L'Ancien Régime is a the period in French History which encompassed the 15th through 18th centuries. Some of the players, Valois and Bourbon, are listed here. It was a time of religious intolerance (the Spanish Inquisition, St. Ignatius Loyola, the edit of Nantes, England breaking away from the Roman church, Protestantism in northern Europe). This affected the rulers and their descendants. Although the revolution took place in France, repercussions were felt throughout Europe, England taking the hit early with the execution of Charles I (whose daughter Henriette was wife number 1 to Phillipe, Louis XIV brother).
(l-r) Cardinal Richelieu, Louis XIII, Louis XIV (child), and Anne of Austria mother of Louis XIV.
Queen Henrietta Marie (Duchess of Orléans, sister to Louis XIII) was married to the Stuart King of England, Charles I (who was beheaded)
Anne with her sons Louis (left) and Phillipe, Duc d'Orléansmore to follow later