David. Emmanuel is a romanization of the Hebrew name Immanuel.


Prince Emmanuel of Belgium (Emmanuel Léopold Guillaume François Marie)( 4 October 2005) is the younger son and third child of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of Belgium. He is currently third in line to the throne of Belgium after his elder sister, Princess Elisabeth, and brother, Prince Gabriel.


Prince Emmanuel de Merode (Emmanuel Werner Marie Ghislain de Merode)(5 May 1970) is a conservationist and anthropologist. He has been the director of Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since 2008. Merode was born in Carthage, Tunisia. He is the second son of Charles-Guillaume, Prince de Merode and Princess Hedwige Marie de Ligne-La Trémoïlle. His parents belong to two of Belgium's historically most ancient and influential families, the Houses of Merode and Ligne Merode married Louise Leakey in 2003, a paleontologist from Kenya. They have two daughters


Emmanuel Philibert (Italian: Emanuele Filiberto; Piedmontese: Emanuel Filibert)( 8 July 1528 – 30 August 1580), known as Testa di ferro (Piedmontese: Testa 'd fer; "Ironhead", because of his military career), was Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580. He is remembered for the recovery of the Savoyard state (invaded and occupied by France when he was a child) following the Battle of St. Quentin (1557), and for moving its capital to Turin. Born in Chambéry, Emmanuel Philibert was the only child of Charles III, Duke of Savoy, and Beatrice of Portugal to reach adulthood. His mother was sister-in-law to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the future duke served in Charles's army during the war against Francis I of France, distinguishing himself by capturing Hesdin in July 1553. A month later, he became Duke of Savoy on the death of his father, but this was a nearly empty honour, as the vast majority of his hereditary lands had been occupied and administered by the French since 1536. Hemarried his first cousin once removed, Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry, the sister of King Henry II of France. Their only child was Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy.


Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy (Italian: Carlo Emanuele di Savoia; 12 January 1562 – 26 July 1630), known as the Great, was the Duke of Savoy from 1580 to 1630. He was nicknamed Testa d'feu (lit. 'Hothead', in context "the Hot-Headed") for his rashness and military aggression. Charles was born in the Castle of Rivoli in Piedmont, the only child of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy and Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry.He succeeded his father as duke on 30 August 1580. In 1585, Charles married Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain, daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elizabeth of Valois. They had 9 children.


Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy (16 April 1588 – 4 August 1624) was the third son of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, and was Viceroy of Sicily between 1622 and 1624.Born in Turin, Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy was the third son of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain.


Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy, 2nd Prince of Carignano (20 August 1628 – 23 April 1709), Prince of Carignano, was the son and heir of Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano. He constructed the Palazzo Carignano in Turin.He was born deaf, at Moûtiers, Savoy, now part of France. His being deaf greatly concerned his family. However, he eventually learned to communicate with others by lip-reading, and to speak a few words, though with great difficulty.On 10 November 1684 in the Castle of Racconigi, Emmanuel Philibert, by now in his fifties, married Maria Angela Caterina d'Este, the beautiful daughter of the late General Borso d'Este, a member of the ducal family of Modena, and Ippolita d'Este, Borso's niece. This match was opposed by Louis XIV of France, who had wanted Emmanuel Philibert to marry a French princess, given his position as heir to the duchy of Savoy (Marie Thérèse de Bourbon or one of her sisters were the proposed bride's, as Louis XIV had no surviving legitimate daughters).In 1685, after the intercession of Vittorio Amadeo II, Emmanuel Philibert obtained permission from Louis XIV to return to Turin. He and Caterina had two girls and two boys, of whom only their son Vittorio Amadeo would have children.

Charles Emmanuel II (Italian: Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia)( 20 June 1634 – 12 June 1675) was Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine of France until 1648. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia. At his death in 1675 his second wife Marie Jeanne Baptiste of Savoy-Nemours acted as Regent for their nine-year-old son. He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy, and Christine of France His maternal grandparents were Henry IV of France and his second wife Marie de' Medici. In 1638 at the death of his older brother Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy, Charles Emmanuel succeeded to the duchy of Savoy at the age of 4. His mother governed in his place, and even after reaching adulthood in 1648, he invited her to continue to rule Charles Emmanuel continued a life of pleasure, far away from the affairs of state. He became notorious for his persecution of the Vaudois (Waldensians) culminating in the massacre of 1655, known as Piedmontese Easter. The massacre was so brutal that it prompted the English poet John Milton to write the sonnet On the Late Massacre in Piedmont. Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector, called for a general fast in England and proposed to send the British Navy if the massacre was not stopped while gathering funds for helping the Waldensians. Sir Samuel Morland was commissioned with that task. He later wrote The History of the Evangelical Churches of the Valleys of Piemont (1658). The 1655 massacre was only the beginning of a series of conflicts, the Savoyard–Waldensian wars (1655–1690), that saw Waldensian rebels use guerrilla warfare tactics against ducal military campaigns to enforce Roman Catholicism upon the entire population. Only after the death of his mother in 1663, did he really assume power. Charles Emmanuel first met Marie Jeanne of Savoy in 1659 and fell in love with her. However, his mother disagreed with the pairing, and encouraged him to marry Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans, daughter of his maternal uncle Gaston, Duke of Orléans, the younger brother of his mother Christine Marie. They were married 3 April 1663The couple had no issue. His mother died at the end of 1663, and his first wife died at the start of 1664. This left him free to get married on 20 May 1665 to Marie Jeanne of Savoy. They had 1 son.


Emanuele Philibert of Savoy (1705–1705), died in infancy Son of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and his 1st wife Anne Marie d'Orléans


Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1220 on: June 24, 2022, 02:10:33 PM »

Charles Emmanuel III (27 April 1701 – 20 February 1773) was Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia from 1730 until his death.He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and his first wife the French Anne Marie d'Orléans. His maternal grandparents were Prince Philippe of France and his first wife Princess Henrietta, the youngest daughter of Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France. Charles Emmanuel was the oldest surviving brother of Princess Maria Adelaide of Savoy - the mother of Louis XV of France; he was also the brother of Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen of Spain as wife Philip V of Spain.Charles Emmanuel married three times, but all of his three wives died young. There were plans for him to marry his cousin Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans, but his mother declined the offer. Amalia d'Este, daughter of Rinaldo, Duke of Modena, and Infanta Francisca Josefa of Portugal, daughter of Pedro II of Portugal, were also candidates. He married first Countess Palatine Anne Christine of Sulzbach (1704–1723), daughter of Theodore Eustace of Sulzbach and Princess Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg.She died a few days later after giving birth to a son. Secondly Princess Polyxena of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg (1706–1735) She was the daughter of Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg (maternal uncle of his first spouse) and his wife Maria Anna of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort. Polyxena bore him six children. And finally Princess Elisabeth Thérèse of Lorraine (1711–1741) daughter of Leopold, Duke of Lorraine and his wife Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, a niece of Louis XIV of France). Elisabeth Thérèse was a younger sister of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, the husband of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. The couple married in 1737, and Elisabeth Thérèse bore him three children


Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta (17 May 1731 – 23 April 1735) was a prince of Savoy.Prince Emanuele Filiberto was born at the Royal Palace of Turin, Turin. He was the second son of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and his second wife Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg, and he was styled as the Duke of Aosta from birth until his death. He was born in the reign of his father Charles Emmanuel III, King of Sardinia. Prince Emanuele died the 23 April 1735, at the age of 3.



Charles Emmanuel IV (Carlo Emanuele Ferdinando Maria)( 24 May 1751 – 6 October 1819) was King of Sardinia from 1796 to 1802. He abdicated in favour of his brother Victor Emmanuel I.Carlo Emanuele Ferdinando Maria di Savoia was born in Turin, the eldest son of Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia, and of his wife Infanta Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain. From his birth to his own succession to the throne of Sardinia in 1796, Charles Emmanuel was styled "Prince of Piedmont"In 1775, Charles Emmanuel married Marie Clotilde of France, the daughter of Louis, Dauphin of France and Princess Marie-Josèphe of Saxony, and sister of King Louis XVI of France. Although the union was arranged for political reasons, Charles Emmanuel and his wife became devoted to each other. Their attempts to have children, however, were unsuccessful.At the death of his father (14 October 1796), Charles Emmanuel succeeded as King of Sardinia. The kingdom included not only the island of Sardinia but also significant territories in northwest Italy including all of Piedmont.On 7 March 1802, Charles Emmanuel's wife Marie Clothilde died. He was so moved by her death that he decided to abdicate, on 4 June 1802, in favour of his brother Victor Emmanuel. Charles Emmanuel retained the personal title of King. He lived in Rome and in the nearby town of Frascati.


Victor Emmanuel I (Vittorio Emanuele)(24 July 1759 – 10 January 1824) was the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia (1802–1821).  Victor Emmanuel was the second son of King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain, daughter of King Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese.Victor Emmanuel was known from birth as the Duke of Aosta. From 1792 to 1796, Aosta's father had taken an active part in the struggle of the old powers against the revolutionary forces in France but was defeated and forced to make peace, signing the Treaty of Paris. The old king died shortly thereafter, and in December 1798, his eldest son and successor, Charles Emmanuel IV, was faced with a French occupation and eventually annexation, of his mainland territories. Charles Emmanuel and his family were forced to withdraw to Sardinia, which was the only part of his domains not conquered by the French. Charles Emmanuel himself took little interest in the rule of Sardinia, living with his wife on the mainland in Naples and Rome until his wife's death in 1802, which led the childless Charles Emmanuel to abdicate the throne in favour of his younger brother.Aosta took the throne on 4 June 1802 as Victor Emmanuel I. On 21 April 1789, he married Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este, daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Modena (who was the son of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor).They had six daughters and one son who died very young.


Charles Emanuel (3 September 1796 – 9 August 1799) son of Victor Emmanuel I and Maria Teresa of Austria Este. He died of smallpox.

Charles Emmanuel of Savoy, 6th Prince of Carignano (24 October 1770 – 16 August 1800) was a Prince of Savoy and later the Prince of Carignano between 1780 and 1800, and the paternal grandfather of Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of a united Italy.He was a son of Victor Amadeus II, Prince of Carignano and Joséphine of Lorraine, and a fifth-generation descendant of Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano, founder of the Carignano line of the House of Savoy.On 24 October 1797 he married in Turin Maria Christina of Saxony, daughter of Carl Christian Joseph of Saxony, Duke of Courland, himself son of Augustus III of Poland. They had two children.


Victor Emmanuel II (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele II; full name: Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia)( 14 March 1820 – 9 January 1878) was King of Sardinia from 1849 until 17 March 1861, when he assumed the title of King of Italy and became the first king of an independent, united Italy since the 6th century, a title he held until his death in 1878. Borrowing from the old Latin title Pater Patriae of the Roman emperors, the Italians gave him the epithet of Father of the Fatherland (Italian: Padre della Patria). Born in Turin as the eldest son of Charles Albert, Prince of Carignano, and Maria Theresa of Austria In 1842 he married his first cousin once removed Adelaide of Austria (1822–1855). With her, he had eight children


Vittorio Emanuele (6 July 1852 – 6 July 1852), son of Victor Emmanuel II and Adelaide of Austria

Vittorio Emanuele (18 January 1855 – 17 May 1855), Count of Geneva.Son of Victor Emmanuel II and Adelaide of Austria


Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III, Albanian: Viktor Emanueli III, Amharic: ቪቶርዮ አማኑኤል, romanized: Vītoriyo Āmanu’ēli)( 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) reigned as King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. He also reigned as Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–1941) and King of the Albanians (1939–1943). During his reign of nearly 46 years, which began after the assassination of his father Umberto I, the Kingdom of Italy became involved in two world wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism and its regime. Victor Emmanuel III was born in Naples in the Kingdom of Italy to King Umberto I of Italy and Margherita of Savoy, the Queen consort. He was named after his grandfather, Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia and later King of Italy. Unlike his paternal first cousin's son, the 1.98 m (6-foot 6") tall Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta, Victor Emmanuel was short of stature even by 19th-century standards, to the point that today he would appear diminutive. He was just 1.53 m tall (just over 5 feet).In 1896 he married princess Elena of Montenegro (1873–1952), daughter of Nicholas I, King of Montenegro.They had 5 children.


Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Savoy, Prince of Naples (Vittorio Emanuele Alberto Carlo Teodoro Umberto Bonifacio Amedeo Damiano Bernardino Gennaro Maria di Savoia)(12 February 1937) is the only son of Umberto II, the last King of Italy, and his wife Princess Marie-José of Belgium. Vittorio Emanuele also uses the title Duke of Savoy and claims the headship of the House of Savoy. These claims were disputed by supporters of his third cousin, Prince Aimone, 6th Duke of Aosta.He has lived for most of his life in exile, following the constitutional referendum of 1946 which affirmed the abolition of the monarchy and the creation of the Italian Republic. After an 11-year relationship, Vittorio Emanuele married Swiss biscuit heiress and world-ranked water skier Marina Doria in Tehran, Iran on 7 October 1971 Vittorio Emanuele has one son, Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy, Prince of Venice, born on 22 June 1972.


Emanuele Filiberto Umberto Reza Ciro René Maria di Savoia (born 22 June 1972) is a member of the House of Savoy. He is the son and heir of Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia and only male-line grandson of Umberto II, the last King of Italy. As heir-apparent to the disputed headship of the House of Savoy, Emanuele Filiberto also styles himself as "Prince of Piedmont".Emanuele Filiberto was born in Geneva, Switzerland, the only child of Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, a disputed head of the House of Savoy, and his wife, Marina Doria On 10 July 2003, the engagement of Emanuele Filiberto to Clotilde Courau, a French actress, was announced. The couple married on 25 September of that year at the Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri in Rome. They have 2 daughters


Prince Emanuele Filiberto Vittorio Eugenio Alberto Genova Giuseppe Maria di Savoia, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto)(13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy, as the son of Amadeo I, and was also a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Filiberto was also commander of the Italian Third Army during World War I, which earned him the title of the "Undefeated Duke". After the war he became a Marshal of Italy.
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (1662–1726) He was born in Genoa, the eldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta (second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II) and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. In 1870, Amadeo was elected King of Spain, but abdicated and returned to Italy in 1873. Amadeo died in 1890, and Emanuele Filiberto succeeded as Duke of Aosta.He was married in 25 June 1895 to Princess Hélène of Orléans (1871–1951). She was a daughter of Prince Philippe of Orléans and the Infanta Maria Isabel of Spain. They had 2 sons.
Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1221 on: June 24, 2022, 02:10:41 PM »

Prince Emanuel of Liechtenstein (Emanuel Joseph Johann)(2 February/3 February 1700 – 15 January 1771) was the father and brother to two of Liechtenstein's monarchs.  

Prince Emanuel Joseph Bartholomäus Antonius of Liechtenstein ( 24 August 1732  December 1738), son of Prince Emanuel of Liechtenstein (1700–1771) and Maria Anna Antonia Gräfin von Dietrichstein-Weichselstädt Freiin zu Hollenburg und Finkenstein (10 September 1706 - 7 January 1777)


Prince Emanuel Joseph Kaspar Melchior Balthasar of Liechtenstein (6 January 1770 -20 February 1773), son of  Maria Eleonore Prinzessin zu Oettingen-Oettingen und Oettingen-Spielberg (7 July 1745 - 26 November 1812) and Prince Karl (Karl Borromäus) Michael Joseph of Liechtenstein (29 September 1730 – 21 February 1789)


Karl Emanuel Johannes Gabriel Maria Josef, Prinz von und zu Liechtenstein (22 October 1908– 18 October 1987) was a child of Prince Johannes of Liechtenstein (1873–1959) and Marie Gabrielle Andrássy von Szik-Szent-Kiraly (1886–1961).He died unmarried and without issue.


Prince Emanuel of Liechtenstein (29 November 1978), son of Prince Friedrich Emanuel Konrad Thaddäus Maria of Liechtenstein (30 September 1937 - d. 20 December 2010) and Annemarie Ortner (3 May 1948) He married in Regensburg on 7 August 2007 Sonja Maria Monschein (29 January 1982). They have 3 children.


Prince Maria Emanuel of Saxony, Duke of Saxony, Margrave of Meissen (31 January 1926 – 23 July 2012) was the head of the Royal House of Saxony Born at Prüfening Abbey in Regensburg, Bavaria, he was the eldest child of the then Hereditary Prince Frederick Christian of Saxony, later Margrave of Meissen, and Princess Elisabeth Helene of Thurn and Taxis.At the age of 18 Emanuel was imprisoned and sentenced to death by the National Socialists for being opposed to their rule. The death sentence, however, was commuted. He next had to escape from the approaching Soviets as his homeland, Saxony, became a part of communist East Germany as World War II wound down. After the war he moved to Switzerland where he began working in the financial services sector. Also being a talented painter Emanuel had a number of his works exhibited Although Marie Vassiltchikov recounts in her book The Berlin Diaries 1940–45 the story of the 16-year-old Hereditary Prince Maria Emanuel paying her a visit to seek her help in finding a bride, as he felt it was his dynastic obligation to start a family early, Emanuel would not in fact marry until his 37th birthday. His wife was Princess Anastasia of Anhalt (1940), whom he married (civ.) on 22 June 1962 in La Tour-de-Peilz and (rel.) on 31 January 1963 in Vevey, Switzerland. They had no children.As Maria Emanuel fathered no legitimate children, he had acknowledged as his eventual heir Prince Alexander of Saxe-Gessaphe, the son of his eldest sister Princess Anna and her late husband Robert Afif, Prince of Gessaphe (or "Assaphe"/"Afif-Assaf", descendants of a Lebanese Christian family which ruled the Keserwan, a province in north of Beirut)


Father Emmeram of Thurn and Taxis OSB, until his profession Prince Max Emanuel Maria Siegfried Joseph Antonius Ignatius Lamoral of Thurn and Taxis (German: Pater Emmeram von Thurn und Taxis OSB)(1 March 1902 – 3 October 1994) was a German Benedictine and member of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis.Max Emanuel was the fifth eldest son (fourth, if counting only children who lived to adulthood) of Albert, 8th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, and his wife Archduchess Margarethe Klementine of Austria. He had six brothers and one sister. Max Emanuel's eldest brother was Franz Joseph, 9th Prince of Thurn and Taxis.


Duke Maximilian Emanuel in Bavaria (7 December 1849 – 12 June 1893) was a German prince of the House of Wittelsbach, and a brother of Elisabeth of Bavaria, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary. Born 7 December 1849 in Munich, Maximilian Emanuel was the tenth and youngest child of Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria and his wife, Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. Maximilian Emanuel married Princess Amalie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, fourth child and second eldest daughter of Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his wife Princess Clémentine of Orléans, on 20 September 1875 in Ebenthal, Lower Austria, Austria-Hungary. Maximilian Emanuel and Amalie had three sons


Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria Herzog in Bayern (sometimes styled Prince Max of Bavaria, Duke in Bavaria)( 21 January 1937) as the younger son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, is the heir presumptive to both the headship of the former Bavarian royal house and the Jacobite succession. He was born a Prince of Bavaria, as a member of the royal line of the House of Wittelsbach, but has been using the title "Herzog in Bayern" or Duke in Bavaria, since he was adopted as an adult by his grand-uncle, Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria, the last bearer of that title of a junior branch of the House of WittelsbachMax married the Swedish Countess Elisabeth Douglas (born 31 December 1940 in Stockholm), daughter of Count Carl Ludvig Douglas and Ottora Maria Haas-Heye, in a civil ceremony in Kreuth on 10 January 1967 and in a religious ceremony in Munich on 24 January 1967. They have five daughters.


Max Emanuel Prinz von Thurn und Taxis (7 September 1935 – 5 March 2020) was the heir presumptive to the nominal title of Fürst von Thurn und Taxis that is held, according to the traditional house law of the former German princely House of Thurn and Taxis, by his nephew Albert, 12th Prince of Thurn and Taxis. Max Emanuel was a member of the former German princely House of Thurn and Taxis, whose wealth derived from founding the German postal service and brewing On 20 May 1969 at Schwangau, Max Emanuel entered into a civil marriage, deemed uncompliant with the family's traditional house law, with Anna Maria Gräfin von Pocci (1944–2008), a daughter of Count Konrad Albert von Pocci and his wife Anna Elisabeth Hartmann. They married in a religious ceremony two days later. A childless marriage, they divorced a year later, on 1 July 1970 at Kempten; the marriage was annulled on 17 October 1972 at Augsburg On 14 March 1973 at Schwangau, he entered into another uncompliant union, civilly marrying Christa Heinle, a daughter of Erich Heinle and his wife Ingeburg Wurzner. The following day, they had a religious ceremony. He and Christa have two sons


Emanuel, Hereditary Prince of Salm-Salm (1871-1916), he married Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria (1879–1962) Maria Christina and Emanuel had five children

Emanuel, Hereditary Prince of Salm-Salm (born 1961)


Emanuel Joseph Maria Wilhelm Ferdinand Burkhard Prinz von Hohenzollern-Emden (23 February 1929-8 February 1999), son of Franz Joseph, Prince of Hohenzollern-Emden and Princess Maria Alix of Saxony (1901–1990) He married (civil and religious) at Burg Hohenzollern on 25 May 1968 to Katharina Feodora Adelheid Sabine Sophie Felicitas Sieglinde, Princess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (30 November 1943) a granddaughter of William Ernest, the last Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach; divorced in 1985


Maximilian Emanuel of Württemberg-Winnental (February 27, 1689 in Stuttgart – September 25, 1709 in Dubno), son of Frederick Charles of Württemberg-Winnental and Margravine Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach, was a volunteer in the army of Charles XII of Sweden and a devoted friend to the king.

Philippe Emanuel, Prince of Hornes, Prince of Overisque, Count of Solre-le-Château (31 August 1661 in Condé – 14 October 1718 in Bailleul, Somme), was the son of Eugene Maximilian, Prince of Hornes and Princess Anne Marie Jeanne of Croÿ. He married Princess Marie Anne Antoninette of Ligne.His domain, the Principality of Hornes, was a part of the Holy Roman Empire in what is now modern France, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. It was surrounded by the Principality of Liège. It had 3 enclaves, which were in France.


Maximilian Emanuel, 3rd Prince of Hornes, Count of Baucignies and of Solre-le-Château (31 August 1695, Brussels – 12 January 1763, Brussels), was a nobleman and Grand Huntsman of Brabant. His father was Philippe Emanuel, 2nd Prince of Hornes, and his mother was Princess Marie Anne Antoinette of Ligne.He first married Lady Marie Thérèse Charlotte Bruce (1697–1736), daughter of Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury, an English nobleman who lived in exile in Brussels for much of his life, and his second wife Charlotte d'Argenteau, comtesse d'Esneux. They had 2 children. Following his first wife's death, he was married to Princess Henriette Thérèse Norbertine of Salm-Kyrburg (1711–1751) and then, after her death, to Princess Marie Albertine de Gavre (1735–1797), daughter of Charles I Alexandre, 1st Prince de Gavre


Emanuel or Manolache Giani Ruset (1715 – 8 March 1794) was a Prince of Wallachia (May 1770 – October 1771), and Prince of Moldavia (May 11, 1788 – October 1788). He was a Phanariote and member of the Rosetti family. Emanuel Giani Ruset is the son of a Greek pope named Ioannis Giannis or Tzanis and Euphrosine Ruset, great-granddaughter of Prince Antonie Ruset. The Italianization of the name seems to be a fantasy of a cleric in various documents; in any case the phanariots, as dragogists (interpreter-translators of the "Sublime Porte") were all polyglot and sometimes italianized or Frenchified their names.


Philippe-Emmanuel de Lorraine, Duke of Mercœur and of Penthièvre (9 September 1558 – 19 February 1602, in Nürnberg) was a French soldier, a prince of the Holy Roman Empire and a prominent member of the Catholic League.
Philippe-Emmanuel de Lorraine, Duke of Mercoeur was born on 9 September 1558 in Nomeny, France, the eldest surviving son of Nicholas, Count of Vaudémont and Jeanne de Savoie-Nemours. In 1575, Mercoeur married Marie de Luxembourg, daughter of Sébastien de Luxembourg, which, together with the title of Duc de Penthièvre, also brought him rights to the crown of the Duchy of Brittany. He had two children with Marie


Emmanuel Maurice de Lorraine (Emmanuel Maurice)(30 December 1677 – 17 July 1763) was Duke of Elbeuf and Prince of Lorraine. He succeeded his older brother Henri de Lorraine (1661–1748) as duke. He died without any surviving issue.


Louis-Emmanuel de Valois (28 April 1596 – 13 November 1653) was count of Auvergne and duke of Angoulême.  The son of Charles de Valois, the illegitimate son of King Charles IX and Marie Touchet. His mother was Charlotte de Montmorency, daughter of Henri I de Montmorency. Louis-Emmanuel de Valois married on 8 February 1629 with Marie Henriette de La Guiche, dame de Chaumont (died 1682), daughter of Philibert de La Guiche, Grand Master of Artillery. They had 4 children.



Emmanuel Théodose de La Tour d'Auvergne (1668 – 17 April 1730) was a French nobleman and ruler of the Sovereign Duchy of Bouillon. He was the son of Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne and his wife Marie Anne Mancini. He married four times and had eleven children.His first wife, Marie Armande Victoire de La Trémouille (1677–1717) was a daughter of Charles Belgique Hollande de La Trémoille and Madeleine de Créquy. They married on 1 February 1696 and had seven children Married secondly to Louise Françoise Angélique le Tellier (d.1719), a grand daughter of Louvois, the couple married on 4 January 1718 and had a son Thirdly he married Anne Marie Christiane de Simiane (d.1722) on 26 May 1720. They had a daughter Lastly he married Louise Henriette Françoise de Lorraine (1707–1737), daughter of Anne Marie Joseph de Lorraine and Marie Louise Jeannin de Castille. The couple married on 21 March 1725 and had a daughter


Emmanuel-Armand de Vignerot du Plessis-Richelieu, Duke of d'Aiguillon (31 July 1720 – 1 September 1788), was a French soldier and statesman, and a nephew of Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, 3rd Duke of Richelieu. He served as the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under King Louis XV.


Count Emanuel von Sievers (Russian: Эммануил Карлович Сиверс, romanized: Emmanuil Karlovich Sivers; 1817–1909) was a Baltic German aristocrat who was a senator of the Russian Empire and grand master of the imperial court.Emanuel von Sievers was one of the sons of General de:Carl Gustav von Sievers (1772-1853). In 1847 Count von Sievers married the Countess Elise von Koskull (1824-1901)
Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1222 on: June 28, 2022, 09:01:59 AM »

The given name Xavier (Spanish: Javier; Basque: Xabier ) is a masculine name derived from the 16th-century Spanish Navarrese Roman Catholic Saint Francis Xavier. Xavier comes from the name of the Jesuit missionary saint Francis Xavier, where Xavier stands for his birthplace of Javier (Xabier in Basque; Xavier in Old Spanish) in the Kingdom of Navarre. The toponym is itself the romanization of the Basque place-name (and surname) etxe berri, meaning 'castle', 'new house' or 'new home'

Xavier, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, known in France before 1974 as Prince Xavier de Bourbon-Parme, known in Spain as Francisco Javier de Borbón-Parma y de Braganza or simply as Don Javier (25 May 1889 – 7 May 1977), was the head of the ducal House of Bourbon-Parma and Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain. He was the second son of the last reigning Duke of Parma Robert I and his second wife Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal, although born after his father lost the throne. Educated with austerity at Stella Matutina, he grew up in France, Italy and Austria, where his father had properties. During World War I, he joined the Belgian army, fighting with distinction. With his brother Sixtus he was a go-between in the so-called Sixtus Affair, a failed attempt by his brother-in-law, Emperor Charles I of Austria to negotiate a separate peace with the Allies (1916–1917) through the Bourbon-Parma brothers.In 1936 Don Alfonso Carlos de Borbón, Duke of Madrid died, ending the male line of Carlist pretenders to the Spanish throne descended from Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. Having no children with his wife, Maria das Neves of Portugal, Don Alfonso Carlos designated her nephew Xavier to succeed him as regent in exile of the Carlist Communion and as Grand Master of the Order of Prohibited Legitimacy. On 12 November 1927 at the château de Lignières in Cher he married Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset (23 March 1898 – 1 September 1984)She was born of a cadet branch of the Bourbon Counts of Busset, male-line descendants of Louis de Bourbon (1437–1482), prince du sang, Bishop of Liège, allegedly by a liaison with Catherine de Gueldres. Her father was Georges de Bourbon-Busset, Count de Lignières (1860–1932), and her mother Marie Jeanne née de Kerret-Quillien (1866–1958). Together they had 6 children.



Prince Marie Edouard-Xavier Ferdinand Auguste Gaspard de Lobkowicz (18 October 1960 – 27 April 1984) was a French aristocrat, military officer, and murder victim. Prince Edouard-Xavier was born at the American Hospital of Paris on 18 October 1950 to Prince Edouard de Lobkowicz and Princess Marie Françoise of Bourbon-Parma.He was a member of the House of Lobkowicz, a Czech princely house. His paternal grandparents were Prince Edouard Josef von Lobkowicz and the American golfer and businesswoman Anita Lihme. His maternal grandparents were Prince Xavier of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne and head of the House of Bourbon-Parma, and Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset On 2 April 1984, Prince Edouard-Xavier left his parents' Paris residence for an appointment after receiving a telephone call. Two days later, his parents reported his disappearance to the French authorities. A few weeks later, his car was discovered in the parking lot of the Gare de Lyon. His body, partly decomposed, was discovered on 27 April 1984 in the waters of the Seine, southeast of Paris in Ivry-sur-Seine. An autopsy revealed that he was shot in the throat and left shoulder blade, and that his body had been in the water "for some time". His remains remained unidentified for over a week after the discovery, and his family was not notified until 4 May 1984. He was shot with a hunting rifle and his body was tossed into the Seine River, weighed down by an large iron bar tied around his waist.An investigation was opened after his death, but no reason was found as to why he had been murdered. The French newspaper France-Soir ran a story suggesting that he had been abducted and murdered due to his mother's connections with charitable organizations for Lebanese Christians and because of his father's association with the arms industry.


Xavier Brenninkmeijer (16 December 2015) 2nd child and only son of Princess María Carolina of Bourbon Parma (23 June 1974) and Albert Brenninkmeijer


Franz Xavier of Saxony (Polish: Ksawery Saski) (25 August 1730 –21 June 1806) was a Saxon prince and member of the House of Wettin. He was the fourth but second surviving son of Augustus III, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, and Maria Josepha of Austria. In Dresden on 9 March 1765 Franz Xavier married morganatically an Italian lady-in-waiting to his sister-in-law, the Dowager Electress, the contessa Maria Chiara Spinucci. The union was kept secret until 1777 when it was formally announced and legitimized.During their marriage, Franz Xavier and Maria Chiara had ten children — known as counts and countesses of Lusatia (de: Graf/Gräfin von der Lausitz) — but only six survived to adulthood


Count Xavier Branicki (in Polish: Franciszek Ksawery Branicki, in French: François Xavier Branicki), (26 October 1816 -20 November 1879), was a Polish nobleman, political exile and landowner who took French nationality. He became a political writer, financier, art collector and philanthropist. He was the owner and restorer of the Château de Montrésor and estate in France. He was descended from a powerful magnate family with immense land holdings in the Duchy of Lithuania and in Ukraine, partly as a result, it is said, of a family connection with Catherine the Great. He was a member of the close circle of Napoleon III. He was a co-founder of the Crédit Foncier de France, a bank that continues to this day.


Xavier Marie Joseph, Duke of Aqutaine (8 September 1753 – 22 February 1754) was a French prince of the House of Bourbon. He was the third surviving child and second eldest son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Josepha of Saxony, and was thus the second oldest brother to the future kings Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. He was given the courtesy title of Duke of Aquitaine upon birth and during the five months he lived he was second in line to the throne of France after his elder brother Louis Joseph, Duke of Burgundy. He died after an epileptic seizure and was buried in the Saint Denis Basilica. Since he and his brother predeceased their father and grandfather, the throne of France ultimately passed to their younger brother Louis Auguste.





Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1223 on: June 28, 2022, 09:08:19 AM »

Sixtus was a Roman name, a corruption of the Greek name "Ξυστος", meaning "polished", and originally Latinized "Xystus". In its Spanish form (Sixto) it is still used as a personal name.


Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma (German: Sixtus Ferdinand Maria Ignazio Alfred Robert von Bourbon-Parma)( 1 August 1886 – 14 March 1934) was a member of the House of Bourbon-Parma, a Belgian officer in World War I, and the central figure in the Sixtus Affair, an attempt to negotiate a treaty to end Austria-Hungary's participation in the Great War separate from its Central Powers allies. He also wrote a number of books. Sixtus was the eldest son of the last Duke of Parma, Robert I (1848–1907) and his second wife Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal (1862–1959), daughter of King Miguel of Portugal. His father had had twelve children from a previous marriage and Sixtus was the fourteenth of Duke Robert's twenty four children. Among the twenty four, he was the sixth son, hence he was named, Sixtus.Sixtus' father had been deposed from the Duchy of Parma during the wars of Italian unification, but having inherited the large fortune of his childless uncle, Henri, Count of Chambord, Duke Robert was very wealthy. He raised his large family, alternating their residence between Villa Pianore (a large property located between Pietrasanta and Viareggio) and his Castle Schwarzau, lower Austria. Prince Sixtus was educated at Stella Matutina, a Catholic boarding school for boys run by Jesuits in Feldkirch, near the Swiss border. After finishing high school, he studied law in Paris.On the death of his father in 1907, the largest part of the family's fortune was inherited by Elias, Duke of Parma, the only healthy son among Sixtus' half-siblings. In 1910, the children of Duke Robert's first wife and those of his second wife reached an agreement dividing their father's assets. The following year, Sixtus's sister, Princess Zita, married Archduke Charles, the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, who had been Sixtus' childhood friend.The outbreak of World War I further divided the family. Although their ancestors had reigned in Parma, the brothers had even stronger ties with France and Austria. Unable to fight with the French army, while Prince Sixtus and his brother Prince Xavier of Bourbon-Parma enlisted in the Belgian Army, their brothers Elias, Felix and René fought on the opposite side, in the Austrian Army.In 1917, as the War was dragging on towards its fourth year, Sixtus' brother-in-law, Emperor Charles I, secretly entered into peace negotiations with France using Sixtus as intermediary. The Emperor also enlisted the help of his loyal childhood friend and aide-de-camp Count Tamás Erdődy. Charles initiated contact with Sixtus via neutral Switzerland. Empress Zita wrote a letter inviting her brother to Vienna. Zita and Sixtus's mother, who was living in neutral Switzerland, delivered the letter personally.Sixtus arrived with French-agreed conditions for talks: the restoration to France of Alsace-Lorraine, annexed by Germany after the Franco-Prussian War in 1870; the restoration of the independence of Belgium; the independence of Serbia and the handover of Constantinople to Russia. Charles agreed, in principle, to the first three points and wrote a letter dated 24 March 1917, to Sixtus giving "the secret and unofficial message that I will use all means and all my personal influence" to the French President.This attempt at 20th century dynastic diplomacy eventually failed, mainly because of the requirement for Italy to cede Tyrol. Germany also refused to negotiate over Alsace-Lorraine and, seeing a Russian collapse on the horizon, was loath to give up the war. When news of the overture leaked in April 1918, Sixtus's brother-in-law, Charles I of Austria, denied involvement until French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau published letters signed by him. Austria now became even more dependent on its German ally, and there a sharp rebuke for Charles by Wilhelm II.The failed attempt of peace negotiations became known as the Sixtus Affair.On 12 November 1919, Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma was married to Hedwige de la Rochefoucauld (1896–1986), the daughter of Armand de La Rochefoucauld, Duke de Doudeauville, Duke de Bisaccia (1870–1963) and his wife, Princess Louise Radziwill (1877–1942). Hedwige's younger sister, Marie de La Rochefoucauld, married Henri-Antoine-Marie de Noailles, the 11th Prince de Poix. The marriage lacked the authorization of Sixtus's elder half-brother, Elias, Duke of Parma, and was considered non-dynastic until 1959, at which time Elias's son, Robert Hugo, Duke of Parma, inheriting his father's position as head of the family, recognized the marriages of his uncles Sixtus and Xavier. Together, they had one daughter: Princess Isabella (1922–2015) who married a distant cousin Count Roger de la Rochefoucauld on 23 June 1943. They divorced in 1966. They had five sons and six grandchildren.The peace Treaty of Saint-Germain, gave France the right to confiscate permanently the property of those who had fought in enemy armies during the war. As Sixtus's half-brother, Elias, had served in the Austrian army, the French government expropriated Chambord castle, owned by the Bourbons of Parma. Because Prince Sixtus and his brother Xavier had fought with the Allied side, they took their brother Elias to court demanding a greater share of the family inheritance.They claimed that the former legal agreement was contrary to French law. In 1925, a French court upheld Sixtus and Xavier's claim, but the appeals court overturned the verdict in 1928. The French Court of Cassation upheld it in 1932. The brothers were given an equal share of the estate. However, Chambord was never returned by the French government, which paid compensation to Elias. Married to a French aristocrat, Prince Sixtus settled in France. In the following years he made several exploratory expeditions to Africa, wrote a number of books (including a biography of his great-great grandmother Maria Luisa of Spain, Duchess of Lucca) and treatises. He died on 14 March 1934, in Paris.


Sixte de La Rochefoucauld, son of Isabelle Marie Antoinette Louise of Bourbon-Parma (14 March 1922, -26 February 2015) and Roger Alexandre Lucien François de La Rochefoucauld (8 October 1915 - 13 April 1970)


Prince Sixtus Henry of Bourbon-Parma (Spanish: Don Sixto Enrique de Borbón-Parma y Borbón-Busset; Italian: Sisto Enrico di Borbone Parma)(22 July 1940), known as Enrique V by supporters,is considered Regent of Spain by some Carlists who accord him the titles Duke of Aranjuez, Infante of Spain, and Standard-bearer of Tradition Sixtus was born in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques during the World War II Vichy regime of France, the second son of Prince Xavier of Bourbon-Parma (then Prince Regent, later Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain, later titular Duke of Parma) and his wife Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset.He belongs to a cadet branch of the former royal dynasty of France (and current dynasty of Spain), the House of Bourbon, which ruled the independent Duchy of Parma in Italy until 1859, and reigns (patrilineally) today in Luxembourg. In exile, his family lived in France. He is a brother of Princess Cécile, Princess María Teresa, Princess Marie Françoise, and Prince Carlos Hugo.From an early age Sixtus devoted himself to the cause of Carlism.Although the youngest of six children and the second son of his parents, Sixtus inherited his childhood home, the chateau de Lignières near the middle of France, from his mother whose dowry it had been. He never married and has no children.


Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1224 on: June 28, 2022, 09:22:29 AM »

Zita is a female given name.The name may originate from the Italian word zita meaning young girl or from the Hungarian pet name of Felicita, from Latin Felicia. In Basque, the word means saint. In Greek, the word means' the hunter'.


Zita of Bourbon-Parma (Zita Maria delle Grazie Adelgonda Micaela Raffaela Gabriella Giuseppina Antonia Luisa Agnese)( 9 May 1892 – 14 March 1989) was the wife of Charles, the last monarch of Austria-Hungary. As such, she was the last Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, in addition to other titles. She is venerated in the Catholic Church, having been declared Servant of God by Pope Benedict XVI.Born as the seventeenth child of the dispossessed Robert I, Duke of Parma, and his second wife, Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal, Zita married the then Archduke Charles of Austria in 1911. Charles became heir presumptive to the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria in 1914 after the assassination of his uncle Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and acceded to the throne in 1916 after the elderly emperor's death. Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma was born at the Villa Pianore in the Italian Province of Lucca, 9 May 1892. The unusual name Zita was given to her after Zita, a popular Italian saint who had lived in Tuscany in the 13th century.  She was the third daughter and fifth child of the deposed Robert I, Duke of Parma and his second wife Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal, a daughter of King Miguel of Portugal and his wife Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. Zita's father had lost his throne as a result of the movement for Italian unification in 1859 when he was still a child. In the close vicinity of Schwarzau castle was the Villa Wartholz, residence of Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria, Zita's maternal aunt.  She was the stepmother of Archduke Otto, who died in 1906, and the step-grandmother of Archduke Charles of Austria-Este, at that time second-in-line to the Austrian throne. The two daughters of Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria were Zita's first cousins and Charles' half-aunts. They had met as children but did not see one another for almost ten years, as each pursued their education. In 1909, his Dragoon regiment was stationed at Brandýs nad Labem, from where he visited his aunt at Františkovy Lázně.It was during one of these visits that Charles and Zita became reacquainted. Charles was under pressure to marry (Franz Ferdinand, his uncle and first-in-line, had married morganatically, and his children were excluded from the throne) and Zita had a suitably royal genealogy. Archduke Charles traveled to Villa Pianore and asked for Zita's hand and, on 13 June 1911, their engagement was announced at the Austrian court.  Zita in later years recalled that after her engagement she had expressed to Charles her worries about the fate of the Austrian Empire and the challenges of the monarchy.  Charles and Zita were married at the Schwarzau castle on 21 October 1911. Charles's great-uncle, the 81-year-old Emperor Franz Joseph, attended the wedding. He was relieved to see an heir make a suitable marriage, and was in good spirits, even leading the toast at the wedding breakfast.  Archduchess Zita soon conceived a son, and Otto was born 20 November 1912. Seven more children followed in the next decade.


Zita Clara of Bourbon Parma (21 February 2014) daughter of Prince Jaime Bernardo of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi (13 October 1972) and Viktória Cservenyák (25 May 1982). She was named after her paternal great-great aunt Empress Zita of Austria and her maternal great grandmother Klára Killermann.


Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parme (Zita Angélique Inès Marie Joseph)(1 April 1999) daughter of Prince Charles-Emmanuel of Bourbon-Parma (3 June 1961) and Constance de Ravinel (18 July 1971)


Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1225 on: June 28, 2022, 09:49:27 AM »

Felix is a male given name that stems from Latin felix  and means "happy" or "lucky". Its female form is Felicity.


Prince Félix of Bourbon-Parma (later Prince Félix of Luxembourg)(28 September 1893 – 8 April 1970) was the husband of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and the father of her six children, including her successor Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg. By birth to his father Robert I, Duke of Parma, he was a member of the House of Bourbon-Parma and one descendant of King Philip V of Spain. Prince Félix was the longest-serving consort of Luxembourg.Prince Félix was one of the 24 children of the deposed Robert I, Duke of Parma, being the duke's sixth child and third son by his second wife, Maria Antonia of Portugal. His maternal grandparents were Miguel of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg.He was also the younger brother (by sixteen months) of Empress Zita of Austria. Of the twelve children of Duke Robert's first marriage to Maria-Pia of the Two Sicilies, three died as infants, six had learning difficulties, and only three married. Despite the loss of his throne, Duke Robert and his family enjoyed considerable wealth, traveling in a private train of more than a dozen cars among his castles at Schwarzau am Steinfeld near Vienna, Villa Pianore in northwest Italy, and the magnificent Château de Chambord in France.Less than four months after Robert's death in 1907 the Grand Marshal of the Austrian Court declared six of the children of his first marriage legally incompetent, at the behest of Duchess Maria Antonia. Nonetheless, Robert's primary heir was Elias, Duke of Parma, (1880–1959), the youngest son of the first marriage and the only one to father children of his own. Duke Elias also became the legal guardian of his six elder siblings. Although Félix's elder brothers, Prince Sixte and Prince Xavier, eventually sued their half-brother Duke Elias to obtain a greater share of the ducal fortune, they lost in the French courts, leaving Prince Félix with modest prospects On 6 November 1919 in Luxembourg, the prince married his first cousin Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg, having been admitted to the nobility of Luxembourg and also made Prince of Luxembourg by Grand Ducal decree the day beforeUnlike some European consorts, Félix neither adopted his wife's dynastic surname (of Nassau), nor relinquished his own title and name "Prince of Bourbon-Parma". His traditional style as a Bourbon prince of the Parmesan branch is the reason that cadet members of the Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg enjoy the style of Royal Highness (but that style belongs to the Luxembourg monarch and heir apparent by right, as the historical prerogative of grand-ducal dynasties). They had six children Prince Félix died at Fischbach Castle on 8 April 1970.


Count Félix Henckel von Donnersmarck (2 March 1960 – 28 October 2007) son of Princess Marie-Adélaïde of Luxembourg (21 May 1924 – 28 February 2007) and  Graf Karl Josef Henckel von Donnersmarck (7 November 1928– 16 April 2008)


Prince Félix of Luxembourg (Félix Léopold Marie Guillaume)(3 June 1984) is the second son of Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Maria Teresa, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg. He is currently third in the line of succession. Prince Félix was born on 3 June 1984 at the Grand Duchess Charlotte Maternity Hospital in Luxembourg. He is the second of the five children of Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa, the others being: Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume, Prince Louis, Princess Alexandra and Prince Sébastien. His godparents are Prince Jean and Catalina Mestre. He was named after his great-grandfather, Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma.On 13 December 2012, the Grand Ducal household confirmed Prince Félix's engagement to Claire Lademacher.The civil wedding took place on 17 September 2013 in Königstein im Taunus, followed by a religious ceremony on 21 September in the Basilica of Sainte Marie-Madeleine in Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume, France.Since the wedding, the couple have been living in the south of France at the Château Les Crostes, a winery in Lorgues that has been owned by the Lademacher family for many years.Prince Félix and Princess Claire's daughter, Princess Amalia Gabriela Maria Theresa, was born on 15 June 2014 at the Maternité Grande-Duchesse Charlotte Hospital in Luxembourg.A son, Prince Liam Henri Hartmut, was born at Private Clinic in Geneva on 28 November 2016.


Felix de Nassau, son of Prince Constantin de Nassau  (22 July 1988) ( = son of Prince Jean of Luxembourg and his 1st wife Helene Vestur) and Kathryn Mechie


Archduke Felix of Austria (given names: Felix Friedrich August Maria vom Siege Franz Joseph Peter Karl Anton Robert Otto Pius Michael Benedikt Sebastian Ignatius Marcus d'Aviano)( 31 May 1916 – 6 September 2011) was the last-surviving child of the last Austrian Emperor Charles I and a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was a younger brother of former Crown Prince Otto of Austria, who predeceased Felix by two months. Archduke Felix was born in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna the third son of the then heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary the Archduke Charles and his wife Zita of Bourbon-Parma. Felix, unlike his brother Otto, always refused to renounce his rights to the Austrian throne and membership of the Habsburg family, saying that doing so would violate his human rights. As a result, he was banned from entering Austria except for a brief three-day stay in 1989 in order to attend his mother's funeral. On 10 March 1996, after Austria had joined the European Union and the concurrent dropping of staffed border checkpoints between Austria and other EU countries, he crossed into the country from Germany and held a press conference the next day to announce his illegal arrival. After his presence became known, he was warned by the Austrian government that he would face prosecution if he ever tried to enter the country illegally again. Ultimately, a deal was reached between Felix, his brother Carl Ludwig and the Austrian government whereby they declared their allegiance to the republic without any reference being made to their rights to the throne or to their membership in the Imperial Family Felix was married civilly on 18 November 1952 at Beaulieu, France, and religiously a day later, to Princess and Duchess Anna-Eugénie of Arenberg (1925–1997), a descendant of the 7th Duke of Arenberg. They had seven children.


Felix Ludwig Johann Friedrich, Prince of Schwarzenberg (German: Felix Ludwig Johann Friedrich Prinz zu Schwarzenberg; Czech: Felix Ludvík Jan Bedřich princ ze Schwarzenbergu)( 2 October 1800 – 5 April 1852) was a Bohemian nobleman and an Austrian statesman who restored the Austrian Empire as a European great power following the Revolutions of 1848. He served as Minister-President of the Austrian Empire and Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire from 1848 to 1852. Felix was born at Český Krumlov Castle (German: Böhmisch Krumau) in Bohemia, the second son of Prince Joseph of Schwarzenberg (1769–1833) and his wife Pauline of Arenberg. The House of Schwarzenberg was one of the most influential Bohemian noble families



Prince Felix of Denmark (Felix Henrik Valdemar Christian)(22 July 2002) is a member of the Danish royal family. He is the younger son of Prince Joachim and his first wife, Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg. Prince Felix is currently eighth in the line of succession to the Danish throne.


Count Felix Nikolayevich Sumarokov-Elston (Russian: Граф Феликс Николаевич Сумароков-Эльстон; 24 January 1820 – 30 October 1877) was the Ataman of the Kuban Cossacks and the Governor of Kuban Oblast (region) in the late 1860s.Felix (a common name for illegitimate children) was brought up by Princess Elisabeth Khitrovo, a famous salon hostess who was a daughter of Prince Kutuzov and the mother of Dorothea de Ficquelmont. It has been widely rumored that Felix Elston was the natural son of Khitrovo's eldest daughter, Countess Ekaterina von Tiesenhausen (a lady-in-waiting to King Frederick William IV of Prussia's sister, Empress Alexandra of Russia) and Prince Augustus of Prussia.It appears more likely[1] that Felix's parents were Karl Alexander Anselm Freiherr von Hügel (Regensburg, April 25, 1795 – Brussels, June 2, 1870) [himself the son of Johann Aloys Josef Hügel, later 1st Freiherr von Hügel (Koblenz, November 14, 1753 – Regensburg, 1826) and wife Anna von Holthof, married in 1787] by Jozefa Gräfin Andrássy de Csíkszentkirály et Krasznahorka (Košice (Kassa), April 8, 1790 – 1868), a relative of Gyula Andrássy, married (in Košice (Kassa), February 7, 1808) to Miklós Graf Forgách de Ghymes et Gács (1784 – Nagyszalánc (Slanec), January 10, 1857), by whom she had three sons, all of whom died unmarried and without any issue. Recent investigations taken by one of his great-granddaughters and an English genealogist practically confirm this late ancestry, not explaining, however, the motives why he didn't use his father's name but Elston, his English nanny's surname.From his marriage with Countess Elena Sergeievna Sumarokova (September 5, 1829 – April 15, 1901) (daughter of Count Sergei Pavlovich Sumarokov (1791-1875) and wife Marchesa Aleksandra Pavlovna Maruzzi (ca 1808–1857)) he had seven children, including Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston, later prince Yusupov, who was the father of Prince Felix Yusupov.


Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston, the son of Count Felix Nikolaievich Sumarokov-Elston and the father of  Prince Felix Felixovich Yusupov, Count Sumarokov-Elston


Prince Felix Felixovich Yusupov, Count Sumarokov-Elston (Russian: Князь Фе́ликс Фе́ликсович Юсу́пов, Граф Сумаро́ков-Эльстон, romanized: Knyaz' Féliks Féliksovich Yusúpov, Graf Sumarókov-El'ston)( 23 March [O.S. 11 March] 1887 – 27 September 1967), was a Russian aristocrat from the Yusupov family. He is best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin and marrying Princess Irina Alexandrovna, a niece of Tsar Nicholas II. He was born in the Moika Palace in Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire. His father was Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston, the son of Count Felix Nikolaievich Sumarokov-Elston. Zinaida Yusupova, his mother, was the last of the Yusupov line, of Tatar origin, and very wealthy. For the Yusupov name not to die out, his father (1856, Saint Petersburg – 1928, Rome, Italy) was granted the title and the surname of his wife, Princess Zinaida Yusupova, on 11 June 1885, a year after their marriage, but effective after the death of his father-in-law in 1891 The engagement took place in the fall of 1913 in the Yusupov Palace in Koreiz. Back in Saint Petersburg, he married Princess Irina of Russia, the Tsar's only niece, in the Anichkov Palace on 22 February 1914.No one suspected that this was the last grand wedding in the Russian Empire.One week after the February Revolution, Nicholas abdicated the throne on 2 March. Following the abdication, the Yusupovs returned to the Moika Palace before they went to Crimea. They later returned to the palace to retrieve jewels (including the blue Sultan of Morocco Diamond, the Polar Star Diamond, and the Marie Antoinette Diamond Earrings) and two paintings by Rembrandt, the sale proceeds of which helped sustain the family in exile. The paintings were bought by Joseph E. Widener in 1921 and are now in the National Gallery in Washington, DC In Crimea, the family boarded a British warship, HMS Marlborough, which took them from Yalta to Malta. On the ship, Felix enjoyed boasting about the murder of Rasputin. One of the British officers noted that Irina "appeared shy and retiring at first, but it was only necessary to take a little notice of her pretty, small daughter to break through her reserve and discover that she was also very charming and spoke fluent English." From Malta, they travelled to Italy and then to Paris. In Italy, lacking a visa, he bribed the officials with diamonds. In Paris, they stayed a few days in Hôtel de Vendôme before they went on to London. In 1920, they returned to Paris.Irina and Felix were married for more than 50 years. When Felix died in 1967, Irina was stricken by grief and she died three years later, in 26 February 1970. He was buried in Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Russian Cemetery, in the southern suburbs of Paris. Yusupov's private papers and a number of family artifacts and paintings are now owned by Victor Contreras, a Mexican sculptor who, as a young art student in the 1960s, met Yusupov and lived with the family for five years in Paris. Felix and Irina had 1 child, a daughter: Princess Irina Felixovna Yusupova, (21 March 1915 – 30 August 1983).


Felix Nikolaus Alexander Georg Graf von Luckner (9 June 1881– 13 April 1966), sometimes called Count Luckner in English, was a German nobleman, naval officer, author, and sailor who earned the epithet Der Seeteufel (the Sea Devil), and his crew that of Die Piraten des Kaisers (the Emperor's Pirates), for his exploits in command of the sailing commerce raider SMS Seeadler (Sea Eagle) during the First World War. After the war, Luckner became a war hero in Germany and was renowned around the world for his seamanship and chivalrous conduct during the war, which resulted in a minimal loss of life on both sides. Luckner was born in Dresden, Germany, the great-grandson of Nicolas Luckner, Marshal of France and commander-in-chief of the French Army of the Rhine, who in the 18th century was elevated to the rank of Count (Graf) by the King of Denmark.Luckner was married twice. He married Petra Schultz from Hamburg, with whom he had a daughter, Inge-Maria, born in 1913. They were divorced in 1914. On 24 September 1924 he married Ingeborg Engeström in Malmö, Sweden.


Félix María Calleja del Rey y de la Gándara (Spanish: Félix María Calleja del Rey, primer conde de Calderón) (November 1, 1753 – July 24, 1828) was a Spanish military officer and viceroy of New Spain from March 4, 1813, to September 20, 1816, during Mexico's War of Independence. For his service in New Spain, Calleja was awarded with the title Count of Calderon.


Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1226 on: June 28, 2022, 09:54:47 AM »

René (born again or reborn in French) is a common first name in French-speaking, Spanish-speaking, and German-speaking countries. It derives from the Latin name Renatus. René is the masculine form of the name (Renée being the feminine form). In some non-Francophone countries, however, there exists the habit of giving the name René (sometimes spelled without an accent) to girls as well as boys. In addition, both forms are used as surnames (family names).


Prince René of Bourbon-Parma (17 October 1894 – 30 July 1962) was the seventh surviving son of Robert I, Duke of Parma, and his second wife, Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal. In 1921, he married Princess Margaret of Denmark. They had four children including Queen Anne of Romania, the wife of Michael I, former King of Romania Prince René of Bourbon-Parma was the nineteenth child among the twenty four children of the last reigning Duke of Parma, Robert I (1848–1907). Prince Rene's mother was Duke Robert's second wife, Princess Maria Antonia, a daughter of the exiled King Miguel I of Portugal. By his father's first and second marriages, Rene had seventeen siblings who survived childhood. Two of the most famous included Empress Zita of Austria and Prince Felix, the consort of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg. During World War I, René's brothers, Princes Sixtus and Xavier decided to fight for the cause of the allies, while René and his brothers, Elias, Duke of Parma and Felix fought on the opposite side joining the Austrian Army and the cause of the central powers. Their sister, Zita, was married to Archduke Charles of Austria, who became the Austrian Emperor on November 21, 1916. At the fall of Habsburg monarchy in 1918, Prince René moved to France.On 9 June 1921, Prince René married Princess Margaret of Denmark in Copenhagen.[1] She was a daughter of Prince Valdemar of Denmark (himself a younger son of Christian IX of Denmark) by his wife Princess Marie of Orléans. Though her father was a Lutheran, Margaret had been raised in her mother's Catholic faith. Her parents had agreed before the marriage that all their sons would be raised as Lutherans, their father's religion, and that all their daughters would be raised as Roman Catholics.The couple had four children.


René, Duke of Anjou (1409–1480), titular king of Naples and Jerusalem

René II, Duke of Lorraine (1451–1508), grandson of René of Anjou

René I, Viscount of Rohan (1516–1552), warrior of the Italian War of 1551–1559

René II, Viscount of Rohan (1550–1586), his huguenot son


Louis René Édouard de Rohan known as Cardinal de Rohan (25 September 1734 – 16 February 1803), prince de Rohan-Guéméné, was a French bishop of Strasbourg, politician, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, and cadet of the Rohan family (which traced its origin to the kings of Brittany). His parents were Hercule Mériadec, Prince of Guéméné and Louise Gabrielle Julie de Rohan. He was born in Paris.


René of Chalon (5 February 1519 – 15 July 1544), also known as Renatus of Chalon, was a Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Gelre. René was born in Breda, the only son of Count Henry III of Nassau-Breda and Claudia of Chalon Claudia's brother, Philibert of Chalon, was the last Prince of Orange from the House of Chalon. When Philibert died in 1530, René inherited the Princedom of Orange on condition that he used the name and coat of arms of the Chalon-Orange family. History knows him therefore as René of Chalon instead of as "René of Nassau-Breda".René of Chalon married Anna of Lorraine (1522–1568) on 20 August 1540 at Bar-le-Duc. They had only one child, a daughter named Maria, who lived only 3 weeks and was buried in the Grote Kerk in Breda René of Chalon had inherited the principality of Orange from his maternal uncle, who had been the last male member of the House of Chalon. Like his uncle, Rene also had no surviving children, and in his last will and testament, he left all his landed possessions, including the principality, to his father's brother's son, William of Nassau-Dillenburg. Thus, the estates belonging to Rene's mother's brother passed into the family of Rene's father's brother, and William the Silent came into possession of the principality despite having no connection at all to the original House of Orange. The only condition placed by Rene was that his heir, William, should receive a Catholic education. William's father (Rene's uncle) agreed on behalf of his minor son, and the succession was endorsed by the Emperor, who was the overlord of most of Rene's possessions. William the Silent duly added the name of Orange to his own paternal dignities and thus became, in 1544, the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau.The principality of Orange had already passed, through the female line, from the first dynasty of Orange to the families Les Baux, and then to that of De Chalon. It now passed to a family which was not descended in blood at all from any of the preceding families.


Prince René Douala Manga Bell (1927–2012), chief of Douala

Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1227 on: June 28, 2022, 10:03:42 AM »

Gaetano (anglicized Cajetan) is an Italian masculine given name. It is derived from the Latin Caietanus, meaning "from Caieta" (the modern Gaeta). The given name has been in use in Italy since medieval period, although it also remained in use as a byname indicating people from Gaeta, as in Thomas Cajetan or Gaetanus (1469–1534). The modern given name can be traced to Saint Gaetano dei Conti di Tiene (1480–1547) who was canonized in 1671. Other variants of the name exist in other Romance languages, the French form of the name is Gaëtan, Gaétan, the Portuguese form is Caetano, and the Spanish form is Cayetano. The feminine form is Gaetana (also Caetana and Cayetana)


Prince Gaetano of Bourbon-Parma (11 June 1905 – 9 March 1958) was the youngest son of Robert I, the last reigning Duke of Parma and of his second wife Maria Antonia of Portugal. A prince of the House of Bourbon-Parma, he was educated in Austria, France, and Luxemburg. Prince Gaetan fought in the Spanish Civil War where he was wounded six times. In 1940, he enlisted in the U.S. Army, took part in the Normandy landings and made the campaign of France. He died at age 52 in a car accident near Cannes. He left a daughter from his marriage to Princess Margarete of Thurn und Taxis.Prince Gaetan of Bourbon-Parma was the youngest child of the last Duke of Parma, Robert I (1848–1907) and his second wife Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal (1862–1959), daughter of King Miguel of Portugal. Gaetan was the youngest of Duke Robert's twenty-four children. His father had married twice having twelve children in each marriage.Gaetan was born at the Villa Pianore near Lucca, Tuscany. He was baptized as Gaetano Maria Giuseppe Pio. His godfather was Pope Pius X. Gaetan was only two years old at the death of his father. He was sent to study at Stella Matutina, a Catholic school for boys run by Jesuits priest in Feldkirch, near the Swiss border. At the fall of the Hapsburg dynasty he moved with his brother, Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma to Paris. He finished his education in France and Luxemburgo, where his brother Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma was the husband of the reigning Grand duchess. He accompanied his brother Sixtus in his expeditions to Africa.On 29 April 1931 at Paris, France, Prince Gaetan married Princess Margarete von Thurn und Taxis (1909 -2006), daughter of Prince Alexander von Thurn und Taxis, Duke of Castel Duino and Princess Marie Louise de Ligne. They were parents of an only daughter: Princess Diana of Bourbon-Parma (22 May 1932 - 7 May 2020). ∞ 1955 Franz Joseph Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen ∞ 1961 Hans Joachim Oehmichen (1920-1995). She had three sons with her second husband. Gaetan's marriage was unhappy. He and his wife lived apart for most of their marriage life. They divorced on 24 January 1950 in Paris.During the 1930s Prince Gaetan was involved in the Carlist movement. He fled Europe in 1941 for the United States, where he was drafted into the United States Army two years later, During World War II, he participated on the side of the Allies, along with his brothers Javier and Felix, the last Grand Duke of Luxembourg by marriage to Charlotte of Luxembourg. In 1943 he tried to enlist in a battalion of Austrians who served in the U.S. Army but was rejected by its French origin. Later he taught at Camp Ritchie, in which a Jewish-German to conduct special operations in Germany formed young, took part in the landing of Normandy and fought the campaign for France.On the way to visit his brother Luigi prince of Bourbon-Parma, Prince Gaetan suffered a serious car accident in Mandelieu-la-Napoule, on the French Riviera on 8 March 1958. He was taken to a hospital in Cannes where he died the next day. As he had wished, he was buried wearing the red beret of the Requetés of Navarre on 10 March 1958.


Gaetano Oehmichen, son of Princess Diana of Bourbon-Parma (22 May 1932 - 7 May 2020) and her 2nd husband Hans Joachim Oehmichen (1920-1995)


Prince Gaetan of the Two Sicilies, Count of Girgenti (Italian: Gaetano Marie Federico, Principe di Borbone delle Due Sicilie, Conte di Girgenti) (12 January 1846 – 26 November 1871) was the seventh child of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria. Gaetan was a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and consort to Isabella, Princess of Asturias, twice the recognized heir presumptive to the throne of Spain. Through this union, Gaetan was created an Infante of Spain.Gaetan married Isabella, Princess of Asturias, eldest surviving child of Francis, Duke of Cádiz and Isabella II of Spain, on 13 May 1868 in Madrid. Gaetan was a first cousin to both of Isabella's parents. Their union was intended to end a feud between the Neapolitan Bourbons and the Spanish Bourbons following Spain's recognition of the Kingdom of Italy unified under the House of Savoy. The ceremony took place shortly before Spain's Glorious Revolution which brought an end to Isabella II's reign.Gaetan and Isabella's marriage proved unhappy. For two years, Gaetan traveled throughout Europe visiting relatives in major cities including Vienna. A troubled and depressed man, Gaetan experienced weak health and epilepsy. He had unsuccessfully attempted suicide at least once before shooting himself in the head in his hotel room in Lucerne, Switzerland. Isabella returned to Spain in 1874 and did not remarry. Their brief union produced no issue


Gaetano Filangieri, prince of Satriano (Naples, 1824–1892) was a prominent Neapolitan art historian and collector who founded the Museo Civico Filangieri.He inherited the titles of prince of Satriano in Calabria and duke of Taormina from his father.He was a member of the prominent Neapolitan family of the Filangieri, the son of Carlo Filangieri and the grandson of Gaetano Filangieri.He was vice president of the Società di Storia Patria, director of the Consulta Araldica, and president of the museum he founded.His work was pursued by his grandson Riccardo Filangieri di Candida Gonzaga.

Prince Gaetano Starrabba di Giardinelli (December 3, 1932) is a former Italian racing driver. He participated in one Formula One World Championship Grand Prix, racing a Lotus-Maserati at the 1961 Italian Grand Prix on September 10, 1961.[1] He scored no championship points. He also competed in several non-Championship Formula One races.The title Prince di Giardelli was his as a member of the Italian nobility.


Prince Gaetano Maria Alfonso Enrico Paolo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1917–1984), son of Princess Marie Louise of Orléans (1896–1973) and her 1st husband  Prince Philip of Bourbon-Two Sicilies He married Olivia Yarrow, a daughter of Lt.-Cdr. Charles A. Yarrow, on 16 February 1946, and had two sons


Gaetano I Boncompagni Ludovisi (1706–1777) was the Prince of Piombino, Marquis of Populonia, Prince of Venosa and Count of Conza, Lord di Scarlino, Populonia, Vignale, Abbadia del Fango, Suvereto, Buriano, Cerboli e Palmaiolan, and Lord prince of the Tuscan Archipelago including the islands of Elba, Montecristo, Pianosa, Gorgona, Capraia, and Isola del Giglio, from 1745 until 1777.


Gaetano Catalano Gonzaga, Duke of Cirella ( 21 January 1893 – 1 July 1977) was an Italian admiral during World War II.Gaetano Catalano Gonzaga was born in Naples on 21 January 1893, the son of Arturo Catalano Gonzaga and Marta Feraud. The first of four brothers (Gaetano, Fabrizio, Adriano and Clemente), he was the last Catalano Gonzaga to live in the Cirella Palace in Naples.




Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1228 on: June 28, 2022, 10:16:49 AM »

Madeleine is a feminine given name, ultimately of Greek origin, a modern rendering of the epithet Magdalene, meaning "from the city of Magdala." The name exists in various spellings and pronunciations and is popular among those living in Europe and the Anglophone as well as followers of Christianity, as Mary Magdalene was a central figure in the New Testament.


Madeleine of Valois (1520–1537), French Princess who was briefly Queen consort of Scotland through her marriage to James V of Scotland


Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne (1498 – 28 April 1519) was a younger daughter of Jean III de La Tour (1467– 28 March 1501), Count of Auvergne and Lauraguais, and Jeanne de Bourbon, Duchess of Bourbon (1465–1511). She was a penultimate representative of the senior branch of the house de La Tour d'Auvergne. Madeleine is best known for being the mother of Catherine de' Medici, the future Queen of France.As part of his efforts to gain power in Italy, Francis I of France turned to making certain strategic alliances. On 8 December 1515, he and Pope Leo X met and signed an agreement of friendship, in which Francis agreed to ensure the Vatican's authority over the Catholic Church in France, and Leo promised to support Francis' claim to the throne of Naples. This agreement, like most others of the time, was cemented with a marriage alliance. Leo's nephew Lorenzo II de' Medici had just become the leader of the Florentine republic in 1516. Francis wrote to congratulate him by stating, "I intend to help you with all my power. I also wish to marry you off to some beautiful and good lady of noble birth and of my kin, so that the love which I bear you may grow and be strengthened". The "good lady" Francis proposed: his wealthy and distant relative Madeleine. Lorenzo duly accepted, as it was a great honor to be tied to the French royal family, especially since he was merely a commoner, albeit an extremely wealthy one.For Madeleine and her family, they were delighted to be tied into the sphere of the Pope himself. She married Duke Lorenzo II de' Medicis in Château d'Amboise on 5 May 1518.She died in Italy shortly before her husband on 28 April of the following year, of what is believed to have been the plague (some speculate that it may have been infected by syphilis from her husband)She had just given birth to a daughter, Catherine de' Medici (1519–1589), the future Queen of France and consort of Henry II Both she and her husband were said to have been delighted at the birth of Catherine as if she were a boy.


Marie Madeleine de Vignerot du Pont de Courlay, Duchesse d'Aiguillon (1604 – 17 April 1675) was a French aristocrat, also remembered for her charitable work and her patronage of artists and mathematicians.Courlay was the daughter of Cardinal Richelieu's sister, Françoise du Plessis, and her husband René du Vignerot.In 1620 Courlay married a nephew of the constable de Luynes, Antoine de Beauvoir du Roure, sieur de Combalet, who died in 1622. In 1625, through her uncle's influence, she was made a lady-in-waiting (dame d'atour) to the queen-mother Marie de Medici, and in 1638 was created duchess of AiguillonThe Duchess did not marry a second time, although Richelieu wished to marry her to a prince, either to the comte de Soissons or to the king's brother. After the death of the cardinal in 1642, the Duchess retained her honours and titles, but withdrew from the court and devoted herself entirely to works of charity. She became a patron of work involving science and the arts, providing funding for many notable initiatives. She died on 17 April 1675.


Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne, Comtesse de La Fayette (baptized 18 March 1634 – 25 May 1693), better known as Madame de La Fayette, was a French writer; she authored La Princesse de Clèves, France's first historical novel and one of the earliest novels in literature.Christened Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne, she was born in Paris to a family of minor but wealthy nobility. At 16, de la Vergne became the maid of honour to Queen Anne of Austria and began also to acquire a literary education from Gilles Ménage, who gave her lessons in Italian and Latin.In 1655, de la Vergne married François Motier, comte de La Fayette, a widowed nobleman some eighteen years her senior, with whom she had two sons.



Princess Madeleine of Sweden, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland (Madeleine Thérèse Amelie Josephine)(10 June 1982) is the second daughter and youngest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. Upon her birth, she was third in line of succession to the Swedish throne, currently she is eighth. Princess Madeleine is married to British-American financier Christopher O'Neill. They have three children, Princess Leonore, Prince Nicolas and Princess Adrienne.


Princess Madeleine Aurelia Viktoria Carin of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (22 February 2017), daughter of ubertus Michael, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (16 September 1975) and Kelly Rondestvedt (10 January 1975)


Logged
Principessa

Most Exalted Member
*

Reputation: 2187

Offline Offline

Netherlands Netherlands

Posts: 34199


I am the Queen




Ignore
« Reply #1229 on: June 28, 2022, 04:08:33 PM »

Stella is a female given name. It is derived from the Latin word for star.


Princess Stella Sigcau (4 or 14 January 1937  – 7 May 2006) was a Minister in the South African Government. Sigcau was also the first female Prime Minister of the bantustan of Transkei before being deposed in a military coup in 1987.She was the daughter of King Botha Sigcau of the AmaMpondo state who was a former President of the Transkei in 1976–1978. Her brothers are King Mpondombini Thandizulu Sigcau and the late ANC activist and Member of Parliament Nkosi Ntsikayezwe Sigcau. She named Nkosi Ntsikayezwe Sigcau's daughter Princess Stella Sigcau II (Founder: Lwandlolubomvu Rural Development Project) after her. Sigcau graduated from the Loveday Institute in 1954 before marrying Ronald Tshabalala in 1962.Transkei was absorbed back into South Africa after 27 April 1994. Sigcau stood for election as a candidate on the African National Congress party list and was successful. President Nelson Mandela appointed her as Minister for Public Enterprises in 1994 and she served in that role, which involved attempts at transforming the face of South African Airways and Transnet until 1999. She then became Minister of Public Works and served in that capacity until her death in 2006 of heart failure.


Archduchess Maria-Stella of Austria (b. 2013), oldest daughter (of 4) of Archduke Imre of Austria (b. 1985) and Kathleen Walker.
Logged
Pages: 1 ... 80 81 [82] 83 84   Go Up
  Print  
 
Jump to: