Families with the title baron or baroness
d'Ablaing (van Giessenburg) - A, B (Dutch branch extinct in 1972; in the US still lives a branch established in 1872)
van Aerssen Beijeren van Voshol - A
(Alberda) - A, V
(van Alderwerelt) - A, U (1905)
(Arrazola de Oñate) - A, U (1905) • Never lived in the Netherlands since the independence of Belgium, lives on in Belgium.
van Asbeck - A
d'Aulnis de Bourouill - A
(van Aylva) - A, U (1827)
(van Balveren) - A, U (1944)
(Barbaix (de Bonnines)) - E, U (1929)
Baud - E
(de Beijer) - E, I, U (1836)
(de Bieberstein Rogalla Zawadsky) - A, U (1947)
(de Billehé de Valensart) - A, U (1908)
Bentinck (I) - A, I • The other branch of the family is count or countess.
(van Boecop) - A, U (2002)
van Boetzelaer A
(van den Bogaerde) - E, V
(du Bois) - E, U (1908)
(von de Bongart) - A, R (1820)
van der Borch - A
(van der Hooghe van Borssele) (I) - P, U (1829)
(Bounam de Ryckholt) - A, U (1947)
van Brakell - A
Brantsen - E
van Breugel - E
(Van Brienen) (I) - E, U (1974)
(van Broeckhuysen) - A, U (1887)
(du Bus) (II) - U (1976)
(du Bus de Warnaffe) - V
Calkoen - E
van der Capellen - A
(de Casembroot) - E, I, V
(Chassé) - E, U (1861)
(Clifford) - E, V
van Coeverden - A
Collot d'Escury - A, I
de Constant Rebecque - A, I
(Coppin) - E, U (1970)
(De Crassier) - A, U (1949)
Creutz - A, I
(Daelman) - E, V
(Dedel) - E, V
van Dedem - A
(van Delen) - A, U (1956)
(von Derfelden) - E, U (1857)
Dibbets - E
(Diert) - E, U (1902)
(van Doorn) (I) - E, V
(van Dopff) - A, U (1922)
van Dorth tot Medler - A
(van der Duyn) (I) - A, O • The title of this branch has been changed to count.
(van der Duyn) (II) - A, U (1969)
van Eck - A
van Erp - A
(Fagel) - E, U (1940)
van der Feltz - A, I
(Forstner van Dambenoy) - A, I, U (1931)
(van Fridagh) - A, I, U (1959)
(Gansneb, was ook genoemd Tengnagel) - A, U (1932)
van Geen - E
de Geer - E, I
Gericke - A
(von Geusau) (II) - E, U (1906)
Gevers - E
(de Gijselaar) - E, U (1953)
(de Girard de Mielet van Coehoorn) - E, I, V
(van der Goes) - A, V
(van Goltstein) - A, U (1934)
(de Graillet) - E, U (1902)
Groeninx van Zoelen - E
(Hacfort) - E, U (1939)
(van Haeften (I)) - A, U (1881)
van Haersolte - A
(van Hall) - E, U (1866)
van Hangest d'Yvoy - A
van Hardenbroek - A
(van Haren) - A, U (1850)
van Harinxma thoe Slooten - A
de Heeckeren d'Anthès - A, I
van Heeckeren - A
van Heemstra - A
van Heerdt - A
van Heerdt tot Eversberg - A • The head of this branch of the Van Heerdt family is Count.
(van Heilmann van Stoutenburg) - E, I, U (1916)
(van der Heim) - E, U (1898)
van Hemert tot Dingshof - A
(van Herzeele) - E, U (1960)
de Heusch - A
van der Heyden - E
van der Heyden van Doorneveld - E
van Hogendorp (II) - A, I • The head of another branch of this family is Count.
(Hogguer) - A, I, U (1911)
van Hövell- A
(van Hugenpoth) - A, U (1990)
Huyssen van Kattendijke - E •The rest of the male part of this family is knight.
van Imhoff - A
(von Innhausen und Kniphausen) - A, U (1884)
(d'Isendoorn à Blois) - A, U (1865)
van Isselmuden - A
van Ittersum - A
(van Keppel) - A, V
(de Keverberg) - A, U (1921)
(Klerck) - A, U (1926)
van Knobelsdorff - A, I
de Kock (I) - E
de Kock (II) - A
Krayenhoff - E
(van Laer) - A, U (1877)
(de Lamberts de Cortenbach) - E, P, U (1872)
(Lampsins) - A, R (1834)
(Lampsins van den Velden) - A, U (1953)
van Lamsweerde - A
van Lawick - A
van Lawick van Pabst- A
(de Liedel) - E, U (1852)
von (de) Loë - A
van Lynden (I) - A • The other branch of this family is Count.
de Macar - E
Mackay - A
von Maltzahn - A, I
(van Massow) - A, I, U (1909)
(de Meer d'Osen) - A, U (1905)
Melvill van Carnbee - E
(de Mey) - E, V
Michiels van Kessenich - E
(Michiels van Verduyn) - E, V
Mollerus - E
Mulert - A
Van Nagell - A
van Nahuys - E, I
(de Negri) - A, U (1934)
(Nepveu) - E, U (1903)
(van Neukirchen genaamd Nyvenheim) - A, U (1940)
(de Norman d'Audenhove) (II) - E, P, V
van Oldeneel tot Oldenzeel - A
(d'Olne) - A, U (1891)
(van Omphal) - E, I, U (1863)
d'Osy de Segwaert -
(van Pabst) - E, I, P, V
van Pallandt - A, I
(van Panhuys) - E, V
(de Pélichy) - E, V
(de Perponcher Sedlnitsky) (I) - E, I, V
(de Perponcher Sedlnitsky) (II) - E, I, O • The title of the head of this branch of the family has been changed to count.
(van Plettenberg) - A, U (1929)
(de Plevits) - A, U (1873)
(du Pont) - E, U (1877)
(de Posson) - E, U (1954)
Prisse - E, I
(von Quadt) (I) - A, V
Quarles - A, I
(von Rade) - E, U (1869)
van Raders - E, I
(de Raet) - A, U (1937)
van Randwijck (I) - A • The other branch of the family is Count.
van Reede (II) - A
Rengers - A
(van Rhemen) - A, U (1951)
(von Riedesel d'Eisenbach) - A, U (1910)
van Rijckevorsel - E
Röell - E, I
Roest van Alkemade - A • The head of the family is Viscount
(de Rosen) - A, U (1910)
(de Roy van Zuydewijn/de Roye van Wichen) - E, V
(von Saint-Remy) - A, R (1817)
(de Salis) - E, I, U (1900)
Sandberg - E
Schimmelpenninck van der Oye - A
thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg - A
(de Senarclens de Grancy) - E, U (1972)
Sirtema van Grovestins - A
Six van Oterleek - E
(Slicher) - E, U (1896)
van Slingelandt - A, I
Sloet van de Beele - A
Sloet tot Everlo - A
Sloet - A
de Smeth - A, I
Snouckaert van Schauburg - A
(van Spaen) - A, I, U (1888)
Speyart van Woerden - A
Steengracht - E
(Straalman) - A, I, U (1887)
Stratenus - E
(Strick van Linschoten) - E, I, V
van Styrum - E
Sweerts de Landas - A
van Sytzama - A
Taets van Amerongen - A
(van Tengnagell) - A, U (1973)
Testa (geslacht) - E
(de Thier) - E, P, V, U (1909) • The male part of the family was knight.
van Till - A
(Tindal) - E, U (1974)
(des Tombe) - E, I, V
(Torck) - A, U (1902)
(du Tour) - A, U (1984)
(Travers) - E, U (1895)
(de Trevey de Charmail) - E, I, U (1884)
van Tuyll van Serooskerken - A
van Utenhove - A
van Verschuer - A, I
(Verstolk) - E, U (1845)
(van Voërst) - A, U (1858)
van Voorst tot Voorst - A
de Vos van Steenwijk - A
(Vosch van Avesaet) - E, U (1826)
(van Vredenburch) - E, V
de Warzée d'Hermalle (I) - E
van Wassenaer - A
(de Watteville) - E, I, U (1909)
de Weichs de Wenne - A
(van Westerholt) - A, U (1981)
(van Westreenen van Tiellandt) - E, U (1848)
(van Wevelinchoven de Sittert) - A, I, U (1891)
(van Wickevoort Crommelin) - P, U (1883)
de Wijkerslooth - E, I, (P)
van Wijnbergen - A
Wittert- E, I
von Wydenbruck - A, I
(de Wymar) - U (1847)
van Zuylen van Nievelt - A, U (1947)
van Zuylen van Nyevelt - A • The head of the family is Count.
Families with the title knight
(Alewijn) - A, I, V (chivalric title extinct in 1903)
(de Behr) - A, U (1954)
(du Bus) (II) - E, O (conversion to baron)
de Bye (ook: Van der Does de Bye) - E
(van Citters) - E, V (expired)
von Devivere - A
(van der Heim) - E, O (conversion to baron)
Huyssen van Kattendijke - A • the head of the family is baron
(van Lockhorst) - E, U (1921)
de Maurissens - E
(Pauw van Wieldrecht) - E, V
de Plevits - A
van Rappard - A
(van der Renne) - A, U (1964)
Bosch van Rosenthal - A, I
Nedermeijer von Rosenthal - A, I, (extinct in 1995)
de van der Schueren - A
de Stuers - E
(de Warzée d'Hermalle) (II) - E, U (1933)
(van Westreenen van Tiellandt) - E, O (conversion to baron)
Untitled noble families with the predicate Jonkheer (esquire) or Jonkvrouw (damsel)
(Aebinga van Humalda) - U (1834)
van Aefferden - B • The family belongs to both the Dutch and Belgian nobility. One member obtained the title of viscount in Belgium in 1871, so that all members in the Netherlands also bear that Belgian title. In the Dutch nobility, however, the family is untitled.
(van Akerlaken) - U (1912)
(Alemans) - U (1835)
Alting von (van) Geusau
Alewijn - I
(van Alphen) - U (1975)
van Andringa de Kempenaer
van Asch van Wijck
von Balluseck - I
(Bangeman Huygens) - U (1904)
Barchman Wuytiers - I
de Beaufort - (één tak I)
Beelaerts van Blokland
(Beeldsnijder) - U (1903)
den Beer Poortugael
van der Beken Pasteel (The surviving descendants are all now also included in the Belgian nobility.)
(de Bellefroid) - U (1877)
van Benthem van den Bergh / van den Berch van Heemstede
Berg - I
van den Bergh (II)
van Bevervoorden van Oldemeule
van Beyma (One member was expelled in 1984.)
(Bichon Visch) - U (1888)
(van Binckhorst) - U (1912)
Bloys van Treslong
(von Boddien) - I, U (1967)
van den Bogaerde
(van Bommel) - U (1977)
von Bönninghausen tot Herinkhave - I
von dem Borne - I
(van Borssele) (II) - U (1917)
von Bose - I
(Bourcourd) - U (1885)
(Bouwens) - U (1900)
van Braam - U (1939)
van den Brandeler
(van Brienen) (II) - U (1889)
(van Bronkhorst) - U (1923)
van der Brugghen - I
(von Bülow) - I, U (1997)
van Bunge - I
(van der Burch) - U (1873)
(van Burmania) - U (1834)
du Bus de Warnaffe
(Caan) - U (1939)
(van Capellen) - I, U (1899)
de Casembroot - I
(Changuion) - R (1881)
(de Charon de Saint Germain) - I, U (1981)
(du Chastel de la Howarderie) - U (1910)
von Chrismar - I
(de Clermont) - R (1822)
(Clifford) - U (2000)
van Collen - I
(Cornets de Groot) - U (1995)
(de Court) - I, U (1900)
(de la Court) - U (1980)
(Custis) - I, U (1882)
von Daehne - I
(Deutz van Assendelft) - U (1913)
(Dittlinger) - U (1978)
van der Does
van der Does de Willebois
(Dommer van Poldersveldt) - I, U (1991)
(van Dongen) - U (1830)
van Doorn (I) • The head of the family was baron
van Doorn (II)
(Druyvesteyn) - U (1960)
(van Dusseldorp de Superville) - U (1866)
(van der Dussen) - U (1909)
(van Echten) - U (1818)
(Elout van Soeterwoude) - U (1939)
(Engelen) - U (1966)
(Everts) (I) - U (1974)
(Everts) (II) - U (1923)
(Fabricius) - U (1928)
(Fannius Scholten) - U (1832)
Filz von Reiterdank - I
von Fisenne - I
Flugi van Aspermont - I
(von Franckenberg en Proschlitz) - I, U (1943)
(van Gesseler) - U (1908)
von Geusau (I) - I
von Ghyczy - I
de Girard de Mielet van Coehoorn - E, I
(von Goedecke) - I, U (1885)
van der Goes
(Goll van Franckenstein) - I, U (1904)
(de Grez) - I, U (1910)
van Grotenhuis van Onstein
(Gülcher) - U (1858)
De Haan Hettema
van Haeften (II)
(Half-Wassenaer) - U (1892)
(van Hambroick) - U (1822)
(van Harencarspel Eckhardt) - U (1936)
(Hartsen) - I, U (1972)
(de Haze Bomme) - U (1890)
van Haersma de With
(van Hees) - U (1830)
van Heiden/von Heyden - I
(von Helbig) - I, U (1896)
Heldewier - (1907)
von Hertzberg - I
Hesselt van Dinter
van der Hoeven
(Holmberg de Beckfelt) - U (1969)
(Hope) - U (1821)
(Hovy) - U (1890)
(de Hoyos) - U (1847)
(Huyghens) - U (1861)
von Ilsemann - I
(van Imbyze van Batenburg) - U (1837)
(van Ingen) - U (2000)
Jankovich de Jeszenice - I
(Janssens) - U (1970)
(Jantzon van Erffrenten) - U (1890)
(Jarges) - U (1845)
de Jong van Beek en Donk
(Junius van Hemert) - U (1948)
Just de la Paisières - I
Kenessey de Kenese - I
(Kerens) - U (1920)
(van Kinsbergen) - U (1819)
van Kinschot - I
van Kretschmar - I
de Lange (van Bergen) - I
(Lauta van Aysma) - U (1898)
(van der Lely van Oudewater) - U (1885)
(de Lenarts d'Ingenop) - U (1907)
(van Leyden) - U (1821)
van Lidth de Jeude
(Lochmann van Königsfeldt) - I, U (1999)
(Lycklama à Nijeholt) - U (1917)
(de Maere) - U (1860)
van der Maesen de Sombreff
von Martels - I
(Martens) - U (1972)
van der Meer de Walcheren
(Melort) - U (1898)
de Membrède - (1831)
(Merkes van Gendt) - U (1916)
(van Merlen) - U (1990)
Michiels van Verduyn
(Middachten) - U (1901)
van der Mieden
(van der Muelen) - U (1942)
von Mühlen - I
(Munter) - U (1861)
de Muralt - I
(van Naerssen) - U (1997)
van Nispen / van Nispen tot Sevenaer genaamd Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
op ten Noort
de Norman d'Audenhove (II)
(van Oldenbarneveld genaamd Witte Tullingh) - U (1941)
(Olislagers) - R (1816)
Ollongren - I
van Pabst - I
de Paul - I
(Parker de Ruyter Rocher van Renais) - R (1849)
(Paspoort) - U (1922)
van Pelser Berensberg - I
de Perponcher Sedlnitsky (I) - I • The title baron of the first branch of the family is now extinct.
von Pestel - I
(de Petersen) - I, U (1914)
(Petit) - I, U (1906)
(Pichot van Slijpe) - U (1969)
(van der Plaat) - U (1903)
Ploos van Amstel
van de Poll
(de Pollart) - U (1855)
(Polman Gruys) - U (1932)
Pompe van Meerdervoort
(van Puttkammer) - I, U (1873)
von Quadt (I) • The title baron of the first branch of the family is now extinct.
van Raab van Canstein - I
(Radermacher) - U (1882)
(van Raesfelt) - U (1828)
(Ram) - U (1980)
(Rammelman Elsevier) - U (1980)
(Rethaan Macaré) - U (1960)
Reuchlin - I
(Reynst) - U (1972)
(de Ridder) - U (1860)
(de Rivecourt) - I, U (1935)
(Rochussen) - U (1928)
(van Romondt) - U (1899)
(de Roock) - U (1860)
(van Rouwenoort) - U (1874)
de Roy van Zuidewijn/de Roye van Wichen
Rutgers van Rozenburg - I
(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck) - U (1999)
(Ruysch) - I, U (1859)
(Ruyssenaers) - U (1966)
(Salvador) - U (1975)
(de Salve de Bruneton) - I, U (1891)
(van den Santheuvel) - U (1964)
van Sasse van Ysselt
de Savornin Lohman
(Schade van Westrum) - U (1980)
von Scheibler - I
(Schenck van Nijdeggen) - U (1827)
von Scherff - I
(van Schinne) - U (1854)
von Schmid - I
von Schmidt auf Altenstadt - I
(von Schwartz) - U (1835)
de Serière - I
(Siberg) - U (1975)
(von Siebold) - I, U (1918)
(de Sigers ther Borch) - U (1924)
(Simon de Vlodrop) - U (1847)
(Singendonck) - U (1928)
(van Slijpe) - U (1879)
(van der Smissen) - U (1896)
Smits van Eckart
Speelman - U (2005)
(von Speicher) - I, U (1921)
(van de Spiegel) - U (1912)
(van Splinter) - U (1965)
(van der Staal) - U (1937)
(Storm de Grave) - U (1911)
Storm van 's Gravesande
(van der Straten) - U (1864)
Strick van Linschoten - I
(Lopes Suasso) - U (1970)
(van Sypesteyn) - U (1964)
Teding van Berkhout
Teixeira de Mattos
(van Teylingen) - U (1993)
(Theunissen Reijnst) - U (1861)
(Thibaut) - U (1854)
(van Thije Hannes) - U (1940)
(Tjarda van Starkenborgh) - U (2000)
des Tombe - I
(Twent) - U (1868)
(de Vaynes van Brakell) - U (1957)
Vegelin van Claerbergen
(van den Velden) - U (1953)
(Ver Huell) - U (1931)
(Verschuir Fontein) - U (1933)
Versélewel de Witt Hamer - I
(van Vessem) - U (1960)
de Villeneuve - I
(de Villers de Pité) - U (1941)
(de Voocht) - U (1856)
(van Vrijberghe) - U (1908)
(Vrijthoff) - U (1968)
(van de Wall) - U (1853)
Warin - (1902)
Wesselman van Helmond
de Wijkerslooth - I
Wittert van Hoogland
Wladimiroff - I
(von Wrangel auf Lindenberg) - I, U (1958)
Wttewaall van Stoetwegen
van der Wyck
A Havezate (manor) is a fortified house (castle), homestead, court or farm. Originally it was a name for a large farm with land. In the 17th century the manor was a knightly good. Possession of this was a condition for membership of a knighthood.
In the Dutch provinces of Drenthe, Overijssel en Gelderland you will find so called Havezates, some still occupied by noble families:
- De Klencke is a manor near the town of Oosterhesselen in the Dutch municipality of Coevorden in Drenthe. In addition to the manor, the estate includes five farms with approximately 200 hectares of land. In 1961 the estate was renovated by the then owner, Mrs. E.J. Goddard-van der Wyck (1879-1961), bequeathed to the Vereniging Natuurmonumenten. Van der Wyck (also: Van der Wijck) is a family from Neede whose members have belonged to the Dutch nobility since 1814.
- Huis Almelo is a manor in Almelo that formed the center of the seigniory of Almelo. Almelo is a city in Overijssel. Almelo was a seigniory until 1795 and included the areas of the later municipalities of Stad Almelo, Ambt Almelo (together since 1 January 1914 municipality of Almelo) and Vriezenveen. The castle is still in the hands of the Van Rechteren Limpurg family to this day. During that period, Huis Almelo changed hands regularly, both within and outside the family. The family had various rights in the city of Almelo for centuries, including the right to administer justice.
- Bellinckhof is a country house in Almelo, built in the 1920s by the textile manufacturer Ten Cate. The name Bellinckhof is derived from the former manor that used to be about 500 meters southeast of the current house. The manor was a borchleen of Huis Almelo and was inhabited by the Bellinckhave family and from 1758 by marriage by the Du Tour family. After this family had settled on the De Woesten estate in Weerselo, the old house was demolished.
- Huis Diepenheim (also: Huize Diepenheim, archaic Huys too Diepenheim, Huis te Diepenheim) is a manor near Diepenheim in the Dutch province of Overijssel. It is the oldest manor in the town. The Diepenheim family, first owners of Huis Diepenheim in the seigniory of Diepenheim, is first mentioned in 1105.Huize Diepenheim came into the possession of Hendrik Bentinck (1563-1639), drost van Salland, in 1637. After partial demolition, Bernard Bentinck (1597-1668) started the construction of the current building in 1648. It was subsequently modified several times in the 17th and 18th centuries. Large-scale renovations and restorations also took place in 1905 and 1928.Huis Diepenheim remained in the possession of the Bentinck family until 1814. In 1818 it was bought by Lodewijk Arent baron Sloet tot Warmelo (1786-1840) who died on the house, just like his wife Henriette Louise Quarles van Ufford (1779-1867) who became Lady of Diepenheim after the death of her husband, which she stayed until her death. After this it changed owners several times, until it was bought in 1925 by the De Vos van Steenwijk family. The house is still inhabited by the Baroness De Vos van Steenwijk.
- Herinckhave is an estate in the Dutch hamlet of Fleringen (province of Overijssel). It covers an area of about sixty hectares. Herinckhave is first mentioned as the Hof te Vlederinghe in the 14th century. From 1385 the estate came into the possession of the Grubbe family. It is then a fief of the bishop of Utrecht. Friedrich Christian von Bönninghausen and Johanna Maria Antonetta Grubbe had the old house demolished in 1742 and then built a new house, the current manor house. Herinckhave grew into a large estate. It consisted of heathland, forests, more than six hundred hectares of farmland and thirty-five farmsteads.In 1959 the house burned down and in 1970 the house was restored by the Overijsselse Kastelen Foundation. Since 2005, the estate has been privately occupied by the former pediatrician Charles Bijleveld and Jonkvrouw Gisela von Bönninghausen.
- The Nijenhuis is a castle and estate near Diepenheim in the Dutch municipality of Hof van Twente. It used to be a manor. The Nijenhuis is mentioned for the first time around 1380 in a list of vassals of the bishop of Utrecht. Leenman was then Arend Sticke. In the middle of the fifteenth century it passed through inheritance to the Van Beckum family. Well-known owners were Johan van Beckum and his wife Ursula van Werdum who, like Johan's sister Maria van Beckum, was burned alive in Delden in 1544 as Anabaptists for heresy. Johan van Beckum remarried, but handed over the Nijenhuis to his sister Adriana and her husband Gerrit Swaefken. Swane Swaefken, daughter of Gerrit, married Roelof van Hövell. After the death of the last Van Hövell in 1788, the manor passed on to A.C.J. van Westerholt who sold the Nijenhuis in 1791 to mr. Willem Cornelis Boers.Boers in 1799 to Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, who bought it for his son Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck (1761-1825). From 1805 to 1806 he was Grand Pensionary of the Batavian Republic. Since then, the Nijenhuis has remained in the possession of the Schimmelpennincks.
- Het Reelaer, also known as 't Re(e)laer, is a manor in the Dutch province of Overijssel, on the road between Heino and Raalte. The castle used to be in the hamlet of Tijenraan, which was part of the marke Raalterwoolde, located in Schoutamt Raalte. The Reelaer was first mentioned in 1430, when it concerns long leasehold property of the bishop of Utrecht and later of the States of Overijssel. In the following centuries it belonged to several noble families, including Van Ittersum and Van Vidal. Since 1911, Het Reelaer has been in the hands of the Van Welderen family, which bears the name of Baron Rengers.
- Rechteren Castle (Dutch: Kasteel Rechteren) is a Dutch castle situated on an island on side-branch of Overijsselse Vecht river, near the village of Dalfsen. It is the only castle in the province Overijssel from the Middle Ages that still exists. Originally, Rechteren Castle was owned by the counts of Bentheim. It is first mentioned in 1190. In 1315, it became the property of Herman van Voorst. Through inheritances, it became property of the van Heeckeren, that split into the van Voorst en van Rechteren family. The counts of Rechteren inherited the castle, and it is nowadays still the family's property. The castle is not open to visitors.
- Schoonheten is a 17th-century Dutch manor in the municipality of Raalte (province of Overijssel). The Schoonheten estate is located on the old road from Deventer to Luttenberg. The core of this is 'Schoonheten Castle', which is mentioned as early as 1382. In front of the house is a square with two construction houses. In the past these were stables and coach houses, nowadays they are partly inhabited. The house with outbuildings is surrounded by a moat. The estate has been inhabited by the Bentinck family for many years. All shutters of the houses and farms on the estate are painted in blue and white, the colors of the Bentinck family coat of arms.
- Warmelo is a large house in the Overijssel town of Diepenheim, located in the municipality of Hof van Twente. Originally it was a gatehouse of a manor. The gardens are a tourist attraction. The Castle is often called Warmelo.In the 14th and 15th century there is several mention of a knight family "Van Warmelo".In 1633 Charlotte van Gelder tot Warmelo (1607 - ?), a granddaughter of a bastard son of Karel van Gelre, Duke of Gelre and Count of Zutphen, married Geert Sloet. The Sloet family inhabited Warmelo until 1872 and is therefore the family that has lived here the longest. Gerard Sloet lived in it until the year he died in 1872. The manor was already very dilapidated by then and the relatives sold it in the year of his death by public sale to Francisca Adriana Bartha Antoinetta Robidé van der Aa from Zwolle. The plot was subsequently sold by Van der Aa to Hendrik van Booven in 1880. This one died two years later. A year later, the former gatehouse and the surrounding grounds were taken over by Louis Jules Marquis d'Auriol for an amount of 17,000 guilders. The house was not inhabited and in 1892 Arendina Henriëtte Alexandrine Weier became the new owner for 15,000 guilders. After her death in 1926, her only son sold the gatehouse and grounds to Catharina Helena Maria Baroness Creutz, born damsel Van Suchtelen van de Haare (1893-1974). Her husband François Stephan Alexander baron Creutz died in 1947. On 8 March 1949 she remarried in Montreux to Willem Henrik Emile baron van der Borch van Verwolde (1882-1969). The Baroness sold the house with gardens in 1952 to the Prince Consort Bernhard van Lippe-Biesterfeld. The sale price was 238,000 guilders. It was inhabited from April 20 that year by his mother Princess Armgard zur Lippe-Biesterfeld until she died on April 27, 1971. She lived there from the start with her roommate Alexis Pantchoulidzew, who died in 1968. After the death of Princess Armgard, the house was empty for three years. On July 1, 1974, Warmelo was sold to the Fa for 1 million guilders. Evlyva Trust Reg. in Vaduz in Liechtenstein, which was owned by Dr. Tibor Rosenbaum. The furniture and other movable property were also taken over for an amount of 250,000 guilders. After his bankruptcy later that year, it came into the possession and use of the Avenarius family. In 2003, the legal property was transferred to Natuurschoonwet Landgoed Warmelo B.V.
- Weldam is a castle and manor house on an estate located in the Markelose hamlet of Kerspel Goor in the Dutch municipality of Hof van Twente. It is located between the towns of Diepenheim and Goor in the province of Overijssel. Via the Ripperda tot Weldam it was owned by the Bentick family.
- Twickel is a nationally protected historic country estate with 81 complex parts near Delden in the hamlet of Deldeneresch, in the municipality of Hof van Twente in the province of Overijssel. The moated castle forms the center. Twickel is well known for its gardens and park. Owners were subsequently the families Van Twickelo, Van Raesfelt, Van Wassenaer and Van Heeckeren. The Twickel Foundation was established in 1953 with the aim of preserving Twickel as a nature reserve and cultural monument for walkers, nature lovers and art lovers, thereby perpetuating its historical significance. The last Baroness Van Heeckeren van Wassenaer contributed the core holdings of her properties to the foundation. This included the castle Twickel with associated forests and farms and the inventory. The house archive also became the property of the foundation. The remaining lands remained privately owned by the Baroness. After her death in 1975, all her private estates were transferred to the Twickel Foundation by bequest. Since 2013, part of the house has been inhabited by distant relative Roderik zu Castell-Rüdenhausen and his family.
Bentinck is originally from Gelderland and belongs to the Dutch, British and previously also German nobility.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bentinck_familyThe name Bentinck is a patronymic variation of the Old Germanic name Bento. The family is originally from the east of the Netherlands and is regarded as Uradel nobility, or noble from earliest times. The oldest known ancestor is Johan Bentinck, who owned land near Heerde and is mentioned in documents between 1343 and 1386.
An important British branch was founded by Hans Willem Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland, who accompanied William Henry, Prince of Orange to England during the Glorious Revolution. The head of this line was initially given the title of Earl of Portland (later Duke of Portland).
In 1732, the title of Count Bentinck (Graf Bentinck), of the Holy Roman Empire, was created for Willem Bentinck, the second surviving son of the 1st Earl of Portland. A Royal Licence of 1886 was created which allowed the use of this title in Britain. The Royal Warrant of 27 April 1932 abolished the use of foreign titles in the United Kingdom but extended the special allowance in 13 cases, including the Bentinck comital title "during the lives of the present holders, their heirs, and their heir's heir, provided such heir's heir is now in existence." That exception has now expired. Another branch with the title of count existed in the Netherlands, but it died out in the male line.
The Dutch and British branches of the family continue to exist and belong to the Dutch nobility, German nobility and British nobility.
In present day:
The Dutch estate of the Bentinck family since the 16th century, Schoonheten House [Netherlands], is situated between the villages Heeten and Raalte in Overijssel. The area contains 5 square kilometres of forests and cultivated land. Nowadays, the family mainly earns its living by forestry, agriculture and renting holiday houses. The British branch of the family owns Bothal Castle (Bothal Estates) in Northumberland and Welbeck Abbey (Welbeck Estates), the ancestral seat of the Dukes of Portland in Nottinghamshire. Gary Ramsay baron Bentinck (1964), is head of both the British baronial branch and the Dutch family.
Van Wassenaer is the name of an old Dutch noble family. It was first mentioned in the county of Holland on November 3, 1200. They are one of the few original noble families from Holland that has survived to this day. Members of the family carry the title of count or baron.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Wassenaer
The family was already noble from earliest times ("Uradel"). According to family legend, the name may be taken from the crescent (wassende) moon on the family coat of arms, borrowed from an Arabian banner that a member of the van Wassenaer family obtained while on a crusade. According to some family archives, Wassenaar means Wasser Herren, Sea Lords/Kings, which had been a traditional title that the invading Romans (under Caligula) had recognized while destituting the kings of Batavia.
At the beginning of the 19th century, all family members were granted the title of baron in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Duvenvoirde branch has at some point become the main branch of the Wassenaer family. Then they started calling themselves Van Wassenaer again.
Branch of Polans
The Polan branch carried the Wassenaer coat of arms (three silver waxes on a red field), broken by color change. The Polan coat of arms carries three black waxes on silver. It apparently became extinct.
This branch arose after the marriage in 1668 of Jacob van Wassenaer, lord of Voorschoten, of Duivenvoorde en Veur (1649-1707) with Jacoba van Lyere, lady of both Katwijken and 't Zandt (1652-1693), daughter of Maria van Reigersberg, lady of both Katwijks. Initially, given the possession of Duivenvoorde, this was still the Duivenvoorde branch until that branch died out and the castle changed hands. Both Katwijken (Katwijk aan Zee and Katwijk aan den Rijn) and 't Zandt were estates owned by this branch. Until now a member of the family carries these titles, usually the title holder carries the name Van Wassenaer van Catwijck.
This branch arose after the marriage of Otto baron van Wassenaer, lord of both Katwijken, 't Zandt and Valkenburg (1795-1858) (1795-1858) in 1819 with Jacqueline Cornélie baroness van Balveren, lady of Weurt and Hoekelom (1792-1858), associated with the noble house of Hoekelom. This branch provided provincial and municipal administrators.
The Nederhemert branch arose after the marriage in 1896 of Ernst Willem baron van Wassenaer, lord of Nederhemert (1863-1954) with Jkvr Anne Maurice Adrienne van Kretschmar (1861-1920), from 1910 lady of Nederhemert and member of the Van Kretschmar family . The title associated with the manor is still held by descendants of this couple, and the estate is still managed by this branch, a branch that supplied a provincial administrator and (agricultural) entrepreneurs.
Branch Saint Pancras
This branch owes its name to the property of the lordship of Saint Pancras since 1782; this lordship would remain in this generation until 1901. Many male members entered military service or sometimes held regional and national administrative functions (in addition or afterwards). The branch died out in 1948.
Starrenburg was next to Duivenvoorde one of the oldest possessions of the family. It was applied by the marriage of Arent van Duvenvoirde († before 24 November 1429) in  with Elburg van Cralingen, lady of Starrenburg. It remained in this genus until 1930, when with the last scion this branch died out. This branch provided administrators and ambassadors up to the highest level. In 1792 this even led to his elevation to the status of count, in 1815 to the count's title in the new Kingdom of the Netherlands. Oolde entered this branch through marriage in 1851. The last member of this family, Henriette Jacqueline Mathilde Worbert Countess van Wassenaer Starrenburg (1853-1930) married even in the highest German nobility, through her marriage in 1875 with Lotharius Prinz zu Ysenburg und Büdingen (1851-1888), then a member of the Belgian ducal family D'Ursel. In addition to administrators, this branch also supplied soldiers and servants.
Jacob van Wassenaer Obdam, lord of Kernheim, Obdam, Hensbroek, Spanbroek, Opmeer, Zuidwijk and van Wassenaar (1610-1665), 17th-century naval guardian
1. Jacob des H.R.Rijksgraaf van Wassenaer, lord of Wassenaar, Obdam, Hensbroek, Spierdijk, Wogmeer, Zuidwijk, Kernheim and Schonauwen, (1645-1714), statesman; married Adriana Sophia van Raesfelt, lady of Lage and Twickel (?-1694) in 1676, so that Twickel Castle came into this family
1a. Johan Hendrik des H.R.Rijksgraaf van Wassenaer Obdam (1683-1745), statesman
1b. Unico Wilhelm des H.R.Rijksgraaf van Wassenaer Obdam, lord of Wassenaar, Lage, Twickel, Obdam, Hensbroek, Spierdijk, Wogmeer, Zuidwijk, Kernheim, Weldam and Obdam (1692-1766), diplomat and composer
1b.1Carel George des H.R.Rijksgraaf van Wassenaer Obdam, lord of Wassenaar, Lage, Twickel, Obdam, etc. (1733-1800), statesman
1b.1.1.Jacob Unico Wilhelm des HRRijksgraaf van Wassenaer Obdam, lord of Wassenaar, Lage, Twickel, Obdam, Spierdijk, Wogmeer, Hensbroek, Zuidwijk, Kernheim, Weldam and Obdam (1769-1812), grietman van Franekeradeel, councilor from State
1b.1.1.1. Maria Cornelia countess van Wassenaer, lady of Wassenaar, Lage, Twickel, Weldam and Olidam, Obdam, Spierdijk, Hensbroek, Wogmeer, Zuidwijk and Kernheim (1799-1850); married in 1831 Jacob Derk Carel baron van Heeckeren, lord of Nettelhorst and BorcuIo (1809-1875), member of the Senate; through this marriage all Wassenaar goods and, among other things, Twickel Castle came into the Van Heeckeren family
The counts van Rechteren (also van Rechteren-Limpurg) belong to the Dutch and German nobility. The German branch von Rechteren-Limpurg-Speckfeld has been mediatised.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Rechteren
The family was already noble from earliest times ("Uradel"). The first documented ancestor is Fredericus van Hekeren van der Ese (mentioned 1295) who was an adviser to Reginald II of Guelders. His grandson Frederik van Heeckeren van der Eze (1320-ca. 1386) was the head of the Heeckerens faction during the War of the Guelderian Succession. Through his marriage with 'Lutgardis van Voorst, whose ancestors owned both the castle Rechteren near Dalfsen as well as the castle Voorst near Zwolle, the surname van Rechteren entered the family. In 1432, Frederik's grandson, Frederik van Hekeren genaamd van Rechteren († 1462) married Cunegonde van Polanen. Their son Otto van Hekeren genaamd van Rechteren († 1478) inherited Castle Rechteren and became the ancestor of the counts of Rechteren. Otto's brother, Zeger van Hekeren genaamd van Voorst, became the ancestor of the present-day barons van Voorst tot Voorst. The van Heeckeren family is related to both families. In 1705, Joachim Heinrich Adolf van Rechteren was granted by Emperor Joseph I. the Imperial Count. His son, Johann Eberhard Adolf (1714-1754), inherited from his mother, Countess Amalie zu Limpurg-Speckfeld, the county of Limpurg-Speckfeld. In 1806 the branch of Rechteren-Limpurg-Speckfeld was mediatised. The German branch of the Counts Rechteren-Limpurg-Speckfeld died out in 1995. Icho baron von und zu Massenbach adopted the surname of his mother, Luitgard Countess von Rechteren-Limpurg-Speckfeld (1910-1960), and carries on the Rechteren surname in Germany. Castle Rechteren in Dalfsen became a property of Herman van Voorst, ancestor of the Rechteren family, in 1315. and it is still owned by the family. The family also owns Huize Almelo and the Enghuizen estate.
Van Zuylen van Nijevelt is a noble family that played a role in the Rotterdam administration and later in the national administration. It provided three members of the Dutch government, including two who became prime ministers.
The proven lineage starts with pinmaker Gerrit Fredericxz van Nyvelt, who became a citizen of Zwolle in 1554. Van Zuylen was only added to this in the 17th century by descendants who lived in Rotterdam, became rich and held administrative positions. By (French) general decree of March 1, 1808, Philip Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt, senator, received a diploma as comte de l'Empire from March 17, 1811. By Imperial (French) decree of January 27, 1813, several brothers were made baron de l'Empire. 'Empire have been appointed. However, no diplomas have been found. Members of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands were recognized as Dutch nobility at various Royal Decrees from 1815 to 1822. In 1822, the title of count on primogeniture was granted, the other members of the family bear the title of baron or baroness.
In the 19th century, the Rotterdam family made efforts to link up with the ancestor of the old Van Zuylen van Nievelt family in Utrecht. However, it became clear that that relationship could not be proven. Another Belgian branch that bears the name Van Zuylen van Nyevelt descends from that old noble, Utrecht family, which has died out in the Netherlands.
In the Netherlands, the family was also known as founders and owners of the amusement park Duinrell. The amusement park is located (partly) on the grounds of Landgoed Duinrell. This estate was once owned by the Van Zuylen van Nijevelt family through a marriage with a member of the Pallant family.
The Duinrell house was demolished in 1986.
Van Zuylen van Nievelt is a branch of the old noble family Van Zuylen. The branch originated in the Utrecht region. In the 17th century, a branch of this noble house also emerged in the Southern Netherlands, which is still present under the name Van Zuylen van Nyevelt (not to be confused with the Van Zuylen van Nijevelt family, which is not related).
The family was already noble from earliest times ("Uradel"). The first known ancestor is the knight Steven van Zulen, who early in the 13th century settled in Utrecht. His descendants married into leading families and built the castle called Zuylen. They later joined Nievelt to their family name, being the name of an estate and castle Nijeveld [nl] ("new field") they had acquired.
The Belgian branch of the Van Zuylen van Nivelt family is called Van Zuylen van Nijevelt or van Nyevelt. The split arose when Pieter-Frederic van Zuylen (1604-1691), married in the Southern Netherlands and went to live there. The move was mainly due to the will to remain faithful to the Catholic religion.
Of all relatives elevated to the nobility, only the line of Jean-Jacques van Zuylen van Nyevelt has reproduced in the male line to this day.
Castle De Haar, located in Haarzuilens, was always inherited from 1801 by the first-born son in the oldest Belgian family branch. This branch was called 'Van Zuylen van Nyevelt van de Haar' and died out in 2011 in the male line (with the death of Thierry van Zuylen van Nyevelt van de Haar; from his 3 marriages he had 4 daughters)
De Haar Castle (formerly Het Huys te Haer) is a monumental castle in the Utrecht village of Haarzuilens. It is the largest castle in the Netherlands. It was built from 1892 on the ruins of the old castle in neo-Gothic style.
In 1890, Baron Étienne van Zuylen van Nyevelt van de Haar (1860-1934) inherited the castle ruins from his father Gustave van Zuylen (1818-1890). Étienne was married in Paris on August 16, 1887 to Baroness Hélène de Rothschild (1863-1947), an heiress from the French branch of the wealthy banking family De Rothschild. Thanks in part to her fortune, Étienne had the means to have the ancestral castle rebuilt in a grandiose way.
De Haar Castle is no longer owned by the Van Zuylen family. In 2000, the castle and the surrounding park (55 hectares) became the property of De Haar Castle Foundation. The Haarzuilens Estate (350 ha) came into the possession of the Natuurmonumenten Association. Only the châtelet remained the property of the family. However, the family still observes the tradition of September occupation, they retain the right to occupy the castle that month.
The Van Zuylen family initially retained ownership of the furniture and art collection and loaned it to the Foundation for a period of 30 years. But after the death of Thierry van Zuylen in 2011, his daughters were of the opinion that a definitive settlement was preferable. In 2012, an agreement was signed whereby the De Haar Castle Foundation became the owner of the entire art collection in the castle. The collection consists of a large number of valuable objects and collections, such as carpets, paintings, silverware, liveries, etc. The value of the collection is estimated at more than 10 million euros.
When the baron and baroness visited the ruins in 1891, they found a village in the immediate vicinity of the castle: the old Haarzuilens. On the site of the current Roman garden, south of the castle, there was a village green with a village pump and several houses, an inn and farms. There were also several farms scattered around. With great difficulty, the baron found all owners willing to sell their house and land. He has built new homes for them one kilometer to the east. Thus the new Haarzuilens arose, with three catering permits, a town hall, village green, etc. where the inhabitants lived as tenants of the castle lord. Later, the lands partly became the property of Natuurmonumenten.
Van Zuylen is a noble family in Belgium. It should not be confused with the families mentioned under the general name Van Zuylen van Nievelt or Van Zuylen van Nyevelt, with branches in the Northern and Southern Netherlands, nor with the Van Zuylen van Nijevelt family in Rotterdam.
Marie-Hélène de Rothschild (November 17, 1927 – March 1, 1996) was a married-in member of the prominent French branch of the De Rothschild banking family.
She was born as Marie-Hélène Naila Stéphanie Josina Baroness van Zuylen van Nyevelt van de Haar. She was the eldest of three children of the Egyptian Marguerite Namétalla (1901-1970) and the diplomat Baron Egmont van Zuylen van Nyevelt van de Haar (1890-1960). Marie-Hélène's paternal grandmother was Baroness Hélène de Rothschild (1863-1947), daughter of Baron Salomon James de Rothschild, who was married to the Roman Catholic Baron Étienne van Zuylen van Nyevelt van de Haar (1860-1934).
She was educated at Marymount College in Tarrytown (New York), and after school she lived in Paris, where she met Count François de Nicolay (1919-1963), whom she married in 1950 at Haarzuilens Castle (Netherlands). Their son, Philippe de Nicolay, was born in 1955 and the couple divorced the following year. (In 1982, Philippe married Princess Sophie de Ligne.)
Marie-Hélène next married her distant cousin Guy de Rothschild (May 21, 1909 – June 12, 2007), head of the Rothschild brothers' bank. The marriage took place on February 17, 1957 in New York. Their only child, Edouard Etienne Alphonse, was born at the end of December of that year.
Her husband and his sisters, Jacqueline and Bethsabée, had grown up in the castle of Ferrières in the countryside, just outside Paris. The castle remained empty until 1959, after the German troops seized it during the occupation of France in World War II. After that, the newly married Rothschilds took the initiative to put the castle back into use. The refurbishment of the large castle was taken care of by Marie-Hélène. The castle grew into a place where European nobility came into contact with musicians, artists, fashion designers and movie stars from Hollywood during lavish parties. The hip and imaginative thematic evenings she organized in both Paris and New York, sometimes with the aim of sponsoring charitable enterprises, were much discussed. In 1973, she brought together five French couturiers and five American designers for a fashion presentation at the Gabriel Theater in the Château de Versailles.
In 1975, Guy and Marie-Hélène de Rothschild bequeathed the castle of Ferrières to the chancellery of the Paris University, but they kept the house they had built in the forest around the castle.
The couple then bought the Hôtel Lambert on Saint-Louis Island, one of Paris' most prestigious residences, where they moved into the upper floors. Marie-Hélène became close friends with the baron Alexis de Redé, active in the 'society', who lived on the first floor of the Hôtel Lambert and who became a fixture at her parties. In order to reward her efforts for the international promotion of French culture and fashion, Marie-Hélène de Rothschild was awarded the "Legion of Honour".
After more than a decade of battling cancer and a crippling rheumatic disease, Marie-Hélène de Rothschild died in 1996 at her home in Ferrières at the age of 68. She was buried in Touques (Calvados).
Her younger brother, baron Thierry van Zuylen van Nyevelt van de Haar (1932-2011) was the family head of the descendants of Jean-Bernard van Zuylen van Nyevelt and Isabelle du Bois and the last male descendant of this branch, who owned Kasteel de Haar in Haarzuilens. inhabited for several weeks each year.
I noticed that Heemstra wasn't listed. Are there are family members left? I know there's the female descent (Audrey Hepburn's descendants).https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Heemstra
^^ Dutch language Wiki about the Van Heemstra family
Family member was Aarnoud Jan Anne Aleid baron van Heemstra (1871-1957), mayor of Arnhem and Governor of Suriname; father of Ella (1900-1984), grandfather of Audrey Hepburn (through/ via Ella).
The van Heemstra was listed in the list I have used for one of my previous posts of Dutch nobility. Apparently something went wrong when transferring the list of Barons and Baronesses to RD.
Oh! Thank you.
Andere Tijden ( = Other Times) is a Dutch television program. It is made by NTR and the VPRO on NPO 2 and deals with historical subjects. Using visual material and conversations with those involved, we look back at an event from the past that may or may not be related to the present.
The episode linked above (and the article shown with it) is / was about nobility.
Loose translation of the article:They don't call it a 'koelkast' (refrigerator), they call it a 'ijskast' (refrigerator). And it's not a pastry, it's a cake. In terms of language alone, the Dutch nobility already has persistent, sometimes age-old traditions. They got into a pinch during the leveling 60s and 70s, but today the nobility is back in full force.
The use of Wilhelmus in the fifties meant the end of every noble ball. Loudly and standing, the noblemen sang the national anthem, after which they could fry fried eggs in a small group at someone's home. In the sixties, the Kurhaus was regularly the spectacle of dancing nobility.
Marijke Baroness van Sytzama - Baroness van der Borch tot Verwolde cherishes warm memories of those parties: 'It was the intention that the boys would ask a girl, that was against cliques. For example, a boy was forced to go to the buffet with a girl by the arm, so that the boys would not sit together smoking and drinking. Courtions were handed out, which could be a flower or a booklet. Then games were played, where you had to look each other up. The green flowers with the green and the blue flowers with the blue. For you as a girl it was very exciting which boy you would meet. The host and hostess had all concocted that at home. Who's right for whom?' It was, in fact, a marriage market. People from the same 'nursery', so with the same background, met there.
Those parties did not fit into the world of baronet Piet van Beyma. He wanted to do something concrete, something useful. But the feasts were a tradition in noble families. And Van Beyma was also of nobility. He was born as a baronet: 'Isn't it insane that you are just born in nobility, so you don't have to do anything for it and are still of nobility. I think that's completely outdated.' He didn't want to be a squire anymore and went into battle.
But what does it actually mean to be a esquire, that is, of nobility? According to Marie Christine Baroness van Hövell tot Westerflier - Baroness van Speyart van Woerden, the image of the nobility is very different: 'In a negative sense people think that they are crooks who abuse their status over the backs of others to maintain their own wealth. and in a positive sense it is thought that they are people who really made an effort in society and who had an eye for the suffering of others. And from fairy tales the image emerges of blond curls, the pink dress and the pearl necklace.'
Many a nobleman or noblewoman prances when he or she is labeled 'special'. To them, it feels like the scratch of a nail on a piece of iron. Nobility is nothing special. Yet about ten thousand people carry a title of nobility. And nobility obliges... But to what and to what end? Baronesses, barons and squires and ex-squires wrestle and ponder the right way to deal with their nobility in the changing times.
'Just do it'
In higher circles, people regularly take up the 'red book' and the 'blue book', to see who exactly is who again, and what he or she fits in with. The red variant shows all nobility, from noble pit creators to noble professors. And in the blue book are all the names of the non-noble elite. Commercial Holland never had a lot of nobility. Noblemen and families of wealthy merchant families have always maintained close contacts. Around 1815 William I reorganized the nobility and created many new nobility by ennobling people. These new nobles were given all kinds of privileges and political power. The king thought he was safe with this protective layer of new nobles around him. But this privileged position of the nobility did not last long. In 1848 Thorbecke abolished the nobility as a separate class again. Thus she lost her constitutional and civil privileges.
Queen Juliana also did not consider the nobility important. After the Second World War, the country had to be rebuilt, and every Dutchman was equal to the other. In 1953 the second Drees cabinet decided that the elevation of ordinary citizens to the nobility should not be allowed. Juliana also made no effort in 1967 to elevate the non-noble Pieter van Vollenhoven to the nobility, after he married Princess Margriet. Peter just stayed Peter. At that time, the Netherlands was already the country of levelling. Deviating or excelling was not appreciated. This also had consequences for the nobility policy and led to restrictive measures to be included in the Dutch nobility. The seeds were sown for the development of the nobility into a 'historical institution' or into a 'death house construction'. Hardly anyone else came. The only high noble family in the Netherlands was and remained the royal family.
The privilege that the nobility still had was to bear the title of nobility. But even a title hardly fit in the Dutch mentality of 'just act normal, then you're already crazy enough'. After all, people with a noble title could never be ordinary.
Che Guevarra and Marx
Max Baron van Hövell tot Westerflier grew up as a baron near Nijmegen in the 1960s: 'It started at primary school, then the school dentist would come with a big bus and call the children. Every time, all the names on the list were read out in full, including titles, and then the children looked very funny, I didn't like that." When he cycled to school on his bicycle, they ran after him and shouted: "There goes the Baron !'
In the 1970s he went to study at Nijmegen University and there it was completely 'not done' to be a baron. A tie wasn't good, let alone a title. And he had both. Max: 'There was a lot of talk about politics back then. Especially left-wing politics. But also Che Guevarra or Mao, there were whole discussions about who was the best. But I thought one was even worse than the other...' His fellow students looked at the baron with some suspicion. “You had to achieve everything in life yourself and not let your parents boast because your father had money or name or whatever. That wasn't in. That was a kind of post-war socialism that came to a complete climax then,' says Max.
He found the atmosphere in Nijmegen very oppressive, as if they were lurking everywhere. Yet he was not intimidated and chose to stand up for his title of baron against the red tide. Not that he was flaunting it, that would not be of the nobility, but he certainly did not hide his noble origins.
In the same period, Jonkheer Piet Van Beyma studied at the Tropical Agricultural School in Deventer. He was deeply concerned with injustice in the world and at the end of the sixties he chose to work for the Dutch Volunteers Foundation in Ethiopia and Cameroon. He lived as a baronet among the often starving population: 'Then you learn what human wisdom is.' When he returned to the Netherlands, he found it difficult to be addressed or called out as 'Junkheer'. He didn't want to be proud of his title. But in the village where he lived, others especially found it very interesting, such a squire in the neighbourhood. Fairy tales were doing the rounds; he would probably have a lot of money and own a castle somewhere....
In contrast to Max, Piet went into battle to get rid of his predicate esquire. He wanted out of the nobility. The Supreme Court of Nobility, advisory body to the Minister of the Interior regarding requests for the granting of nobility, did not know what to do with this remarkable request. It was still conceivable that people would fight to be included in the nobility, but that someone wanted to be removed from the nobility at their own request was highly bizarre. The Supreme Court refused to comply with the request. A title of nobility was a favor of the monarch, something like that could not just be undone! Van Beyma had to go to Minister of the Interior Rietkerk, who tried to change his mind. The more resistance Van Beyma faced, the more he felt strengthened in his struggle. He finally succeeded in 1984. He received formal confirmation that he was no longer a baronet. He had become a black spot in the little red book.
Miss sister's list
The Quadrille, the Viennese waltz and later in the evening also the Jive and the Quickstep, in castles, the Kurhaus or just at someone's home: the nobility danced a bit. Sometimes it was a party especially for a noble daughter who was celebrating her 18th birthday, but it could also be a registration party, for which about thirty guilders had to be paid in advance. And at debutante balls, young girls made their 'coming out' and showed themselves available for the wedding market. “When you make your debut, it has to do with virginity. When you were 18 you were allowed to participate and then you made your debut in white,' says Baroness Van Sytzama.
In The Hague circles, 'the list of Lady sister' was a household name in the party world. This unmarried lady compiled a list of noble youths of marriageable age. She kept accurate records of who had what background, what they were involved in and from which family they came. At the parties she was always present in the background. She was somewhere in the
walk on a chair. Sometimes the dancing youngsters received a pat on the shoulder with the announcement: 'Freule sister wants to see you.' The lady wanted to go through the state of affairs through an informal personal chat. Baroness van Sytzama remembers well how she had to meet this lady the first time: 'She knew exactly from which parents you were a child.'
She used the data that the lady collected about the young people on the list to match girls and boys of nobility. If a party was taking place somewhere and there was an unexpected shortage of dance partners, the lady knew exactly who was suitable to replace the place. Sometimes young people were invited to a party that they didn't even know who was throwing the party. Then they realized that they had received an invitation from the lady's list.
Nobility required. So for many years now, people of nobility with handicapped people have flocked to Lourdes to show their servitude, which belongs to the nobility. Max Baron van Hövell tot Westerflier has already visited Lourdes 23 times. Service has always been one of the noble qualities. But it was exactly this service that annoyed Piet van Beyma: 'You are not of service because your title demands it of you; it comes from your heart,” he says. That was exactly why he didn't want to be a squire anymore.
The great-grandmother of Marijke Baroness van Sytzama - Baroness van der Borch tot Verwolde set up a clothing depot before the war. She collected clothes for families in her area who had less space. Anyone could hand in clothes to her. After the war, her grandmother took over the clothing depot. Every week, Van Gend & Loos collected boxes of clothes from her to take to the depot. In the 1960s, her mother took over the depot. People of nobility, but certainly also non-nobles, could get second-hand clothes there. 'Young students could go there for an evening suit, a dress suit, a tuxedo, all the clothes they were supposed to wear in their circles, and girls who wanted to go out could pick out beautiful dresses. Entire families could also come here. My mother had a whole card system and knew exactly who was what age, she kept that for years. It gave her a lot of satisfaction.'
Baroness Marie Christine van Hövell tot Westerflier - Baroness Speyart van Woerden gave a completely different interpretation to servitude. She opened the estate where she lives with her family for educational purposes. Children can now also go there to learn all about nature; from pruning apple trees to woodworking. She regularly gives tours of the estate. Again and again she notices that the children are surprised when she comes out in overalls and boots and not in a white ball gown and nice slippers. 'That's because they have a preconceived idea about nobility and a baroness, which is something that originated from history books or maybe from fairy tales. An image that then becomes sugary and that is stuck on someone,' according to the Baroness. According to her, it is all 'part of the dream', the dream that belongs to nobility and in which the common people stubbornly want to continue to believe.
The House of Bylandt-Rheydt gained control of much land in The Netherlands. In 1865 they were granted the title of Count.
The House of Bylandt-Rheydt gained control of much land in The Netherlands. In 1865 they were granted the title of Count.
I guess it also had links to the Netherlands, due to their place of origin.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bylandt
Van Heemstra is a family that belongs to the Dutch nobility. The family is of Frisian origin. The genealogy of the family begins with Taecke Obbema Heemstra, mentioned as a voting representative (nobleman) in Oostergo in 1492. After the founding of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in November 1813, the Frisian nobility was integrated. In 1814 the Van Heemstra family was recognized as belonging to Dutch nobility with the title of baron.
Schelto van Heemstra (1804–1864), Dutch politician.
Aarnoud van Heemstra (1871–1957), Dutch lawyer and politician.
Ella van Heemstra (1900–1984), Dutch-British socialite and mother of Audrey Hepburn.
Audrey Hepburn (4 May 1929 – 20 January 1993), Belgian-born British actress, humanitarian and presenter.
Schelto van Heemstra (born 1941), Dutch diplomat and ambassador
Ella van Heemstra was a Dutch aristocrat and the third of five daughters of Baron Aarnoud van Heemstra, who was mayor of Arnhem from 1910 to 1920 and served as Governor of Suriname between 1921 and 1928. Ella's mother was Elbrig Willemine Henriette, Baroness van Asbeck (1873–1939), who was a granddaughter of jurist Count Dirk van Hogendorp. She spent much of her childhood at Huis Doorn. Huis Doorn is a manor house and national museum in the town of Doorn in the Netherlands. The residence is appointed with early 20th century interior from the time when former German Emperor Wilhelm II resided (1919–1941).
Van Heemstra was married and divorced twice, and had three children. Aged 19, Van Heemstra married Jonkheer Hendrik Gustaaf Adolf Quarles van Ufford (1894–1955) They divorced in 1925. Van Heemstra had two sons from this marriage, both of whom were born in the Dutch East Indies
Van Heemstra married secondly Joseph Victor Anthony Ruston (1889–1980) (later Hepburn-Ruston) on 24 September 1926 at Batavia, Java, Dutch East Indies. They were divorced on 24 June 1939. They had one daughter:
Audrey Kathleen Ruston (4 May 1929 – 20 January 1993), commonly known as Audrey Hepburn
Van Heemstra was an early supporter of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi regime, penning several articles in praise of the fascist leader. Later she became critical.
(She and her daughter are also featured in the Airborne Museum in Hartenstein, Oosterbeek: